Korea Meteorological Administration

Last updated
Korea Meteorological Administration
기상청
氣象廳
Gisangcheong
Agency overview
FormedDecember 27, 1990;31 years ago (1990-12-27)
Superseding agency
  • Central Meteorological Office
    Korea Meteorological Service
Jurisdiction South Korea
Headquarters Seo District, Daejeon
37°29′38″N126°55′01″E / 37.493764°N 126.917005°E / 37.493764; 126.917005 Coordinates: 37°29′38″N126°55′01″E / 37.493764°N 126.917005°E / 37.493764; 126.917005
Parent agency Ministry of Environment
Website www.kma.go.kr
Korea Meteorological Administration - Gwanak Radar Observatory Gwanak RadarObs.jpg
Korea Meteorological Administration - Gwanak Radar Observatory

The Korea Meteorological Administration (Hangul: 기상청; Hanja: 氣象廳; Gisangcheong) (KMA) is the national meteorological service of the Republic of Korea. The service started in 1904 joining the WMO in 1956. Numerical Weather Prediction is performed using the Unified Model software suite.

Contents

History

The current Administration was established in 1990. Temporary observatories set up in 1904 in Busan, Incheon, Mokpo and elsewhere were precursors to the current KMA. The Central Meteorological Office (CMO) was established in August 1949. In April 1978, CMO was renamed the Korea Meteorological Service(KMS). In 1999, the Administration introduced a meteorological supercomputer for forecasting. As of November 2021, supercomputers Guru and Maru ranked 27th and 28th respectively in the world. [1] In 2010, the KMA launched South Korea’s first geostationary meteorological satellite, the Communication, Ocean and Meteorological Satellite (COMS), also known as Chollian. Chollian started its official operation in 2011. The Seoul and Busan observatories were recognized as Centennial Observing Stations in 2017 by the World Meteorological Administration (WMO). In 2019, the Administration completed developing its own numerical weather prediction model. The Administration’s forecasting skills and techniques are considered to be world-class.

Weather Radar Project

In 2013, US-based Enterprise Electronics Corporation (EEC) out of Enterprise, Alabama won a contract to deliver 11 S-band Klystron Dual-Polarization Doppler Weather radar systems to the KMA. The radars will be installed across the country as a means of providing for complete weather radar coverage over the entire country.

Locations

The headquarters is in Daebang-dong, Dongjak District, Seoul. Co-working organs include mainly 5 categories: regional office of KMA, weather stations, observatories and Joint office for Meteorological observation. [2] [3]

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References

  1. "Top500 List - Supercomputer Sites: November 2021". www.top500.org.
  2. Joint offices for Meteorological observation established by collaborative work between KMA and province offices.
  3. Order of Ministry of Environment(Revised in 2008.10.22)- KMA and organization set-up