Kouga Local Municipality

Last updated

Kouga
Kouga CoA.png
Seal
Map of the Eastern Cape with Kouga highlighted.svg
Location in the Eastern Cape
Coordinates: 34°02′S24°46′E / 34.033°S 24.767°E / -34.033; 24.767 Coordinates: 34°02′S24°46′E / 34.033°S 24.767°E / -34.033; 24.767
Country South Africa
Province Eastern Cape
District Sarah Baartman
Seat Jeffreys Bay
Wards 15
Government
[1]
  Type Municipal council
  MayorHoratio Hendricks (DA)
Area
  Total2,670 km2 (1,030 sq mi)
Population
 (2011) [2]
  Total98,558
  Density37/km2 (96/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)
[2]
   Black African 38.8%
   Coloured 42.6%
   Indian/Asian 0.2%
   White 17.6%
First languages (2011)
[3]
   Afrikaans 59.4%
   Xhosa 30.5%
   English 6.5%
  Other3.6%
Time zone UTC+2 (SAST)
Municipal codeEC108

The Kouga Local Municipality is located in the Eastern Cape of South Africa, approximately 80 km west of Port Elizabeth, and forms part of the Sarah Baartman District Municipality. Its territory includes the coastal zone between the Van Stadens River in the east and the Tsitsikamma River in the west, and stretches inland towards the Baviaanskloof Mountains in the north.

Eastern Cape Province of South Africa

The Eastern Cape is a province of South Africa. Its capital is Bhisho, but its two largest cities are Port Elizabeth and East London. It was formed in 1994 out of the Xhosa homelands or bantustans of Transkei and Ciskei, together with the eastern portion of the Cape Province. The central and eastern part of the province is the traditional home of the indigenous Xhosa people. In 1820 this area began to be settled by Europeans

South Africa Republic in the southernmost part of Africa

South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa. It is bounded to the south by 2,798 kilometres (1,739 mi) of coastline of Southern Africa stretching along the South Atlantic and Indian Oceans; to the north by the neighbouring countries of Namibia, Botswana, and Zimbabwe; and to the east and northeast by Mozambique and Eswatini (Swaziland); and it surrounds the enclaved country of Lesotho. South Africa is the largest country in Southern Africa and the 24th-largest country in the world by land area and, with over 58 million people, is also the world's 24th-most populous nation. It is the southernmost country on the mainland of the Old World or the Eastern Hemisphere. About 80 percent of South Africans are of Bantu ancestry, divided among a variety of ethnic groups speaking different African languages, nine of which have official status. The remaining population consists of Africa's largest communities of European, Asian (Indian), and multiracial (Coloured) ancestry.

Port Elizabeth Place in Eastern Cape, South Africa

Port Elizabeth or The Bay is one of the major cities in South Africa; it is situated in the Eastern Cape Province. The city, often shortened to PE and nicknamed "The Windy City", stretches for 16 kilometres (10 mi) along Algoa Bay, and is one of the major seaports in South Africa. Port Elizabeth is the southernmost large city on the African continent, farther south than Cape Town.

Contents

Regional access to the area is obtained via the N2 National Route from Port Elizabeth to Cape Town.

Cape Town Legislative capital of South Africa

Cape Town is a legislative capital of South Africa. Colloquially named the Mother City, it is the primate city of the Western Cape province. It forms part of the City of Cape Town metropolitan municipality.

Topography and climate

Causeway over the Seekoei River between Aston Bay and Paradise Beach South Africa-Eastern Cape-Seekoei River causeway-001.jpg
Causeway over the Seekoei River between Aston Bay and Paradise Beach

The municipality is characterised by 3 main topographical regions:

Jeffreys Bay Place in Eastern Cape, South Africa

Jeffreys Bay is a town located in the Eastern Cape province of South Africa. The town is situated just off the N2 Highway, about 75 km southwest of Port Elizabeth.

St Francis Bay Place in Eastern Cape, South Africa

St Francis Bay is a holiday village in Sarah Baartman District Municipality in the Eastern Cape province of South Africa, roughly one hour’s drive from Port Elizabeth.

Oyster Bay, Eastern Cape Place in Eastern Cape, South Africa

Oyster Bay is a small coastal hamlet and resort located about 22.5 kilometres (14.0 mi) west of St Francis Bay on the Eastern Cape Coast of South Africa. It forms part of the Kouga Local Municipality of the Sarah Baartman District.

The four main rivers in the area — the Kromme, Seekoei, Kabeljouws and Gamtoos — are all tidal rivers. The Kromme River and Gamtoos River are significant sources of water supply. Ground water forms another major component of domestic water supply for towns in the Kouga region, especially Humansdorp, Jeffreys Bay, St Francis Bay, Cape St Francis and Oyster Bay. Aquifers are also utilised in the agricultural sector for irrigation of pastures.

There are numerous areas of wetland adjacent to the region's rivers and on the coastal platform. These wetlands are extremely sensitive to disturbances such as agricultural activities and development. The wetlands accommodate high species diversity, and fulfil natural water purification and flood retention roles.

The climate of the Kouga region is subtropical, which makes the area conducive to a range of outdoor activities and various types of agricultural production. Rainfall varies between 650 mm per year (St Francis Bay area) to 400 mm (Gamtoos River Valley). The area is generally described as windy. [5]

Towns and settlements

More than 70% of the population of the Kouga region lives in urban areas. [6] Humansdorp, with over 24,000 residents, has an established infrastructure and acts as a regional service centre, supplying the surrounding agricultural communities and the coastal towns with commodities and services. Commercial and industrial activities of the region are centred in Humansdorp.

Humansdorp Place in Eastern Cape, South Africa

Humansdorp is a small town and surrounding district in the Eastern Cape of South Africa, with a population of around 29,000 during the census of 2011. It is part of the Kouga Local Municipality of the Sarah Baartman District.

The coastal towns of Jeffreys Bay, St Francis Bay, Cape St Francis and Oyster Bay are well-established tourist destinations. Jeffreys Bay has a population of over 40,000 with an annual population growth rate of 2.5% or higher, making it one of the fastest growing towns in South Africa. [6]

The urban areas of Hankey and Patensie, situated in the Gamtoos River Valley, provide important services to the surrounding high-density agriculture industry.

Other settlements in the Kouga region include: Andrieskraal, Aston Bay, Centerton, Gamtoos Mouth, Kruisfontein, Kwanomzamo, Loerie, Ocean View, Oyster Bay, Paradise Beach, Pellsrus, Ramaphoza Village, Sea Vista, Thornhill, Tokyo Sexwale, Umzamowethu and Weston.

Politics

The municipal council consists of twenty-nine members elected by mixed-member proportional representation. Fifteen councillors are elected by first-past-the-post voting in fifteen wards, while the remaining fourteen are chosen from party lists so that the total number of party representatives is proportional to the number of votes received.

History

Kouga Local Municipality was formed at the time of the municipal elections in December 2000, by the merger of the earlier councils of Humansdorp, Jeffrey's Bay, Hankey, Oyster Bay, Patensie and St Francis Bay. The Democratic Alliance (DA), at the time a joint project of the New National Party (NNP) and the Democratic Party (DP), took power after the first local elections.

The NNP withdrew from the DA in 2001 to instead align with its old rival, the African National Congress (ANC). During the floor crossing period in 2002, one DA councillor defected to the NNP, allowing an ANC-NNP coalition to take over governance of the municipality. Kouga remained under ANC control for the next 14 years, with the party winning a comfortable victory in 2006 and narrowly retaining power after a closely fought election in 2011.

In the election of 3 August 2016, however, the DA won a majority of seventeen seats on the council, defeating the ANC, which previously controlled the council. Elza van Lingen became the new mayor of the municipality. She died in April 2018, [7] after which speaker Horatio Hendricks took over as mayor.

The following table shows the results of the 2016 municipal election. [8] [9]

PartyVotesSeats
WardListTotal%WardListTotal
Democratic Alliance 21,36421,54342,90756.571017
African National Congress 15,40715,40930,81640.68412
Economic Freedom Fighters 2984317291.0000
Freedom Front Plus 2742475210.7000
Independent 3993990.500
African Christian Democratic Party 1841633470.5000
Patriotic Alliance 64951590.2000
United Democratic Movement 72720.1000
Total37,99037,96075,950100.0151429
Spoilt votes426481907

Main places

The 2001 census divided the municipality into the following main places: [10]

PlaceCodeArea (km2)PopulationMost spoken language
Aston Bay 20801 2.12918 Afrikaans
Cape St Francis 20802 2.51165Afrikaans
Hankey 20803 20.248,281Afrikaans
Humansdorp 20804 35.9415,338Afrikaans
Jeffreys Bay 20805 11.2514,775Afrikaans
KwaNomzamo 20807 1.216,553 Xhosa
Loerie 20808 0.421,824Afrikaans
Oyster Bay 20809 1.34348Afrikaans
Paradise Beach 20810 3.79492Afrikaans
Patensie 20811 6.684,271Afrikaans
St Francis Bay 20812 7.342,195Afrikaans
Sunnyside 20813 0.14208Afrikaans
Thornhill 20814 1.461,294Afrikaans
Weston 20815 0.681,540Xhosa
Remainder of the municipality 20806 2,322.2612,489Afrikaans

Notes

  1. http://www.timeslive.co.za/elections/2016/08/04/Kouga%E2%80%99s-new-mayor-vows-to-%E2%80%98clean-up%E2%80%99-problems-the-ANC-never-took-care-of%E2%80%99
  2. 1 2 "Statistics by place". Statistics South Africa. Retrieved 27 September 2015.
  3. "Statistics by place". Statistics South Africa. Retrieved 27 September 2015.
  4. "Integrated Development Plan (2007-2012)" (PDF). Kouga Local Municipality. p. 19. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 November 2009. Retrieved 18 October 2009.
  5. "Integrated Development Plan (2007-2012)" (PDF). Kouga Local Municipality. p. 20. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 November 2009. Retrieved 18 October 2009.
  6. 1 2 "Integrated Development Plan (2007-2012)" (PDF). Kouga Local Municipality. p. 22. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 November 2009. Retrieved 18 October 2009.
  7. "Kouga mayor loses 9-year battle with cancer". News24. 19 April 2018.
  8. "Results Summary – All Ballots: Kouga" (PDF). Independent Electoral Commission. Retrieved 23 August 2016.
  9. "Seat Calculation Detail: Kouga" (PDF). Independent Electoral Commission. Retrieved 23 August 2016.
  10. Lookup Tables - Statistics South Africa [ permanent dead link ]

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References