Kiri Te Kanawa

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Kiri Te Kanawa

Kiri Te Kanawa 2013 (cropped).jpg
Te Kanawa in 2013
Born
Claire Mary Teresa Rawstron

(1944-03-06) 6 March 1944 (age 75)
OccupationOpera singer (Soprano)
Years active1968–2017
Spouse(s)
Desmond Park
(m. 1967;div. 1997)
Children2

Dame Kiri Janette Te Kanawa ONZ CH DBE AC (/ˈkiri te ˈkanawa/); born Claire Mary Teresa Rawstron, 6 March 1944) is a New Zealand soprano. She has a full lyric soprano voice, which has been described as "mellow yet vibrant, warm, ample and unforced". [1]

Order of the Companions of Honour Order founded as an award for outstanding achievement

The Order of the Companions of Honour is an order of the Commonwealth realms. It was founded on 4 June 1917 by King George V as a reward for outstanding achievements and is "conferred upon a limited number of persons for whom this special distinction seems to be the most appropriate form of recognition, constituting an honour disassociated either from the acceptance of title or the classification of merit."

A lyric soprano is a type of operatic soprano voice that has a warm quality with a bright, full timbre that can be heard over an orchestra. The lyric soprano voice generally has a higher tessitura than a soubrette and usually plays ingenues and other sympathetic characters in opera. Lyric sopranos have a range from approximately middle C (C4) to "high D" (D6). This is the most common female singing voice. There is a tendency to divide lyric sopranos into two groups: light and full.

Contents

Te Kanawa has received accolades in many countries, [2] [3] singing a wide array of works in many languages dating from the 17th to the 20th centuries. She is particularly associated with the works of Mozart, Strauss, Verdi, Handel and Puccini, and has found considerable success in portraying princesses, nobility, and other similar characters on stage. [4]

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Austrian composer of the Classical period

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, baptised as Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart, was a prolific and influential composer of the classical era.

Richard Strauss German composer

Richard Georg Strauss was a leading German composer of the late Romantic and early modern eras. He is known for his operas, which include Der Rosenkavalier, Elektra, Die Frau ohne Schatten and Salome; his Lieder, especially his Four Last Songs; his tone poems, including Don Juan, Death and Transfiguration, Till Eulenspiegel's Merry Pranks, Also sprach Zarathustra, Ein Heldenleben, Symphonia Domestica, and An Alpine Symphony; and other instrumental works such as Metamorphosen and his Oboe Concerto. Strauss was also a prominent conductor in Western Europe and the Americas, enjoying quasi-celebrity status as his compositions became standards of orchestral and operatic repertoire.

Giuseppe Verdi 19th-century Italian opera composer

Giuseppe Fortunino Francesco Verdi was an Italian opera composer. He was born near Busseto to a provincial family of moderate means, and developed a musical education with the help of a local patron. Verdi came to dominate the Italian opera scene after the era of Vincenzo Bellini, Gaetano Donizetti, and Gioachino Rossini, whose works significantly influenced him. By his 30s, he had become one of the pre-eminent opera composers in history.

Though she rarely sang opera later in her career, Te Kanawa frequently performed in concert and recital, gave masterclasses, and supported young opera singers in launching their careers. [5] Her final performance was in Ballarat, Australia, in October 2016, but she did not reveal her retirement until September 2017. [6] [7]

Ballarat City in Victoria, Australia

Ballarat is a city located on the Yarrowee River in the Central Highlands of Victoria, Australia. The city has a population of 101,588.

Personal life

Te Kanawa was born Claire Mary Teresa Rawstron in Gisborne, New Zealand. She has Māori and European ancestry, but little is known about her birth parents—she was adopted as an infant by Thomas Te Kanawa and his wife, Nell. She was educated at St Mary's College, Auckland, and formally trained in operatic singing by Sister Mary Leo. Te Kanawa began her singing career as a mezzo-soprano but developed into a soprano. [8] Her recording of the "Nuns' Chorus" from the Strauss operetta Casanova was the first gold record produced in New Zealand.

Gisborne, New Zealand City in Gisborne Region, New Zealand

Gisborne is a city in northeastern New Zealand and the largest settlement in the Gisborne District. It has a population of 37,200. The district council has its headquarters in Whataupoko, in the central city.

Māori people Indigenous Polynesian people of New Zealand

The Māori are the indigenous Polynesian people of New Zealand. Māori originated with settlers from eastern Polynesia, who arrived in New Zealand in several waves of canoe voyages somewhere between 1320 and 1350. Over several centuries in isolation, these settlers developed their own distinctive culture whose language, mythology, crafts and performing arts evolved independently from other eastern Polynesian cultures.

St Marys College, Auckland

St Mary's College is a year 7 - 13 integrated Catholic girls' high school situated at 11 New Street, Ponsonby, Auckland in New Zealand. It was founded by the Sisters of Mercy in 1850 and is the oldest existing school in central Auckland.

Te Kanawa met Desmond Park on a blind date in London in August 1967, and they married six weeks later at St Patrick's Cathedral, Auckland. [9] They adopted two children, Antonia (born 1976) and Thomas (born 1979). The couple divorced in 1997. [10] Te Kanawa had never made any attempt to contact her biological parents, but around this time, her half-brother Jim Rawstron contacted her. Initially, she was not willing to meet him, but later agreed. The episode ended bitterly, and she has since reaffirmed her decision to have nothing to do with her birth family. [11]

A blind date is a social engagement between two people who have not previously met, usually arranged by a mutual acquaintance.

St Patricks Cathedral, Auckland Church in Auckland Central City, New Zealand

The Cathedral of St Patrick and St Joseph is a Catholic church in Auckland CBD, situated on the corner of Federal Street and Wyndham St. It is the mother church of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Auckland and the cathedral of the Bishop of Auckland. It was founded by Bishop Jean Baptiste Pompallier, the first Catholic bishop in New Zealand.

Career

In her teens and early 20s, Te Kanawa was a pop star and entertainer at clubs in New Zealand, [12] and regularly appeared in newspapers and magazines. In 1963, she was runner-up to Malvina Major in the Mobil Song Quest with her performance of "Vissi d'arte" from Tosca , and in 1965 she won the same competition. As winner, she received a grant to study in London.

Malvina Major singer

Dame Malvina Lorraine Major is a New Zealand opera singer.

The Lexus Song Quest is a biennial opera singing competition, held in New Zealand since 1956. The competition is managed and presented by the New Zealand International Arts Festival. Winners include the sopranos Dame Malvina Major and Dame Kiri Te Kanawa, both of whom were trained by Dame Sister Mary Leo. Kiri Te Kanawa was better known as a pop singer and club entertainer when she won the contest.

"Vissi d'arte" is a soprano aria from act 2 of the opera Tosca by Giacomo Puccini. It is sung by Floria Tosca as she thinks of her fate, how the life of her beloved, Mario Cavaradossi, is at the mercy of Baron Scarpia and why God has seemingly abandoned her. The vocal range is E4 to B5.

She appeared and sang in the 1966 musical comedy film Don't Let It Get You . In 1966, she won the Melbourne Sun-Aria contest, which Major had also won the previous year. Both singers had been taught by Sister Mary Leo.

Early years in London

In 1966, without an audition, she enrolled at the London Opera Centre to study under Vera Rózsa and James Robertson, who reputedly said Te Kanawa lacked a singing technique when she arrived at the school but that she did have a gift for captivating audiences. [13] She first appeared on stage as the Second Lady in Mozart's The Magic Flute , as well as in performances of Purcell's Dido and Aeneas in December 1968 at the Sadler's Wells Theatre. She also sang the title role in Donizetti's Anna Bolena . In 1969, she sang Elena in Rossini's La donna del lago at the Camden Festival, and was also offered the role of the Countess in The Marriage of Figaro after an audition of which the conductor, Colin Davis, said, "I couldn't believe my ears. I've taken thousands of auditions, but it was such a fantastically beautiful voice."[ citation needed ] Praise for her Idamante in Mozart's Idomeneo led to an offer of a three-year contract as junior principal at the Royal Opera House Covent Garden where she made her debut as Xenia in Boris Godunov and a Flower Maiden in Parsifal in 1970. [14] Under director John Copley, Te Kanawa was carefully groomed for the role of the Countess for a December 1971 opening.

International career

Meanwhile, word of her success had reached John Crosby at the Santa Fe Opera, a summer opera festival in New Mexico, then about to begin its fifteenth season. He cast her in the role of the Countess in The Marriage of Figaro , which opened on 30 July 1971. The performance also featured Frederica von Stade in her debut as Cherubino. "It was two of the newcomers who left the audience dazzled: Frederica von Stade as Cherubino and Te Kanawa as the Countess. Everyone knew at once that these were brilliant finds. History has confirmed that first impression." [15]

On 1 December 1971 at Covent Garden, Te Kanawa repeated her Santa Fe performance and created an international sensation as the Countess: "with 'Porgi amor' Kiri knocked the place flat." [16] This was followed by performances as the Countess at the Opéra National de Lyon and San Francisco Opera in the autumn of 1972. She first sang as Desdemona in Glasgow in 1972, while her Metropolitan Opera début in 1974 as Desdemona in Otello took place at short notice: she replaced an ill Teresa Stratas at the last minute. Te Kanawa sang at the Glyndebourne Festival in 1973, with further débuts in Paris and (1975), Sydney (1976), Milan (1978), Salzburg (1979), and Vienna (1980). In 1982, she gave her only stage performances as Tosca in Paris. In 1989, she added Elisabeth de Valois in Don Carlos to her repertory at Chicago, and, in 1990, the Countess in Capriccio , sung first at San Francisco and with equal success at Covent Garden, Glyndebourne and the Metropolitan in 1998.

In subsequent years, Te Kanawa performed at the Lyric Opera of Chicago, Paris Opera, Sydney Opera House, the Vienna State Opera, La Scala, San Francisco Opera, Munich and Cologne, adding to her repertoire the Mozart roles of Donna Elvira, Pamina, and Fiordiligi to Italian roles such as Mimi in Puccini's La bohème . She played Donna Elvira in Joseph Losey's 1979 film adaptation of Don Giovanni . She was seen and heard around the world in 1981 by an estimated 600 million people when she sang Handel's "Let the bright Seraphim" at the wedding of Charles, Prince of Wales, and Lady Diana Spencer. [17]

In 1984, Leonard Bernstein decided to re-record the musical West Side Story , conducting his own music for the first time. Generally known as the "operatic version", it starred Te Kanawa as Maria, José Carreras as Tony, Tatiana Troyanos as Anita, Kurt Ollmann as Riff, and Marilyn Horne as the offstage voice who sings "Somewhere". Te Kanawa was the first of the singers to join the project, and said at the time "I couldn't believe it ... This was music I'd grown up with, music I'd always wanted to sing." [18] The album won a Grammy Award for Best Cast Show Album in 1985, and the recording process was filmed as a documentary. [19]

Kiri Te Kanawa with cast members of La fille du regiment at the Metropolitan Opera, 24 December 2011 Kiri Te Kanawa (6766558319).jpg
Kiri Te Kanawa with cast members of La fille du régiment at the Metropolitan Opera, 24 December 2011

Te Kanawa has a particular affinity for the heroines of Richard Strauss. Her first appearance in the title role in Arabella was at the Houston Grand Opera in 1977, followed by the roles of the Marschallin in Der Rosenkavalier and the Countess in Capriccio. Many performances were given under the baton of Georg Solti and it was with him that in 1981 she made a recording [20] of The Marriage of Figaro.

In recent years, her appearances onstage have become infrequent, although she remains busy as a concert singer. She appeared in performances in Samuel Barber's Vanessa in Monte Carlo (televised in 2001), with the Washington National Opera (2002), and the Los Angeles Opera in November to December 2004. Te Kanawa has appeared as a Pennington Great Performers series artist with the Baton Rouge Symphony Orchestra in 2004. [21]

In April 2010, Te Kanawa sang the Marschallin in Der Rosenkavalier by Richard Strauss in two performances at the Cologne Opera in Germany. That same year, she played the spoken part of The Duchess of Krakenthorp in Donizetti's La fille du régiment at the Metropolitan Opera, and sang a tango. She repeated this role at the Met in a revival during the 2011–12 season, repeating it again in Vienna in 2013 and at Covent Garden in March 2014, a run that encompassed her 70th birthday. In the meantime, she performed at Haruhisa Handa's inaugural Tokyo Global Concert at Nakano-Zero Hall in Nakano, Tokyo, Japan, on 10 September 2013. [22] [23]

Honours

Te Kanawa was appointed a Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire (DBE) in the 1982 Birthday Honours for services to opera. [24] She was awarded the New Zealand 1990 Commemoration Medal, [25] and was appointed to the Order of New Zealand in the 1995 Birthday Honours. [26] In the 1990 Australia Day Honours, she was appointed an Honorary Companion of the Order of Australia for services to the arts, particularly opera, and to the community. [27]

She was the subject of This Is Your Life in 1981 when she was surprised by Eamonn Andrews. [28]

In 2010, she received the Brit Award for Outstanding Contribution to Music.

Te Kanawa was appointed a Member of the Order of the Companions of Honour (CH) in the 2018 Birthday Honours for services to music. [29] She received the Order from the Prince of Wales in a ceremony at Buckingham Palace on 20 December. [30]

Awards

Te Kanawa has received honorary degrees from the UK universities of Bath, Cambridge, Dundee, Durham, Nottingham, Oxford, Sunderland, Warwick as well as the Universities of Chicago, Auckland (New Zealand) and Waikato. She is an honorary fellow of Somerville College, Oxford, and Wolfson College, Cambridge. She is also patron of Ringmer Community College, a school in the South-East of England situated not far from Glyndebourne.[ citation needed ]

She was selected as Artist of the Year by Gramophone Magazine in 1982. [31] On 10 June 2008 she received the Edison Classical Music Award during the Edison Classical Music Gala (formerly: 'Grand Gala du Disque') in the Ridderzaal in The Hague. In 2012, Te Kanawa was awarded a World Class New Zealand award in the Iconic New Zealander category. [32]

Kiri Te Kanawa Foundation

Te Kanawa founded the Kiri Te Kanawa Foundation with the vision "that talented young New Zealand singers and musicians with complete dedication to their art may receive judicious and thoughtful mentoring and support to assist them in realising their dreams." [33]

The foundation manages a trust fund to provide financial and career scholarships to young New Zealand singers and musicians.

The Kiri Prize

In January 2010, Te Kanawa and BBC Radio 2 launched an initiative to find a gifted opera singer of the future. The initiative was the BBC Radio 2 Kiri Prize competition. [34]

Following regional auditions of over 600 aspiring opera singers, 40 were invited to attend masterclasses in London with Te Kanawa, mezzo-soprano Anne Howells and conductor Robin Stapleton. From these masterclasses fifteen singers were selected for the semi-finals which were broadcast on 5 consecutive weeks on BBC Radio 2's Friday Night Is Music Night. The semi-finalists were accompanied by the BBC Concert Orchestra, conducted by Martin Yates, Richard Balcombe and Roderick Dunk and their performances were judged by Te Kanawa, Anne Howells, Robin Stapleton and director John Cox.

Five singers went through to the final which was broadcast on Radio 2 on 3 September 2010. The winner, soprano Shuna Scott Sendall, performed with Te Kanawa and José Carreras at the BBC Proms in the Park in Hyde Park, London on 11 September 2010, and was given the opportunity to attend a three-week residential course at the Solti Te Kanawa Accademia in Italy.

Controversies

In a 2003 interview with the Melbourne-based Herald Sun , Te Kanawa criticised the high rate of welfare dependence among the Māori people, angering some of her compatriots. [35]

In 2007, Te Kanawa was sued for breach of contract by the event-management company Leading Edge for cancelling a concert with Australian singer John Farnham. She cancelled after learning that his fans sometimes threw their underwear on stage, which he would then proudly display. [36] The court found that no contract had been made by the two parties, so Te Kanawa was not liable for damages, but Mittane, the company which employs and manages her, was ordered to reimburse Leading Edge A$130,000 for expenditures already incurred. [37] [38]

Discography

External audio
Nuvola apps arts.svg You may listen to Kiri Te Kanawa singing the role of Countess Almaviva in Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart's opera Le Nozze Di Figaro , K. 492 with Reynald Giovaninetti conducting the San Francisco Opera in 1972 here on archive.org
External audio
Nuvola apps arts.svg You may listen to Kiri Te Kanawa singing the role of Marguerite in Charles Gounod's opera Faust with Sir Colin Davis conducting the Bavarian Radio Orchestra in 1986 here on archive.org

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References

  1. "Kiri Te Kanawa sails at Ravinia". Chicago Tribune 2001-07-30. Retrieved 2012-07-03
  2. "Profile: Tonight she sings for Britain: Kiri Te Kanawa, most beloved". 12 September 1992.
  3. "Nostalgia flows freely as beloved diva charms fans at Ravinia. But don't call it a farewell".
  4. J.B. Steane. "Kiri Te Kanawa". In Deane L. Root (ed.). Grove Music Online. Oxford Music Online . Oxford University Press.(subscription required)
  5. Matt Thomas, "Dame Kiri Te Kanawa on coaching young singers" on Walesonline.co.uk,8 Dec 2008 Retrieved 7 December 2009
  6. "Dame Kiri takes final bow in brilliant career", Weekend Herald, 16 September 2017. Retrieved 14 November 2017
  7. "30 November 2016 concert announcement". voicefm.com.au.
  8. Fingleton (1982), p. 21
  9. Rubin, Stephen E. (3 March 1974). "Kiri Did It All with a Bit of Maori Pride; About Kiri Te Kanawa". The New York Times . p. AL 15. We met on a blind date in London and wed about six weeks later.
  10. Billen, Andrew (16 May 2006). "A most undramatic exit for a prima donna". The Times. Retrieved 5 January 2009.
  11. Elizabeth Grice, "The dame doesn't give a damn", The Sydney Morning Herald, Spectrum Arts, 18 July 1998, p. 15s
  12. Encyclopædia Britannica Online, "Te Kanawa, Dame Kiri"
  13. Jenkins and d'Antal (1998)
  14. Gilbert & Shir (2003)
  15. Scott, Eleanor (1976)
  16. Lebrech (2000)
  17. "Famed soprano Dame Kiri Te Kanawa is coming to Manila". BusinessWorld. 27 September 2000. p. 1.
  18. Rockwell, John (7 September 1984). "New Recording of West Side Story". The New York Times . ISSN   0362-4331 . Retrieved 15 September 2017.
  19. "The Making of West Side Story". www.classicstoday.com. Retrieved 15 September 2017.
  20. Te Kanawa had previously made videos in 1973 and 1975 under Pritchard and Böhm.
  21. "Baton Rouge Symphony Orchestra Program 1 Season 2015-16". Issuu. Retrieved 17 June 2016.
  22. "10日は中野で国際交流オペラ" [International Exchange Opera on the 10th in Nakano]. Sports Nippon (in Japanese). Tokyo, Japan. 7 September 2013.
  23. "東京国際コンサート 歌姫ルネ・フレミングをゲストに開催" [Tokyo Global Concert Held – with Renée Fleming as the special guest]. Mostly Classic (in Japanese). Tokyo, Japan: Sankei Shimbun Co., Ltd. 206 (7): 96–97. 2014.
  24. "New Year Honours 1982" (24 June 1982) 62 New Zealand Gazette 1995.
  25. Taylor, Alister, ed. (2001). New Zealand Who's Who Aotearoa 2001. Auckland: Alister Taylor Publishers. p. 861. ISSN   1172-9813.
  26. "The Queen's Birthday Honours 1995" (23 June 1996) 62 New Zealand Gazette 1759.
  27. Staff (26 January 1990). "Citation of Dame Kiri Te Kanawa". It's an Honour. The Commonwealth Government of Australia. Retrieved 17 March 2013.
  28. "Kiri Te Kanawa". Bigredbook.info. Retrieved 9 November 2017.
  29. "No. 62310". The London Gazette (Supplement). 8 June 2018. p. B24.
  30. "Dame Kiri Te Kanawa receives top honour award at Buckingham Palace". The New Zealand Herald . 21 December 2018.
  31. "Kiri te Kanawa: Artist of the Year 1992", classicfm.com.
  32. World Class New Zealand 2012 Winners Archived 27 February 2013 at the Wayback Machine
  33. "Statement of Mission and Vision". Kiri Te Kanawa Foundation. 13 March 2007.
  34. "The BBC Radio 2 Kiri Prize". BBC Radio 2. 3 September 2010.
  35. "Dame Kiri remarks strike sour note". BBC News . 1 March 2003.
  36. "Singer in court for refusing to perform". Yahoo! News. 28 January 2007.
  37. "Kiri Te Kanawa Wins Lawsuit Filed Following Withdrawal from Concerts with Pop Star". Opera News Online. 21 March 2007.
  38. "Kiri Te Kanawa Wins 'Panty-Throwing' Lawsuit". Playbill Arts News: Opera. 21 March 2007.
  39. Kiri Sings Porter, Spinitron via WERU. Retrieved 2016-09-14.
  40. "Gold and platinum New Zealand albums to 2013". Te Ara. Encyclopedia of NZ. Retrieved 19 July 2015.

Sources

Further reading