Kowloon

Last updated

Kowloon

九龍
Union Square and Tsim Sha Tsui.jpg
Kowloon as viewed from Hong Kong Island
Hong Kong Kowloon.svg
Location within Hong Kong (in green)
CityKowloon
Area
  Land67 km2 (26 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
  Total2,108,419 (2.1 million)
  Density43,033/km2 (111,450/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+8 (Hong Kong Time)
Kowloon
Kowloon (Chinese characters).svg
"Kowloon" in Traditional (top) and Simplified (bottom) Chinese characters
Traditional Chinese 九龍
Simplified Chinese 九龙
Jyutping Gau2-lung4
Literal meaning"Nine Dragons"

Kowloon ( /ˌkˈln/ ) is an urban area in Hong Kong comprising the Kowloon Peninsula and New Kowloon. With a population of 2,019,533 and a population density of 43,033/km2 in 2006, it is the most populous urban area in Hong Kong. The peninsula's area is about 47 km2 (18 sq mi).

Contents

Location

Kowloon is located directly north of Hong Kong Island across Victoria Harbour. It is bordered by the Lei Yue Mun strait to the east, Mei Foo Sun Chuen and Stonecutter's Island to the west, a mountain range, including Tate's Cairn and Lion Rock to the north, and Victoria Harbour to the south.

Administration

Kowloon comprises the following districts:

Politics

Kowloon covers two geographical constituencies for the Legislative Council of Hong Kong:

Name

The name 'Kowloon' (Chinese :九龍; lit. : 'nine dragons') alludes to eight mountains and a Chinese emperor: Kowloon Peak, Tung Shan, Tate's Cairn, Temple Hill, Unicorn Ridge, Lion Rock, Beacon Hill, Crow's Nest and Emperor Bing of Song. [1]

History

Kowloon c. 1868, depicting the Qing-era Kowloon Walled City and Lion Rock (in the background) Kowloon City, Mainland, opposite Hong Kong.jpg
Kowloon c. 1868, depicting the Qing-era Kowloon Walled City and Lion Rock (in the background)
Map of Kowloon in 1915 Victoria City and Kowloon 1915.jpg
Map of Kowloon in 1915
Hong Kong's old airport, Kai Tak, was located in Kowloon. Hong Kong Kai Tak Airport 1971.jpg
Hong Kong's old airport, Kai Tak, was located in Kowloon.

The part of Kowloon south of Boundary Street, together with Stonecutters Island, was ceded by Qing China to the United Kingdom under the Convention of Peking of 1860. For many years the area remained largely undeveloped, used by the British mainly for tiger-hunting expeditions. [2] [ self-published source? ] The part of Kowloon north of Boundary Street (New Kowloon) was leased by the British as part of the New Territories under the 1898 Second Convention of Peking for 99 years. Within New Kowloon is Kowloon City, an area of Hong Kong where the Kowloon Walled City used to be located. The Kowloon Walled City itself was demolished in 1993. The same area was called Guanfuchang (官富場) during the Song dynasty (9601279). "New Kowloon" has remained part of the New Territories.

Statutorily, "Kowloon" is only the area south of Boundary Street and Stonecutters Island, but in common use, New Kowloon is not regarded as part of the New Territories, but as an integral part of the Kowloon urban area whether north or south of Boundary Street.

Large-scale development of Kowloon began in the early 20th century, with the construction of the Kowloon-Canton Railway and the Kowloon Wharf, but because of Kowloon's close proximity to Kai Tak Airport, building construction was limited by flight paths. As a result, compared to Hong Kong Island, Kowloon has a much lower skyline. [1] After World War II, Kowloon became extremely congested when slums for refugees from the newly established People's Republic of China gave way to public housing estates, mixed with private residential, commercial, and industrial areas.

The area of reclaimed land known as West Kowloon was once home to a dockyard for the Royal Navy.

The 1911 census recorded a population of 7,306, with most being Hakka. [3] The invasion of China by Japan in 1937 caused the population of Kowloon to grow drastically. Between 1937 and 1939, 750,000 refugees arrived in Kowloon and nearby areas, with many not having residence. [4]

Demographics

As of 2011, 2,108,419 people lived in Kowloon. [5]

About 94.2% of Kowloon's residents are of Cantonese ethnicity. The largest ethnic minority groups are Indonesians (1.8%), Filipinos (1.5%), Indians (0.5%), Nepalese (0.4%), and British (0.3%). [5] Around 86% of Kowloon's residents use Cantonese as their usual language, while 2.3% use English and 1.2% use Mandarin. [5]

Localities

Kowloon comprises these localities of Hong Kong:

Education

The Hong Kong Polytechnic University in Hung Hom The Hong Kong Polytechnic University east.jpg
The Hong Kong Polytechnic University in Hung Hom
King George V School, Homantin King george v school front facade 2004.jpg
King George V School, Homantin

Partial list of educational institutions in Kowloon:

Primary education

Secondary education

Tertiary education

Transportation

Western Harbour Crossing, one of the tunnels that link Kowloon with Hong Kong Island Western Harbour Tunnel.JPG
Western Harbour Crossing, one of the tunnels that link Kowloon with Hong Kong Island

Kowloon is connected to Hong Kong Island on the mainland by two road-only tunnels (the Cross-Harbour Tunnel and the Western Harbour Crossing), two MTR railway tunnels (Tsuen Wan line and Tung Chung line/Airport Express) and one combined road and MTR rail link tunnel (Eastern Harbour Tunnel, containing the Tseung Kwan O line and road traffic in separate parallel conduits). No bridges connect the island and Kowloon.

HK Kowloon Panorama 2009.jpg
Kowloon Peninsula panorama

Related Research Articles

Yau Tsim Mong District District in Hong Kong, Hong Kong

Yau Tsim Mong District is one of 18 districts of Hong Kong, located on the western part of Kowloon Peninsula. It is the core urban area of Kowloon. The district has the second highest population density of all districts, at 49,115/km². The 2016 By-Census recorded the total population of Yau Tsim Mong District at 342,970.

Tsuen Wan line Hong Kong railway line

The Tsuen Wan line is one of the eleven lines of the metro network in Hong Kong's MTR. It is indicated in red on the MTR map.

Nathan Road main street in Kowloon, Hong Kong

Nathan Road is the main thoroughfare in Kowloon, Hong Kong that goes in a south–north direction from Tsim Sha Tsui to Sham Shui Po. It is lined with shops and restaurants and throngs with visitors, and was known in the post–World War II years as the Golden Mile, a name that is now rarely used. It starts on the southern part of Kowloon at its junction with Salisbury Road, a few metres north of Victoria Harbour, and ends at its intersection with Boundary Street in the north. Portions of the Kwun Tong and Tsuen Wan Lines run underneath Nathan Road. The total length of Nathan Road is about 3.6 kilometres (2.2 mi).

The Hong Kong local elections are elections in Hong Kong for the members of District Councils. First held in 1982, the elections are held at 4-year intervals when the 18 district councils, totalling 412 elected members require renewal. The last election was on 24 November 2019. The elections are conducted by simple plurality, with an average constituency having a population of around 17,000 people. The councils range from 11 to 37 elected members, depending on that district's population. The Chief Executive may appoint up to a prescribed number of members to each council, totalling 102. The councils in the New Territories also have 27 ex officio members who are chairpersons of rural committees.

This article is a list of transport means that cross Victoria Harbour in Hong Kong.

Sau Mau Ping human settlement

Sau Mau Ping is an area part of Kwun Tong District, in eastern Kowloon, Hong Kong.

Sham Shui Po District District in Kowloon, Hong Kong

Sham Shui Po District is one of 18 districts of Hong Kong. It is the poorest district in Hong Kong, with a predominantly working-class population of 405,869 in 2016 and the lowest median household income of all districts. Sham Shui Po has long been home to poorer new immigrants from mainland China. It also saw the birth of public housing in Hong Kong, as the government sought to resettle those displaced by a devastating fire in its slums. Sham Shui Po also hosted a Vietnamese refugee camp during the influx of migration in the aftermath of the Vietnam War.

Hong Kong Strategic Route and Exit Number System Trunk road numbering system in Hong Kong

The Hong Kong Strategic Route and Exit Number System is a system adopted by the Transport Department of the Hong Kong Government to organise the major roads in the territory into routes 1 to 10 for the convenience of drivers. When the system was implemented in 2004, the government promoted it with a major public campaign, including the slogan "Remember the Numbers; Make Driving Easier".

Jordan Road Ferry Pier former pier in Hong Kong

Jordan Road Ferry Pier or Ferry Point (1924–1998) is a demolished pier originally located at Jordan Road, Jordan, Hong Kong.

Articles related to Hong Kong include:

Manhattan Hill Housing estate in Lai Chi Kok, Hong Kong

Manhattan Hill is a high-rise development located in the Lai Chi Kok district of Kowloon in Hong Kong, formerly Kowloon Motor Bus Lai Chi Kok Depot. The complex consists of five towers. Towers 1 and 2, which are interconnected, rise 51 floors, while towers 3, 5 and 6 rise 49 floors; each of the five towers is 198 metres (650 ft) high. The entire complex was developed by Sun Hung Kai Properties and was completed in January 2007.

Park Avenue (Hong Kong) Housing estate in Tai Kok Tsui, Kowloon, Hong Kong

Park Avenue is a private housing estate in Tai Kok Tsui, Kowloon, Hong Kong. It was one of the projects connected with the MTR Olympic station Phase II development and is built on the reclaimed land of the former Yau Ma Tei Typhoon Shelter. Developed by the consortium of MTR Corporation, Sino Land, Kerry Properties, Bank of China and China Overseas Land and Investment in 2001, it comprises five high-rise buildings with a total of 1,592 units.

References

  1. 1 2 Fallon, Steve. (2006) Hong Kong and Macau. Lonely Planet Publishing. ISBN   981-258-246-0
  2. 10,000 Chinese Numbers. Lulu.com. p. 207. ISBN   9780557006212. Archived from the original on 23 August 2016.[ self-published source ]
  3. James Hayes, The Hong Kong Region 18501911. Hong Kong, 2012. ISBN   9888139118
  4. "Hong Kong 2003 History". www.yearbook.gov.hk. Archived from the original on 26 September 2011. Retrieved 28 April 2018.
  5. 1 2 3 District Profiles, Hong Kong Census, 2011, archived from the original on 27 September 2013, retrieved 27 September 2013

Coordinates: 22°19′N114°11′E / 22.317°N 114.183°E / 22.317; 114.183