Kotli District

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Kotli
Kotli District.JPG
Pakistan - Azad Kashmir - Kotli.svg
Map of Azad Kashmir with Kotli highlighted
Coordinates: 33°09′01″N73°45′12″E / 33.1502°N 73.7532°E / 33.1502; 73.7532 Coordinates: 33°09′01″N73°45′12″E / 33.1502°N 73.7532°E / 33.1502; 73.7532
Country Pakistan
Province Azad Kashmir
Established1975
Headquarters Kotli
Area
  Total1,862 km2 (719 sq mi)
Population
 (2017)
  Total774,000 [1]
  Density416/km2 (1,080/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+5 (PST)
Number of Tehsils 5
Map of Kotli district Pakistan - Azad Kashmir - Kotli.svg
Map of Kotli district

Kotli District (Urdu : ضلع کوٹلی) is one of ten districts of Azad Kashmir, Pakistan. Kotli is the chief town of the district. [2]

Districts of Pakistan administrative division used in Pakistan

The Districts of Pakistan, are the third-order administrative divisions of Pakistan, below provinces and divisions, but forming the first-tier of local government. In total, there are 154 districts in Pakistan including the Capital Territory and the districts of Azad Kashmir and Gilgit Baltistan. These districts are further divided into tehsils or talukas.

Azad Kashmir Region administered by Pakistan as an administrative territory

Azad Jammu and Kashmir, abbreviated as AJK and commonly known as Azad Kashmir, is a region administered by Pakistan as a nominally self-governing jurisdiction, and constituting the western portion of the larger Kashmir region which has been the subject of a dispute between India and Pakistan since 1947, and between India and China since 1962. The territory shares a border with Gilgit-Baltistan, together with which it is referred to by the United Nations and other international organisations as "Pakistan administered Kashmir". Azad Kashmir is one-sixth of the size of Gilgit-Baltistan. The territory also borders Pakistan's Punjab province to the south and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province to the west. To the east, Azad Kashmir is separated from the Indian administered Kashmir by the Line of Control, the de facto border between India and Pakistan. Azad Kashmir has a total area of 13,297 square kilometres (5,134 sq mi), and a total population of 4,045,366 as per the 2017 Census.

Pakistan federal parliamentary constitutional republic in South Asia

Pakistan, officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, is a country in South Asia. It is the world’s sixth-most populous country with a population exceeding 212.7 million people. In area, it is the 33rd-largest country, spanning 881,913 square kilometres. Pakistan has a 1,046-kilometre (650-mile) coastline along the Arabian Sea and Gulf of Oman in the south and is bordered by India to the east, Afghanistan to the west, Iran to the southwest, and China in the northeast. It is separated narrowly from Tajikistan by Afghanistan's Wakhan Corridor in the northwest, and also shares a maritime border with Oman.

Contents

Administrative divisions

The district of Kotli used to be a sub-division of Mirpur District until 1975. Before 1947, it was a part of the Jammu area. The district is bounded by the Indian part of Kashmir in the east, and by Mirpur District in the south and Sudhnoti District to its north. Kotli district is divided into 5 tehsils [3] (sub-divisions):

Mirpur District district in Pakistan

Mirpur district is a district in Azad Kashmir. The district is named after the main city, Mirpur. The district of Mirpur has a population of 456,200 and covers an area of 1,010 km2 (390 sq mi). The district is mainly mountainous with some plains. Its hot, dry climate and other geographical conditions closely resemble those of Jhelum and Gujrat, the adjoining districts of Punjab.

A tehsil is an administrative division in some countries of the Indian subcontinent. It is an area of land within a city or town that serves as its administrative centre, with possible additional towns, and usually a number of villages. The terms in India have replaced earlier geographical terms, such as pargana and thana.

Kotli Town in Pakistan

Kotli is the chief town of Kotli District, in Azad Kashmir, Pakistan. Kotli is linked with Mirpur by two metalled roads, one via Rajdhani, (90 km) and the other via Charhoi. It is also directly linked with Rawalakot via Tarar Khel (82 km) and a double road which links Kotli with the rest of Pakistan via Sehnsa, another major town in Azad Kashmir. Kotli is roughly a three hours drive from Islamabad and Rawalpindi, at a distance of 117 km via Sehnsa.

Khuiratta Place in Kotli, Pakistan

Khuiratta or Khoi ratta is the chief town of the Kotli District, in Pakistan-administered Azad Jammu and Kashmir.

Fatehpur Thakiala, also known as Nakyal, is one of the three tehsils of the Kotli District in Azad Kashmir, Pakistan.

Education

According to Pakistan District Education Ranking 2017, a report released by Alif Ailaan, the district of Kotli stands at number 7 nationally relating to education with a score of 73.68. The learning score stands at 85.67 and gender parity is at 93.45. [4]

The Pakistan District Education Rankings are a series of 5 consecutive annual publications by Alif Ailaan, first published in 2013.

Alif Ailaan

Alif Ailaan is a nonprofit organization working in the field of education in Pakistan since 2013. Launched by a team of media and communications specialists, the program seeks to highlight education on priority basis in Pakistan and make the masses aware of the importance of education. It runs campaigns in print, on radio and television, and on social media for awareness of the masses about education. The program conducts seminars and surveys and publishes the highly cited district education rankings report. It also monitors the performance of parliamentarians in reforming education in their constituencies.

According to the same report, district Kotli is ranked at 119 nationally with a readiness score of  35.47 and retention score of 35.36. [4] The learning score is low because of lack of quality teachers and no proper formal teacher training. The retention score is low because of low number of beyond primary schools.

When it comes to infrastructure, Kotli ranks at 154 which is the second lowest with a score of 14.14. [4] This shows there is a serious problem and lack of provision of basic facilities like electricity, functional toilets, furniture and lack of boundary walls.

See also

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References

  1. "Azad Jammu & Kashmir At A Glance 2017" (PDF). pndajk.gov.pk. Planning & Development Department AJ&K. Retrieved 15 November 2019.
  2. Azad Kashmir government website
  3. "Tehsils of Kotli District on AJK map". ajk.gov.pk. AJK Official Portal. Retrieved 17 November 2019.
  4. 1 2 3 "Pakistan District Education Rankings 2017" (PDF). elections.alifailaan.pk. Alif Ailaan . Retrieved 18 November 2019.