Kottarakkara

Last updated

Kottarakkara
Municipal Town
Pulamon Junction in Kottarakara, May 2019.jpg
Pulamon Junction in Kottarakara town
India Kerala location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Kottarakkara
Location in Kerala, India
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Kottarakkara
Kottarakkara (India)
Coordinates: 08°59′00″N76°46′00″E / 8.98333°N 76.76667°E / 8.98333; 76.76667 Coordinates: 08°59′00″N76°46′00″E / 8.98333°N 76.76667°E / 8.98333; 76.76667
CountryFlag of India.svg  India
State Kerala
District Kollam
Government
  TypeCouncil
  BodyKottarakkara Municipality
   MP Kodikunnil Suresh
   MLA K.N.Balagopal
Area
  Total17.39 km2 (6.71 sq mi)
Population
[1]
  Total29,788
  Density1,700/km2 (4,400/sq mi)
Languages
  Official Malayalam, English
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
PINCODE
691506
Vehicle registration KL-24
Nearest city Kollam
Civic AgencyKottarakara Municipality

Kottarakkara (IAST: Koṭṭārakkara), also transliterated as Kottarakara, is a town and municipality in the Kollam district of the Kerala, India. [2] The town is close to Kollam Port, which has a rich history linked to the early medieval period as well as the reputation as an important commercial, industrial and trading center. Kottarakkara lies 27 kilometres (17 mi) to the east of Kollam city centre. [3]

Contents

History

Kottarakkara, also known in the ancient days of the kings as the Elayadathu Swarupam, was a principality ruled by a branch of the Travancore Royal Family. It is the home of Kathakali, a well known dance drama which originated initially as Ramanattam created in the 17th century by Prince Kottarakkara Thampuran and later patronized by the Raja of Kottarakkara in the early 19th century absorbing other dance forms of Krishnattam with further innovations.

Etymology

Kottarakkara, a compound word made up of the words Kottaram, meaning "palace", and kara meaning "land", literally means "land of palaces". The area which had several palaces was thus named "Kottarakkara." [4]

Geography

Kottarakkara is a small principality close to Kollam. As a taluk headquarters, it has six panchayats and other small towns. It is surrounded by several other towns.

Towns and villages in Kottarakara Taluk

[5]

Kottarakkara Sree Mahaganapathi Kshethram Kottarakkara Temple(HighResoluion).jpg
Kottarakkara Sree Mahaganapathi Kshethram
Kottarakkara Thampuran Memorial Museum of Classical Arts kottttaarkkrttmpuraa[?] smaark klaasikk[?] klaa myuusiyN.jpg
Kottarakkara Thampuran Memorial Museum of Classical Arts
Kottarakara centre of KILA KILA. jpg.jpg
Kottarakara centre of KILA

Climate

Climate data for Kottarakkara, Kerala
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)30.4
(86.7)
31.2
(88.2)
32.3
(90.1)
32.4
(90.3)
32.0
(89.6)
29.9
(85.8)
29.3
(84.7)
29.5
(85.1)
29.9
(85.8)
29.8
(85.6)
29.5
(85.1)
29.8
(85.6)
30.5
(86.9)
Average low °C (°F)22.4
(72.3)
23.1
(73.6)
24.5
(76.1)
25.3
(77.5)
25.4
(77.7)
24.1
(75.4)
23.6
(74.5)
23.6
(74.5)
23.8
(74.8)
23.8
(74.8)
23.4
(74.1)
22.6
(72.7)
23.8
(74.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches)17
(0.7)
34
(1.3)
67
(2.6)
166
(6.5)
261
(10.3)
477
(18.8)
411
(16.2)
277
(10.9)
228
(9.0)
311
(12.2)
214
(8.4)
54
(2.1)
2,517
(99)
Source: Climate-Data.org [6]

Politics

Kottarakara Assembly Constituency is one among the 11 assembly constituencies in Kollam district. K.N.Balagopal is the present MLA from Kottarakkara constituency. Kottarakkara comes under Mavelikkara (Lok Sabha constituency)(previously it was in Adoor Loksabha constituency) that represents a large area including Kottarakkara, Mavelikkara, Changanasseri, spread in Kollam, Alappuzha and Kottayam districts. [7]

E Chandrasekaran Nair (CPI), D.Damodaran Potti (PSP), R.Balakrishna Pillai (Kerala Congress), E.Chandrasekaran Nair (CPI), C.Achutha Menon (CPI), Kottara Gopalakrishnan (INC) and R.Balakrishna Pillai (Kerala Congress - B) are the former elected members represented Kottarakara Assembly Constituency in the past. [8] [9] Mandalam president: G.Peter (Kerala Congress)

Transportation

Road Network

NH 744 earlier known as NH 208 (Kollam to Thirumangalam) meets the MC road (Thiruvananthapuram to Angamaly) at Kottarakkara. Kottarakkara is linked with Kollam (the district headquarters), both by road and rail, at a distance of 27 km. It is 67 km to the north of Thiruvananthapuram (the capital of Kerala) and 80 km to the south of Kottayam. [10]

Road

Kottarakkara KSRTC Depot. KSRTC Kottarakkara Depot., Jun 2018.jpg
Kottarakkara KSRTC Depot.

Kottarakara has one of the Kerala's well connected KSRTC Hub, consist of various services across almost all the parts of kerala and interstate services. Local routes are connected by private bus services as well as State Transport. It is well connected to the capital city of Kerala, Thiruvananthapuram by KSRTC Fast Passenger, super fast, super deluxe, a/c low floor buses. Buses are also ply to the district headquarters of Kollam and Pathanamthitta and to towns in Tamil Nadu like Coimbatore, Tenkasi and Sengottai and Daily trips to Mookambika, Sullia Munnar, Chennai, Hosur Bangalore, Velankanni, Madurai, Kumily, Mysore, Kanyakumari, Coimbatore, Nagercoil, Thirunelveli, Tuticorin, Palani, Trichy, Ernakulam, Kannur, Palakkad, Thrissur, Mangalore, Sultan Bathery, Kasaragod. Kottarakara depot of ksrtc is one of the top revenue earning depots of the state.

Rail

Entrance of Kottarakara railway station Kottarakara railway station, Aug 2015.jpg
Entrance of Kottarakara railway station

Kottarakara railway station is located on the Kollam-Sengottai railway line. Kottarakara railway station, which currently connects to Kollam, Trivandrum, Ernakulam, Thrissur, Palakkad, Madurai, Chennai, Kanyakumari, Tirunelveli, Guruvayur, Varkala and Punalur through the direct passenger, fast passenger and express train services. There are eight pairs of services right now and heard that many more services would be inducted in this route since the Punalur-Schengotta ghat section has been closed for Broad Gauge conversion. Further, a new line from Chengannur to Thiruvananthapuram via Adoor and Pandalam is awaiting survey. Kottarakkara will become a junction once the new line materializes.

Air

The nearest airport is Trivandrum International Airport, 70 km (43 mi).

Notable people

Schools and Colleges

Related Research Articles

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kottarakara railway station</span>

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References

  1. "Kerala (India): Districts, Cities and Towns - Population Statistics, Charts and Map".
  2. "Census of India 2011: Data from the 2011 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
  3. "Kollam Town". Kollam District officialwebsite National Informatics Centre. Archived from the original on 5 May 2017. Retrieved 22 February 2011.
  4. "History". kottarakkara.com. Archived from the original on 13 July 2011. Retrieved 23 February 2011.
  5. "Places in Kottarakara Taluk". Archived from the original on 6 May 2017. Retrieved 13 April 2017.
  6. "CLIMATE: KOTTARAKARA", Climate-Data.org. Web: .
  7. "Assembly Constituencies - Corresponding Districts and Parliamentary Constituencies" (PDF). Kerala. Election Commission of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2009. Retrieved 20 October 2008.
  8. "Kerala Assembly Election - 1957". Elections.in. Retrieved 20 October 2018.
  9. "Kerala Assembly Election - 1980". Elections.in. Retrieved 20 October 2018.
  10. "District Information". Kollam: National Informatics. Retrieved 22 February 2011.

Further reading