Kobyaysky District

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Kobyaysky District

Кобяйский улус
Other transcription(s)
  YakutКэбээйи улууһа
Vid s obzornoi ploshchadki na vershine gory Botulu-Khaiata, Sangar, Iakutiia (3).jpg
View of Kobyasky District near the urban-type settlement of Sangar
Flag of Kobyaysky District.svg
Flag
Coat of Arms of Kobyaisky rayon (Yakutia).png
Coat of arms
Kobyaysky District
Location of Kobyaysky District in the Sakha Republic
Coordinates: 63°55′N127°28′E / 63.917°N 127.467°E / 63.917; 127.467 Coordinates: 63°55′N127°28′E / 63.917°N 127.467°E / 63.917; 127.467
Country Russia
Federal subject Sakha Republic [1]
EstablishedApril 20, 1937 [2]
Administrative center Sangar [2]
Area
[2]
  Total107,800 km2 (41,600 sq mi)
Population
  Total13,680
  Estimate 
(2018) [4]
12,429 (−9.1%)
  Density0.13/km2 (0.33/sq mi)
   Urban
32.0%
   Rural
68.0%
Administrative structure
   Administrative divisions 1 Settlements, 11 Rural okrugs
   Inhabited localities [2] 1 Urban-type settlements [5] , 22 Rural localities
Municipal structure
   Municipally incorporated asKobyaysky Municipal District [6]
   Municipal divisions [7] 1 Urban settlements, 11 Rural settlements
Time zone UTC+9 (MSK+6   OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg [8] )
OKTMO ID98624000

Kobyaysky District (Russian : Кобяйский улу́с; Yakut : Кэбээйи улууһа, Kebeeyi uluuha, IPA:  [kebeːji uluːha] ) is an administrative [1] and municipal [6] district (raion, or ulus), one of the thirty-four in the Sakha Republic, Russia. It is located in the center of the republic on the Vilyuy River, 334 kilometers (208 mi) by road north of the republic's capital of Yakutsk. [9] The area of the district is 107,800 square kilometers (41,600 sq mi). [2] Its administrative center is the urban-type settlement of Sangar. [2] As of the 2010 Census, the total population of the district was 13,680, with the population of Sangar accounting for 32.0% of that number. [3]

Contents

Geography

Mountainous areas are located in the north and northeast of the district, with the Kuturgin Range and Ust-Vilyuy Range, subranges of the Verkhoyansk Range, while the rest of the district is part of the Central Yakutian Lowland. [10]

Several rivers flow through the district. These include the Lena River, which flows between the mouths of tributaries of the Aldan and the Linde, and its tributary the Vilyuy in the lower reaches. [9] The largest of the district's lowland lakes is Lake Nidzhili. A part of the Ust-Vilyuysky National Park is also located on the district's territory. [11]

Climate

Due to the sub-polar location, it is bitterly cold in the winter months, with an average January temperature of −36 °C (−33 °F) in the mountains and −40 °C (−40 °F) in the valley, and in July over +10 °C (50 °F) in the mountains and over +18 °C (64 °F) in the valley. [9] Annual precipitation ranges from 200–250 millimeters (7.9–9.8 in) in the east to 500–600 millimeters (20–24 in) in the mountains. [9]

History

The territory of what is now Kobyaysky District has long been settled by the Even, Evenk, and Yakut peoples. Silver-lead deposits were found in Yendybalskoye as early as 1765.[ citation needed ] In 1913, the coal potential of the area was noted and coal mining began at Tsugaru in the late 1920s.[ citation needed ] The first elementary school opened in Kobyay in 1926.[ citation needed ] In 1928, as the coal mining operations got underway, the miners established the new village of Sangar.[ citation needed ] In 1931, the first collective farms began to appear, and the first medical dispensary in the area was opened at Tsugaru mine, with the first pharmacy opening a year later.[ citation needed ] In 1936, a fishing organization was established in the area to unite the small fishing enterprises that had begun to develop.[ citation needed ]

Kobyaysky District was formed on April 20, 1937 [2] from the remote territories of Namsky, Gorny, and Vilyuysky Districts, with the district's administrative center located in Kobyay.[ citation needed ] In 1959, however, the administrative center was moved to Sangar. [2] In 1938, thermal power stations operating on coal were built in Sangar, and the first library opened in Kobyay. [2] By 1939, the two main villages were connected by radio and in 1946 with a telephone station. [2] In September 1942, 2,482 were recorded as moving into the district. [2] In 1944, the district newspaper Sana oloh (renamed Leninets in 1962 and Dabaan in 1993) was established, and in 1945 an airport was commissioned, 5 kilometers (3.1 mi) from Sangar. [2] The first savings bank opened in 1946 and on April 16, 1947, Sangar commissioned a new steam turbine power plant. [2]

In 1952, the oil and gas reserves of the area began to be exploited, and over the next few years there was extensive planning and drilling to find these reserves. [2] In 1957, mass carp fishing began on Lake Nidzhili. [2] In 1963, the construction of a 400-kilometer (250 mi) gas pipeline Taas–Tumus–Berge–Yakutsk–Mokhsogollokh began—the first in the world on permafrost and in a sub-polar climate. [2] Several schools were established in the district in the 1960s and 1970s, with the folk theater opened in 1973 and Kobyay children's music school in 1974. [2] The oil and gas industry developed extensively during the 1980s and 1990s. [2]

On February 1, 2006, at a frequency of 102 FM, radio NEC "Sakha" started broadcasting. [2]

Administrative and municipal status

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Kobyaysky District is one of the thirty-four in the republic. [1] It is divided into one settlement (an administrative division with the administrative center in the urban-type settlement (inhabited locality) of Sangar) and eleven rural okrugs (naslegs), all of which comprise twenty-two rural localities. [2] As a municipal division, the district is incorporated as Kobyaysky Municipal District. [6] The Settlement of Sangar is incorporated into an urban settlement, and the eleven rural okrugs are incorporated into eleven rural settlements within the municipal district. [7] The urban-type settlement of Sangar serves as the administrative center of both the administrative [2] and municipal [6] district.

Inhabited localities

Administrative [2] /municipal [7] composition
Settlements/Urban settlementsPopulation [3] Inhabited localities in jurisdiction
Sangar
(Сангар)
4657
Rural okrugs/Rural settlementsPopulation [3] Rural localities in jurisdiction*
Aryktakhsky
(Арыктахский)
509
Kirovsky
(Кировский)
628
Kobyaysky
(Кобяйский)
2605
Kuokuysky
(Куокуйский)
828
Lamynkhinsky
(Ламынхинский)
796
Lyuchcheginsky 1-y
(Люччегинский 1-й)
256
Lyuchcheginsky 2-y
(Люччегинский 2-й)
658
Mukuchunsky
(Мукучунский)
1221
Nizhilinsky
(Нижилинский)
542
Sittinsky
(Ситтинский)
503
Tyayinsky
(Тыайинский)
477

*Administrative centers are shown in bold

Economy

The leading industry is agriculture, with cattle, pig, horse breeding, reindeer husbandry, poultry farming, cellular farming, fisheries, mining, and furs forming much of the main economic activity in the district. [9] There are 59,200 hectares (146,000 acres) of arable land, with some 66.3% of it being hayfields. [9] The district has notable deposits of gold, silver, lead, zinc, gas, coal, and building materials. [12] In 1998, upon the decision of the Russian Ministry of Energy, the Tsugaru coal mine was closed. In 2000, a fire broke out. In 2008, the Mastakhskoye gas-condensate field was in the final stages of development.

The district has a number of facilities such as printing houses, clubs, a theater in Kobyay, and vocational, educational, sports, and children's art schools. [9]

The Sangar Airport is the main airport in the district.

Demographics

Population of Kobyaysky District
2010 Census 13,680 [3]
2002 Census 14,178 [13]
1989 Census 20,352 [14]
1979 Census 18,914 [15]

As of the 2002 Census, the ethnic composition of the district is as follows:[ citation needed ]

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Chagda, Kobyaysky District, Sakha Republic Selo in Sakha Republic, Russia

Chagda is a rural locality, the only inhabited locality, and the administrative center of Nizhilinsky Rural Okrug of Kobyaysky District in the Sakha Republic, Russia, located 180 kilometers (110 mi) from Sangar, the administrative center of the district. Its population as of the 2010 Census was 542, up from 497 recorded during the 2002 Census.

Sitte, Kobyaysky District, Sakha Republic Selo in Sakha Republic, Russia

Sitte is a rural locality, the only inhabited locality, and the administrative center of Sittinsky Rural Okrug of Kobyaysky District in the Sakha Republic, Russia, located 80 kilometers (50 mi) from Sangar, the administrative center of the district. Its population as of the 2010 Census was 503, of whom 243 were male and 260 female, up from 466 recorded during the 2002 Census.

References

Notes

  1. 1 2 3 Constitution of the Sakha Republic, Article 45
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of the Sakha Republic
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  4. "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  5. The count of urban-type settlements may include the work settlements, the resort settlements, the suburban (dacha) settlements, as well as urban-type settlements proper.
  6. 1 2 3 4 Law #172-Z #351-III
  7. 1 2 3 Law #173-Z #354-III
  8. "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  9. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Кобяйский улус (in Russian). Npeople. Retrieved November 14, 2016.
  10. Хребет Усть-Вилюйский - Wikimapia
  11. "Protected areas" (in Russian). Ministry of Nature Protection of the Sakha Republic. Retrieved November 14, 2016.
  12. Минерально-сырьевая база Кобяйского улуса (по данным Госкомгеологии РС(Я)) (in Russian). Ulus of Kobyaysky. Retrieved March 5, 2010.
  13. Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000](XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  14. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 via Demoscope Weekly.
  15. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 г. Национальный состав населения по регионам России [All Union Population Census of 1979. Ethnic composition of the population by regions of Russia](XLS). Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 года [All-Union Population Census of 1979] (in Russian). 1979 via Demoscope Weekly (website of the Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics.

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