Last updated

The front page of Kommunisti on the death of Stalin.
TypeDaily newspaper
Format Broadsheet
Owner(s) Communist Party of Georgia
EditorN. Kiknadze (1923–1935)
K. Sherozia (1937)
F. Khatiashvili (1938–1944)
B.Nanitashvili (1944-)
Founded3 June 1920;100 years ago (1920-06-03) (as Georgian Communist)
2 March 1921;99 years ago (1921-03-02) (as Communist)
Political alignment Communism
Language Georgian
Ceased publication1990, replaced by New Georgia newspaper
Circulation 700,000 (1980)

Komunisti (transl.Communist), (Georgian :კომუნისტი, romanized:k'omunist'i, Georgian pronunciation:  [kʼɔmunistʼi] ) was a daily newspaper published by the Georgian Communist Party Central Committee. The first number was issued on June 3, 1920 in Tbilisi as the daily organ of the Communist Party of Georgia and the Central Committee of the Communist Party, named "New Communist". [1] After the publication of 10 numbers, the newspaper was closed down by the General-Governor of Tbilisi. During the first government of independent Georgia the newspaper was named "Georgia Communist". After the establishment of the Soviet government in Georgia on March 2, 1921, it was renamed Komunisti. [2] [3]

Komunisti reflected all the important periods of the history of the Georgian SSR, supporting the CPSU and the Government's decisions. The newspaper covered topics about policy, economics, industry, agriculture, literature, arts, education and other issues. The newspaper had its additions – journals Torch (1923–1925), Science and Technology (1925–1926), Flag (1929–1934), and Agriculture (1958). [4]

Komunisti was awarded the Order of Red Banner of the 1950s. The newspaper ceased to exist after the dissolution of the USSR and the restoration of Georgian independence.

Related Research Articles

Zviad Gamsakhurdia First President of post-Soviet Georgia from 1991 to 1992

Zviad Gamsakhurdia was a Georgian politician, dissident, scholar, and writer who became the first democratically elected President of Georgia in the post-Soviet era. Gamsakhurdia is the only Georgian President known to have died while formally in office.

Eduard Shevardnadze

Eduard Ambrosiyevich Shevardnadze was a Georgian politician and diplomat. He served as First Secretary of the Georgian Communist Party (GPC), the de facto leader of Soviet Georgia from 1972 to 1985 and as Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Soviet Union from 1985 to 1991. Shevardnadze was responsible for many key decisions in Soviet foreign policy during the Gorbachev Era including reunification of Germany. Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union, he was President of Georgia from 1992 to 2003. He was forced to retire in 2003 as a consequence of the bloodless Rose Revolution.

Mikhail Kalinin

Mikhail Ivanovich Kalinin, known familiarly by Soviet citizens as "Kalinych", was an Old Bolshevik revolutionary and a Soviet politician. He served as head of state of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic and later of the Soviet Union from 1919 to 1946. From 1926, he was a member of the Politburo of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.

Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic

The Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic was one of the republics of the Soviet Union from its second occupation in 1921 to its independence in 1991. Coterminous with the present-day republic of Georgia, it was based on the traditional territory of Georgia, which had existed as a series of independent states in the Caucasus prior to the first occupation of annexation in the course of the 19th century. The Georgian SSR was formed in 1921 and subsequently incorporated in the Soviet Union in 1922. Until 1936 it was a part of the Transcaucasian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic, which existed as a union republic within the USSR. From November 18, 1989, the Georgian SSR declared its sovereignty over Soviet laws. The republic was renamed the Republic of Georgia on November 14, 1990, and subsequently became independent before the dissolution of the Soviet Union on April 9, 1991, whereupon each former SSR became a sovereign state.

Democratic Republic of Georgia

The Democratic Republic of Georgia existed from May 1918 to February 1921 and was the first modern establishment of a republic of Georgia.

Unified Communist Party of Georgia

The Unified Communist Party of Georgia is a political party in Georgia. It was founded in June 1994 through the merger of the Stalin Society, the Georgian Workers Communist Party and the Union of Communists of Georgia. The party is member of Union of Communist Parties — Communist Party of the Soviet Union.

Aleksandre Chikvaidze was a former Soviet, Russian, and Georgian statesman and diplomat. Chikvaidze was appointed Foreign Minister and Deputy Prime Minister of independent Georgia by Acting Prime Minister Tengiz Sigua in February 1992 and went on to serve in Eduard Shevardnadze's government, after the latter's return to Georgia in March 1992, until December 1995.

August Uprising

The August Uprising was an unsuccessful insurrection against Soviet rule in the Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic from late August to early September 1924.

1956 Georgian demonstrations

The March 1956 demonstrations in the Georgian SSR were a series of protests against Nikita Khrushchev's de-Stalinization policy, which shocked Georgian supporters of Marxist–Leninist ideology. The center of the protests was the republic's capital, Tbilisi, where spontaneous rallies to mark the third anniversary of Stalin's death and to protest Khrushchev's denunciation of Stalin quickly evolved into an uncontrollable mass demonstration and rioting which paralyzed the city. Soon, political demands such as the change of the central government in Moscow and calls for the independence of Georgia from the Soviet Union appeared.

Evgen Gvaladze

Evgen (Geno) Gvaladze was a Georgian lawyer, journalist and politician, and one of the leaders of the anti-Soviet national-liberation movement in Georgia of 1921-1937.

Nariman Narimanov

Nariman Karbalayi Najaf oglu Narimanov was an Azerbaijani Bolshevik revolutionary, writer, publicist, politician and statesman. For just over one year beginning in May 1920, Narimanov headed the government of Soviet Azerbaijan. He was subsequently elected chairman of the Union Council of the Transcaucasian SFSR. He was also Party Chairman of the Central Executive Committee of the Soviet Union from 30 December 1922 until the day of his death.

Gaioz Devdariani

Gaioz Devdariani was a prominent Georgian revolutionary, Soviet politician, member of the Georgian National Academy of Sciences and a victim of the Great Purge of 1937. Devdariani was born in the village of Kharagauli, Western Georgia into a large family. In 1919, Devdariani was arrested by the Menshevik Government of Georgia for plotting and masterminding an insurrection against the democratically elected government. He was imprisoned in Metekhi but managed to escape from the prison in 1920. Between 1921 and 1923, Devdariani worked in various communist ministries of Georgian SSR. From 1929 to 1931 Devdariani became the first Minister of Education of the Georgian SSR. During the same year Devdariani became the honorable member of the Georgian National Academy of Sciences in the department of Economics. After only a year as a Minister, he was promoted to the First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Georgian SSR. However, soon after his appointment, Lavrentiy Beria started agitations and provocations against Gaioz.

Committee for the Independence of Georgia

The Committee for the Independence of Georgia or the Parity Committee was an underground anti-Soviet organization active in the Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic in the early 1920s. It is commonly known as "Damkom". The Committee was responsible for the preparation and guidance of the abortive August Uprising of 1924.

On 14 April 1978, demonstrations in Tbilisi, capital of the Georgian SSR, took place in response to an attempt by the Soviet government to change the constitutional status of languages in Georgia. After a new Soviet Constitution was adopted in October 1977, the Supreme Soviet of the Georgian SSR considered a draft constitution in which, in contrast to the Constitution of 1936, Georgian was no longer declared to be the sole State language. A series of indoor and outdoor actions of protest ensued and implied with near-certainty there would be a clash between several thousands of demonstrators and the Soviet government, but Georgian Communist Party chief Eduard Shevardnadze negotiated with the central authorities in Moscow and managed to obtain permission to retain the previous status of the Georgian language.

Polikarp Mdivani

Polikarp "Budu" Gurgenovich Mdivani was a veteran Georgian Bolshevik and Soviet government official energetically involved in the Russian Revolutions and the Civil War. In the 1920s, he played an important role in the Sovietization of the Caucasus, but later led Georgian Communist opposition to Joseph Stalin's centralizing policy during the Georgian Affair of 1922. In the 1930s, he was persecuted for his support of the Trotskyist opposition and executed during the Great Purge.

Seit Devdariani

Seit Devdariani was a Georgian philosopher and political activist who was executed during Joseph Stalin's Great Purge.

Zaza Sikharulidze is a Georgian politician, poet, publicist, attorney and academic. He is one of the leaders of the National Liberation Movement and is involved in civil society. He is the founder of the non-governmental movement of people with disabilities in Georgia.

The Minister of Social Protection of the Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic was a government and state position in the Ministry of Social Protection of the Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic or Armenian SSR, the position was formed 1920, when Armenia became part of the Soviet Union. It became important state institution for citizens in the Soviet region.

Pirro Dodbiba was an Albanian politician of the Albanian Party of Labour (PPSh). Although the nephew of Sokrat Dodbiba, former Minister of Finance in the quisling government of Rexhep Mitrovica during World War II who died in communist prisons, he chose from the beginning the opposite path joining the National Liberation Movement. He served as Party's representative in various places in Communist Albania, and by early 1970s became candidate-member for the Politburo of the Party of Labour of Albania, the highest political ruling entity of that time.

KONARE or Komiteti Nacional Revolucionar was a left-wing revolutionary committee of the Albanian political émigrés in Europe, from 1925 till mid-30s. Its central political figure was Bishop Fan Noli.


  1. "Entry of New Communist in Georgia's newspaper center" . Retrieved 25 April 2018.
  2. "Entry of Kommunisti in Georgia's newspaper center" . Retrieved 25 April 2018.
  3. Komunisti : Sakʻartʻvelos K.P. centraluri komitetis. Sakʻartʻvelos K.P. centraluri komitetis. Retrieved 25 April 2018.
  4. Mchedlishvili, D. (1980). ქართული საბჭოთა ენციკლოპედია[Georgian Soviet Encyclopedia] (in Georgian).