Kittsee

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Kittsee
Zamok Kittsee.JPG
New Palace in Kittsee
AUT Kittsee COA.svg
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Kittsee
Location within Austria
Coordinates: 48°04′00″N17°04′00″E / 48.06667°N 17.06667°E / 48.06667; 17.06667 Coordinates: 48°04′00″N17°04′00″E / 48.06667°N 17.06667°E / 48.06667; 17.06667
CountryFlag of Austria.svg  Austria
State Burgenland
District Neusiedl am See
Government
   Mayor Johannes Hornek (ÖVP)
Area
[1]
  Total19.27 km2 (7.44 sq mi)
Elevation
138 m (453 ft)
Population
 (2018-01-01) [2]
  Total3,162
  Density160/km2 (420/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
2421
Vehicle registration ND
Website www.kittsee.at

Kittsee (German pronunciation: [kiˈt͡seː] ( Loudspeaker.svg listen ); Slovak : Kopčany, Hungarian : Köpcsény, Croatian : Gijeca) is an Austrian municipality in the District of Neusiedl am See, Burgenland.

Contents

History

In 1861 Kittsee was in the Empire of Austria, Kingdom of Hungary 1861 10kr Kittsee.jpg
In 1861 Kittsee was in the Empire of Austria, Kingdom of Hungary
Passport stamp from the border before Slovakia joined the Schengen Area. Kittsee passport stamp.jpg
Passport stamp from the border before Slovakia joined the Schengen Area.

In the Middle Ages, the settlement was situated in the Kingdom of Hungary, and was probably settled by Pecheneg border guards in the 11th century. There was a Hungarian royal castle on the site of the settlement as early as the 12th century. The first documented mention of the settlement was in 1291; the name Koeche was in use in 1390. It is thought that the name is of Hungarian origin and the older form was Küccse.

Since the settlement guards the entrance of the Danube into Hungary, it often played a key role in the defense of Hungary. This was the gathering site of the crusader army of Frederick I in 1198. The town was the site of Géza II's battle with the Austrians, and the wedding of Béla, son of Béla IV and Kunigunda, niece of Ottokar II, King of Bohemia, in 1264. The peace treaty of Andrew III and Albert I was signed here in 1291. After 1363, the town was owned by the Scharfenecki, Szentgyörgyi, Esterházy and Batthyányi families.

In 1455, this was the scene of a meeting between John Hunyadi and Ulrich II of Celje. Ferdinand I received envoys here from Hungary on the way to his coronation in Székesfehérvár. In 1529 and 1683 it was destroyed by Ottoman armies. In 1676, it became the property of the Esterházy family. The town's ancient moated castle, built in the 12th century was first mentioned in 1344, and was destroyed by the Ottomans in 1529. It was replaced by the Grange, built in 1552.

From 1880, the Batthyány-Strattman family were the main landlords in the town. Kittsee was one of the Siebengemeinden of Burgenland.

Kittsee former border crossing Kitsee Border Crossing.jpg
Kittsee former border crossing

Kittsee, like the rest of Burgenland, belonged to Hungary until 1920/21. After the end of the First World War, the territory of West-Hungary was given to Austria by the Treaties of St. Germain and Trianon. Since 1921, the town has belonged to the newly founded State of Burgenland.

Politics

Kittsee's mayor is Johannes Hornek of the ÖVP. And its vize-mayor is Karin Darnai of the SPÖ. The political composition of the Municipal Council (23 seats) is ÖVP 9, SPÖ 8, FPÖ 0, Grüne 0, and other lists 6.

Business and infrastructure

Hospital (Krankenhaus), Kittsee Hospital, Kittsee, Austria.jpg
Hospital (Krankenhaus), Kittsee

The municipality plays an important role as a medical center, because the district's only hospital is located there. It was founded by the ophthalmologist Prince Ladislaus Batthyány-Strattmann, who ran the hospital until 1921. It was named after him in 2004.

Kittsee is also home to a rescue station of the Red Cross.

The town is famous for its 30,000 apricot trees, which are cared for by the Kittsee Apricot Club.

Historical sites

Notable residents

Joseph Joachim's birth house in Kittsee Birthplace of Joseph Joachim (Kittsee).jpg
Joseph Joachim's birth house in Kittsee

Nearby municipalities & sites

See also

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References

  1. "Dauersiedlungsraum der Gemeinden Politischen Bezirke und Bundesländer - Gebietsstand 1.1.2018". Statistics Austria. Retrieved 10 March 2019.
  2. "Einwohnerzahl 1.1.2018 nach Gemeinden mit Status, Gebietsstand 1.1.2018". Statistics Austria. Retrieved 9 March 2019.