Kirov Oblast

Last updated
Kirov Oblast
Кировская область
Flag of Kirov Oblast.svg
Flag
Coat of arms of Kirov Region.svg
Coat of arms
Anthem: [1]
Map of Russia - Kirov Oblast.svg
Coordinates: 58°46′N49°50′E / 58.767°N 49.833°E / 58.767; 49.833 Coordinates: 58°46′N49°50′E / 58.767°N 49.833°E / 58.767; 49.833
CountryRussia
Federal district Volga [2]
Economic region Volga-Vyatka [3]
EstablishedDecember 5, 1936 [4]
Administrative center Kirov [5]
Government
  Body Legislative Assembly [6]
   Governor [6] Igor Vasilyev [7]
Area
[8]
  Total120,800 km2 (46,600 sq mi)
Area rank 30th
Population
  Rank 35th
   Rural
26.0%
Time zone UTC+3 (MSK   OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg [9] )
ISO 3166 code RU-KIR
License plates 43
OKTMO ID33000000
Official languagesRussian [10]
Website http://www.kirovreg.ru

Kirov Oblast (Russian : Ки́ровская о́бласть, Kirovskaya oblast) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). Its administrative center is the city of Kirov. Population: 1,341,312 (2010 Census). [11]

Contents

Geography

Natural resources

The basis of the natural resources are forest (mostly conifers), phosphate rock, peat, furs, water and land resources. There are widespread deposits of peat and non-metallic minerals: limestone, marl, clay, sand and gravel, as well as the extremely rare mineral volkonskoite. In recent decades, in the east of the area revealed a minor recoverable oil reserves and deposits of bentonite clays. In the area is the largest in Europe Vyatsko-Kama deposit of phosphate rock. The area is rich in mineral springs and therapeutic mud. On the territory of Kumyonsky District is famous resort town of federal significance Nizhneivkino, which on treatment and rest come to residents of the Kirov region and many regions of Russia.

Hydrography

The region has a total length of 19753 River 66.65 kilometers. Northern Uvaly two separate river basins – the Severodvinsk and the Volga. Much of the area is occupied by the Vyatka River basin, a tributary of the Kama River in Tatarstan. At Kama is only in the upper reaches. To large flowing within the area are also river mole and Tansy, Luza, Cobra, Cheptsa.

The total number of lakes in the area of 4.5 thousand ponds With the total number of closed water area of 5.5 million. The largest lakes are: Akshuben – 85 hectares, the Oryol – 63 hectares, Muserskoe – 32 hectares. The deepest area of the pond Lezhninskoe Lake – 36.6 m.

History

Kirov Krai was established on December 7, 1934. [4] It was transformed into Kirov Oblast on December 5, 1936 upon the adoption of the 1936 Soviet Constitution. [4] On 30 October 1997, Kirov, alongside Astrakhan, Murmansk, Ulyanovsk, and Yaroslavl, signed a power-sharing agreement with the government of Russia, granting it autonomy. [12] The agreement would be abolished on 24 January 2002. [13]

Administrative divisions

Kirov Oblast was formed on December 7, 1934. It is divided administratively into 39 districts, 6 cities under oblast jurisdiction, 13 town under district jurisdiction, 58 urban-type settlements, and 580 selsoviets.[ citation needed ]

Economy

Pishchalskoye peat railway TU4-2129.jpg
Pishchalskoye peat railway
Kobrinskaya railway Kobrinskaya narrow gauge railway (Kobrinskaya railway) 1.jpg
Kobrinskaya railway

Kirov Oblast is part of the Volga–Vyatka economic district located in the central part of European Russia in the Volga and Vyatka river basins. Its economic complex had already begun forming and developing before the Revolution, in large part because of the transfer points and trading posts located in Vyatka, which later led to the formation of large trading centers. Agriculture was the priority sector at first, but starting in 1940, there was an upsurge in development of an industrial complex, especially the engineering, metalworking, and chemical industries. [14]

Kirov Oblast is part of the Volga–Vyatka agricultural zone, where more than half of the area sown in grain is located in Kirov Oblast itself. Agricultural land occupies 27% of the region's territory. The most important grain crops are winter and spring wheat and rye. Barley and oats are grown for fodder. Increased specialization in the production of more promising fodder crops like winter rye, barley, oats that are most suited to the Oblast's climatic conditions is anticipated in the future. Potatoes are also extensively cultivated. [14]

Transportation

Politics

During the Soviet period, the high authority in the oblast was shared between three persons: The first secretary of the Kirov CPSU Committee (who in reality had the biggest authority), the chairman of the oblast Soviet (legislative power), and the Chairman of the oblast Executive Committee (executive power). Since 1991, CPSU lost all the power, and the head of the Oblast administration, and eventually the governor was appointed/elected alongside elected regional parliament.

The Charter of Kirov Oblast is the fundamental law of the region. The Legislative Assembly of Kirov Oblast is the province's standing legislative (representative) body. The Legislative Assembly exercises its authority by passing laws, resolutions, and other legal acts and by supervising the implementation and observance of the laws and other legal acts passed by it. The highest executive body is the Oblast Government, which includes territorial executive bodies such as district administrations, committees, and commissions that facilitate development and run the day to day matters of the province. The Oblast administration supports the activities of the Governor who is the highest official and acts as guarantor of the observance of the oblast Charter in accordance with the Constitution of Russia.

Demographics

Population: 1,341,312(2010 Census); [11] 1,503,529(2002 Census); [15] 1,692,655(1989 Census). [16]

Settlements

2007
2008
Vital statistics for 2012

2009 – 1.59 | 2010 – 1.59 | 2011 – 1.64 | 2012 – 1.81 | 2013 – 1.87 | 2014 – 1.89 | 2015 – 1.91 | 2016 – 1.94(e)

2010

Ethnic Composition (2010): [11]

Religion

Religion in Kirov Oblast as of 2012 (Sreda Arena Atlas) [22] [23]
Russian Orthodoxy
40.1%
Other Orthodox
1.3%
Old Believers
1%
Other Christians
5.3%
Islam
0.9%
Spiritual but not religious
32.9%
Atheism and irreligion
13.1%
Other and undeclared
5.4%

According to a 2012 survey [22] 40.1% of the population of Kirov Oblast adheres to the Russian Orthodox Church, 5% are unaffiliated generic Christians, 1% are Orthodox Christian believers not belonging to churches or members of non-Russian Orthodox churches, 1% are adherents to Islam, 1% to the Old Believers. In addition, 33% of the population deems itself to be "spiritual but not religious", 13% is atheist, and 5.9% follows other religions or did not give an answer to the question. [22]

See also

Related Research Articles

Sovetsk, Kirov Oblast Town in Kirov Oblast, Russia

Sovetsk, formerly Kukarka, is a town and the administrative center of Sovetsky District in Kirov Oblast, Russia. Population: 16,598 (2010 Census); 18,167 (2002 Census); 19,368 (1989 Census).

Kirov, Kirov Oblast City in Kirov Oblast, Russia

Kirov is the largest city and administrative center of Kirov Oblast, Russia. It is located on the Vyatka River in European Russia, 896 km northeast of Moscow. Its population is 518,348. Kirov is a historical, cultural, industrial, and scientific center of Priural'e ; place of origin for Dymkovo toys; the most eastern city founded during the times of Kievan Rus'.

Urzhum, Urzhumsky District, Kirov Oblast Town in Kirov Oblast, Russia

Urzhum is a town and the administrative center of Urzhumsky District in Kirov Oblast, Russia, located on the left bank of the Urzhumka River about 10 kilometers (6.2 mi) from its confluence with the Vyatka River. Population: 10,213 (2010 Census); 11,514 (2002 Census); 12,101 (1989 Census).

Kirovo-Chepetsk Town in Kirov Oblast, Russia

Kirovo-Chepetsk is a town in Kirov Oblast, Russia, located at the confluence of the Cheptsa and the Vyatka Rivers, 20 kilometers (12 mi) east of Kirov. Population: 80,921 (2010 Census); 90,303 (2002 Census); 92,382 (1989 Census).

Vyatskiye Polyany Town in Kirov Oblast, Russia

Vyatskiye Polyany is a town in Kirov Oblast, Russia, located on the right bank of the Vyatka River, 350 kilometers (220 mi) southeast of Kirov. Population: 35,162 (2010 Census); 40,282 (2002 Census); 44,513 (1989 Census).

Belaya Kholunitsa Town in Kirov Oblast, Russia

Belaya Kholunitsa is a town and the administrative center of Belokholunitsky District in Kirov Oblast, Russia, located on the river Belaya Kholunitsa, 82 kilometers (51 mi) northeast of Kirov, the administrative center of the oblast. Population: 11,232 (2010 Census); 11,975 (2002 Census); 13,367 (1989 Census).

Kirs, Russia Town in Kirov Oblast, Russia

Kirs is a town and the administrative center of Verkhnekamsky District in Kirov Oblast, Russia, located on the Kirs River near its confluence with the Vyatka, 281 kilometers (175 mi) northeast of Kirov, the administrative center of the oblast. Population: 10,420 (2010 Census); 11,786 (2002 Census); 14,200 (1989 Census).

Yaransk Town in Kirov Oblast, Russia

Yaransk is a town and the administrative center of Yaransky District in Kirov Oblast, Russia, located on the Yaran River, 257 kilometers (160 mi) southwest of Kirov, the administrative center of the oblast. Population: 17,253 (2010 Census); 19,723 (2002 Census); 20,466 (1989 Census).

Malmyzh, Kirov Oblast Town in Kirov Oblast, Russia

Malmyzh is a town and the administrative center of Malmyzhsky District in Kirov Oblast, Russia, located on the Shoshma River, near its confluence with the Zasora, Moksha, and Krupny Lach Rivers, 294 kilometers (183 mi) southeast of Kirov, the administrative center of the oblast. Population: 8,265 (2010 Census); 9,318 (2002 Census); 10,699 (1989 Census).

Sosnovka, Vyatskopolyansky District, Kirov Oblast Town in Kirov Oblast, Russia

Sosnovka is a town in Vyatskopolyansky District of Kirov Oblast, Russia, located on the left bank of the Vyatka River, 362 kilometers (225 mi) south of Kirov, the administrative center of the oblast. Population: 11,960 (2010 Census); 12,840 (2002 Census); 15,179 (1989 Census).

Murashi, Kirov Oblast Town in Kirov Oblast, Russia

Murashi is a town and the administrative center of Murashinsky District in Kirov Oblast, Russia, located 112 kilometers (70 mi) northwest of Kirov, the administrative center of the oblast, on the Kirov–Syktyvkar highway. Population: 6,750 (2010 Census); 7,650 (2002 Census); 10,059 (1989 Census).

Nolinsk Town in Kirov Oblast, Russia

Nolinsk is a town and the administrative center of Nolinsky District in Kirov Oblast, Russia, located on the right bank of the Voya River, 143 kilometers (89 mi) south of Kirov, the administrative center of the oblast. Population: 9,554 (2010 Census); 10,463 (2002 Census); 10,902 (1989 Census).

Slobodskoy, Kirov Oblast Town in Kirov Oblast, Russia

Slobodskoy is a town in Kirov Oblast, Russia, located on the right bank of the Vyatka River, 35 kilometers (22 mi) northeast of Kirov. Population: 33,981 (2010 Census); 33,477 (2002 Census); 39,249 (1989 Census).

Orlov, Kirov Oblast Town in Kirov Oblast, Russia

Orlov is a town and the administrative center of Orlovsky District in Kirov Oblast, Russia, located on the right bank of the Vyatka River, 75 kilometers (47 mi) west of Kirov, the administrative center of the oblast. Population: 6,959 (2010 Census); 8,596 (2002 Census); 10,296 (1989 Census).

Afanasyevsky District District in Kirov Oblast, Russia

Afanasyevsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the thirty-nine in Kirov Oblast, Russia. It is located in the east of the oblast, and borders with Verkhnekamsky District in the north, Perm Oblast in the east, Udmurtia in the south, and Omutninsky District in the west. The area of the district is 5,230 square kilometers (2,020 sq mi). Its administrative center is the urban locality of Afanasyevo. Population: 13,848 (2010 Census); 16,961 ; 18,994 (1989 Census). The population of Afanasyevo accounts for 24.8% of the district's total population.

Kotelnichsky District District in Kirov Oblast, Russia

Kotelnichsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the thirty-nine in Kirov Oblast, Russia. It is located in the west of the oblast. The area of the district is 3,940 square kilometers (1,520 sq mi). Its administrative center is the town of Kotelnich. Population: 15,799; (2010 Census) 20,507 ; 27,712 (1989 Census).

Murashinsky District District in Kirov Oblast, Russia

Murashinsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the thirty-nine in Kirov Oblast, Russia. It is located in the north of the oblast. The area of the district is 3,415.78 square kilometers (1,318.84 sq mi). Its administrative center is the town of Murashi. As of the 2010 Census, the total population of the district was 12,905, with the population of Murashi accounting for 52.3% of that number.

Orichevsky District District in Kirov Oblast, Russia

Orichevsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the thirty-nine in Kirov Oblast, Russia. It is located in the center of the oblast. The area of the district is 2,352 square kilometers (908 sq mi). Its administrative center is the urban locality of Orichi. Population: 30,781 (2010 Census); 32,764 ; 36,425 (1989 Census). The population of Orichi accounts for 25.9% of the district's total population.

Verkhnekamsky District District in Kirov Oblast, Russia

Verkhnekamsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the thirty-nine in Kirov Oblast, Russia. It is located in the northeast of the oblast. The area of the district is 10,297 square kilometers (3,976 sq mi). Its administrative center is the town of Kirs. Population: 32,669 (2010 Census); 39,643 ; 54,171 (1989 Census). The population of Kirs accounts for 31.9% of the district's total population.

Afanasyevo, Kirov Oblast Urban-type settlement and the administrative center of Afanasyevsky District of Kirov Oblast, Russia

Afanasyevo is an urban-type settlement and the administrative center of Afanasyevsky District of Kirov Oblast, Russia. Population: 3,435 (2010 Census); 3,474 (2002 Census); 4,982 (1989 Census).

References

Notes

  1. Lebiayaj malamhan17 of the Charter of Kirov Oblast does not specify any symbols of the oblast other than a flag and a coat of arms
  2. Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №849 от 13 мая 2000 г. «О полномочном представителе Президента Российской Федерации в федеральном округе». Вступил в силу 13 мая 2000 г. Опубликован: "Собрание законодательства РФ", No. 20, ст. 2112, 15 мая 2000 г. (President of the Russian Federation. Decree #849 of May 13, 2000 On the Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in a Federal District. Effective as of May 13, 2000.).
  3. Госстандарт Российской Федерации. №ОК 024-95 27 декабря 1995 г. «Общероссийский классификатор экономических регионов. 2. Экономические районы», в ред. Изменения №5/2001 ОКЭР. (Gosstandart of the Russian Federation. #OK 024-95 December 27, 1995 Russian Classification of Economic Regions. 2. Economic Regions, as amended by the Amendment #5/2001 OKER. ).
  4. 1 2 3 Administrative-Territorial Structure of the Union Republics. 1987., p. 155
  5. Charter of Kirov Oblast, Article 9
  6. 1 2 Charter, Article 3
  7. Official website of the Government of Kirov Oblast. Governor of Kirov Oblast
  8. Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (May 21, 2004). "Территория, число районов, населённых пунктов и сельских администраций по субъектам Российской Федерации (Territory, Number of Districts, Inhabited Localities, and Rural Administration by Federal Subjects of the Russian Federation)". Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved November 1, 2011.
  9. "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  10. Official throughout the Russian Federation according to Article 68.1 of the Constitution of Russia.
  11. 1 2 3 Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  12. "Yeltsin Signs Power-Sharing Agreements With Five More Russian Regions". Jamestown. November 3, 1997. Retrieved May 2, 2019.
  13. Chuman, Mizuki. "The Rise and Fall of Power-Sharing Treaties Between Center and Regions in Post-Soviet Russia" (PDF). Demokratizatsiya: 146.
  14. 1 2 "Kirov Region". kommersant.com. Archived from the original on February 17, 2011. Retrieved March 22, 2018.
  15. Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000](XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  16. "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 via Demoscope Weekly.
  17. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on September 27, 2010. Retrieved October 9, 2008.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  18. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on September 27, 2010. Retrieved October 9, 2008.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  19. "Естественное движение населения в разрезе субъектов Российской Федерации". www.gks.ru. Retrieved March 22, 2018.
  20. "Каталог публикаций::Федеральная служба государственной статистики". www.gks.ru. Retrieved March 22, 2018.
  21. "ВПН-2010". www.perepis-2010.ru. Retrieved March 22, 2018.
  22. 1 2 3 "Arena: Atlas of Religions and Nationalities in Russia". Sreda, 2012.
  23. 2012 Arena Atlas Religion Maps. "Ogonek", № 34 (5243), 27/08/2012. Retrieved 21/04/2017. Archived.

Sources