|Founded||in the early 1920s|
Komtsukunft (Yiddish : קאָמצוקונפֿט, Polish : Komunistyczna Organizacja Młodzieży Cukunft) was a Jewish communist youth organization in Poland in the early 1920s. It was the youth wing of the Jewish Communist Labour Bund in Poland.
The organization was a splinter group of the Bundist Tsukunft movement.The split occurred in late 1921, as Tskunft had withdrawn its application for membership of the Communist Youth International. Komtsukunft was founded on February 2, 1922, and had about 3,000 members. By March 1922 Komtsukunft was estimated to have 3,500 members, organized in nine district organizations and 65 local units.
The organization had its largest branch in Warsaw, with some 700 members.The Warsaw Committee of Komtsukunft was made up by Kh. Kaplan, Mendl Skrobek, Itsik Kovner, Benyomin ("Yanek") Goldflam, Gitele Rapoport, Aleksander Zatorski, Hershl Goldfinger, Yankele Bibleyzer, Adek Likhtenboym, Efrayim Pinkert and Haline Fefer. Other significant Komtsukunft organizations were those of Warsaw suburbs, Łódź, Siedlce, Radom, Kraków, Lublin, Łomża and Białystok.
Komtsukunft affiliated itself with the Communist Youth International, becoming recognized as a section of the international youth movement.In March–April 1923 Komtsukunft merged into the Young Communist League of Poland.
The history of the Jews in Poland dates back at least 1,000 years. For centuries, Poland was home to the largest and most significant Ashkenazi Jewish community in the world. Poland was a principal center of Jewish culture, because of the long period of statutory religious tolerance and social autonomy which ended after the Partitions of Poland in the 18th century. During World War II there was a nearly complete genocidal destruction of the Polish Jewish community by Nazi Germany and its collaborators of various nationalities, during the German occupation of Poland between 1939 and 1945, called the Holocaust. Since the fall of communism in Poland, there has been a renewed interest in Jewish culture, featuring an annual Jewish Culture Festival, new study programs at Polish secondary schools and universities, and the opening of Warsaw's Museum of the History of Polish Jews.
Marek Edelman was a Polish political and social activist and cardiologist. Edelman was the last surviving leader of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising and, long before his death, was the last one to stay in Poland despite harassment by the Communist authorities.
The Folkspartei was founded after the 1905 pogroms in the Russian Empire by Simon Dubnow and Israel Efrojkin. The party took part in several elections in Poland and Lithuania in the 1920s and 1930s and did not survive the Holocaust.
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Tsukunft or Cukunft or Zukunft was the youth organization of the General Jewish Labor Union. It was founded in 1910, and in 1916 it was officially called Yugnt-Bund Tsukunft. Their newspaper was the Yugnt veker. In 1921 Tsukunft suffered a split, in which a pro-Communist group broke away and formed Komtsukunft. Tsukunft had applied for membership in the Communist Youth International two weeks after the Bund had applied for membership in the Communist International, but the second congress of the Communist Youth International had adopted criteria that were not acceptable for Tsukunft.
Anarchism in Poland first developed at the turn of the 20th century under the influence of anarchist ideas from Western Europe and from Russia.
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Zionist-Socialist Workers Party, often referred to simply as Zionist-Socialists or S.S. by their Russian initials, was a Jewish socialist territorialist political party in the Russian Empire and Poland, that emerged from the Vozrozhdenie (Renaissance) group in 1904. The party held its founding conference in Odessa in 1905.
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The Young Communist League of Poland, in February 1930 renamed as the Communist League of Youth in Poland Polish: Komunistyczny Związek Młodzieży Polski, abbreviated KZMP), was the youth wing of the interbellum Communist Party of Poland between 1922 and 1938. ZMKwP/KZMP was a section of the Young Communist International.
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