Korea Disease Control and Prevention Agency

Last updated
Korea Disease Control and Prevention Agency
질병관리청
疾病管理廳
Symbol of KDCA.jpg
Agency overview
FormedDecember 18, 2003
September 12, 2020 (expanded)
Preceding agencies
  • Central Health Centre (1949–60)
  • National Institute of Health (1960–67)
  • National Institute of Public Health Training (1967–81)
  • National Institute of Health (1981–2003)
  • Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2003–20)
Jurisdiction Government of South Korea
Headquarters187, Osongsaengmyeong 2-ro, Osong-eup, Heungdeok-gu, Cheongju, North Chungcheong Province, South Korea
Employees1,476
Agency executives
Parent department Ministry of Health and Welfare
Child agencies
  • Korea National Institute of Health (KNIH)
  • Regional Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
  • National Quarantine Station
Website kdca.go.kr

Korea Disease Control and Prevention Agency (KDCA; Korean : 질병관리청; Hanja : 疾病管理廳), formerly Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (KCDC, Korean : 질병관리본부), is an organization under the South Korean Ministry of Welfare and Health that is responsible for an organ transplant and advancement of public health by managing prevention, survey, quarantine, trial, and research on infectious diseases, chronic and rare illnesses and injuries. It was founded in December 2003 and is located in Osong Health Technology Administration Complex in Cheongju. [1] The organization is led by the vice-ministerial-level Commissioner of KDCA. [2] [3]

Contents

History

Source: [6]

Its history is in line with the major infectious disease outbreaks in South Korea. After the SARS outbreak in 2003, the then-National Institute of Health was restructured to the American CDC-like KCDC. After the MERS outbreak in 2015, the head of KCDC was promoted to vice-ministerial level. [7]

Given the 2020 general election where all major parties promised raising KCDC's autonomy by lifting its status to "administration/agency (Korean : ; Hanja : )" and lessons learned from the COVID-19 outbreak, there have been rumors that there will be changes to the organisation in the near future. [7] [8] In his special public address to mark his third year in office on 10 May 2020, President Moon Jae-in announced that he will seek revision of legislation to raise the status of the KCDC to the administration. [9]

On 12 September 2020, the KCDC expanded to an Korea Disease Control and Prevention Agency (KDCA) with more autonomy and resources - most notably 42% increase in its staff number and its Center for Infectious Disease Research of KNIH becoming an research institute of KNIH. [10] Director of KCDC, Jeong Eun-kyeong, will continue lead the organisation as its first Commissioner. [11]

Organization

Source: [3]

Commissioner of KDCA

Vice Commissioner of KDCA

Child agencies

Leadership

Director of KCDC

Commissioner of KDCA

See also

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Ministry of Health and Welfare (South Korea) Government ministry in South Korea

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References

  1. "식약청 등 다음달부터 오송 이전 시작; Korea Food & Drug Administration and other government association move to Osong from next month". KTV 국민방송; KTV Gookmin Bangsong (in Korean). 2010-10-20. Retrieved 2020-05-02.
  2. 대한민국 법제처, Republic of South Korea department of law (2011-06-15). "국가법령정보센터 | 법 > 본문 - 보건복지부와 그 소속기관 직제; Korea Law Information Center | Law > Main - Ministry of Health and Welfare and associated department organization of office". 국가법령정보센터 Korea Law Information Center. Retrieved 2020-05-02.
  3. 1 2 KDCA. "KDCA". KDCA. Retrieved 2020-09-12.
  4. 국립중앙인체자원은행, National Central Human Body Resource Bank (2019). "History of Bio-bank 인체은행 연혁". nih.go.kr. Retrieved 2020-05-05.
  5. 이치동 (2020-09-08). "(LEAD) KCDC chief tapped as head of new state disease control agency". Yonhap News Agency. Retrieved 2020-09-08.
  6. "질병관리본부 연혁" [History of KCDC] (in Korean).
  7. 1 2 이성택, Sungtaek Lee (2020-04-08). "감염병 발생 때마다 조직 커진 질병관리본부, '질병관리청' 될까 | KCDC grow in size each time the infecting disease appears, would it become the Korean 'Administration' for Disease Control & Prevention". 한국일보 Hankook-ilbo (in Korean). Retrieved 2020-04-25.
  8. "靑 "개각, 하반기 소폭으로...일부 조직 개편 가능성" | Blue House "Cabinet reshuffle, the possibility of minor restructuring some of the organizations... During the second half of the year"". YTN (in Korean). 2020-04-25. Retrieved 2020-04-25.
  9. "Moon Says KCDC to be Elevated to Administration". world.kbs.co.kr. Retrieved 2020-05-10.
  10. "질병관리본부, 12일 '질병관리청' 승격…정원 42% 늘어". www.hani.co.kr (in Korean). 2020-09-08. Retrieved 2020-09-08.
  11. 이혜인 (2020-09-08). "초대 질병관리청장 정은경 이력은… 보건소 진료의사로 공공의료 첫 발". m.khan.co.kr (in Korean). Retrieved 2020-09-08.
  12. KCDC. "KCDC". KCDC. Retrieved 2020-09-09.
  13. Health, National Institute of. "National Institute of Health". National Institute of Health. Retrieved 2020-09-09.
  14. "조직도".