Kivalliq Region

Last updated

Kivalliq
ᑭᕙᓪᓕᖅ (Inuktitut)
Kivalliq Region
Kivalliq Region, Nunavut.svg
Location in Nunavut
CountryCanada
Territory Nunavut
Regional centre Rankin Inlet
Area
 (2021) [1]
  Total434,331.16 km2 (167,696.20 sq mi)
Population
[1]
  Total11,045
  Density0.025/km2 (0.066/sq mi)

The Kivalliq Region ( /kɪˈvælɪk/ ; Inuktitut syllabics: ᑭᕙᓪᓕᖅ) is an administrative region of Nunavut, Canada. It consists of the portion of the mainland to the west of Hudson Bay together with Southampton Island and Coats Island. The regional centre is Rankin Inlet. The population was 11,045 in the 2021 Canadian census, an increase of 6.1% from the 2016 Census. [1]

Contents

Before 1999, the Kivalliq Region existed under slightly different boundaries as Keewatin Region, Northwest Territories. Although the Kivalliq name became official in 1999, Statistics Canada continued to refer to the area as the Keewatin Region in publications such as the Census until 2021. [2] Most references to the area as "Keewatin" have generally been phased out by Nunavut-based bodies, as that name was originally rooted in a region of northwestern Ontario derived from a Cree dialect, and only saw application onto Inuit-inhabited lands because of the boundaries of the now-defunct District of Keewatin.

Demographics

In the 2021 Canadian census conducted by Statistics Canada, the Kivalliq Region had a population of 11,045 living in 2,719 of its 3,193 total private dwellings, a change of

Communities

The remainder of the region is referred to as Kivalliq, Unorganized by Statistics Canada.

People

Geology

Map of post-glacial rebound PGR Paulson2007 Rate of Lithospheric Uplift due to post-glacial rebound.png
Map of post-glacial rebound

The Kivalliq Region is experiencing the world's highest rate of post-glacial rebound (as much as 17 mm (0.67 in) per year).

Climate

The Kivalliq Region has a subarctic climate (Köppen climate classification Dfc) and a tundra climate (ET). However, it is almost entirely above the tree line. Temperatures stay below freezing from late September to early June, and peak at around 10 °C (50 °F) in July. Days are much longer in summer than in winter.

Climate data for Arviat (Arviat Airport)
Climate ID: 2300MKF; coordinates 61°06′N94°04′W / 61.100°N 94.067°W / 61.100; -94.067 (Arviat Airport) ; elevation: 10.4 m (34 ft); 1991–2020 normals, extremes 1973–present
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)−1.5
(29.3)
−1.5
(29.3)
3.5
(38.3)
4.0
(39.2)
21.2
(70.2)
30.8
(87.4)
33.9
(93.0)
30.0
(86.0)
23.0
(73.4)
18.1
(64.6)
2.1
(35.8)
−0.1
(31.8)
33.9
(93.0)
Average high °C (°F)−24.4
(−11.9)
−24.2
(−11.6)
−18.1
(−0.6)
−9.4
(15.1)
−1.1
(30.0)
8.3
(46.9)
15.2
(59.4)
14.1
(57.4)
8.0
(46.4)
−0.4
(31.3)
−11.0
(12.2)
−19.4
(−2.9)
−5.2
(22.6)
Daily mean °C (°F)−28.2
(−18.8)
−28.1
(−18.6)
−22.8
(−9.0)
−14.2
(6.4)
−4.3
(24.3)
4.8
(40.6)
11.2
(52.2)
10.7
(51.3)
5.2
(41.4)
−2.9
(26.8)
−15.0
(5.0)
−23.2
(−9.8)
−8.9
(16.0)
Average low °C (°F)−31.9
(−25.4)
−32.0
(−25.6)
−27.4
(−17.3)
−18.7
(−1.7)
−7.3
(18.9)
1.3
(34.3)
7.1
(44.8)
7.3
(45.1)
2.4
(36.3)
−5.5
(22.1)
−19.0
(−2.2)
−27.0
(−16.6)
−12.6
(9.4)
Record low °C (°F)−48.3
(−54.9)
−47.0
(−52.6)
−41.5
(−42.7)
−36.7
(−34.1)
−26.7
(−16.1)
−11.0
(12.2)
−4.0
(24.8)
−0.6
(30.9)
−8.3
(17.1)
−26.0
(−14.8)
−34.6
(−30.3)
−42.5
(−44.5)
−48.3
(−54.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches)12.4
(0.49)
10.6
(0.42)
23.2
(0.91)
19.4
(0.76)
19.2
(0.76)
30.0
(1.18)
43.4
(1.71)
60.4
(2.38)
47.3
(1.86)
27.6
(1.09)
19.6
(0.77)
13.4
(0.53)
326.5
(12.86)
Average rainfall mm (inches)0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.5
(0.02)
6.1
(0.24)
26.3
(1.04)
36.7
(1.44)
56.0
(2.20)
41.2
(1.62)
7.6
(0.30)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
174.4
(6.86)
Average snowfall cm (inches)10.1
(4.0)
6.6
(2.6)
11.4
(4.5)
12.1
(4.8)
12.1
(4.8)
3.2
(1.3)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
2.8
(1.1)
16.9
(6.7)
18.8
(7.4)
18.3
(7.2)
112.4
(44.3)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm)10.710.111.711.39.810.311.316.614.813.011.611.1142.3
Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm)0.00.00.00.32.07.48.914.111.62.80.00.047.0
Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm)7.47.29.17.05.80.80.00.01.18.210.38.165.0
Average relative humidity (%)69.169.974.479.884.676.872.774.774.684.180.773.376.2
Source: Environment Canada [10] (rain/rain days, snow/snow days, humidity 19812010) [11]
Climate data for Rankin Inlet (Rankin Inlet Airport)
WMO ID: 71083; coordinates 62°49′N92°07′W / 62.817°N 92.117°W / 62.817; -92.117 (Rankin Inlet Airport) ; elevation: 32.3 m (106 ft); 1981–2010 normals
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high humidex −3.0−4.41.12.513.426.332.231.821.811.71.40.832.2
Record high °C (°F)−2.5
(27.5)
−4.4
(24.1)
1.3
(34.3)
3.4
(38.1)
14.1
(57.4)
26.1
(79.0)
28.9
(84.0)
30.5
(86.9)
20.6
(69.1)
11.8
(53.2)
1.5
(34.7)
0.9
(33.6)
30.5
(86.9)
Average high °C (°F)−27.3
(−17.1)
−26.1
(−15.0)
−20.6
(−5.1)
−11.1
(12.0)
−2.4
(27.7)
7.9
(46.2)
14.9
(58.8)
13.1
(55.6)
6.3
(43.3)
−1.9
(28.6)
−13.0
(8.6)
−21.9
(−7.4)
−6.9
(19.6)
Daily mean °C (°F)−30.8
(−23.4)
−29.9
(−21.8)
−25.0
(−13.0)
−15.6
(3.9)
−5.8
(21.6)
4.2
(39.6)
10.5
(50.9)
9.7
(49.5)
3.8
(38.8)
−4.6
(23.7)
−17.0
(1.4)
−25.7
(−14.3)
−10.5
(13.1)
Average low °C (°F)−34.4
(−29.9)
−33.6
(−28.5)
−29.2
(−20.6)
−20.1
(−4.2)
−9.0
(15.8)
0.5
(32.9)
6.1
(43.0)
6.2
(43.2)
1.3
(34.3)
−7.3
(18.9)
−20.9
(−5.6)
−29.4
(−20.9)
−14.2
(6.4)
Record low °C (°F)−46.1
(−51.0)
−49.8
(−57.6)
−43.4
(−46.1)
−35.7
(−32.3)
−23.8
(−10.8)
−9.4
(15.1)
−1.9
(28.6)
−1.4
(29.5)
−9.0
(15.8)
−27.4
(−17.3)
−36.5
(−33.7)
−43.6
(−46.5)
−49.8
(−57.6)
Record low wind chill −66.8−70.5−64.4−53.6−35.9−17.6−5.3−8.8−18.1−42.7−55.3−62.4−70.5
Average precipitation mm (inches)8.7
(0.34)
8.2
(0.32)
12.3
(0.48)
19.9
(0.78)
19.5
(0.77)
26.6
(1.05)
42.0
(1.65)
57.4
(2.26)
42.9
(1.69)
38.0
(1.50)
21.7
(0.85)
12.8
(0.50)
310.1
(12.21)
Average rainfall mm (inches)0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
1.1
(0.04)
7.0
(0.28)
22.1
(0.87)
41.9
(1.65)
57.2
(2.25)
39.1
(1.54)
12.9
(0.51)
0.3
(0.01)
0.1
(0.00)
181.8
(7.16)
Average snowfall cm (inches)8.9
(3.5)
8.5
(3.3)
12.5
(4.9)
19.2
(7.6)
13.0
(5.1)
4.6
(1.8)
0.1
(0.0)
0.2
(0.1)
3.8
(1.5)
25.5
(10.0)
22.4
(8.8)
13.3
(5.2)
131.9
(51.9)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm)7.86.69.08.58.77.710.413.212.714.912.610.0122.1
Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm)0.00.00.00.72.36.310.413.210.54.20.40.148.4
Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm)7.86.79.08.27.12.00.10.13.312.412.510.079.3
Average relative humidity (%)66.267.371.379.082.372.366.670.676.384.578.470.273.7
Source: Environment and Climate Change Canada Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010 [12]

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 "Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population, Profile table - Kivalliq, Region (REG) Nunavut [Census division]". Statistics Canada. February 1, 2023. Retrieved April 13, 2023.
  2. "Census Profile, 2016 Census Keewatin, Region". Statistics Canada. February 8, 2017. Retrieved March 5, 2017.
  3. "Population and dwelling counts: Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), Nunavut". Statistics Canada. February 9, 2022. Retrieved February 19, 2022.
  4. "Population and dwelling counts: Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), Nunavut". Statistics Canada. February 9, 2022. Retrieved February 19, 2022.
  5. "Population and dwelling counts: Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), Nunavut". Statistics Canada. February 9, 2022. Retrieved February 9, 2022.
  6. "Population and dwelling counts: Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), Nunavut". Statistics Canada. February 9, 2022. Retrieved February 19, 2022.
  7. "Population and dwelling counts: Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), Nunavut". Statistics Canada. February 9, 2022. Retrieved February 19, 2022.
  8. "Population and dwelling counts: Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), Nunavut". Statistics Canada. February 9, 2022. Retrieved February 19, 2022.
  9. "Population and dwelling counts: Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), Nunavut". Statistics Canada. February 9, 2022. Retrieved February 19, 2022.
  10. "Canadian Climate Normals 1991–2020". Environment and Climate Change Canada. Retrieved September 25, 2023.
  11. "Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010". Environment and Climate Change Canada. Retrieved September 25, 2023.
  12. "Rankin Inlet A". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment and Climate Change Canada. Climate ID: 2303401. Retrieved October 19, 2020.

Further reading

67°23′N088°00′W / 67.383°N 88.000°W / 67.383; -88.000 (Kivalliq Region)