Kombat (photograph)

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Kombat RIAN archive 543 A battalion commander.jpg
Kombat

Kombat (Russian : Комбат, lit.  ' battalion commander ') is a black-and-white photograph by the Soviet photographer Max Alpert. It depicts a Soviet military officer armed with a TT pistol who is raising his unit for an attack during World War II. This work is regarded as one of the most iconic Soviet World War II photographs, yet neither the date nor the subject is known with certainty. According to the most widely accepted version, the photograph depicts junior politruk Aleksei Gordeyevich Yeryomenko  [ ru ], minutes before his death on 12 July 1942, in Voroshilovgrad Oblast, Ukraine.

Russian language East Slavic language

Russian is an East Slavic language, which is official in the Russian Federation, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, as well as being widely used throughout Eastern Europe, the Baltic states, the Caucasus and Central Asia. It was the de facto language of the Soviet Union until its dissolution on 25 December 1991. Although nearly three decades have passed since the breakup of the Soviet Union, Russian is used in official capacity or in public life in all the post-Soviet nation-states, as well as in Israel and Mongolia.

Literal translation, direct translation, or word-for-word translation is the rendering of text from one language to another one word at a time with or without conveying the sense of the original whole.

Kombat (military rank) 1918-1935 rank within the Red Army

Kombat, abbreviated from Командир батальона was a military rank in the Red Army from 1918 to 1935. At that time it was roughly equivalent to the rank of Captain.

Contents

History

Over the years Alpert gave several contradictory versions of the event, with dates ranging from autumn 1941 to 1943. [1] [2] However, it is unlikely that it is a 1943 photograph, as the M43 tunic with shoulder boards is not being worn, and the collar differs from that on the M43. He was consistent in that he did not know the officer's name, and that the photograph's title kombat ("commander of a battalion") was likely inaccurate – after he took it, he overheard that "the kombat is killed" and tentatively associated this message with the subject of the photograph. After the war Alpert received numerous letters claiming identification of the officer, but only one was confirmed by a joint investigation by Komsomolskaya Pravda and administration of Lugansk Oblast undertaken in the 1970s. According to this reconstructed version, Yeryomenko was the political commissar in his unit. When the commander was wounded, he took command and raised the unit for a counterattack against the German offence. He died within minutes after that. [3] [4]

Battalion military unit size

A battalion is a military unit. The use of the term "battalion" varies by nationality and branch of service. Typically a battalion consists of 300 to 800 soldiers and is divided into a number of companies. A battalion is typically commanded by a lieutenant colonel. In some countries, the word "battalion" is associated with the infantry.

<i>Komsomolskaya Pravda</i> newspaper

Komsomolskaya Pravda is a daily Russian tabloid newspaper, founded on 13 March 1925.

In the military, a political commissar or political officer, is a supervisory officer responsible for the political education (ideology) and organization of the unit they are assigned to, and intended to ensure civilian control of the military.

Legacy

The photograph was reused in numerous publications, sculptures, artworks and commercial products, both in the Soviet Union and abroad. [5] [6]

Zaporizhia City of regional significance in Zaporizhia Oblast, Ukraine

Zaporizhia, also known as Zaporozhye and Zaporizhzhia, formerly Alexandrovsk, is a city in south-central Ukraine, situated on the banks of the Dnieper River. It is the administrative centre of the Zaporizhia Oblast (region).

Slovianoserbsk Raion Raion in Luhansk Oblast, Ukraine

Slovianoserbsk Raion is a raion (district) in Luhansk Oblast of eastern Ukraine. The administrative center of the raion is the urban-type settlement of Slovianoserbsk. It was named after Slavo-Serbia, an imperial Russian province that existed between 1753–64. Population: 55,121 (2013 est.).

Pobeda (watch) Russian brand of wrist-watches

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References

  1. М. Альперт (1962). Беспокойная профессия. Moscow: Iskusstvo. pp. 65–66
  2. O. Avramenko (1970). "Син комбата". Україна. 36: 14–15.
  3. Leonid Shemeta (9 May 2008). "Кто же все-таки был легендарным комбатом?". Еженедельник 2000. 18–19 (413). Archived from the original on December 24, 2013.
  4. На легендарном военном снимке через 20 лет сын узнал в Комбате отца. newzz.in.ua. 24 February 2011
  5. Официальный нагрудный знак НВВКУ. nvvku.ru
  6. Выставка одной фотографии. "Комбат", посвященная 72-й годовщине начала Великой Отечественной войны. rsva-ural.ru
  7. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-09-24. Retrieved 2015-09-05.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link) Memorial composition in the Walk of Fame to commemorate the events of the Great Patriotic War
  8. badges, medals, souvenirs | Alumni NVVPOU, TDS, Nwoko, NVVKU
  9. Rep.Congo 1985 40th anniversary of Victory stamp
  10. Joshuan - «The man with the gun" on Yandex. Photo