Kiso, Nagano (town)

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Kiso

木曽町
KisoTownOffice.JPG
Kiso Town Hall
Flag of Kiso Nagano.JPG
Flag
Kiso-town Nagano chapter.JPG
Seal
Kiso-machi in Nagano Prefecture Ja.svg
Location of Kiso Town in Nagano Prefecture
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Red pog.svg
Kiso
 
Coordinates: 35°50′33.1″N137°41′29.6″E / 35.842528°N 137.691556°E / 35.842528; 137.691556 Coordinates: 35°50′33.1″N137°41′29.6″E / 35.842528°N 137.691556°E / 35.842528; 137.691556
Country Japan
Region Chūbu (Kōshin'etsu)
Prefecture Nagano
District Kiso
Area
  Total476.03 km2 (183.80 sq mi)
Population
 (April 2019)
  Total11,045
  Density23/km2 (60/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
Symbols 
Phone number0264-22-3000
Address2326-1 Fukushima, Kiso-machi, Kiso-gun, Nagano-ken 397-8588
Website Official website
Center of Kiso town Kisotown Naganopref center area.JPG
Center of Kiso town
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Fukushima-juku

Kiso (木曽町, Kiso-machi) is a town located in Nagano Prefecture, Japan. As of 5 April 2019, the town had an estimated population of 11,045 in 4892 households, [1] and a population density of 23 persons per km². The total area of the town is 476.03 square kilometres (183.80 sq mi). Kiso Town is listed as one of The Most Beautiful Villages in Japan. [2]

Contents

Geography

Kiso is located in mountainous southwest Nagano Prefecture, bordered by Gifu Prefecture to the west.

Surrounding municipalities

Demographics

Per Japanese census data, [3] the population of Kiso has dropped rapidly over the last 50 years.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1940 22,256    
1950 22,190−0.3%
1960 22,429+1.1%
1970 18,868−15.9%
1980 17,426−7.6%
1990 15,789−9.4%
2000 14,866−5.8%
2010 12,750−14.2%

Climate

The town has a climate characterized by characterized by warm and humid summers, and cold winters with heavy snowfall (Köppen climate classification Dfb). The average annual temperature in Kiso is 8.7 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1697 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 21.4 °C, and lowest in January, at around -3.8 °C. [4]

Climate data for Kiso-Fukushima
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)4.1
(39.4)
5.4
(41.7)
9.7
(49.5)
16.6
(61.9)
21.4
(70.5)
24.4
(75.9)
27.5
(81.5)
29.2
(84.6)
25.1
(77.2)
19.4
(66.9)
13.4
(56.1)
7.4
(45.3)
17.0
(62.5)
Average low °C (°F)−7.0
(19.4)
−6.5
(20.3)
−2.7
(27.1)
2.5
(36.5)
7.9
(46.2)
13.4
(56.1)
17.6
(63.7)
18.4
(65.1)
14.5
(58.1)
7.3
(45.1)
0.9
(33.6)
−4.0
(24.8)
5.2
(41.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches)68.1
(2.68)
86.2
(3.39)
155.8
(6.13)
149.1
(5.87)
193.2
(7.61)
236.3
(9.30)
282.0
(11.10)
167.0
(6.57)
248.4
(9.78)
146.1
(5.75)
111.9
(4.41)
62.9
(2.48)
1,907
(75.07)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm)7.87.711.611.711.913.815.411.112.910.29.08.2131.3
Mean monthly sunshine hours 126.8138.5162.6177.5179.4140.1148.6178.9132.7136.4128.0128.11,777.6
Source: Japan Meteorological Agency

History

The area of present-day Kiso was part of ancient Shinano Province.

The modern town was created through a merger of the town of Kiso-Fukushima with the villages of Hiyoshi, Kaida and Mitake on November 1, 2005.

Education

Kiso has four public elementary schools and three public middle schools operated by the town government, and one high school operated the Nagano Prefectural Board of Education. The prefectural also operates a special education school. The Solar-Terrestrial Environment Laboratory, Nagoya University is located in Kiso.

Transportation

Railway

Highway

Local attractions

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