Kojonup, Western Australia

Last updated

Kojonup
Western Australia
Albany Highway, Kojonup, 2018 (01).jpg
Albany Highway, Kojonup, 2018
Australia Western Australia location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Kojonup
Coordinates 33°50′S117°09′E / 33.84°S 117.15°E / -33.84; 117.15 Coordinates: 33°50′S117°09′E / 33.84°S 117.15°E / -33.84; 117.15
Population1,165 (2016 census) [1]
Established1845
Postcode(s) 6395
Elevation305 m (1,001 ft)
Location
LGA(s) Shire of Kojonup
State electorate(s) Roe
Federal Division(s) O'Connor
Mean max tempMean min tempAnnual rainfall
21.2 °C
70 °F
9.2 °C
49 °F
531.3 mm
20.9 in

Kojonup is a town 256 km south-east of Perth, Western Australia along Albany Highway in the Great Southern region. The name Kojonup is believed to refer to the "Kodja" or stone axe made by Indigenous Australians, from the local stone.

Contents

History

The Noongar people are the traditional owners and inhabitants of Kojonup. Specifically, the Noongar people of Kojonup today are descendants of the Kaneang tribe. Historically the Noongar people drank from the local freshwater spring and hunted game with the traditional Noongar ‘kodj’, or stone axe. Both Kojonup and The Kodja Place are named after the historically significant implement. Sovereignty has not been ceded.

The first European in the area was surveyor Alfred Hillman who arrived in 1837 and had been guided to freshwater spring by the Noongar people. The site was an important staging place on the road to Albany, and in 1837 a military post was established there for the protection of travellers and the mail. [2] By 1845 this outpost had grown to support a military barracks, built on the site of the freshwater spring. Today, the barracks still stands on its original site and houses the Kojonup Pioneer Museum. The barracks is one of the oldest buildings in Western Australia. The first farms in Kojonup were set up by soldiers with settlement grants. The appointment in 1865 of a mounted Police Constable marked the phasing out of the military presence at Kojonup. By the late 1860s the military had left and the Barracks became a focus for community gatherings, much as it is today. The town's first Police Station was built in 1869 and the first hotel licence was granted in 1868. [3]

In early 1898 the population of the town was 67, 32 men and 35 women. [4]

In 1926 the Kojonup Memorial Hall was built at a cost of £5,000; [5] it was officially opened by Major General Sir Talbot Hobbs. [6]

Kojonup has been the home to many important Australian Rules Football players, [7] including several players of Indigenous Australian descent.

Economy

Giant Dray in Kojonup Kojonup.jpg
Giant Dray in Kojonup

The early economy of the town was initially dependent on cutting and transporting sandalwood and kangaroo hunting [8] but by the mid-19th century the wool industry began to boom and by 1906 the shire had 10,500 sheep. By 1989 the shire had seen over 1 million sheep being shorn.

To celebrate the importance of the wool industry the town built a one and a half scale model of a wool wagon; the project was officially opened on Australia Day in 2001. [9]

The surrounding areas produce wheat and other cereal crops including organic, conventional and GMO. [10]

The Kojonup region has hosted some of Australia's earliest biodynamic and organic agriculture endeavours. [11] The Marsh v Baxter case has put Kojonup at the epicentre of the battle in Australia of organic versus GMO agriculture. [10] The town is a receival site for Cooperative Bulk Handling. [12]

Recreation

Sporting facilities include a golf club with 18 holes, a tennis club, a skate park, a 50-metre outdoor swimming pool, football oval, netball courts, and hockey ovals. Other attractions are Kodja Place Kojonup Youth Center and rose maze. Town Elder, Jack Cox gives tours at the Kodja Place, recognising the Noongar history of Kojonup.

Notable current and past residents

Climate

Climate data for Kojonup
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)44.2
(111.6)
43.2
(109.8)
38.6
(101.5)
36.1
(97.0)
32.2
(90.0)
22.8
(73.0)
21.5
(70.7)
24.6
(76.3)
27.4
(81.3)
33.2
(91.8)
38.8
(101.8)
40.1
(104.2)
44.2
(111.6)
Average high °C (°F)29.5
(85.1)
28.8
(83.8)
26.1
(79.0)
22.2
(72.0)
18.1
(64.6)
15.1
(59.2)
14.4
(57.9)
14.9
(58.8)
16.8
(62.2)
20.1
(68.2)
23.5
(74.3)
27.7
(81.9)
21.4
(70.5)
Average low °C (°F)13.1
(55.6)
13.7
(56.7)
12.6
(54.7)
10.6
(51.1)
8.1
(46.6)
6.7
(44.1)
5.9
(42.6)
5.8
(42.4)
6.2
(43.2)
6.2
(43.2)
9.7
(49.5)
11.8
(53.2)
9.3
(48.7)
Record low °C (°F)4.0
(39.2)
3.9
(39.0)
2.4
(36.3)
2.2
(36.0)
−3.5
(25.7)
−2.5
(27.5)
−2.6
(27.3)
−1.4
(29.5)
−1.0
(30.2)
−0.2
(31.6)
0.0
(32.0)
2.8
(37.0)
−3.5
(25.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches)13.9
(0.55)
13.9
(0.55)
22.0
(0.87)
32.3
(1.27)
66.6
(2.62)
87.1
(3.43)
86.5
(3.41)
74.0
(2.91)
52.7
(2.07)
39.8
(1.57)
24.1
(0.95)
15.2
(0.60)
527.3
(20.76)
Average precipitation days3.43.24.67.713.416.718.117.014.211.06.84.0120.1
Average afternoon relative humidity (%)37414250627272706357484155
Source: [14]

See also

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References

  1. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Kojonup (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 30 October 2019. OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
  2. Western Australian Land Information Authority. "History of country town names – K" . Retrieved 30 September 2008.
  3. "The Shire of Kojonup - History". 2008. Retrieved 29 September 2008.
  4. "Population of Western Australia". Western Mail . Perth, Western Australia: National Library of Australia. 22 April 1898. p. 23. Retrieved 6 April 2013.
  5. "Summary". Western Mail . Perth, Western Australia: National Library of Australia. 29 April 1926. p. 19. Retrieved 5 October 2013.
  6. "Soldiers and Sailors". Sunday Times . Perth, Western Australia: National Library of Australia. 15 August 1926. p. 7 Section: First Section. Retrieved 5 October 2013.
  7. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 3 July 2015. Retrieved 3 July 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  8. "Boyup Brook - History". 2005. Archived from the original on 18 May 2009. Retrieved 2 May 2009.
  9. "Australia's National Local Government Newspaper Online - New icon for Kojonup". 2001. Retrieved 2 May 2009.
  10. 1 2 Paull, John (2015) The threat of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) to organic agriculture: A case study update, Agriculture & Food, 3: 56-63.
  11. Paull, John (2014) "Ernesto Genoni: Australia’s pioneer of biodynamic agriculture", Journal of Organics, 1(1):57-81.
  12. "CBH receival sites" (PDF). 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 March 2012. Retrieved 1 April 2013.
  13. 1 2 "Kojonup Football players reunited at Hall of Fame induction" (PDF). 19 April 2013. Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 June 2013. Retrieved 3 July 2015.
  14. "Climate statistics for Kojonup". Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 2 September 2014.