Konni, Kerala

Last updated

India Kerala location map.svg
Red pog.svg
India location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Coordinates: 9°14′28″N76°52′42″E / 9.2410383°N 76.8783975°E / 9.2410383; 76.8783975 Coordinates: 9°14′28″N76°52′42″E / 9.2410383°N 76.8783975°E / 9.2410383; 76.8783975
State Kerala
District Pathanamthitta
Named for Konni elephant cage
  TypeGrama Panchayat
  Total41.45 km2 (16.00 sq mi)
 (2011) [1]
  Density730/km2 (1,900/sq mi)
  Official Malayalam, English
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
Telephone code0468
Vehicle registration KL-83
Nearest city Pathanamthitta THIRUVALLA
Lok Sabha constituency Pathanamthitta
Assembly constituencyKonni
Literacy 94.55%
Website lsgkerala.in/konnipanchayat/

Konni is a town and a Taluk headquarters in Pathanamthitta district, Kerala, India. Konni is known for its elephant cages, forests, and rubber plantations. Konni is also known as "Anakoodinte Nadu".Nearest City Is Thiruvalla.Konni Is Located 40 km Distance From Thiruvalla Railway Station.Well Connected Via Thiruvalla- Kumbazha Highway.Buses Ply Frequently From Thiruvalla KSRTC Bus Station To Konni.



Konni is an important town on the Main Eastern Highway (SH 08). Konni is about 10 km (6.2 mi) away from the district headquarters. Konni assembly constituency is part of Pathanamthitta (Lok Sabha constituency). [2]

The lush green land has been prominent as a haven of wild elephants and as an elephant training center. The large area of thick forest with wild animals made Konni to emerge as another tourist spot for safaris and trekking. In Kerala there are two elephant training centers, the other located at Kodanad. It is located in the Adoor revenue division and it is one of the major towns situated near it. Most Tamil workers in Kerala are in Konni.[ citation needed ]


The nearest Main Railway station is Punalur, 25 km (16 mi) and Chengannur Railway Station. Kottayam 60 km (37 mi). The nearest airport is Thiruvananthapuram International Airport, about 99 km (62 mi) from Pathanamthitta. The Cochin International Airport is around 124 km (77 mi) from Konni. The Main Eastern Highway ( Punalur-Pathanamthitta-Pala-Muvattupuzha Road / SH – 08 ) connects the town to other major towns. Konni is 10 km (6.2 mi) from Pathanamthitta and 28 km (17 mi) from Punalur both of which are in the same route. Konni-Kalleli-Achankovil Road- This is a new road built by PWD that provides easy access to Tamil Nadu (Tenkasi) via Achankovil. This is a part of Chittar-Achankovil Road Project. This route reduces the distance between Sabarimala to Tenkasi by about 21 km (13 mi). Konni to Achankovil is 39 km (24 mi). Konni-Chandanapally Road—This road connects Konni to the major and main cities and towns of the districts like Adoor and Pandalam and Tiruvalla. Konni-Vazhamuttom-Vallicode-Chandanapally-Kodumon-Adoor—24 kilometres Konni-Vallicode-Kaippattoor-Thumpamon-Pandalam—22 kilometres. Konni-Thannithode-Chittar Road—This is an alternate route to Sabarimala. [3]
The nearest Bus station is located at Konni, Pathanamthitta

Elephant Training Center

Konni Elephant Cage details board on display Konni Elephant Cage Details.jpg
Konni Elephant Cage details board on display

Konni has a major elephant training centre, located 11 km (6.8 mi) from Pathanamthitta. The prime attraction here are the huge cages of wood built to house elephants. These cages are locally known as Aanakoodu and can accommodate three to four elephants at a time. The trainers here train the baby elephants which get separated from their herd, or are found wounded or roaming in the forest. Experienced trainers using their systematic training methods, tame the baby elephants. Visitors can get a close look at these elephants and can observe and understand a lot about their behaviour, especially that of baby elephants, which are often endearingly mischievous.[ citation needed ]

A herbal banana plantain grown in Konni Elephant Cage Herbal Banana Plantain.jpg
A herbal banana plantain grown in Konni Elephant Cage

Konni is known for the elephant training centre since ancient times. The elephants were captured from the dense forests of the western ghats/Sahyadri and brought to the elephant training cage at Konni. There these wild elephants are tamed and trained by mahouts specialized as elephant trainers. These trainers take the help of other tamed elephants.

The tamed elephants which render help to the trainers of the wild ones are: Konniyil Kochchayyappan, Ranji Padmanabhan, Balakrishnan, Soman, Venu, Rameshan, and Mani. Monday is a holiday for the training centre.

Elephants in Konni

The elephant Soman Indian Elephant.jpg
The elephant Soman

The present members of Konni elephant training center are Priyadarshini, Meena, Eva, Krishna, Neelakandan and Junior Surendran ( Manikandan) in which Junior Surendran is the youngest who is only three months old.

History of Elephant training

The Old Training Cage Konni Elephant Training Centre Cage03.jpg
The Old Training Cage

The elephant capturing at Konni traces back to 1810 AD. The major elephant capturing locations include Mundom moozhy, Mannarappara and Thura. The elephant training cage which is present now was built in 1942. The wood of "Kambakam" was used for this. The present training cage has the capacity to train 6 elephants. The dimensions of the training cage are 12.65 by 8.60 by 7 metres (41.5 ft × 28.2 ft × 23.0 ft). The elephant training cage and its premises comprises 9 acres (36,000 m2) of land.

The elephant capturing was officially stopped in 1977 by Govt: Circular though it was actually stopped many years prior to that.

Presently the elephant training cage is a major tourist attraction. It houses a history museum as well. The elephant training centre functions as an elephant welfare centre. The elephant calves estranged from the herd and found lost in the forest are brought there and are provided with medical facilities and proper care.

The details of Konni Elephant Training Centre and Training Cage are mentioned in the articles of the famous "Aithihyamaala" by Shri Kottarathil Shankunni. "Aithihyamaala" is referred as one of rare collection of articles of Kerala History.

Gift to Portugal

Konni Elephant Training Centre has to its credit of gifting the Elephant "Samyuktha" to the Republic of Portugal as a mark of friendship and co-operation with the Republic of India.

How to reach: Konni is on the Main Eastern Highway (Punalur-Pathanamthitta-Muvattupuzha Highway/SH-08) and is very well connected to major towns and cities of Kerala through Pathanamthitta.

Konni Forest Division

The Konni Forest Division is the first reserve forest in Kerala as declared on 9 October 1888, per the Travancore Forest Act of 1887. [4] The division consists of eight stations spread across three ranges. [5]

Konni range
Naduvathumoozhy range
Mannarapara range

Other tourist attractions

Achankovil River

Konni features a long stretch of the Achankovil River which joins Pamba. This river is known for its lush green banks.[ citation needed ] It has several tributaries in this region.

Muringamnagalam Sreemahadevar Temple

This temple is more than 1000 years old and is located nearly half a kilometre from Konni Junction. It used to belong to the Pandalam Royal Family. It is the biggest temple in east of Pathanamthitta district and biggest Siva temple in Pathanamthitta. Kalleli Oorali Appooppan rules over a pantheon of 999 hill deities. At the sacred grove inside Konny reserve forest he is awakened through kumbha pattu, a ritual art form that dates back to ancient times. Bamboos and stones come together to make their mysterious music, a wild tribal rhythm that resonates in the primeval stillness of the night. "Kalleli Kavu is the only place of worship where this art is still performed," says P V Shantakumar, temple committee president.

A ritual that springs from an age-old agrarian culture, kumbha pattu involves the rendering of songs to the accompaniment of indigenous instruments. "The kumbham is nothing but a bamboo stick shaped according to some specifications.

Then there are farm implements like iron sickles, dried arcanut leaves and tree skins. In the beginning they used to sit around bonfire and sing the praises of Oorali Appooppan," he says. Smooth, pumpkin-shaped boulders are picked from the nearby river for kumbha pattu. "They make a very distinctive sound when tapped with the dry bamboo piece. In the silence of the night it will instantly draw your attention," he adds.

The ritual pays reverence to all five elements, its lyrics stemming from the wild ecology that surrounds the temple. The song is basically a plea for protection from all evil and unknown energies.

"Settlers who were scared of animal attacks and other threats of the wild used to invoke Oorali Appoppan, their guardian deity, through the ritual. It’s believed that Kumbha pattu will erase all fears from your mind, refreshing your heart and spirit," he says.

Kalleli kavu is a place that celebrates the Dravidian culture and its practices are totally different from the regular tantric procedures.

"We don’t follow the vedic style of pooja. Padayanai, pongala, mudiyattam and azhi pooja are the major rituals. Grilled tubers are distributed as offering along with porridge made of bamboo rice. We follow the ancient customs and rituals only.

There are no dance or music programmes even during the festival days," he says. Kumbha pattu is conducted on all auspicious occasions and usually it starts in the evening, continuing until the early hours of the dawn. "In the song everything from the birth of the deity to the purpose of his incarnation are explained. Now we are conducting a 10-day ritual that started on the day of Vishu," he says.

Passed down orally to generations, the kumbha song contains many obsolete names and terms. You will come across erstwhile geographic areas like Malanad and Thulunad," he says. Practised by a particular caste, usually an elderly member of the community leads the ritual with other singers.

"And it’s Kokkathod Gopalan Asan who heads the team now. I think kumbha pattu is one among the toughest ritual songs as it’s not easy learning centuries-old tribal slang. It takes a lot of time and dedication to master the art," he adds. Achankovil and Aluvamkudi are two ancient temples located here.

Kattathipara in Kokkathodu is a nearby tourist destination located a few kilometres away from Konni. Kattathipara is particularly attractive with its gigantic rocks and the triple-echo phenomenon.

India Pentecostal Church of God is a biggest congregation of Pentecostal Christians in Konni.

Kumbhavuruthy is a waterfall amidst thick forest

Adavi Eco Tourisum Kutta Vanchi sailing is the main attraction here. about 7 km (4.3 mi) from Konni Town.

Kalleli Oorali Appooppankaavu, PathanamthittaGavi is a tourist spot in Konni assembly constituency

Sri Kalleli Oorali Appoopankaavu is an ancient temple located in Kallelithottam in Konni, Pathanamthitta district of Kerala. The deity here has long been worshipped as the supreme power of nature and the lord of around hundred and one Mala Daivangal (Mountain Gods). The temple is also noted for its festival which falls during the Monsoon season of Kerala. The major ritual performed in this temple is the Karkkidaka Vavu ceremony, a Hindu ritual observed in memory of the departed souls of ancestors. During the day, special offerings in the form of tender coconuts and betel leaves are offered to the presiding deity of this temple. Anayoottu (feeding of elephants), Vanarayoottu (feeding of monkeys) and Meenoottu (feeding of fish) are


In the earlier days, NCV used to be the premier channel in the area. Later on, the following media started operating.

Voice Of Konni, Samskrithy Channel, Konni Vartha, Troll Konni,

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Pathanamthitta district</span> District in Kerala, India

Pathanamthitta District, is one of the 14 districts in the Indian state of Kerala. The district headquarters is in the town of Pathanamthitta. There are four municipalities in Pathanamthitta: Adoor, Pandalam, Pathanamthitta and Thiruvalla.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Mavelikkara</span> Town in Kerala, India

Mavelikkara is a taluk and municipality in the Onattukara region of Alappuzha district in the Indian state of Kerala. Located in the southern part of the district on the banks of the Achankovil River.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Achankovil</span> River in India

Achankovil is a 128 km long west flowing river in Kerala, India, which flows through Kollam, Pathanamthitta, and Alappuzha districts. The river drains vast tract of fertile plains of Upper Kuttanad in the Alappuzha and Pathanamthitta districts. It also sustains numerous urban settlements along its course such as Konni, Pathanamthitta, Pandalam, Mavelikkara etc.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Pandalam</span> Municipality in Kerala, India

Pandalam is a municipal town in Pathanamthitta district Kerala, India. Pandalam is considered a holy town due to its connection with Lord Ayyappa and Sabarimala. Rightly recognised to be the educational and cultural capital of Central Travancore, Pandalam hosts educational institutions ranging from reputed schools to post graduate, training, Ayurveda, and engineering colleges. There are seven colleges and 23 schools at Pandalam, including N. S. S. College, Pandalam. The Kerala state government plans to make the place a special Township, by including the Pandalam municipality and Kulanada panchayat.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Adoor</span> Municipality in Kerala, India

Adoor is a Municipality in Pathanamthitta district of Kerala State, India. It is the headquarters of Adoor Taluk and Adoor Revenue Division.

The Main Central Road, better known as MC Road is the arterial State Highway starting from Kesavadasapuram in Trivandrum city and ends at Angamaly, a suburb of Kochi city in Ernakulam District, in the state of Kerala, India. It is designated as State Highway 1 by the Kerala Public Works Department. The highway was built by Raja Kesavadas, Dewan of Travancore.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Pathanamthitta</span> Town in Kerala, India

Pathanamthitta, is a municipality situated in the Central Travancore region in the state of Kerala, India, spread over an area of 23.50 km2. It is the administrative capital of Pathanamthitta district. The town has a population of 37,538. The Hindu pilgrim centre Sabarimala is situated in the Pathanamthitta district; as the main transport hub to Sabarimala, the town is known as the 'Pilgrim Capital of Kerala'. Pathanamthitta District, the thirteenth revenue district of the State of Kerala, was formed with effect from 1 November 1982, with headquarters at Pathanamthitta. Forest covers more than half of the total area of the District. Pathanamthitta District ranks the 7th in area in the State. The district has its borders with Allepey, Kottayam, Kollam and Idukki districts of Kerala and Tamil Nadu.Nearest City Is Thiruvalla,Located At A Distance Of 30 km .Thiruvalla Railway Station Is 30 km via Thiruvalla-Kumbazha Highway.Buses Ply Every 4 Minutes From Thiruvalla To Pathanamthitta & Vice Versa.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Aryankavu</span> Village in Kerala, India

Aryankavu is a village located in the Kollam district of the Indian state of Kerala. It lies close to the border between Kerala and Tamil Nadu near Thenmala. It is also one of the famous pilgrimage sites associated with the legend of Sabarimala. The village is located besides Shendurney Wildlife Sanctuary.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Vazhamuttom</span> City in Kerala, India

Vazhamuttom is a village township near to Pathanamthitta Town in Pathanamthitta District, Kerala, India.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Koodal</span> Town in Kerala, India

Koodal is the second largest town in Konni Taluk at Pathanamthitta District, located in Kerala state, India.Koodal Situates On Main Eastern Highway.

Seethathodu is a village in the Pathanamthitta district, state of Kerala, India, near Chittar Town. Predominantly it is a rural region where agriculture being the most important sector. Both state-run and privately operated buses connect Seethathodu to various parts of Pathanamthitta district.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Sree Rakthakanda Swamy Temple (Omalloor Temple)</span>

Rakthakanda Swamy Temple, Omallur, Pathanamthitta District, known as "Omallur Temple" traces its history to 8th century AD. It is a pilgrim centre on the way to Sabarimala from Pandalam, the birthplace of Sree Ayyappan. The Temple is famous for its annual festival of 10 days in the month of Medom of Malayalam Era. The 10-day festival is celebrated by 10 Karayogams in and around Omallur. During the festival days, there is a customary Arattu procession to the river Achenkovil. More than 10 elephants decorated with Nettipattom will be a speciality of this Arattu. The Temple has a Golden Flag Staff erected in the year 1952 AD. Omallur is 4 km south from the district headquarters Pathanamthitta and 11 km from MC Road. Omallur Temple has many interesting stone carvings. Kallunadasvaram and Kalchangala are two among them.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kaipattoor</span> Village in Kerala, India

Kaipattoor is a small town in Vallicode panchayat of Pathanamthitta district in Kerala, India. Kaipattoor is located in the western part of Pathanamthitta district. It is 6 kilometers from the district headquarters Pathanamthitta at south east direction. It is watered by the Achenkovil river. The village is under Vallicode Panchayat.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Nooranad</span> Town in Kerala, India

Nooranad is a developing town in Mavelikkara taluk of Alappuzha district in the Indian state of Kerala. It is located at a distance of 8 Km south-west of Pandalam, in Kayamkulam route. Padanilam is the cultural centre of Nooranad region. The Padanilam Parabrahma Temple, known for the biggest Shivarathri Kettukazhcha in Kerala, is situated in Nooranad. Nooranad is declared by the Government of Kerala as the Nandikesha Paithruka Gramam due to its importance in Kettukala making, which is an icon of Onattukara region of Central Travancore. Nooranad is also known as Pakshi Gramam of kerala.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Nariyapuram</span> Village in Kerala, India

Nariyapuram is a village in Vallicode Panchayat of Pathanamthitta district in Kerala, India. Nariyapuram is located in the northern part of Pathanamthitta. Pandalam, which is seven km away is the nearest town. The district headquarters Pathanamthitta is eight km away. There are regular bus services via Nariyapuram. Schools, hospitals, places of worship and all other necessities are also available. The population here is not too large. There are vast areas of paddy fields and most of the villagers are farmers. Borders of Nariyapuram are Thattayil along the south, Thumpamon along the west, Achankovil river along the north and Kaipattoor along the east. One of the existing sugarcane cultivation in Central Travancore is in Nariyapuram.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kulathupuzha Sastha Temple</span>

Kulathupuzha Sastha Temple is a Hindu temple located on the banks of Kulathupuzha river, a tributary of Kallada River. It is located in Kulathupuzha in Punalur taluk of Kollam district in the Indian state of Kerala. The presiding deity there is Lord Ayyappa in the form of Balasastha. It is also one among the pancha sastha shrines and one of the 108 Sastha shrines in Kerala. The idol there is believed to be installed by Lord Parashurama, and is made up of eight pieces of stones. The temple is constructed as per Kerala style of Temple Architecture.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Elephant Training Center, Konni</span>

Konni Aanakkoodu located in Konni is a well known training center for elephant's in Kerala. Its at a distance of 11 km from Pathanamthitta town.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Pandalam dynasty</span> Early dynasty in Kerala

Pandalam dynasty a royal dynasty emerged from a branch of Pandya kingdom. which existed in Kerala during the Kollam era. They came to Kerala fearing the assault of a ruler. In Kerala they were given land and status by Kaipuzha Thampan of Nilambur Kovilakam a landlord who lived in Amanthur Palace at Kaipuzha from Kottayam Kerala. Today Pandalam is part of Pathanamthitta, Kerala, India.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Achankovil Sree Dharmasastha Temple</span> Hindu temple in India

Achankovil Sastha Temple is a Hindu temple and one of the 108 Sasthalayas, located in Pathanapuram tehsil of Kollam district in the Indian state of Kerala. It is also one among the famed Pancha Sastha temples in Kerala, the other four being Kulathupuzha, Aryankavu, Sabarimala and Kanthamala temples. An important river named after the locality, Achankovil river, originates near the temple.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Aryankavu Sastha Temple</span>

Aryankavu Sastha Temple a Hindu temple and one among the 108 Sastha shrines in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu, but also borders the neighboring state of Kerala. The idol here is believed to be consecrated by sage Parashurama. It is also one among Pancha Sastha temples in Kerala located in the Pathanapuram tehsil of Kollam district, in the eastern forest ranges.


  1. https://dop.lsgkerala.gov.in പത്തനംതിട്ട ജില്ലയിലെ ഗ്രാമ ...
  2. "Assembly Constituencies – Corresponding Districts and Parliamentary Constituencies" (PDF). Kerala. Election Commission of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 30 October 2008. Retrieved 20 October 2008.
  3. "State Highways in Kerala". Archived from the original on 8 January 2008. Retrieved 17 January 2008.
  4. "History - Travancore". Forest.kerala.gov.in. Retrieved 8 August 2018.
  5. "Konni Forest Division". Forest.kerala.gov.in. Retrieved 8 August 2018.