Village and Former municipality
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Kråkstad is a village and former municipality located in Ski municipality of Akershus, Norway.
Ski is a town and kommune (municipality) in the Follo district, in Akershus fylke (county), Norway. Ski is the most populous kommune in Follo, and Ski town is the largest town. Ski town serves as the de facto district capital, and the hospital, tingrett, police station and other public services are located there.
Akershus is a county in Norway, bordering Hedmark, Oppland, Buskerud, Oslo, and Østfold; it also has a short border with Sweden (Värmland). Akershus, with a little over 614,000 inhabitants, is the second most populated county by population after Oslo. The county is named after Akershus Fortress. The county administration is in Oslo, which is not part of the county per se.
The parish of Kraakstad was established as a municipality January 1, 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). Ski was separated from Kråkstad July 1, 1931 - and the rest of Kråkstad was merged with Ski January 1, 1964.
Formannskapsdistrikt is the name for Norwegian local self-government districts that were legally enacted on 1 January 1838. This system of municipalities was created in a bill approved by the Parliament of Norway and signed into law by King Carl Johan on 14 January 1837. The formannskaps law, which fulfilled an express requirement of the Constitution of Norway, required that every parish form a formannsskapsdistrikt (municipality) on 1 January 1838. In this way, the parishes of the state Church of Norway became worldly, administrative districts as well. In total, 396 formannsskapsdistrikts were created under this law, and different types of formannskapsdistrikts were created, also:
The village has 839 inhabitants (2006), and a train station on Indre Østfoldbanen. The Norwegian footballer Martin Andresen grew up in this village.
Martin Andresen is a former Norwegian football, who played as a midfielder, and a former football manager.
Members of the black metal band Mayhem lived in a house near the village in the early 1990s, and became infamous when vocalist Dead commit suicide inside the house on 8 April 1991 by slitting his wrists and neck and then shooting himself in the forehead with a shotgun. Guitarist Euronymous then took photographs Dead's corpse, one of which became the cover of their Dawn of the Black Hearts album. Dead's suicide was said to cause "a change in mentality" in the black metal scene and was the first in a string of infamous events carried out by its members.
Black metal is an extreme subgenre of heavy metal music. Common traits include fast tempos, a shrieking vocal style, heavily distorted guitars played with tremolo picking, raw (lo-fi) recording, unconventional song structures, and an emphasis on atmosphere. Artists often appear in corpse paint and adopt pseudonyms.
Mayhem is a Norwegian black metal band formed in 1984 in Oslo, Norway. They were one of the founders of the Norwegian black metal scene and their music has strongly influenced the black metal genre. Mayhem's early career was highly controversial, primarily due to their notorious live performances, the 1991 suicide of vocalist Per Yngve Ohlin ("Dead") and the 1993 murder of guitarist Øystein Aarseth ("Euronymous") by former member Varg Vikernes of Burzum.
The lead vocalist in popular music is typically the member of a group or band whose voice is the most prominent in a performance where multiple voices may be heard. The lead singer either leads the vocal ensemble, or sets against the ensemble as the dominant sound. In vocal group performances, notably in soul and gospel music, and early rock and roll, the lead singer takes the main vocal part, with a chorus provided by other band members as backing vocalists.
There are some remains of an old hillfort in the forest above Vientjern (a small lake), a few kilometers outside Kråkstad.
A hillfort is a type of earthworks used as a fortified refuge or defended settlement, located to exploit a rise in elevation for defensive advantage. They are typically European and of the Bronze and Iron Ages. Some were used in the post-Roman period. The fortification usually follows the contours of a hill, consisting of one or more lines of earthworks, with stockades or defensive walls, and external ditches. Hillforts developed in the Late Bronze and Early Iron Age, roughly the start of the first millennium BC, and were used in many Celtic areas of central and western Europe until the Roman conquest.
Kråkstad Church (Kråkstad Kirke) is a parish church with origins in the mid-1100s and has 200 seats. The medieval church has a roughly square nave and narrow, short chorus. The structure is of fracture stones of uniform size and good cleavage. After a lightning strike and fire in 1801 only the walls were left badly damaged. The church was rebuilt with internal walls of smooth plastered. The timbered west tower was also built in 1882 with two bells which were recast after the fire of 1801. Apart from parts of the altarpiece, most of the interior decor is from 1882. The church organ is from J. H. Jørgensen and dated to 1943.
The municipality (originally the parish) was named after the old farm Kråkstad (Norse Krákustaðir), since the first church was built there. The first element is probably an old rivername (*Kráka), the last element is staðir 'homestead, farm'. The meaning of the (hypothetical) rivername is 'crow-river' (the river sounding like a crow'?). Until 1921 the name was written Kraakstad.
Trøgstad is a municipality in Østfold county, Norway. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Skjønhaug. The municipality is divided into the parishes of Skjønhaug, Havnås and Båstad. The parish of Trygstad was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838.
Rakkestad is a municipality in Østfold county, Norway. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Rakkestad. It is divided into the parishes of Rakkestad, Degernes, and Os. The municipality is the county's second largest by area and one of Norway's largest agricultural areas.
Sørum is a municipality in Akershus county, Norway. It is part of the traditional region of Romerike. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Sørumsand. Sørum was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838. The municipality of Blaker was merged with Sørum on 1 January 1962.
Hole is a municipality in Buskerud county, Norway. It is part of the traditional region of Ringerike. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Vik. Hole is located around lake Tyrifjorden and extends to the woodland around Oslo. The soil is fertile and suited to growing fruit, berries and other agricultural products.
Hol is a municipality in Buskerud county, Norway.
Modum is a municipality in Buskerud county, Norway. The administrative centre of the municipality is the town of Vikersund. The municipality of Modum was established on 1 January 1838.
Hurum is a municipality in Buskerud county, Norway. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village Sætre. The municipality of Hurum was established on 1 January 1838. The small village of Holmsbu was granted town status in 1847, but it did not become a municipality of its own. It lost its town status on 1 January 1964.
Fåvang is a village and parish in the municipality of Ringebu, in Oppland county, Norway.
Ramnes is a village in Re municipality, and former municipality in Vestfold county, Norway. The village of Ramnes was the administrative centre of the municipality.
Fluberg is a village, a parish and a former municipality, now part of the municipality of Søndre Land in Oppland, Norway.
Røldal is a village in the municipality of Odda in Hordaland county, Norway. The village lies in the Røldal valley along the Storelva river on the north end of the lake Røldalsvatnet. Røldal is located about 35 kilometres (22 mi) southeast of the town of Odda. Røldal was formerly part of the independent municipality of Røldal from 1838 until 1964 when it became a part of Odda municipality. The 13th-century Røldal Stave Church is located here.
Rødenes is a former municipality in Østfold county, Norway.
Brunlanes is a parish and former municipality within Larvik municipality in Vestfold county, Norway. It was annexed by Larvik on January 1, 1988.
Rauland is a mountain village in Telemark County, Norway. It is situated in the traditional region of Vest-Telemark.
Varteig is a village in Sarpsborg and a former municipality in Østfold County, Norway.
Skjeberg is a district of Sarpsborg, Østfold County, Norway. Skjeberg was formerly a municipality in Østfold County. The last administrative centre was at Borgenhaugen. As of 2018, Skjeberg has a population of 1,397.
Ådal is a valley in the municipality of Ringerike and was a former municipality in Buskerud County, Norway.
Kråkstad Station is a railway station located at Kråkstad in Ski, Norway. Situated 30.09 kilometers (18.70 mi) from Oslo Central Station, it is served hourly by the L22 service of the Norwegian State Railways' Oslo Commuter Rail. The station opened on 24 November 1882 with a station building designed by Balthazar Lange in Swiss chalet style. It has been listed as a cultural heritage site. The station received a revamp in 2014. The station had 92,000 boarding and disembarking passengers in 2012.
Tanum is a parish and district in the municipality of Bærum in Akershus, Norway. Its population (2007) is 2,751.
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