Kivalliq Region

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Kivalliq Region
ᑭᕙᓪᓕᖅ
Kivalliq Region, Nunavut.svg
Location in Nunavut
CountryCanada
Territory Nunavut
Regional centre Rankin Inlet
Area
  Total444,621.71 km2 (171,669.40 sq mi)
Population
  Total10,413
  Density0.023/km2 (0.061/sq mi)

The Kivalliq Region ( /kɪˈvælɪk/ ; Inuktitut syllabics: ᑭᕙᓪᓕᖅ [ pronunciation? ]) is an administrative region of Nunavut, Canada. It consists of the portion of the mainland to the west of Hudson Bay together with Southampton Island and Coats Island. The regional centre is Rankin Inlet. The population was 10,413 in the 2016 Census, an increase of 16.3% from the 2011 Census. [1]

Contents

Before 1999, Kivalliq Region existed under slightly different boundaries as Keewatin Region, Northwest Territories. Although the Kivalliq name became official in 1999, Statistics Canada has continued to refer to the area as Keewatin Region, Nunavut in publications such as the Census. [1] Most references to the area as "Keewatin" have generally been phased out by Nunavut-based bodies, as that name was originally rooted in a region of northwestern Ontario derived from a Cree dialect, and only saw application onto Inuit-inhabited lands because of the boundaries of the now-defunct District of Keewatin.

Geology

Map of post-glacial rebound PGR Paulson2007 Rate of Lithospheric Uplift due to post-glacial rebound.png
Map of post-glacial rebound

The Kivalliq Region is experiencing the world's highest rate of post-glacial rebound (as much as 17 mm (0.67 in) per year).

Communities

The remainder of the region is referred to as Keewatin, Unorganized by Statistics Canada.

Climate

The Kivalliq Region has a subarctic climate (Köppen climate classification Dfc) and a tundra climate (ET). However, it is almost entirely above the tree line. Temperatures stay below freezing from late September to early June, and peak at around 10 °C (50 °F) in July. Days are much longer in summer than in winter.

Climate data for Arviat (Arviat Airport)
Climate ID: 2300MKF; coordinates 61°06′N94°04′W / 61.100°N 94.067°W / 61.100; -94.067 (Arviat Airport) ; elevation: 10.4 m (34 ft); 1981–2010 normals, extremes 1973–present
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)−1.5
(29.3)
−1.5
(29.3)
3.5
(38.3)
4.0
(39.2)
14.5
(58.1)
30.8
(87.4)
33.9
(93.0)
30.0
(86.0)
23.0
(73.4)
18.1
(64.6)
2.1
(35.8)
−0.4
(31.3)
33.9
(93.0)
Average high °C (°F)−25.4
(−13.7)
−24.2
(−11.6)
−18.0
(−0.4)
−9.1
(15.6)
−1.2
(29.8)
7.7
(45.9)
15.1
(59.2)
14.2
(57.6)
7.3
(45.1)
−1.0
(30.2)
−12.0
(10.4)
−20.3
(−4.5)
−5.6
(21.9)
Daily mean °C (°F)−29.3
(−20.7)
−28.3
(−18.9)
−22.8
(−9.0)
−14.0
(6.8)
−4.3
(24.3)
4.4
(39.9)
11.1
(52.0)
10.8
(51.4)
4.8
(40.6)
−3.6
(25.5)
−16.1
(3.0)
−24.1
(−11.4)
−9.3
(15.3)
Average low °C (°F)−33.1
(−27.6)
−32.4
(−26.3)
−27.5
(−17.5)
−18.7
(−1.7)
−7.4
(18.7)
1.0
(33.8)
7.0
(44.6)
7.3
(45.1)
2.2
(36.0)
−6.2
(20.8)
−20.1
(−4.2)
−27.9
(−18.2)
−13.0
(8.6)
Record low °C (°F)−48.3
(−54.9)
−47.0
(−52.6)
−41.5
(−42.7)
−36.7
(−34.1)
−26.7
(−16.1)
−11.0
(12.2)
−4.0
(24.8)
−0.6
(30.9)
−8.3
(17.1)
−26.0
(−14.8)
−34.0
(−29.2)
−42.5
(−44.5)
−48.3
(−54.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches)10.1
(0.40)
6.6
(0.26)
11.4
(0.45)
12.5
(0.49)
18.2
(0.72)
29.6
(1.17)
36.7
(1.44)
56.0
(2.20)
44.0
(1.73)
24.5
(0.96)
18.6
(0.73)
18.3
(0.72)
286.5
(11.28)
Average rainfall mm (inches)0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.5
(0.02)
6.1
(0.24)
26.3
(1.04)
36.7
(1.44)
56.0
(2.20)
41.2
(1.62)
7.6
(0.30)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
174.4
(6.87)
Average snowfall cm (inches)10.1
(4.0)
6.6
(2.6)
11.4
(4.5)
12.1
(4.8)
12.1
(4.8)
3.2
(1.3)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
2.8
(1.1)
16.9
(6.7)
18.8
(7.4)
18.3
(7.2)
112.4
(44.3)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm)7.47.29.17.17.68.08.914.112.610.810.38.1111.3
Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm)0.00.00.00.32.07.48.914.111.62.80.00.047.0
Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm)7.47.29.17.05.80.80.00.01.18.210.38.165.0
Average relative humidity (%)69.169.974.479.884.676.872.774.774.684.180.773.376.2
Source: Environment and Climate Change Canada [9] [10]
Climate data for Rankin Inlet Airport
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high humidex −3.0−4.41.12.513.426.332.231.821.811.71.40.832.2
Record high °C (°F)−2.5
(27.5)
−4.4
(24.1)
1.3
(34.3)
3.4
(38.1)
14.1
(57.4)
26.1
(79.0)
28.9
(84.0)
30.5
(86.9)
20.6
(69.1)
11.8
(53.2)
1.5
(34.7)
0.9
(33.6)
30.5
(86.9)
Average high °C (°F)−27.3
(−17.1)
−26.1
(−15.0)
−20.6
(−5.1)
−11.1
(12.0)
−2.4
(27.7)
7.9
(46.2)
14.9
(58.8)
13.1
(55.6)
6.3
(43.3)
−1.9
(28.6)
−13.0
(8.6)
−21.9
(−7.4)
−6.9
(19.6)
Daily mean °C (°F)−30.8
(−23.4)
−29.9
(−21.8)
−25.0
(−13.0)
−15.6
(3.9)
−5.8
(21.6)
4.2
(39.6)
10.5
(50.9)
9.7
(49.5)
3.8
(38.8)
−4.6
(23.7)
−17.0
(1.4)
−25.7
(−14.3)
−10.5
(13.1)
Average low °C (°F)−34.4
(−29.9)
−33.6
(−28.5)
−29.2
(−20.6)
−20.1
(−4.2)
−9.0
(15.8)
0.5
(32.9)
6.1
(43.0)
6.2
(43.2)
1.3
(34.3)
−7.3
(18.9)
−20.9
(−5.6)
−29.4
(−20.9)
−14.2
(6.4)
Record low °C (°F)−46.1
(−51.0)
−49.8
(−57.6)
−43.4
(−46.1)
−35.7
(−32.3)
−23.8
(−10.8)
−9.4
(15.1)
−1.9
(28.6)
−1.4
(29.5)
−9.0
(15.8)
−27.4
(−17.3)
−36.5
(−33.7)
−43.6
(−46.5)
−49.8
(−57.6)
Record low wind chill −66.8−70.5−64.4−53.6−35.9−17.6−5.3−8.8−18.1−42.7−55.3−62.4−70.5
Average precipitation mm (inches)8.7
(0.34)
8.2
(0.32)
12.3
(0.48)
19.9
(0.78)
19.5
(0.77)
26.6
(1.05)
42.0
(1.65)
57.4
(2.26)
42.9
(1.69)
38.0
(1.50)
21.7
(0.85)
12.8
(0.50)
310.1
(12.21)
Average rainfall mm (inches)0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
1.1
(0.04)
7.0
(0.28)
22.1
(0.87)
41.9
(1.65)
57.2
(2.25)
39.1
(1.54)
12.9
(0.51)
0.3
(0.01)
0.1
(0.00)
181.8
(7.16)
Average snowfall cm (inches)8.9
(3.5)
8.5
(3.3)
12.5
(4.9)
19.2
(7.6)
13.0
(5.1)
4.6
(1.8)
0.1
(0.0)
0.2
(0.1)
3.8
(1.5)
25.5
(10.0)
22.4
(8.8)
13.3
(5.2)
131.9
(51.9)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm)7.86.69.08.58.77.710.413.212.714.912.610.0122.1
Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm)0.00.00.00.72.36.310.413.210.54.20.40.148.4
Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm)7.86.79.08.27.12.00.10.13.312.412.510.079.3
Average relative humidity (%)66.267.371.379.082.372.366.670.676.384.578.470.273.7
Source: Environment Canada Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010 [11]

Protected areas

Demographics

In the 2021 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, the Kivalliq Region had a population of 11,045 living in 2,719 of its 3,193 total private dwellings, a change of

Related Research Articles

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Qikiqtaaluk Region Region of Nunavut, Canada

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Southampton Island

Southampton Island is a large island at the entrance to Hudson Bay at Foxe Basin. One of the larger members of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago, Southampton Island is part of the Kivalliq Region in Nunavut, Canada. The area of the island is stated as 41,214 km2 (15,913 sq mi) by Statistics Canada. It is the 34th largest island in the world and Canada's ninth largest island. The only settlement on Southampton Island is Coral Harbour, called Salliq in Inuktitut.

Arviat Hamlet in Nunavut, Canada

Arviat is a predominantly Inuit hamlet located on the western shore of Hudson Bay in the Kivalliq Region of Nunavut, Canada. Arviat is derived from the Inuktitut word arviq meaning "Bowhead whale". Earlier in history, its name was Tikirajualaaq, and Ittaliurvik,.

Baker Lake, Nunavut Hamlet in Nunavut, Canada

Baker Lake is a hamlet in the Kivalliq Region, in Nunavut on mainland Canada. Located 320 km (200 mi) inland from Hudson Bay, it is near the nation's geographical centre, and is notable for being Nunavut's sole inland community. The hamlet is located at the mouth of the Thelon River on the shore of Baker Lake. The community was given its English name in 1761 from Captain William Christopher who named it after Sir William Baker, the 11th Governor of the Hudson's Bay Company.

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Calm Air Canadian airline servicing northern Manitoba and Nunavut

Calm Air International LP. is a full service airline, offering passenger, charter and freight services in northern Manitoba and the Kivalliq Region of Nunavut. It is owned by Exchange Income Corporation with its main base in Winnipeg, Manitoba.

Keewatin Air Canadian airline

Keewatin Air is an airline that operates from Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. The airline was started by Frank Robert May and his wife Judy Saxby in 1971, in the Keewatin Region, then part of the Northwest Territories.

Whale Cove, Nunavut Place in Nunavut, Canada

Whale Cove, is a hamlet located 74 km (46 mi) south southwest of Rankin Inlet, 145 km (90 mi) northeast of Arviat, in Kivalliq Region, Nunavut, Canada, on the western shore of Hudson Bay.

Coral Harbour Hamlet in Nunavut, Canada

Coral Harbour, is a small Inuit community that is located on Southampton Island, Kivalliq Region, in the Canadian territory of Nunavut. Its name is derived from the fossilized coral that can be found around the waters of the community which is situated at the head of South Bay. The name of the settlement in Inuktitut is Salliq, sometimes used to refer to all of Southampton Island. The plural Salliit, means large flat island(s) in front of the mainland.

Naujaat Place in Nunavut, Canada

Naujaat, known until 2 July 2015 as Repulse Bay, is an Inuit hamlet located on the shores of Hudson Bay, at the south end of the Melville Peninsula, in the Kivalliq Region of Nunavut, Canada.

Chesterfield Inlet, Nunavut Hamlet in Nunavut, Canada

Chesterfield Inlet is a hamlet located on the western shore of Hudson Bay, Kivalliq Region, in Nunavut, Canada, at the mouth of Chesterfield Inlet. Igluligaarjuk is the Inuktitut word for "place with few houses", it is the oldest community in Nunavut. The community is served by air, Chesterfield Inlet Airport, and by an annual supply known as sealift.

Jose Kusugak was an Inuk politician from Repulse Bay, Nunavut, Canada. He moved, along with his family, to Rankin Inlet in 1960.

Keewatin Region, Northwest Territories

The Keewatin Region was a region of the Northwest Territories, in use as an administrative and statistical division until the creation of Nunavut in 1999. The majority of Keewatin Region fell on the Nunavut side of the boundary and was reconstituted as Kivalliq Region within the new territory, while a strip on the region's west side remaining in the NWT was transferred to Fort Smith Region. Kivalliq continues to be referred to as "Keewatin Region, Nunavut" in some circumstances, such as by Statistics Canada.

Demographics of Nunavut

Nunavut is a territory of Canada. It has a land area of 1,877,787.62 km2 (725,017.85 sq mi). In the 2016 census the population was 35,944, up 12.7% from the 2011 census figure of 31,906. In 2016, 30,135 people identified themselves as Inuit, 190 as North American Indian (0.5%), 165 Métis (0.5%) and 5,025 as non-aboriginal (14.0%).

Caribou Inuit Ethnic group living in northern regions of Canada

Caribou Inuit, barren-ground caribou hunters, are bands of inland Inuit who lived west of Hudson Bay in Keewatin Region, Northwest Territories, now the Kivalliq Region of present-day Nunavut between 61° and 65° N and 90° and 102° W in Northern Canada. They were originally named "Caribou Eskimo" by the Danish Fifth Thule Expedition of 1921–1924 led by Knud Rasmussen. Caribou Inuit are the southernmost subgroup of the Central Inuit.

Kivalliq dialect

Kivalliq, also known as Kivallirmiutut, Caribou Eskimo, or formerly as Keewatin, is a dialect of Eastern Canadian Inuktitut which is spoken along the northwestern shores of Hudson Bay in Nunavut.

References

  1. 1 2 "Census Profile, 2016 Census Keewatin, Region". Statistics Canada. February 8, 2017. Retrieved March 5, 2017.
  2. "Census Profile, 2016 Census Arviat". Statistics Canada. February 8, 2017. Retrieved February 18, 2017.
  3. "Census Profile, 2016 Census Baker Lake". Statistics Canada. Retrieved February 18, 2017.
  4. "Census Profile, 2016 Census Chesterfield Inlet". Statistics Canada. Retrieved February 18, 2017.
  5. "Census Profile, 2016 Census Coral Harbour". Statistics Canada. Retrieved February 18, 2017.
  6. "Census Profile, 2016 Census Naujaat". Statistics Canada. February 8, 2017. Retrieved February 18, 2017.
  7. "Census Profile, 2016 Census Rankin Inlet". Statistics Canada. Retrieved February 18, 2017.
  8. "Census Profile, 2016 Census Whale Cove". Statistics Canada. Retrieved February 18, 2017.
  9. "Arviat A". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Climate ID: 2300MKF. Retrieved April 13, 2022.
  10. "Arviat Climate". Canadian Climate Data. Environment and Climate Change Canada. October 31, 2011. Retrieved May 26, 2017.
  11. "Rankin Inlet A". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Climate ID: 2303401. Retrieved October 19, 2020.
  12. "Population and dwelling counts: Canada and census divisions". Statistics Canada. February 9, 2022. Retrieved April 3, 2022.

Further reading

Coordinates: 67°23′N088°00′W / 67.383°N 88.000°W / 67.383; -88.000 (Kivalliq Region)