In Czech politics, Klausism refers to the political positions of Václav Klaus, former prime minister and president of the Czech Republic. It was first used by Mirek Topolánek, who designated Klausism as the ideology of the Civic Democratic Party (ODS).This term was also used by former Prague mayor Jan Kasl. Klaus himself does not take issue with the term. The current usage of the term "Klausism" has become distanced from Klaus himself, leading to the phrase "Klausism without Klaus." The term 'Klausism' is also frequently used as a label for the neologisms invented by Klaus.
Klaus himself used the term "Mental Scheme of ODS", which he allegedly invented by chance.This term was also used by Jan Kasl.
Klaus is known for his Euroscepticism, climate change denial, homophobia and anti-immigration, and support of free market capitalism.Klaus's stances are often described as liberal conservative combined with national liberalism and Czech nationalism. Jan Pauer described Klaus's political ideology as a combination of "Friedmanite monetarism, Thatcherite economic libertarianism, Czech national conservatism and leadership pragmatism." Klaus described himself as liberal, conservative, and pragmatic.
Bohumil Doležal believes that Klausism is about "fighting against isms," including environmentalism, pro-Europeanism, NGOism or "homosexualism" (a phrase itself coined by Klaus). It is opposition to perceived trends in Western politics. Klausism is, according to Doležal, a fight for "realistic policies that solve problems and do not serve dogmatic ideologies". Doležal stated that Klausism itself became one of these Isms.
In 2011, Ekonom Magazine likened Klausism to Gaullism, asserting that the two were very similar. Both ideologies support the strong position of the president, but in the case of Klaus it is informal and balancing at the edge of the Czech constitution.
Klausism without Klaus was a term coined by Mirek Topolánek following conflicts between Václav Klaus and ODS. Bohumil Doležal likened it to "Socialism with a human face".It is often characterised as support for Klaus's ideas but not Klaus himself. Topolánek wanted to retain the positive elements of Klaus' legacy and leave out the negatives. Klausism without Klaus was represented by Petr Nečas, Miroslava Němcová and Tomáš Chalupa. Klausism without Klaus supports economic liberalism, political responsibility, a small state, opposition to other ideologies and the "rule of common sense".
The term "Mental scheme of ODS" was formulated into the Poděbrady Articles in 1998,proclaiming the four principles that ODS supports, including protection of privacy, a small state, a future without debts, and solidarity of responsibilities.
The term Klausism is also used for neologisms coined by Václav Klaus. Klaus is noted for his use of language and often invents new words to describe things he opposes. For example, Klaus invented the word "Havlism", which subsequently entered wider use. Klaus also expressed opposition to "homosexualism". Other widely used Klausisms are Opposition Agreement or Sarajevo assassination.
Klausism has many critics. Jiří Pehe called Klausism deviant, and its own worst enemy, noting Klausism's opposition to modern isms, a category to which Pehe believes it belongs.Pehe believes that Klausism is not what Klaus says but what he did when he was in power. He considers Klaus to be very politically flexible and ignorant of other opinions. Pehe suggested that Klausism would be doom for ODS.
The leader of the Czech Green Party Ondřej Liška described Klausism as dangerous for democracy. He called Klausism an "ideology of arbitrariness that threatens democracy", comparing it to communism due to its, in his opinion, lack of principles.
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