Albany Highway, Kojonup, 2018
|Population||1,165 (2016 census)|
|Elevation||305 m (1,001 ft)|
|LGA(s)||Shire of Kojonup|
Kojonup is a town 256 km south-east of Perth, Western Australia along Albany Highway in the Great Southern region. The name Kojonup is believed to refer to the "Kodja" or stone axe made by Indigenous Australians, from the local stone.
The Noongar people are the traditional owners and inhabitants of Kojonup. Specifically, the Noongar people of Kojonup today are descendants of the Kaneang tribe. Historically the Noongar people drank from the local freshwater spring and hunted game with the traditional Noongar ‘kodj’, or stone axe. Both Kojonup and The Kodja Place are named after the historically significant implement. Sovereignty has not been ceded.
The first European in the area was surveyor Alfred Hillman who arrived in 1837 and had been guided to freshwater spring by the Noongar people. The site was an important staging place on the road to Albany, and in 1837 a military post was established there for the protection of travellers and the mail.By 1845 this outpost had grown to support a military barracks, built on the site of the freshwater spring. Today, the barracks still stands on its original site and houses the Kojonup Pioneer Museum. The barracks is one of the oldest buildings in Western Australia. The first farms in Kojonup were set up by soldiers with settlement grants. The appointment in 1865 of a mounted Police Constable marked the phasing out of the military presence at Kojonup. By the late 1860s the military had left and the Barracks became a focus for community gatherings, much as it is today. The town's first Police Station was built in 1869 and the first hotel licence was granted in 1868.
In early 1898 the population of the town was 67, 32 men and 35 women.
In 1926 the Kojonup Memorial Hall was built at a cost of £5,000;it was officially opened by Major General Sir Talbot Hobbs.
Kojonup has been the home to many important Australian Rules Football players,including several players of Indigenous Australian descent.
The early economy of the town was initially dependent on cutting and transporting sandalwood and kangaroo huntingbut by the mid-19th century the wool industry began to boom and by 1906 the shire had 10,500 sheep. By 1989 the shire had seen over 1 million sheep being shorn.
To celebrate the importance of the wool industry the town built a one and a half scale model of a wool wagon; the project was officially opened on Australia Day in 2001.
The surrounding areas produce wheat and other cereal crops including organic, conventional and GMO.
The Kojonup region has hosted some of Australia's earliest biodynamic and organic agriculture endeavours.The Marsh v Baxter case has put Kojonup at the epicentre of the battle in Australia of organic versus GMO agriculture. The town is a receival site for Cooperative Bulk Handling.
Sporting facilities include a golf club with 18 holes, a tennis club, a skate park, a 50-metre outdoor swimming pool, football oval, netball courts, and hockey ovals. Other attractions are Kodja Place Kojonup Youth Center and rose maze. Town Elder, Jack Cox gives tours at the Kodja Place, recognising the Noongar history of Kojonup.
|Climate data for Kojonup|
|Record high °C (°F)||44.2|
|Average high °C (°F)||29.5|
|Average low °C (°F)||13.1|
|Record low °C (°F)||4.0|
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||13.9|
|Average precipitation days||3.4||3.2||4.6||7.7||13.4||16.7||18.1||17.0||14.2||11.0||6.8||4.0||120.1|
|Average afternoon relative humidity (%)||37||41||42||50||62||72||72||70||63||57||48||41||55|
Katanning is a town located 277 kilometres (172 mi) south-east of Perth, Western Australia on the Great Southern Highway. At the 2016 census, Katanning had a population of 3,687.
The organic movement broadly refers to the organizations and individuals involved worldwide in the promotion of organic food and other organic products. It started during the first half of the 20th century, when modern large-scale agricultural practices began to appear.
Biodynamic agriculture is a form of alternative agriculture very similar to organic farming, but it includes various esoteric concepts drawn from the ideas of Rudolf Steiner (1861–1925). Initially developed in 1924, it was the first of the organic agriculture movements. It treats soil fertility, plant growth, and livestock care as ecologically interrelated tasks, emphasizing spiritual and mystical perspectives.
Dumbleyung is a town and shire in the Wheatbelt region of Western Australia, 267 kilometres (166 mi) south-east of Perth between Wagin and Lake Grace on State Route 107.
The Wheatbelt is one of nine regions of Western Australia defined as administrative areas for the state's regional development, and a vernacular term for the area converted to agriculture during colonisation. It partially surrounds the Perth metropolitan area, extending north from Perth to the Mid West region, and east to the Goldfields-Esperance region. It is bordered to the south by the South West and Great Southern regions, and to the west by the Indian Ocean, the Perth metropolitan area, and the Peel region. Altogether, it has an area of 154,862 square kilometres (59,793 sq mi).
Wagin is a town and shire in the Great Southern region of Western Australia, approximately 225 km (139.81 mi) south-east of Perth on the Great Southern Highway between Narrogin and Katanning. It is also on State Route 107. The main industries are wheat and sheep farming.
Cranbrook is a small town in the Shire of Cranbrook in the Great Southern region of Western Australia between Katanning, Kojonup and Mount Barker, situated 320 km south of Perth. It is billed as "The Gateway to the Stirlings", referring to the nearby Stirling Range National Park. At the 2006 census, Cranbrook had a population of 280.
Capel is a town in the South West region of Western Australia, located 212 kilometres (132 mi) south of Perth and midway between Bunbury and Busselton.
Babakin is a small town located in the Wheatbelt region of Western Australia between the towns of Bruce Rock and Corrigin. At the 2016 census the population of Babakin was approximately 54. Facilities in the town include a school, shop, hall and sporting facilities.
Boyup Brook is a town in the south-west of Western Australia, 269 kilometres (167 mi) south-southeast of Perth and 31 kilometres (19 mi) northeast of Bridgetown. The town lies on Kaniyang land within the Noongar nation.
Ravensthorpe is a town 541 km south-east of Perth and 40 km inland from the south coast of Western Australia. It is the seat of government of the Shire of Ravensthorpe. At the 2006 census, Ravensthorpe had a population of 438.
Arthur River is a small town located in the Wheatbelt region of Western Australia, between Williams and Kojonup on the Albany Highway.
Williams is a town located in the Wheatbelt region of Western Australia, 161 kilometres (100 mi) south-southeast of the state capital, Perth along Albany Highway and 32 kilometres (20 mi) west of Narrogin. The Williams River passes through the town. At the 2006 census, Williams had a population of 338.
Ongerup is a town 410 kilometres (250 mi) south-east of Perth and 54 kilometres (34 mi) east of Gnowangerup in the Great Southern region of Western Australia. At the 2016 census Ongerup had a population of 93.
Traditional farming was the original type of agriculture, and has been practiced for thousands of years. All traditional farming is now considered to be "organic farming" although at the time there were no known inorganic methods. For example, forest gardening, a fully organic food production system which dates from prehistoric times, is thought to be the world's oldest and most resilient agroecosystem. After the industrial revolution had introduced inorganic methods, most of which were not well developed and had serious side effects. An organic movement began in the 1940s as a reaction to agriculture's growing reliance on synthetic fertilizers and pesticides. The history of this modern revival of organic farming dates back to the first half of the 20th century at a time when there was a growing reliance on these new synthetic, non-organic methods.
Stephen Albert Michael in Kojonup, Western Australia is a former Australian rules footballer.
Yornaning is a small town located in the Wheatbelt region of Western Australia, on Great Southern Highway, between Pingelly and Narrogin.
The Shire of Kojonup is a local government area in the Great Southern region of Western Australia, about 250 kilometres (155 mi) southeast of the state capital, Perth, along Albany Highway. The Shire covers an area of 2,932 square kilometres (1,132 sq mi) and its seat of government is the town of Kojonup.
The Newcastle Gaol Museum is a prison museum on Clinton Street in Toodyay, Western Australia, founded in 1962. The museum records the history of the serial escapee Moondyne Joe and his imprisonment in the "native cell".
Yued is an region inhabited by one of the fourteen groups of Noongar Aboriginal Australians who have lived in the South West corner of Western Australia for approximately 40,000 years. Aboriginals in the Yued region share many similarities with the Noongar culture and the Yued language is a dialect of the main Noongar language.