This article needs additional citations for verification .(September 2014)
|Kisei Main Line|
|Other name(s)||Kinokuni Line (JR West:Shingū–Wakayama)|
|Owner||JR Central, JR West, Nankai Electric Railway|
|System||Urban Network (Wakayama–Wakayamashi)|
|Operator(s)||JR Central, JR West, JR Freight|
|Line length||384.2 km (238.7 mi)|
|Track gauge||1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)|
|Electrification||1,500 V DC (Shingū–Wakayamashi)|
Kisei Main Line
The Kisei Main Line (紀勢本線, Kisei-honsen) is a railway line that parallels the coastline of the Kii Peninsula in Japan between Mie Prefecture and Wakayama Prefecture. The name takes the kanji characters from the names of the old provinces of Kii (紀伊) and Ise (伊勢).
The line is operated by Central Japan Railway Company (JR Central) from Kameyama, the eastern terminus, to Shingū, and by West Japan Railway Company (JR West) from Shingū to Wakayamashi, the western terminus. The segment between Shingū and Wakayama is nicknamed as the Kinokuni Line (きのくに線), after the alternate name of the Kii Province.
The line has connections with through service, to the Kansai Main Line for Nagoya via Ise Railway, and to the Hanwa Line at Wakayama terminus for Osaka.
The (Wide View) Nanki limited express runs between Nagoya and Shingū or Kii-Katsuura with four return workings a day via the Ise Railway. The Kuroshio limited express runs between Kyoto /Shin-Ōsaka/Tennōji and Shingū with 16 return workings a day.
The line is generally divided to four parts for local services, by Shingū, Kii-Tanabe, Gobō, and Wakayama.
|Kameyama||亀山||0.0||Kansai Main Line||Kameyama||Mie|
|Tsu||津||15.5||■ Ise Railway Ise Line (12, some through service from Nagoya)|
Kintetsu Nagoya Line (E39)
|Matsusaka||松阪||34.6|| Meishō Line (some through service from Ise-Okitsu)|
Kintetsu Yamada Line (M64)
|Taki||多気||42.5||Sangū Line (some through service to Iseshi and Toba)||Taki, Taki|
|Kisei Main Line ("Kinokuni Line")|
|Gobō||御坊||326.3||Kishū Railway Line|
|Hirokawa Beach||広川ビーチ||341.3||Hirogawa, Arida|
|Wakayama||和歌山||380.9|| Hanwa Line (R54, through service to Tennōji), Wakayama Line |
Kishigawa Line (01)
|JR West Kisei Main Line|
|Wakayamashi||和歌山市||384.2||Nankai Kada Line (Kada Sakana Line), Nankai Main Line, Nankai Wakayamako Line (NK45)|
The line is composed of sections opened by four different railway companies, which were then nationalised and linked by the JGR/JNR.
In 1891, the Kansai Railway opened the Kameyama to Tsu section, with the Sangu Railway opening the Tsu to Shoka section in 1893. At the western end, the Kiwa Railway opened the Wakayamashi to Wakayama section in 1903, and was acquired by the Kansai Railway the following year. The Kansai Railway and the Sangu Railway were nationalised in 1907. In 1912, the Shingu Railway opened the Kii-Katsuura to Miwasaki section, extending the line to Shingu the following year. The company was nationalised in 1934. On the eastern side of the Kii Peninsula, the Japanese Government Railway (JGR) extended the line from Shoka to Owase in sections between 1923 and 1934, whilst on the western side, it extended the line from Wakayama to Esumi in sections between 1924 and 1938. In 1935, the Kii-Katsuura to Taiji section was opened by JGR, extended to Kushimoto the following year, and to Esumi in 1940, providing a link to Wakayama and Osaka. The successor to JGR, the Japanese National Railways (JNR), opened the Owase to Shingu section in stages between 1956 and 1959, completing the line.
The Akogi to Takajaya section was double-tracked in 1909, with the Matsusaka to Tokuwa section double-tracked two years later. In 1944, both sections were returned to single track and the recovered materials recycled for the Japanese war effort. The Wakayama to Kii-Tanabe section was double-tracked in stages between 1964 and 1978.
The line was electrified between Wakayama and Shingu in 1978, with the Wakayama to Wakayamashi section being commissioned in 1984.
CTC signalling was commissioned between Wakayama and Shingu in 1978, and extended to Kameyama in 1983.
Freight services ceased in 1986.
Wakayama Prefecture is a prefecture of Japan located in the Kansai region of Honshu. Wakayama Prefecture has a population of 944,320 and has a geographic area of 4,724 square kilometres (1,824 sq mi). Wakayama Prefecture borders Osaka Prefecture to the north, and Mie Prefecture and Nara Prefecture to the northeast.
The Osaka Loop Line is a railway loop line in Japan operated by the West Japan Railway Company. It encircles central Osaka.
Central Japan Railway Company is the main railway company operating in the Chūbu (Nagoya) region of central Japan. It is officially abbreviated in English as JR Central and in Japanese as JR Tōkai(Japanese: JR東海). Tōkai is a reference to the geographical region in which the company chiefly operates.
The Hanwa Line is a commuter rail line in the Osaka-Kobe-Kyoto Metropolitan Area, owned and operated by West Japan Railway Company. The 61.3 km line runs between Osaka and Wakayama, Japan and has a 1.7 km branchline in a southern Osaka suburb. The name is taken from the second syllable of Osaka and the first syllable of Wakayama.
The Nagoya Line is a railway line owned and operated by the Kintetsu Railway, a Japanese private railway company, connecting Nagoya and Ise Nakagawa Station in Matsusaka, Mie Prefecture via Kuwana, Yokkaichi, Suzuka, Tsu municipalities along the Ise Bay. The official starting-point of the line is Ise-Nakagawa and the terminus is Nagoya; however, operationally trains run "down" from and "up" towards Nagoya.
Nachikatsuura is a town located in Higashimuro District, Wakayama Prefecture, Japan. As of February 1, 2012, the town has an estimated population of 17,261, with 8,359 households, and a density of 94.09 persons per km². The total area is 183.45 km².
The Kansai Main Line is a railway line in Japan, which connects Nagoya Station with JR Namba Station in Osaka. It is jointly run by the Central Japan Railway Company and West Japan Railway Company, with the boundary between both companies being located at Kameyama Station in Kameyama, Mie.
The Nankai Main Line is one of the two main railway lines of Japanese private railway company Nankai Electric Railway, together with Kōya Line. The route is from Namba Station in south downtown of Osaka to Wakayamashi Station in Wakayama via Sakai, Izumiōtsu, Kishiwada, Kaizuka, Izumisano, Sennan, Hannan and Misaki municipalities. The proper name is with the company's name, "the Nankai Main Line", not simply "the Main Line" often seen in other Japanese private railways. Lines of the Nankai Main Lane and the connecting lines excluded the Kōya Line and the Airport Line are named generically "the Nankai Line". The line is shown with a pictogram of waves, or distinguished with blue from conifer or green Kōya Line.
The Yamada Line is a railway line of the Japanese private railway company Kintetsu Railway, connecting Ise-Nakagawa Station and Ujiyamada Station in Japan. The line runs parallel to parts of the JR Central Kisei Main Line and Sangū Line.
The Wakayama Line is a railway line that links Nara Prefecture to Wakayama Prefecture in Japan, operated by West Japan Railway Company. It connects Ōji Station on the Yamatoji Line to Wakayama Station on the Hanwa Line and Kisei Main Line, with through train service to JR Namba via the Yamatoji Line and to Nara via the Sakurai Line.
The Kururi Line is a railway line in Chiba Prefecture, Japan, operated by the East Japan Railway Company. It connects Kisarazu Station in Kisarazu to Kazusa-Kameyama Station in Kimitsu. The railway route extends through three cities, Kimitsu, Kisarazu, and Sodegaura. It has no double-track section, and trains can pass at only two stations, Yokota Station and Kururi Station.
Tsu Station is a joint use railway station in Tsu, Mie Prefecture, operated by Central Japan Railway Company, Kintetsu and the Ise Railway. The station is 15.5 rail kilometres from the terminus of the Kisei Main Line at Kameyama Station and 8.4 rail kilometres from the terminus of the Kintetestu Yamada Line at Ise-Nakagawa Station. The name of the station is considered the shortest in Japan because it is the only station name that is written with one kana, even though other stations have shorter names when written in Latin letters, such as Oe Station.
The Nanki (南紀) is a limited express train service in Japan operated by Central Japan Railway Company, which runs from Nagoya to Shingū and Kii-Katsuura. The service passes through several notable and important locations, situated on the Kii Peninsula, such as Matsusaka. Travelling the entire 246 km journey from Nagoya to Kii-Katsuura takes just under four hours, whilst the 231.1 km section from Nagoya to Shingu takes approximately three and a half hours. Because the Nanki is a limited express service, passengers must purchase a limited express ticket on top of the basic fare ticket to use the train.
Matsusaka Station is a joint use railway station in Matsusaka, Mie Prefecture, operated by Central Japan Railway Company and Kintetsu. The station is 34.6 rail kilometres from the terminus of the Kisei Line at Kameyama Station and 8.4 rail kilometres from the terminus of the Kintetestu Yamada Line at Ise-Nakagawa Station.
The Meishō Line is a rural, regional railway line of Central Japan Railway Company in Mie Prefecture, Japan, connecting Matsusaka station in Matsusaka and Ise-Okitsu station in Tsu.
The Sangū Line is a railway line run by Central Japan Railway Company, connecting Taki Station with Toba Station in Japan.
Tokuwa Station is a railway station on the Kisei Main Line in Matsusaka, Mie Prefecture, Japan, operated by Central Japan Railway Company.
Shingū Station is a railway station in Shingū, Wakayama Prefecture, Japan.
Kii-Katsuura Station is a railway station in Nachikatsuura, Higashimuro District, Wakayama Prefecture, Japan. As well as being served by JR West trains heading towards Wakayama, Osaka and Kyoto such as the Kuroshio Limited Express, it is also the southern terminus of JR Central's Nanki Limited Express service to and from Nagoya.
The Kuroshio (くろしお) is a limited express train service in Japan connecting Kyoto, Shin-Osaka, Tennōji, Wakayama, Kii-Tanabe, Shirahama, and Shingu via the Tokaido Main Line, Osaka Loop Line, Hanwa Line, and Kisei Line, operated by West Japan Railway Company. This article covers the derivative limited express trains, "Super Kuroshio (スーパーくろしお)" and "Ocean Arrow (オーシャンアロー)", the names of which were discontinued from start of the revised timetable on 17 March 2012.