This article relies largely or entirely on a single source . (January 2021)
|Time zone||UTC+5:45 (Nepal Time)|
Kosi or Koshi (Nepali : कोसी अञ्चल, Nepali : कोशी अञ्चल Listen (help·info)) was one of the fourteen zones of Nepal until the restructure of zones to provinces. The headquarters of Kosi Zone was Biratnagar which was also its largest city. Other cities of Kosi Zone were Inaruwa, Dharan, Dhankutta,jhumka,Duhabi and Itahari. Its main rivers were Arun, Tamor and Sapta Koshi.
Kosi was divided into six districts; since 2015 these districts have been redesignated as part of Province No. 1.
|District||Type||Headquarters||Since 2015 part of Province|
|Bhojpur||Hill||Bhojpur||Province No. 1|
Sagarmāthā was one of the fourteen zones of Nepal until the restructuring of zones into provinces. The headquarters of Sagarmatha is Rajbiraj. Sagarmāthā is a Nepali word derived from सगर (sagar) meaning "sky" and माथा (māthā) meaning "head".
Biratnagar is a metropolitan city in Nepal, which serves as the capital city of Province No. 1. With a population of 242,548 as per the 2011 census, it is the largest city in the province and also serves as the headquarters of Morang district. Biratnagar is located 399 km (248 mi) east of the capital, Kathmandu and 6 km (3.7 mi) north of the bordering town of Jogbani in the Indian state of Bihar. The highest peak in the world, Mount Everest, is located 174 km (108 mi) north of the city.
Bhojpur is one of the two urban municipalities of Bhojpur District of Province No. 1 of Nepal.
Dharan is a sub-metropolitan city in Sunsari District of Province No. 1, Nepal, which was established as a fourth municipality in the Kingdom in Nineteen Hundred Fifty Eight. It is situated on the foothills of the Mahabharat Range in the north with its southern tip touching the edge of the Terai region at an altitude of 1148 ft (349m). The Koshi highway runs through the heart of the city thus connecting it with the provincial capital of Biratnagar as well as the Itahari junction of the east-west Mahendra highway, and the Nepal-China border of Kimathanka.
Morang District is located in Province No. 1 in eastern Nepal. It is an Outer Terai district. It borders with Bihar, India to the South, Jhapa to the East, Dhankuta and Panchthar to the North, and Sunsari to the west. Morang has one metropolitan city (Biratnagar), eight municipalities and eight rural municipalities. The total area of Morang is 1,855 km2 (716 sq mi). The lowest elevation point is 60 meters and the highest is 2410 meters above sea level. The headquarters of Morang is connected by Koshi National Highway to the east–west Mahendra National Highway at Itahari, Sunsari, and Morang is also connected to the Hill parts of the eastern region of Nepal. Morang is the core industrial sector for the eastern region of Nepal.
Sunsari District is one of 14 districts in Province No. 1 of Nepal. The district is located in the eastern part of the Outer Terai and covers an area of 1,257 km2 (485 sq mi).
Udayapur District (Nepali: उदयपुर जिल्लाListen , is one of 14 districts of Province No. 1 of eastern Nepal. The district, with Triyuga as its district headquarters, covers an area of 2,063 km2 and in 2001 had a population of 287,689, in 2011 of 317,532.
Jogbani is a town, a notified area in Araria District of Bihar state, India. It lies on the Indo-Nepal border with Morang District, Koshi Zone and is a gateway to Biratnagar city. There is a customs checkpoint for goods at the border. Indian and Nepalese nationals cross without restrictions.
Triyuga is an urban municipality out of 4 urban municipalities located in the Udayapur district of the Province No. 1 of Nepal. Gaighat is the headquarter of the municipality. According to the 1991 Nepal census, it had a population of 55,291. According to the 2011 Nepal census, Triyuga had 87,557 inhabitants. It is divided into 16 wards. Triyuga Municipality was established on B.S. Chaitra 13, 2053. It was named after Triyuga River. A river which flows through the town. Triyuga is the 3rd largest municipality in Nepal and 1st largest in Province No. 1 in term of size (area). The total area of the municipality is 547.43 square kilometres (211.36 sq mi)
Tumlingtar (टुम्लिङटार) is a region and a city, in Eastern Nepal, between the Arun and Sabha Rivers in Province No. 1. It is located in Sankhuwasabha District. It is also the deepest valley and largest ṭār of Nepal. Its elevation is 285 meters.
Mahendra Highway, also called East-West Highway runs across the Terai geographical region of Nepal, from Mechinagar in the east to Bhim Datta in the west, cutting across the entire width of the country. It is the longest highway in Nepal and was constructed by CPWD/PWD Nepali and Indian engineers.
Jarayotar is a Village Development Committee in Bhojpur District in the Kosi Zone of eastern Nepal. At the time of the 2011 Nepal census it had a population of 4031 persons residing in 721 individual households. According to ancestors, this place had a large forest with many animals among which antelope were abundant and the land was dug by them to form a plain land. So, the name of the village was kept Jarayotar.
Bhadrapur is a town and municipality in Jhapa District in the Mechi Zone of southeastern Nepal. It lies on the banks of the Mechi River, and shares borders with Bihar state, India on south and West Bengal state on north. There is a border crossing with customs office for goods. Galgalia village in Kishanganj District borders with Bhadrapur
Prakashpur is a village development committee in Sunsari District in the Kosi Zone in southeastern Nepal. It is near the Indo-Nepal border.
Aitabare or Aaitabare is a market village that is the center of Ward 7 of the Kanepokhari Rural Municipality of the Morang District in Province No. 1 of south-eastern Nepal. The population of Kanepokhari Ward 7 in 2011 was 4,241.
Province No. 1 is the easternmost of the seven provinces established by the new constitution of Nepal which was adopted on 20 September 2015. The province covers an area of 25,905 km2, about 17.5% of the country's total area. With the industrial city of Biratnagar as its headquarter, the province covers other major eastern towns including Damak, Dharan, Itahari, Inarua and Birtamod and includes several mountains including the Everest, Kanchenjunga, and Ama Dablam. Koshi – the largest river of the nation, circumvents the province's western boundary. Adhering to the first-past-the-post voting system issued by the Constituency Delimitation Commission, the province hosts 28 parliamentary seats and 56 provincial seats.
Belaka is a municipality located in Udayapur District of Province No. 1 of Nepal. It is one of four urban municipalities located in Udayapur District. It covers the eastmost areas of the district.
Koshi Highway or H08 is a 390 km long planned highway located in Province No. 1 of Nepal. It is north-south highway which is understood to be shortest highway which connects India to China across the Himalayan mountains in Nepal. Rani at Biratnagar is starting point of the road which is connected to Jogbani in India and Kimathanka is the end point of the Koshi highway, which is situated close to Chinese border.
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