Kirovohrad Oblast

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Kirovohrad Oblast

Кіровоградська область
Kirovohrads’ka oblast’
Kirovohradska oblast [1]
Flag of Kirovohrad Oblast.svg
Flag
Coat of Arms of Kirovohrad Oblast.svg
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): 
Кіровоградщина (Kirovohradshchyna)
Kirovohrad in Ukraine.svg
Coordinates: 48°28′N32°16′E / 48.46°N 32.27°E / 48.46; 32.27 Coordinates: 48°28′N32°16′E / 48.46°N 32.27°E / 48.46; 32.27
Country Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine
Administrative center Kropyvnytskyi
Government
   Governor Valerii Zhaldak (acting) [2]
   Oblast council 64 seats
  Chairperson Oleksandr Chornoivanenko (Batkivshchyna)
Area
  Total24,588 km2 (9,493 sq mi)
Area rank Ranked 15th
Population
 (2021) [3]
  TotalDecrease2.svg 920,128
  Rank Ranked 25th
Time zone UTC+2 (EET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
Area code +380-52
ISO 3166 code UA-35
Vehicle registration ВA
Raions 21
Cities (total)12
  Regional cities 4
Urban-type settlements 26
Villages1015
FIPS 10-4 UP10
Website kr-admin.gov.ua

Kirovohrad Oblast (Ukrainian : Кіровоградська область, translit. Kirovohrads’ka oblast’; also referred to as Kirovohradschyna - Ukrainian : Кіровоградщина) is an oblast (province) of Ukraine. The administrative center of the oblast is the city of Kropyvnytskyi. Its population is 920,128 (2021 est.) [3] .

Contents

Geography

The area of the province is 24,600 km2 (9,498.11 sq mi).

The city of Dobrovelychkivka is the geographical center of Ukraine.

History

The oblast was created as part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic on January 10, 1939 out of the northern raions of Mykolaiv Oblast. In 1954 the oblast lost some raions to the newly created Cherkasy Oblast, but later that year received its western raions from the Odessa Oblast. Between 1939 and 2016, the oblast administrative center, Kropyvnytskyi, was called Kirovohrad and was named after the First Secretary of the Leningrad City Committee of the All-Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks) Sergei Kirov. [4] Due to decommunization laws (on 14 July 2016) the name of the city was changed to Kropyvnytskyi. [4] Kirovohrad Oblast was not renamed because as such it is mentioned in the Constitution of Ukraine, and the Oblast can only be renamed by a constitutional amendment. [5] On 20 June 2018, the Committee on State Building, Regional Policy and Local Self-Government of the Ukrainian parliament backed the proposal to rename Kirovohrad Oblast to Kropyvnytskyi Oblast. [6] In February 2019, the Constitutional Court of Ukraine declared constitutional the bill on renaming Kirovohrad Oblast to Kropyvnytskyi Oblast. [7] [8]

Points of interest

The following sites were nominated for the Seven Wonders of Ukraine:

Administrative divisions

The Kirovohrad Oblast is administratively subdivided into 21 raions (districts) as well as 4 cities (municipalities) which are directly subordinate to the oblast government: Oleksandriia, Svitlovodsk, Znamianka, and the administrative center of the oblast, Kropyvnytskyi.

NameUkrainian NameArea
(km2)
Population
estimate 2015 [9]
Admin.centerUrban Population Only
Kropyvnytskyi Кропивницький (місто)103239,837 Kropyvnytskyi (city)231,228
Oleksandriia Олександрія (місто)5591,881 Oleksandriia (city)82,269
Svitlovodsk Світловодськ (місто)4553,449 Svitlovodsk (city)45,746
Znamianka Знам'янка (місто)1528,507 Znamianka (city)23,245
Bobrynets'kyi raion Бобринецький район1,49625,993 Bobrynets 10,998
Dobrovelychkivs'kyi raion Добровеличківський район1,29733,925 Dobrovelychkivka 14,726
Dolyns'kyi raion Долинський район1,20034,535 Dolynska 20,713
Haivorons'kyi raion Гайворонський район70038,335 Haivoron 21,556
Holovanivs'kyi raion Голованівський район99231,084 Holovanivsk 11,996
Kropyvnytskyi Raion Кропивницький район1,60037,123 Kropyvnytskyi (city)N/A *
Kompaniyivs'kyi raion Компаніївський район96715,413 Kompaniivka 4,537
Malovyskivs'kyi raion Маловисківський район1,11143,678 Mala Vyska 20,660
Novhorodkivs'kyi raion Новгородківський район99715,567 Novhorodka 5,775
Novoarkhanhel's'kyi raion Новоархангельський район1,20024,743 Novoarkhanhelsk 6,286
Novomyrhorods'kyi raion Новомиргородський район1,03228,554 Novomyrhorod 13,894
Novoukrains'kyi raion Новоукраїнський район1,66842,055 Novoukrainka 17,176
Oleksandrivs'kyi raion Олександрівський район1,15927,558 Oleksandrivka 11,279
Oleksandriys'kyi raion Олександрійський район1,85435,765 Oleksandriia (city)N/A *
Onufriyivs'kyi raion Онуфріївський район88918,445 Onufriivka 8,695
Petrivs'kyi raion Петрівський район1,19524,329 Petrove 8,173
Svitlovods'kyi raion Світловодський район1,21912,420 Svitlovodsk (city)N/A *
Ul'yanovs'kyi raion Ульяновський район70122,742 Ulianovka 6,080
Ustynivs'kyi raion Устинівський район94213,106 Ustynivka 3,467
Vilshans'kyi raion Вільшанський район64512,650 Vilshanka 4,689
Znamyans'kyi raion Знам'янський район1,33423,030 Znamianka (city)N/A *
Total OblastКіровоградська Область24,588974,724612,237

Note: Asterisks (*) Though the administrative center of the rayon is housed in the city/town that it is named after, cities do not answer to the rayon authorities only towns do; instead they are directly subordinated to the oblast government and therefore are not counted as part of rayon statistics.

Demographics

Age structure

0-14 years: 14.3% Increase2.svg (male 72,646/female 68,970)
15-64 years: 68.7% Decrease2.svg (male 324,698/female 355,058)
65 years and over: 17.0% Steady2.svg (male 55,718/female 111,666) (2013 official)

Median age

total: 41.2 years Increase2.svg
male: 37.7 years Increase2.svg
female: 44.5 years Increase2.svg (2013 official)

Nomenclature

Most of Ukraine's oblasts are named after their capital cities, officially referred to as "oblast centers" (Ukrainian : обласний центр, translit. oblasnyi tsentr). The name of each oblast is a relative adjective, formed by adding a feminine suffix to the name of respective center city: Kirovohrad is the center of the Kirovohrads’ka oblast’ (Kirovohrad Oblast). Most oblasts are also sometimes referred to in a feminine noun form, following the convention of traditional regional place names, ending with the suffix "-shchyna", as is the case with the Kirovohrad Oblast, Kirovohradshchyna.

See also

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References

  1. Syvak, Nina; Ponomarenko, Valerii; Khodzinska, Olha; Lakeichuk, Iryna (2011). Veklych, Lesia (ed.). "Toponymic Guidelines for Map and Other Editors for International Use" (PDF). United Nations Statistics Division . scientific consultant Iryna Rudenko; reviewed by Nataliia Kizilowa; translated by Olha Khodzinska. Kyiv: DerzhHeoKadastr and Kartographia. p. 20. ISBN   978-966-475-839-7 . Retrieved 2020-10-06.
  2. (in Ukrainian) Zelensky fired the head of the Kirovohrad region, Ukrayinska Pravda (15 April 2021)
  3. 1 2 "Чисельність наявного населення України (Actual population of Ukraine)" (PDF) (in Ukrainian). State Statistics Service of Ukraine . Retrieved 11 July 2021.
  4. 1 2 Goodbye, Lenin: Ukraine moves to ban communist symbols, BBC News (14 April 2015)
    (in Ukrainian) Verkhovna Rada renamed Kirovograd, Ukrayinska Pravda (14 July 2016)
  5. Ukraine, The World Factbook
  6. Ukraine's parliament committee backs renaming of Dnipropetrovsk, Kirovohrad regions, UNIAN (20 June 2018)
  7. "Надано Висновок Конституційного Суду України в справі щодо перейменування Кіровоградської області | Конституційний Суд України". www.ccu.gov.ua. Retrieved 2019-06-13.
  8. "Constitutional Court Declares Bill Renaming Kirovohrad Region As Kropyvnytskyi Region Constitutional". ukranews.com. 2019-02-06. Retrieved 2019-06-13.
  9. "Population Quantity". UkrStat (in Ukrainian). Archived from the original on 13 October 2015. Retrieved 7 January 2016.