Kosong County

Last updated
Kosŏng County

고성군
Korean transcription(s)
   Chosŏn'gŭl
   Hancha
   McCune-Reischauer Kosŏng-gun
   Revised Romanization Goseong-gun
NK-Gangwon-Gosung.png
Map of Kangwon showing the location of Kosong
Country North Korea
Province Kangwŏn Province
Administrative divisions 1 ŭp, 23 ri

Kosŏng County ( [ˈkɤsɔŋ‿ɡun] ) is a kun , or county, in Kangwŏn province, North Korea. It lies in the southeasternmost corner of North Korea, immediately north of the Korean Demilitarized Zone. Prior to the end of the Korean War in 1953, it made up a single county, together with what is now the South Korean county of the same name. In a subsequent reorganization, the county absorbed the southern portion of Tongch'ŏn county.

Contents

Physical features

Kumgangsan beach. Kumgangsan-beach.jpg
Kŭmgangsan beach.

Kosŏng is largely mountainous, but there is flat land along the coast of the Sea of Japan (East Sea of Korea) to the county's east. The mountains here are part of the Taebaek range. A portion of Kŭmgangsan mountain is included in the county.

Climate

Climate data for Kosong station (Changjon) 1981–2010
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)3.3
(37.9)
4.5
(40.1)
8.9
(48.0)
16.0
(60.8)
21.0
(69.8)
23.4
(74.1)
26.2
(79.2)
27.0
(80.6)
23.7
(74.7)
19.3
(66.7)
12.4
(54.3)
6.6
(43.9)
16.0
(60.8)
Daily mean °C (°F)−0.9
(30.4)
0.6
(33.1)
4.9
(40.8)
11.5
(52.7)
16.2
(61.2)
19.6
(67.3)
23.0
(73.4)
23.7
(74.7)
19.7
(67.5)
14.8
(58.6)
8.1
(46.6)
2.3
(36.1)
12.0
(53.6)
Average low °C (°F)−4.9
(23.2)
−3.2
(26.2)
1.0
(33.8)
6.8
(44.2)
11.6
(52.9)
16.1
(61.0)
20.2
(68.4)
20.8
(69.4)
16.2
(61.2)
10.7
(51.3)
4.0
(39.2)
−1.4
(29.5)
8.2
(46.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches)46.1
(1.81)
45.0
(1.77)
56.8
(2.24)
62.8
(2.47)
103.1
(4.06)
141.0
(5.55)
276.5
(10.89)
303.3
(11.94)
220.9
(8.70)
119.2
(4.69)
100.6
(3.96)
44.6
(1.76)
1,519.9
(59.84)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)4.55.36.86.57.810.213.712.59.06.66.64.193.6
Average snowy days4.75.34.10.20.00.00.00.00.00.00.52.217.0
Average relative humidity (%)58.961.965.063.269.980.685.386.380.869.862.859.670.3
Source: Korea Meteorological Administration [1]


Administrative divisions

Kosŏng county is divided into 1 ŭp (town) and 23 ri (villages):

  • Kosŏng-ŭp
  • Changp'o-ri
  • Chonggong-ri
  • Chudung-ri
  • Ch'ogu-ri
  • Haebang-ri
  • Haegŭmgang-ri
  • Kobong-ri
  • Kŭmch'ŏl-li
  • Kuŭp-ri
  • Nam'ae-ri
  • Okch'ŏl-li
  • Poksong-ri
  • Pongha-ri
  • Rŭngdong-ri
  • Ryŏmsŏng-ri
  • Samilp'o-ri
  • Sinbong-ri
  • Sŏngbung-ri
  • Sunhang-ri
  • Tup'o-ri
  • Ungong-ri
  • Unjŏl-li
  • Wŏlbisal-li

Economy

The local economy is dominated by agriculture, although fishing also plays a role, together with the harvesting of brown seaweed and clams. Significant local crops include rice, maize, soybeans, wheat, and barley. It is particularly well known as a source for bamboo handicrafts.

Transport

Rail

Nearly half the length of the Kŭmgangsan Ch'ŏngnyŏn line of the Korean State Railway is in Kosŏng county. It is operational as far south as Kŭmgangsan Ch'ŏngnyŏn station. From there. the line continues south to Samilp'o and Kamho stations (both in North Korea, but not in regular use), thence across the DMZ to connect to Korail's Tonghae Pukpu line at Jejin. [2]

The section between Kŭmgangsan Ch'ŏngnyŏn and Jejin stations was out of service from the partition of Korea until 2007, when it was reopened for passenger trains from the South to the Mount Kŭmgang Tourist Region; it was closed again after the shooting of a South Korean tourist by a KPA soldier. [3]

Sea

The nearest major port is Wŏnsan.

See also

Related Research Articles

Kangwon Province (North Korea) Province of North Korea

Kangwon Province is a province of North Korea, with its capital at Wŏnsan. Before the division of Korea in 1945, Kangwŏn Province and its South Korean neighbour Gangwon Province formed a single province that excluded Wŏnsan.

Mount Kumgang Mountain range in North Korea

Mount Kumgang or the Kumgang Mountains are a mountain/mountain range, with a 1,638-metre-high (5,374 ft) Birobong peak, in Kangwon-do, North Korea. It is about 50 kilometres (31 mi) from the South Korean city of Sokcho in Gangwon-do. It is one of the best-known mountains in North Korea. It is located on the east coast of the country, in Mount Kumgang Tourist Region, formerly part of Kangwŏn Province. Mount Kumgang is part of the Taebaek mountain range which runs along the east of the Korean Peninsula.

Donghae Bukbu Line

The Donghae Bukbu Line is a former railway line that connected the present-day city of Anbyon in Kangwon Province, North Korea, with Yangyang, Gangwon Province, South Korea. Since the division of Korea it has only carried trains for a brief period during 2007/8. The line originally connected to the Gyeongwon Line running from Gyeongseong to Wonsan.

Anbyon County County in Kangwon Province, North Korea

Anbyŏn is a kun, or county, in Kangwŏn province, North Korea. Originally included in South Hamgyŏng province, it was transferred to Kangwŏn province in a September 1946 reshuffling of local government.

Hoeyang County County in Kangwŏn Province, North Korea

Hoeyang County is a kun, or county, in Kangwŏn province, North Korea. It was established in a general reorganization of local government in 1952.

Tongchon County County in Kangwŏn Province, North Korea

T'ongch'ŏn County is a kun, or county, in Kangwŏn province, North Korea. It abuts the Sea of Japan to the north and east. Famous people from T'ongch'ŏn include former Hyundai chairman Chung Ju-yung, who is believed to have been born there.

Kosŏng station is a railway station in Kosŏng-ŭp, Kosŏng county, Kangwŏn province, North Korea on the Kŭmgangsan Ch'ŏngnyŏn Line of the Korean State Railway.

Anbyŏn station is a railway station in Anbyŏn-ŭp, Anbyŏn County in Kangwŏn province, North Korea. It is located on the Kangwŏn Line, which connects Kowŏn to P'yŏnggang, and is the start of the Kŭmgangsan Ch'ŏngnyŏn Line, which runs to the Mount Kŭmgang Tourist Region and continues south across the DMZ to Chejin in South Korea, although the section between Kŭmgangsan and Chejin has been out of service since 2008.

Pyongbu Line

The P'yŏngbu Line is an electrified standard-gauge trunk line of the Korean State Railway running from P'yŏngyang to Kaesŏng in North Korea and further south across the DMZ to Seoul in South Korea; the name comes from the two (theoretical) termini of the line: P'yŏngyang and Busan.

Kumgangsan Electric Railway

The Kŭmgangsan Electric Railway, later known as the Kŭmgangsan Line, was a railway line that formerly ran between Ch'ŏrwŏn to Naegŭmgang, on the inner side of Mount Kŭmgang. At Ch'ŏrwŏn, the line connected to the Kyŏngwŏn Line of the Chosen Government Railway (Sentetsu) the Kyŏngwŏn Line was split between Korail's Gyeongwon Line in South Korea and the Kangwŏn Line of the Korean State Railway.

Kumgangsan Chongnyon Line

The Kŭmgangsan Ch'ŏngnyŏn Line is an electrified standard-gauge trunk line of the Korean State Railway in North Korea running from Anbyŏn to Kamho. The total length of the line is 114.8 km (71.3 mi), but it is only in regular use as far as Kŭmgangsan Ch'ŏngnyŏn; the length of the line to there is 101 km (63 mi).

Kamho station is a railway station in Kosŏng county, Kangwŏn province, North Korea on the Kŭmgangsan Ch'ŏngnyŏn Line of the Korean State Railway. Although the line continues across the DMZ to South Korea, that section is not presently in use and so Kamho station is the operational terminus of the line.

Samilp'o station is a railway station in Samilp'o-ri, Kosŏng county, Kangwŏn province, North Korea on the Kŭmgangsan Ch'ŏngnyŏn Line of the Korean State Railway.

Kŭmgangsan Ch'ŏngnyŏn station is a railway station in Kosŏng county, Kangwŏn province, North Korea on the Kŭmgangsan Ch'ŏngnyŏn Line of the Korean State Railway.

Nam'ae station is a railway station in Nam'ae-ri, Kosŏng county, Kangwŏn province, North Korea on the Kŭmgangsan Ch'ŏngnyŏn Line of the Korean State Railway.

Tup'o station is a railway station in Tup'o-ri, Kosŏng county, Kangwŏn province, North Korea on the Kŭmgangsan Ch'ŏngnyŏn Line of the Korean State Railway.

Ryŏmsŏng station is a railway station in Ryŏmsŏng-ri, Kosŏng county, Kangwŏn province, North Korea on the Kŭmgangsan Ch'ŏngnyŏn Line of the Korean State Railway.

Kŭmbonggang station is a railway station in P'aech'ŏl-li, T'ongch'ŏn county, Kangwŏn province, North Korea on the Kŭmgangsan Ch'ŏngnyŏn Line of the Korean State Railway.

Tongjŏngho station is a railway station in T'ongch'ŏn county, Kangwŏn province, North Korea on the Kŭmgangsan Ch'ŏngnyŏn Line of the Korean State Railway.

Sangŭm Ch'ŏngnyŏn station is a railway station in Sangŭm-ri, T'ongch'ŏn county, Kangwŏn province, North Korea on the Kŭmgangsan Ch'ŏngnyŏn Line of the Korean State Railway.

References

  1. "30 years report of Meteorological Observations in North Korea" (in Korean). Korea Meteorological Administration. pp. 232–281. Archived from the original on 21 December 2020. Retrieved 25 December 2020.
  2. Kokubu, Hayato, 将軍様の鉄道 (Shōgun-sama no Tetsudō), ISBN   978-4-10-303731-6
  3. ROK woman tourist shot dead at DPRK resort. China Daily . July 12, 2008

Coordinates: 38°40′05″N128°19′05″E / 38.66806°N 128.31806°E / 38.66806; 128.31806