|First official recorded||1337 AD|
|City Settled||November 1, 1922|
|• Mayor||Kōhei Nagano (from August 2020)|
|• Total||72.68 km2 (28.06 sq mi)|
(April 1, 2017)
|• Density||2,700/km2 (7,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+09:00 (JST)|
|City hall address||7-1 Kishiki, Kishiwada-shi, Ōsaka-fu|
Kishiwada (岸和田市, Kishiwada-shi) is a city located in Osaka Prefecture, Japan. The city was founded on November 1, 1922, the city is well known for its Danjiri Matsuri. In April 2017, the city had an estimated population of 197,629 and a population density of 2,700 persons per km². The total area is 72.68 km².
The oldest evidence of life in Kishiwada is the Mayuyama Kofun (barrow). The most popular origin story of Kishiwada dates from the 14th century. During the Nanbokucho period (1336–1392), General Takaie Wada of the Masahige-Kusunoki Clan was sent to the area then known as Kishi in Izumi Han to be magistrate. He was then renamed Kishi-no-Wadadono giving birth to the city's later name of Kishiwada.
The first mentioning of a castle located it 600m from the current site and was named Kishiwada-kojo-ato. A nearby river known as Koko-gawa also attests to the older structure. Kishiwada Castle (岸和田城, Kishiwada-jō?), or Chikiri Castle, was erected by Hidemasa Koide in 1597. Nobukatsu, ruler of Okabe Mino, took possession of the castle in 1640 from Takatsuki. The Okabe family maintained its position for 13 generations (up to the Meiji Restoration).
In 1703, the city began its Danjiri festival. The city of Kishiwada was officially founded on November 1, 1922 during the Taisho Period. It was the 87th city to be founded in Japan and the 3rd in Osaka. From the Meiji era onwards the city has developed several craft industries centering on spinning-and-weaving, Senshu Cotton and the lens industry.
Kishiwada is home to three malls. The Bayside CanCan Mall is a 5-minute walk from Nankai Kishiwada station and sits by the sea. This is also the location of the city's sole remaining cinema. The city also has Le Park next to Haruki station and Saty next to Higashi-Kishiwada station. Shops and especially restaurants tend to congregate long Route 26 which links Osaka city to Wakayama city and Kansai Airport in the south. More traditional restaurants, izakaya and shops can be found around the main train stations and down Kishiwada Shotengai and the Haruki Shotengai.
Kishiwada is served by the JR Hanwa and Nankai Main Line. The city also has an extensive bus service as the trainlines run parallel to the coast rather than linking the seaside to the mountains. The city is not directly connected to the neighbouring prefecture of Wakayama as the mountain section of the city is impassable. Route 26 eventually connects to the city of Wakayama and runs parallel to the coast. The prefecture can also be reached via roads in Izumisano and the Highway which connects via Sennan city.
Train stations: (in order from north to south):
JR Hanwa Line: Kumeda – Shimomatsu – Higashi-Kishiwada*
Nankai Main Line: Haruki* – Izumiomiya – Kishiwada** – Takojizo
Kishiwada is home to 4 High Schools. It directly controls one, Kishiwada Sangyo Koko, through its Board of Education. The other three; Kishiwada Koko, Izumi Koko and Kumeda Koko; are run by the Osaka Prefectural Board of Education. The city also has 11 Junior High Schools and around 30 Elementary Schools.
Wakayama Prefecture is a prefecture of Japan located in the Kansai region of Honshu. Wakayama Prefecture has a population of 944,320 and has a geographic area of 4,724 square kilometres (1,824 sq mi). Wakayama Prefecture borders Osaka Prefecture to the north, and Mie Prefecture and Nara Prefecture to the northeast.
Izumisano is a city located in Osaka Prefecture, Japan. As of 2014, the city has an estimated population of 101,444 and a population density of 1,800 persons per km². The total area is 55.03 km².
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The Hanwa Line is a commuter rail line in the Osaka-Kobe-Kyoto Metropolitan Area, owned and operated by West Japan Railway Company. The 61.3 km line runs between Osaka and Wakayama, Japan and has a 1.7 km branchline in a southern Osaka suburb. The name is taken from the second syllable of Osaka and the first syllable of Wakayama.
Sakai is a city located in Osaka Prefecture, Japan, on the edge of Osaka Bay at the mouth of the Yamato River. It has been one of the largest and most important seaports of Japan since the medieval era. Following the February 2005 annexation of the town of Mihara, the city grew to the fourteenth most populous city in Japan, with 828,741 residents as of June 1, 2019.
Keihanshin is a metropolitan region in the Kansai region of Japan encompassing the metropolitan areas of the cities of Kyoto in Kyoto Prefecture, Osaka in Osaka Prefecture and Kobe in Hyōgo Prefecture. The entire region has a population of 19,302,746 over an area of 13,228 km2 (5,107 sq mi). It is the second-most-populated urban region in Japan, containing approximately 15% of Japan's population.
Nagai Station is a railway station in Sumiyoshi-ku, Osaka, Japan. The station is served by the Hanwa Line of West Japan Railway Company and the Midōsuji Line of Osaka Metro; the former uses elevated tracks and the latter uses underground tracks. The subway station is assigned the station number M26. Nagai is located south of Tennoji in Sumiyoshi-ku and maintains Nagai Park and Nagai Stadium, an international standard football stadium home to the J-League team Cerezo Osaka.
Kaizuka is a city located in Osaka Prefecture, Japan on Osaka Bay, southwest of the prefectural capital of Osaka. As of October 2016, the city has an estimated population of 88,345 and a population density of 2,000 persons per km². The total area is 43.99 km². The city is promoting volleyball because it used to be the home of Nichibo Women's Volleyball Team called Oriental Witches led by Hirofumi Daimatsu.
Kishiwada Castle, or Chikiri Castle, is a Japanese castle located in Kishiwada, Osaka Prefecture, Japan.
The Nankai Main Line is one of the two main railway lines of Japanese private railway company Nankai Electric Railway, together with Kōya Line. The route is from Namba Station in south downtown of Osaka to Wakayamashi Station in Wakayama via Sakai, Izumiōtsu, Kishiwada, Kaizuka, Izumisano, Sennan, Hannan and Misaki municipalities. The proper name is with the company's name, "the Nankai Main Line", not simply "the Main Line" often seen in other Japanese private railways. Lines of the Nankai Main Lane and the connecting lines excluded the Kōya Line and the Airport Line are named generically "the Nankai Line". The line is shown with a pictogram of waves, or distinguished with blue from conifer or green Kōya Line.
Danjiri Matsuri are cart-pulling festivals held in Japan. The Kishiwada Danjiri Matsuri is probably the most famous. There are other Danjiri Matsuri held in the City of Kobe and Haruki Town, but they are less popular and spectacular. The highlight of the Festival is a race between floats representing different neighborhoods.
The Koya Line is a railway line in Osaka Prefecture and Wakayama Prefecture, Japan, owned and operated by the Nankai Electric Railway, a private railway operator. It connects Osaka and Koyasan, the capital of the Japanese Buddhist sect Shingon, via the suburbs of Osaka, such as Sakai, Osakasayama, Tondabayashi and Kawachinagano in Osaka Prefecture and Hashimoto and Kōya in Wakayama Prefecture. To distinguish it from other Nankai Lines, the Kōya Line is indicated with pictograms of coniferous-like trees which bring to mind Mount Kōya, or with the line colour, green.
The Kishiwada Danjiri Matsuri (岸和田だんじり祭), held in Kishiwada, Osaka, is one of the most famous Danjiri Matsuri festivals in Japan. The festival is a parade involving large wooden shrine floats that are pulled at a high speed by a large team of men.
Sakai Station is a train station on the Nankai Main Line in Sakai-ku, Sakai, Osaka Prefecture, Japan, operated by the private railway operator Nankai Electric Railway.
Haruki Station is a train station on the Nankai Main Line in Kishiwada, Osaka Prefecture, Japan, operated by the private railway operator Nankai Electric Railway.
Kishiwada Station is a train station in Kishiwada, Osaka Prefecture, Japan, operated by the private railway operator Nankai Electric Railway.
Higashi-Kishiwada Station is a railway station in Kishiwada, Osaka Prefecture, Japan.
Izumi-Tottori Station is a railway station in Hannan, Osaka Prefecture, Japan. Located near Asahiyama and the border with Sennan, Izumi-Tottori is on the JR Hanwa line. The Hanwa line serves the mountainous inland areas of municipalities and suburban areas between Wakayama city and Osaka city proper. The next station in Hannan city is that of Yamanakadani Station.
Kongō-Ikoma-Kisen Quasi-National Park is a Quasi-National Park in Nara, Ōsaka, and Wakayama Prefectures, Japan. It was established in 1958.
The Naniwasuji Line is the tentative name for a planned underground heavy rail line, which will run north-south through Osaka City, primarily under the avenue Naniwa-suji. It has long been pursued by West Japan Railway Company and Nankai Railway in order to connect the Yamatoji Line and Nankai Main Line with Shin-Osaka Station, greatly enhancing both companies' connections to Kansai Airport and Wakayama Prefecture. As of 2017, construction is expected to begin within the next few years and last until spring 2031.
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