Kogarah, New South Wales

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Kogarah
Sydney,  New South Wales
Kogarah Community Centre.JPG
Kogarah Community Centre
Kogarah, New South Wales
Map
Population16,416 (2021 census) [1]
 • Density6,310/km2 (16,350/sq mi)
Established1885
Postcode(s) 2217
Elevation29 m (95 ft)
Area2.6 km2 (1.0 sq mi)
Location14 km (9 mi) south-west of Sydney CBD
LGA(s)
State electorate(s) Kogarah
Federal division(s)
Suburbs around Kogarah:
Bexley Rockdale Brighton-Le-Sands
Carlton Kogarah Monterey
Kogarah Bay Beverley Park Ramsgate

Kogarah ( /ˈkɒɡrə/ ) is a suburb of Southern Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Kogarah is located 14 kilometres (9 miles) south-west of the Sydney central business district and is considered to be the centre of the St George area.

Contents

Location

Kogarah took its name from Kogarah Bay, a small bay on the northern shore of the Georges River. The suburb originally stretched to the bay but has since been divided up to form the separate suburbs of Kogarah Bay and Beverley Park.

Kogarah has a mixture of residential, commercial and light industrial areas. It is also known for its large number of schools (including primary school, high school and tertiary education) and health care services (including two hospitals and many medical centers). The NRL side, St George Illawarra Dragons have their Sydney office based at nearby Jubilee Oval, often referred to as Kogarah Oval. Kogarah features all types of residential developments from low density detached houses, to medium density flats and high density high-rise apartments.

History

Railway Parade in 1915. The former Kogarah Post Office on the right was built in 1892 and is now a community centre KogarahPostOffice1915.jpg
Railway Parade in 1915. The former Kogarah Post Office on the right was built in 1892 and is now a community centre

Kogarah is derived from an Aboriginal word meaning rushes or place of reeds. [2] It had also been written as 'Coggera', 'Cogerah' and 'Kuggerah' but the current spelling was settled when the railway line came through the area in the 1880s.

Early land grants in the area were made to John Townson (1760–1835) who received 910 hectares (2,250 acres) from 1808 to 1810, centred on Hurstville and James Chandler, whose neighbouring estate was centred on Bexley. The district provided fruit, vegetables and oysters for Sydney. In 1869, St Paul's Church of England opened on Rocky Point Road (now Princes Highway). It was built on 0.81 hectares (2 acres) of land given to the church by William Wolfen the Swedish Consul to Sydney, who owned 320 hectares (800 acres) in Kogarah. The suburb grew around the church and the Gardeners Arms Hotel. Kogarah became a municipality in 1885. [3]

The former neighborhood of Moorefield is now part of Kogarah. It was originally a 24-hectare (60-acre) land grant from Governor Lachlan Macquarie in 1812 to Patrick Moore, who built a fine house there. The Moorefield racecourse built by a descendant opened in 1888. Brigadier General John Lamrock CB VD was appointed secretary of the Moorefield Race Club in 1912 and remained in that position until early in 1935. [4] The Moorefield estate was subdivided in the 1950s and the Department of Education purchased 7.7 hectares (19 acres), where it built two high schools and college of further education. Moorefields Girls High School was erected there in 1955 on the former site of Moore's farm. [5]

Heritage listings

Kogarah has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:

Commercial area

Kogarah's main shopping area is located around Kogarah railway station on Railway Parade, Regent Street and on the opposite side of the railway line on Station Street. The commercial area also extends to surrounding streets such as Montgomery and Belgrave Streets. Kogarah Town Centre is a shopping centre on Railway Parade. This commercial area includes the St. George Bank national headquarters in a large office building in Montgomery Street, which is a large employer in the area. Many high rise apartment buildings have also been built around the commercial area in recent years. The noted builder, James Goyen, had his works depot at 18 Montgomery Street, and later at 4 Montgomery Street. He built the original building of what was, for many years, the St George Technical College (now a campus of the Sydney Institute of TAFE).

Commercial and light industrial developments are also located along the Princes Highway and Rocky Point Road. The Darrell Lea Chocolate factory used to be located in Rocky Point Road, which closed in 2014 and now contains 4 new apartment blocks. Surrounding streets feature more industrial developments. A small group of shops is located on President Avenue, sometimes referred to as Moorefield.

St George Hospital is a major regional hospital, that serves the whole St George area but also accepts patients from other regions in New South Wales. St George Private Hospital is located nearby. Many medical centres, doctor's surgeries and specialists’ rooms and related services are located in the surrounding area.

Kogarah Police Station and Kogarah Local Court are located on Montgomery Street. The local court serves the whole of the St George area and as such many barristers and solicitors have their offices in Kogarah. A historic fire station is located in Gray Street and another heritage building, the Kogarah School of the Arts is in Bowns Road.

The Kogarah Mecca cinema was a landmark building, located opposite the railway station in Station Street. The cinema was often used by local schools for important events such as Speech Day. The cinema complex was closed for business in 2004 and its proprietor later sentenced, on appeal, to nine years jail [7] for sexual offences upon boys in its candy bar store room, projection room, and toilets among other places in the period since 1980. [8]

The Kogarah Hotel is located on Railway Parade. Previously it was the Railway Parade Hotel to 1954, and the Kogarah Rex Hotel to 1964. [9]

Kogarah Town Centre

The Kogarah Town Centre is Kogarah's largest shopping centre. It includes a post office, two supermarkets (Woolworths and Aldi), a tavern, along with a multitude of specialty stores. It provides easy access to Kogarah railway station.

Kogarah Town Centre was recently under a complete overhaul, with renovations of the whole complex. It was completed in mid-2012, with the supermarket chain, Aldi, opening on the ground floor, along with fast-food chain Oporto (restaurant). An expansion of Kogarah Tavern & Woolworths was also included in this overhaul. The Coffee Club was added onto level one.

Transport

The entire former City of Kogarah and surrounding areas rely on bus, train and taxi services that operate from the centre of Kogarah's shopping district. Bus and train services accommodate the large population within Kogarah, as well as the large number of schools in the area.

Kogarah railway station is located on the Illawarra line of the Sydney Trains network. The station sits below a concourse and a small shopping complex called the Kogarah Town Centre. In the late 1990s, the station underwent extensive renovations which added easy access facilities such as elevators from the concourse onto each of the four platforms.

Buses from Kogarah service surrounding suburbs, particularly those along the beach such as Brighton-Le-Sands, Monterey, Ramsgate Beach, Sans Souci etc. which rely heavily on bus services since they are far from railway stations. Until 1937, a steam tramway operated between Kogarah and Sans Souci via Rocky Point Road. This was replaced by an electric trolleybus service, one of only two such services to operate in Sydney. This was subsequently replaced in the 1950s with the gas powered diesel. The majority of public transportation in Kogarah departs and arrives close to Kogarah Town Centre.

Kogarah is also serviced by St George Community Transport, a HACC funded transport service for the Frail Aged, people with disability and their carers. [10]

Friendship cities

Parks

The Kogarah area also features many parks and reserves, with no shortage of sports playing fields. These include Hogben Park, Frys Reserve, Scarborough Park, Kogarah Park and Jubilee Oval.

Culture and events

Kogarah Bed Race 2006, Railway Parade KogarahBedRace.jpg
Kogarah Bed Race 2006, Railway Parade

St George Illawarra Dragons have played rugby league at Jubilee Oval since 1935 and following a merger with the Illawarra Steelers also has WIN Stadium as a home ground.

Population

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±%
200110,843    
200611,715+8.0%
201112,764+9.0%
201615,124+18.5%
202116,416+8.5%

According to the 2021 Australian Bureau of Statistics Census of Population, there were 16,416 people in Kogarah. 36.3% of people were born in Australia. The next most common countries of birth were Nepal 11.3%, China 8.2%, India 6.0%, the Philippines 3.9% and Bangladesh 2.9%. 30.4% of people only spoke English at home. Other languages spoken at home included Nepali 11.6%, Mandarin 7.8%, Cantonese 5.3%, Greek 4.8% and Bengali 3.7%. The most common responses for religious affiliation were No Religion 22.7%, Catholic 17.8%, Hinduism 16.8% and Eastern Orthodox 9.5%. [1]

Notable residents

Schools and churches

Schools

Churches

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References

  1. 1 2 Australian Bureau of Statistics (28 June 2022). "Kogarah (State Suburb)". 2021 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 14 July 2022. OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
  2. "History of Kogarah". Kogarah City Council. Retrieved 6 December 2013.
  3. The Book of Sydney Suburbs, Compiled by Frances Pollon, Angus & Robertson Publishers, 1990, Published in Australia ISBN   0-207-14495-8, page 142
  4. "OBITUARY". The Northern Standard . Darwin, NT: National Library of Australia. 23 July 1935. p. 10. Retrieved 2 September 2012.
  5. Pictorial Memories. ST. GEORGE: Rockdale, Kogarah, Hurstville Joan Lawrence, Kingsclear Books, 1996, Published in Australia ISBN   0-908272-45-6
  6. "Toomevara Lane Chinese Market Gardens". New South Wales State Heritage Register . Office of Environment & Heritage. H01394. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  7. https://aussiesexoffenders.wordpress.com/2012/10/23/philip-william-doyle/ 2014 Appeal outcome for buggery etc convictions of former Kogarah Mecca proprietor Philip Doyle
  8. http://www.abc.net.au/news/2012-09-04/cinema-paedophile-sentence/4242132 Sentencing of Phil Doyle (2012)
  9. Noel Butlin Archives Centre. Australian National University Archives. Retrieved 9 December 2017.
  10. "Community Transport, Transport, Mortdale, St George Community Transport, Car, Bus". www.stgct.org.au.
  11. "Steve Smith". Wisden. Retrieved 8 April 2020.

Coordinates: 33°58′03″S151°08′11″E / 33.96740°S 151.13648°E / -33.96740; 151.13648