Koronowo

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Koronowo
Koronowo town square.jpg
Town square
POL Koronowo flag.svg
Flag
POL Koronowo COA.svg
Coat of arms
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Red pog.svg
Koronowo
Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship location map.svg
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Koronowo
Coordinates: 53°19′0″N17°56′0″E / 53.31667°N 17.93333°E / 53.31667; 17.93333
CountryFlag of Poland.svg  Poland
Voivodeship Kuyavian-Pomeranian
County Bydgoszcz
Gmina Koronowo
Established7th century
Town rights1370
Government
  MayorPatryk Stanisław Mikołajewski
Area
  Total28.18 km2 (10.88 sq mi)
Population
 (2010)
  Total11,029
  Density390/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
86-010
Car plates CBY
Website http://www.koronowo.pl/

Koronowo [kɔrɔˈnɔvɔ] (German : Loudspeaker.svg Krone / Crone an der Brahe  , archaic Polnisch Krone) is a town on the Brda River in Poland, located in the Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship, 25 km from Bydgoszcz, with 11,029 inhabitants (2010). It is located in the historic region of Kuyavia.

Contents

The town of Koronowo has an area of 2,818 ha and this makes it one of the largest towns in Bydgoszcz County. The Koronowo municipality has an area of 41,170 ha and 23,052 inhabitants.

History

Panorama of Koronowo Polska ,Koronowo - widok miasta z punktu widokowego nr 15 - panoramio (4).jpg
Panorama of Koronowo

In the Early Middle Ages, a Slavic stronghold was built in present-day Koronowo. [1] It was included into the emerging Polish state in the 10th century and finally integrated with it in the 12th century. [1] In 1288 the Cistercians from nearby Byszewo founded an abbey in Koronowo. [1] The settlement prospered due to its location at the intersection of trade routes from Kuyavia and Greater Poland to Gdańsk, and from the Chełmno Land to Western Pomerania. [1] In 1359 King Casimir III the Great vested it with town privileges, which however were not implemented [1] until 1370. The name Koronowo comes from the word korona ("crown"). Administratively it was located within the Inowrocław Voivodeship in the Greater Poland Province of the Polish Crown. [2] A significant battle took place nearby in 1410 during the Polish–Lithuanian–Teutonic War, in which Poland defeated the Teutonic Knights.

King Casimir IV of Poland by virtue of privileges of 1476 and 1484, established two annual fairs and a weekly market. [2] Among the main activities of the population were crafts, pottery, brewing and agriculture. [2] In the 17th and early 18th century Koronowo suffered due to Swedish invasions, the Great Northern War and epidemics. [2] King Augustus III of Poland established two more annual fairs to help revive the town. [2] The town was annexed by Prussia in the late 18th century Partitions of Poland and was restored to Poland, after the country regained independence in 1918.

Polish prisoners in German-occupied Koronowo Polish inmates in Koronowo prison.jpg
Polish prisoners in German-occupied Koronowo

13 Polish soldiers were killed on September 2, 1939, during the German invasion of Poland, which started World War II. [3] During the subsequent German occupation, the Polish population was subject to mass arrests, expulsions and massacres. The Germans established a prison for Poles, [4] in which 606 people died. [3] Many Polish inhabitants of Koronowo and nearby villages were murdered by the Germans in nearby Buszkowo on 5–6 October 1939 and in the forest near Koronowo on 26 October 1939. [5] Koronowo was captured by the Soviets in January 1945 and restored to Poland.

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History of Toruń

The first settlement in the vicinity of Toruń is dated by archaeologists to 1100 BC. During early medieval times, in the 7th through 13th centuries, it was the location of an old Slavonic settlement, at a ford in the Vistula river. In the 10th century it became part of the emerging Polish state ruled by the Piast dynasty.

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Bernardyńska street is an historic axis of Bydgoszcz Old Town. It bears many historical buildings, of which several are listed on Kuyavian-Pomeranian Heritage list.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 "Historia miasta. Od ustroju plemiennego do cystersów". Gmina Koronowo (in Polish). Retrieved 10 May 2020.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 "Historia miasta. Dzieje do okresu zaborów". Gmina Koronowo (in Polish). Retrieved 10 May 2020.
  3. 1 2 "Historia miasta. Mroczny czas okupacji". Gmina Koronowo (in Polish). Retrieved 10 May 2020.
  4. Maria Wardzyńska, Był rok 1939. Operacja niemieckiej policji bezpieczeństwa w Polsce. Intelligenzaktion, IPN, Warszawa, 2009, p. 111 (in Polish)
  5. Wardzyńska, p. 161

Coordinates: 53°19′N17°57′E / 53.317°N 17.950°E / 53.317; 17.950