Komárom-Esztergom County within Hungary
|• President of the General Assembly||György Popovics (Fidesz-KDNP)|
|• Total||2,264.52 km2 (874.34 sq mi)|
|Area rank||19th in Hungary|
|• Rank||15th in Hungary|
2027 – 2028, 2067, 25xx, 28xx – 29xx
|Area code(s)||(+36) 33, 34|
|ISO 3166 code||HU-KE|
Komárom-Esztergom (Hungarian : Komárom-Esztergom megye, pronounced [ˈkomaːrom ˈɛstɛrɡom] ; German : Komitat Komorn-Gran; Slovak : Komárňansko-ostrihomská župa) is an administrative Hungarian county in Central Transdanubia Region; its shares its northern border the Danube with Slovakia. It shares borders with the Hungarian counties of Győr-Moson-Sopron, Veszprém, Fejér and Pest and the Slovakian Nitra Region (Nové Zámky District, Komárno District). Its county seat is Tatabánya.
The predecessor of Komárom Esztergom County, Komárom county and Esztergom county were founded by Stephen I of Hungary. Both counties had parts that now belong to Slovakia. Throughout their history the borders of the two counties were frequently modified, and they were merged several times as well. When the castle of Esztergom was captured by the Ottomans in 1543, the leadership of the county fled from there. The castles of Érsekújvár, Komárom, and Tata were the three border castles stopping the Ottoman conquest for long decades. During the Ottoman occupation of Hungary, Esztergom became the center of a sanjak spanning across several counties. Komárom county on the other hand was continuously functioning, its castle was never captured by the conquering armies. The general assembly of nobles in Esztergom county was reintroduced after the liberation of the city from the Ottomans, by armies led by John III Sobieski in 1696. The assembly was dissolved in both counties during Rákóczi's War of Independence, and then it was reformed after the war, in Esztergom county in 1710 and in Komárom county in 1712.
Esztergom county was one of the two counties in which the leadership consisted of common nobles and not religious and political leaders (the other one being Pest-Pilis-Solt-Kiskun county). They were not granted the rank of lord-lieutenant unlike the leaders of other counties; they could only acquire vice-ispán and other lower ranks. The two counties were first merged in 1786 by Joseph II, with the new center being Tata. The merged county was separated after his death in 1790, and both Esztergom and Komárom were granted the rank of county center. The noble leadership was replaced by county commissions in both counties in May 1848. The county commission of Komárom county functioned until the end of the war of independence of 1848-1849, but the commission of Esztergom county was disrupted by the occupation of imperial troops on 15 January 1849. After the war the leadership of the counties was headed by Imperial–royal commissioners. In 1851 the parts of the counties that lay on the souther bank of the Danube were reorganized as Esztergom county with Esztergom as its center, and the parts on the northern bank were reorganized as Komárom county with Komárom as its center. These reformed counties only existed until 1860. After that the county commissions elected in 1848 restored them to their previous state. Towards the end of the 19th century, two towns in Komárom county — Lábatlan and Piszke — were added to Esztergom county, during the reorganization of counties in 1876.
In January 1919 the Czechoslovak Legion occupied the towns of Párkány and Komárom on the northern bank of the Danube. The workers' council and directory of Esztergom county were formed in its county center, while the directory of Komárom county was formed in New Komárom on the southern bank of the Danube.
After the Treaty of Trianon the northern parts of the two counties became parts of Czechoslovakia. After the treaty 44 villages from the former Komárom county and 22 towns from the former Esztergom county stayed in Hungary. In 1923 the two counties were merged under the name "Administratively pre-merged county of Komárom and Esztergom". After the First Vienna Award in 1938, the two counties were restored to their former size. The size of Komárom county also increased significantly because the area of Csallóköz, which previously belonged to Pozsony county, was also added to it, so it consisted of six districts now, as opposed to the previous four.
As a consequence of the temporary armistice following World War II the 1937 borders of the country were restored. Due to this a temporary administrative reorganization was conducted, where the previous Komárom and Esztergom counties were now merged for a last time under the name Komárom-Esztergom county.
In 2015, it had a population of 299,110 and the population density was 132/km².
Hungarians constitute the majority of the population. The chief minorities are ethnic Germans (approx. 9,000), Roma (4,000) and Slovaks (3,000).
Total population (2011 census): 304,568
Ethnic groups (2011 census): Identified themselves: 270 933 persons:
Approx. 48,000 persons in Komárom-Esztergom County did not declare an ethnic group at the 2011 census.
Religious adherence in the county according to 2011 census:
|1|| Esztergom District |
|2|| Kisbér District |
|3|| Komárom District |
|4|| Oroszlány District |
|5|| Tatabánya District |
|6|| Tata District |
The Komárom-Esztergom County Council, elected at the 2014 local government elections, is made up of 15 counselors, with the following party composition:
|Party||Seats||Current County Assembly|
|Movement for a Better Hungary (Jobbik)||3|
|Hungarian Socialist Party (MSZP)||2|
|Democratic Coalition (DK)||1|
|List of Presidents, from 1990|
|György Popovics (Fidesz-KDNP)||2014–|
Komárom-Esztergom County has 1 urban county, 11 towns, 3 large villages and 61 villages.
The county is ranked second in terms of population density among counties in Hungary: 66% of people live in towns.
(ordered by population, as of 2011 census)
municipalities are large villages.
Pest is a county (megye) in central Hungary. It covers an area of 6,393.14 square kilometres (2,468.41 sq mi), and has a population of 1,213,090 (2009). It surrounds the national capital Budapest and the majority of the county's population live in the suburbs of Budapest. It shares borders with Slovakia and the Hungarian counties Nógrád, Heves, Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok, Bács-Kiskun, Fejér, and Komárom-Esztergom. The River Danube flows through the county. The capital of Pest County is Budapest, but it is planned to completely separate the capital from the county at least until 2020, as it loses catch-up aids from the European Union because of the high development of Budapest.
Nógrád is a county of Hungary.
Esztergom County was an administrative county of the Kingdom of Hungary, situated on both sides of the Danube river. Its territory is now divided between Hungary and Slovakia. The territory to the north of the Danube is part of Slovakia, while the territory to the south of the Danube is part of Hungary.
Fejér is an administrative county in Central Hungary. It lies on the west bank of the river Danube and nearly touches the eastern shore of Lake Balaton. It shares borders with the Hungarian counties Veszprém, Komárom-Esztergom, Pest, Bács-Kiskun, Tolna and Somogy. The capital of Fejér county is Székesfehérvár.
Komárom county was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary, situated on both sides of the Danube river. Today, the territory to the north of the Danube is part of Slovakia, while the territory to the south of the Danube is part of Hungary.
Esztergom is a city in northern Hungary, 46 kilometres northwest of the capital Budapest. It lies in Komárom-Esztergom county, on the right bank of the river Danube, which forms the border with Slovakia there.
Győr-Moson-Sopron is an administrative county in north-western Hungary, on the border with Slovakia and Austria (Burgenland). It shares borders with the Hungarian counties Komárom-Esztergom, Veszprém and Vas. The capital of Győr-Moson-Sopron county is Győr. The county is a part of the Centrope Project.
Tatabánya is a city of 65,849 inhabitants in northwestern Hungary, in the Central Transdanubian region. It is the capital of Komárom-Esztergom County.
Tata, is a town in Komárom-Esztergom county, northwestern Hungary, 9 km (6 mi) northwest of the county town Tatabánya.
Békés is an administrative division in south-eastern Hungary, on the border with Romania. It shares borders with the Hungarian counties Csongrád, Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok, and Hajdú-Bihar. The capital of Békés county is Békéscsaba. The county is also part of the Danube-Kris-Mures-Tisa euroregion.
Transdanubia is a traditional region of Hungary. It is also referred to as Hungarian Pannonia, or Pannonian Hungary.
The Duna-Gerecse area is located in Hungary on the territory of the Komárom-Esztergom County on the right side of the Danube at the Slovakian border. The area is not an independent administrative entity, it basically consists of the surroundings of three major cities – Komárom, Tatabánya and Tata.
Budakeszi is a district in western part of Pest County. Budakeszi is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Central Hungary Statistical Region.
Szentendre is a district in north-western part of Pest County. Szentendre is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Central Hungary Statistical Region.
Esztergom is a district in north-eastern part of Komárom-Esztergom County. Esztergom is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Central Transdanubia Statistical Region.
Kisbér is a district in south-western part of Komárom-Esztergom County. Kisbér is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Central Transdanubia Statistical Region.
Komárom is a district in north-western part of Komárom-Esztergom County. Komárom is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Central Transdanubia Statistical Region.
Oroszlány is a district in southern part of Komárom-Esztergom County. Oroszlány is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Central Transdanubia Statistical Region.
Tatabánya is a district in south-eastern part of Komárom-Esztergom County. Tatabánya is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Central Transdanubia Statistical Region.
Tata is a district in northern part of Komárom-Esztergom County. Tata is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Central Transdanubia Statistical Region.
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