Kröller-Müller Museum

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Kröller-Müller Museum
Entrance Kroller-Muller Museum.JPG
Entrance of the museum in 2008
2010-NL-P05-Gelderland-positiekaart-gemnamen.jpg
Red pog.svg
Location in Gelderland in the Netherlands
Established13 July 1938 (1938-07-13) [1]
LocationHoutkampweg 6 [2]
Otterlo, Netherlands
Coordinates 52°05′44″N5°49′01″E / 52.09556°N 5.81694°E / 52.09556; 5.81694 Coordinates: 52°05′44″N5°49′01″E / 52.09556°N 5.81694°E / 52.09556; 5.81694
Type Art museum
National museum
Visitors380,000 (2015 est.) [3]
DirectorLisette Pelsers [4]
Website krollermuller.nl

The Kröller-Müller Museum (Dutch pronunciation: [krɵlərˈmylər myˌzeːjɵm] ) is a national art museum and sculpture garden, located in the Hoge Veluwe National Park in Otterlo in the Netherlands. The museum was founded by art collector Helene Kröller-Müller and opened in 1938. It has the second-largest collection of paintings by Vincent van Gogh, after the Van Gogh Museum. The museum had 380,000 visitors in 2015.

Art museum building or space for the exhibition of art

An art museum or art gallery is a building or space for the display of art, usually from the museum's own collection. It might be in public or private ownership and may be accessible to all or have restrictions in place. Although primarily concerned with visual art, art galleries are often used as a venue for other cultural exchanges and artistic activities, such as performance arts, music concerts, or poetry readings. Art museums also frequently host themed temporary exhibitions which often include items on loan from other collections.

Sculpture garden outdoor garden dedicated to the presentation of sculpture

A sculpture garden or sculpture park is an outdoor garden dedicated to the presentation of sculpture, usually several permanently sited works in durable materials in landscaped surroundings. These installations are related to several similar concepts, most notably land art, where landscapes become the basis of a site-specific sculpture, and topiary gardens, which consists of training live plants into living sculptures.

Hoge Veluwe National Park

Nationaal Park De Hoge Veluwe is a Dutch national park in the province of Gelderland near the cities of Ede, Wageningen, Arnhem and Apeldoorn. It is approximately 55 square kilometers in area, consisting of heathlands, sand dunes, and woodlands. It is situated in the Veluwe, the area of the largest terminal moraine in the Netherlands. Most of the landscape of the park and the Veluwe was created during the last Ice Age. The alternating sand dune areas and heathlands may have been caused by human utilization of the surrounding lands. The park forms one of the largest continuous nature reserves in the Netherlands.

Contents

History

Helene Muller and Anton Kroller, ca. 1888 Portrait of Helene Muller and Anton Kroller.jpg
Helene Müller and Anton Kröller, ca. 1888

The Kröller-Müller Museum was founded by Helene Kröller-Müller, an avid art collector who, being advised by H.P. Bremmer, was one of the first to recognize Vincent van Gogh's genius and collect his works. In 1935, she donated her whole collection to the state of the Netherlands. In 1938, the museum, which was designed by Henry van de Velde, opened to the public. The sculpture garden was added in 1961 and the new exhibition wing, designed by Wim Quist, opened in 1977. [1]

Helene Kröller-Müller German art collector

Helene Kröller-Müller was one of the first European women to put together a major art collection. She is credited with being one of the first collectors to recognise the genius of Vincent van Gogh. She donated her entire collection to the Dutch people, along with her and her husband, Anton Kröller's, large forested country estate. Today it is the Kröller-Müller Museum and sculpture garden and Hoge Veluwe National Park, the largest national park in the Netherlands.

Henk Bremmer Dutch painter

Hendricus Peter (Henk) Bremmer was a Dutch painter, art critic, art teacher, collector and art dealer. He was the father of the painter Rudolph Bremmer (1900–1993).

Vincent van Gogh Influential Dutch Post-Impressionist painter (1853–1890)

Vincent Willem van Gogh was a Dutch post-impressionist painter who is among the most famous and influential figures in the history of Western art. In just over a decade he created about 2,100 artworks, including around 860 oil paintings, most of them in the last two years of his life. They include landscapes, still lifes, portraits and self-portraits, and are characterised by bold colours and dramatic, impulsive and expressive brushwork that contributed to the foundations of modern art. However, he was not commercially successful, and his suicide at 37 followed years of mental illness and poverty.

Collection

Jardin d'email by Jean Dubuffet in the Kroller-Muller sculpture garden Jardin d'email Dubuffet.jpg
Jardin d'émail by Jean Dubuffet in the Kröller-Müller sculpture garden

The museum has a considerable collection of paintings by Vincent van Gogh, such as Cafe Terrace at Night , Sorrowing Old Man ('At Eternity's Gate') and a version of The Potato Eaters , making it the second-largest collection of Van Gogh paintings in the world (after the Van Gogh Museum in Amsterdam). Apart from the Van Gogh paintings other highlights include works by Piet Mondrian, Georges-Pierre Seurat, Odilon Redon, Georges Braque, Paul Gauguin, Lucas Cranach, James Ensor, Juan Gris, and Pablo Picasso.

<i>At Eternitys Gate</i> oil painting by Vincent van Gogh

Sorrowing Old Man is an oil painting by Vincent van Gogh that he made in 1890 in Saint-Rémy de Provence based on an early lithograph. The painting was completed in early May at a time when he was convalescing from a severe relapse in his health some two months before his death, which is generally accepted as a suicide.

<i>The Potato Eaters</i> painting by Vincent van Gogh

The Potato Eaters is an oil painting by Dutch artist Vincent van Gogh painted in April 1885 in Nuenen, Netherlands. It is in the Van Gogh Museum in Amsterdam. The original oil sketch of the painting is at the Kröller-Müller Museum in Otterlo, and he also made lithographs of the image, which are held in collections including the Museum of Modern Art in New York City. The painting is considered to be one of Van Gogh's masterpieces.

Van Gogh Museum Art museum, National museum in Amsterdam, Netherlands

The Van Gogh Museum is one of the many art museums in the Netherlands dedicated to the works of Vincent van Gogh and his contemporaries in Amsterdam in the Netherlands. The Van Gogh House can be visited in Zundert, a museum in Van Gogh's old residence. In the city of Tilburg, the old drawing room of Vincent van Gogh has been reconstructed. In the Van Gogh Town Nuenen you can see many monuments that Vincent van Gogh painted. The Vincetre is also located in Nuenen, a Museum about the life of Van Gogh.

Sculpture garden

The Kröller-Müller Museum is also famous for its large sculpture garden, within the forest park, of more than 75 acres (30 ha) and one of the largest in Europe, with a fine collection of modern and contemporary sculptures. The garden reflects Helene Kröller-Müller's conception of a symbiosis between art, architecture and nature. [5] The collection includes works by Auguste Rodin, Henry Moore, Jean Dubuffet, Mark di Suvero, Lucio Fontana, Claes Oldenburg, Fritz Wotruba, Joep van Lieshout and many more.

Europe Continent in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere

Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. It is bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. It comprises the westernmost part of Eurasia.

Modern art Artistic works produced during the period extending roughly from the 1860s to the 1970s

Modern art includes artistic work produced during the period extending roughly from the 1860s to the 1970s, and denotes the styles and philosophy of the art produced during that era. The term is usually associated with art in which the traditions of the past have been thrown aside in a spirit of experimentation. Modern artists experimented with new ways of seeing and with fresh ideas about the nature of materials and functions of art. A tendency away from the narrative, which was characteristic for the traditional arts, toward abstraction is characteristic of much modern art. More recent artistic production is often called contemporary art or postmodern art.

Contemporary art art of the present time beginning with Pop Art and Conceptual Art

Contemporary art is the art of today, produced in the second half of the 20th century or in the 21st century. Contemporary artists work in a globally influenced, culturally diverse, and technologically advancing world. Their art is a dynamic combination of materials, methods, concepts, and subjects that continue the challenging of boundaries that was already well underway in the 20th century. Diverse and eclectic, contemporary art as a whole is distinguished by the very lack of a uniform, organising principle, ideology, or "-ism". Contemporary art is part of a cultural dialogue that concerns larger contextual frameworks such as personal and cultural identity, family, community, and nationality.

Selected collection highlights

Paul Signac French painter

Paul Victor Jules Signac was a French Neo-Impressionist painter who, working with Georges Seurat, helped develop the Pointillist style.

<i>Café Terrace at Night</i> painting by Vincent van Gogh

Café Terrace at Night is an 1888 oil painting by the Dutch artist Vincent van Gogh. It is also known as The Cafe Terrace on the Place du Forum, and, when first exhibited in 1891, was entitled Coffeehouse, in the evening.

Georges Seurat 19th-century French artist

Georges-Pierre Seurat was a French post-Impressionist artist. He is best known for devising the painting techniques known as chromoluminarism and pointillism. While less famous than his paintings, his conté crayon drawings have also garnered a great deal of critical appreciation. Seurat's artistic personality was compounded of qualities which are usually supposed to be opposed and incompatible: on the one hand, his extreme and delicate sensibility; on the other, a passion for logical abstraction and an almost mathematical precision of mind. His large-scale work, A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte (1884–1886), altered the direction of modern art by initiating Neo-impressionism, and is one of the icons of late 19th-century painting.

Administration

yearvisitors
2012307,000 [8]
2013330,000 [9]
2014392,000 [3]
2015380,000 [3]

Lisette Pelsers has been museum director of the Kröller-Müller Museum since 2012. [4] [10]

The museum had 307,000 visitors in 2012, [8] 330,000 visitors in 2013, [9] 392,000 in 2014, [3] and 380,000 in 2015. [3]

The museum was the 12th most visited museum nationally in 2013. [11]

Related Research Articles

Otterlo Village in Gelderland, Netherlands

Otterlo is a small village in the province of Gelderland in the Netherlands, in or near the Nationaal Park De Hoge Veluwe.

Naturalis Biodiversity Center National museum, Natural history museum, Research center in Leiden, Netherlands

Naturalis Biodiversity Center is a national museum of natural history and a research center on biodiversity in Leiden, Netherlands. The museum is closed from September 2018 to mid 2019 due to renovations, but the research facilities are still available. Temporary exhibitions were held in the Pesthuis entrance building during the renovations.

Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen Art museum in Rotterdam, Netherlands

Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen is an art museum in Rotterdam in the Netherlands. It is located at the Museumpark in the district Rotterdam Centrum, close to the Kunsthal and the Natural History Museum.

Nederlands Scheepvaartmuseum Maritime museum in Amsterdam, Netherlands

The National Maritime Museum is a maritime museum in Amsterdam in the Netherlands.

Bart van der Leck Dutch painter, designer and ceramist

Bart van der Leck was a Dutch painter, designer, and ceramicist. With Theo van Doesburg and Piet Mondrian he founded the De Stijl art movement.

Albert Aurier French artist

G. Albert Aurier was a French poet, art critic and painter, devoted to Symbolism.

<i>Décoration for the Yellow House</i> painting series by Vincent van Gogh

Décoration for the Yellow House was the main project Vincent van Gogh focused on in Arles, from August 1888 until his breakdown the day before Christmas. This Décoration had no pre-defined form or size; the central idea of the Décoration grew step by step, with the progress of his work. Starting with the Sunflowers, portraits were included in the next step. Finally, mid-September 1888, the idea took shape: from this time on he concentrated on size 30 canvases, which were all meant to form part of this Décoration.

Anne Frank House Biographical museum, Historic house museum in Amsterdam, Netherlands

The Anne Frank House is a writer's house and biographical museum dedicated to Jewish wartime diarist Anne Frank. The building is located on a canal called the Prinsengracht, close to the Westerkerk, in central Amsterdam in the Netherlands.

Drawings and water-colours and prints by Vincent van Gogh is an incomplete list of works on paper and other works by the Dutch artist Vincent van Gogh (1853–1890) that form an important part of his complete body of work.

<i>Still Life with Straw Hat</i> painting by Vincent van Gogh

Still Life with Straw Hat also known as Still Life with Yellow Straw Hat and Still Life with Hat and Pipe was painted by Vincent van Gogh in late November - mid-December 1881 or possibly in 1885 in the town of Nuenen.

<i>Peasant Character Studies</i> (Van Gogh series) painting series by Vincent van Gogh

Peasant Character Studies is a series of works that Vincent van Gogh made between 1881 and 1885.

Still life paintings by Vincent van Gogh (Netherlands) painting series by Vincent van Gogh

Still life paintings by Vincent van Gogh (Netherlands) is the subject of many drawings, sketches and paintings made during Vincent van Gogh's early artistic career. Most still lifes made in the Netherlands are dated from 1884 to 1885, when he lived in Nuenen. His works were often in somber colors. Van Gogh experimented with the use of light falling across objects.

Still life paintings by Vincent van Gogh (Paris)

Still life paintings by Vincent van Gogh (Paris) is the subject of many drawings, sketches and paintings by Vincent van Gogh in 1886 and 1887 after he moved to Montmartre in Paris from the Netherlands. While in Paris, Van Gogh transformed the subjects, color and techniques that he used in creating still life paintings.

<i>Coucher de soleil no. 1</i> painting by Jean Metzinger

Coucher de soleil no. 1 is an oil painting created circa 1906 by the French artist and theorist Jean Metzinger (1883–1956). Coucher de soleil no. 1 is a work executed in a mosaic-like Divisionist style with a Fauve palette. The reverberating image of the sun in Metzinger's painting is an homage to the decomposition of spectral light at the core of Neo-Impressionist color theory.

Museum de Fundatie Art museum in Heino/Wijhe, Netherlands

Museum de Fundatie is a museum for the visual arts in Zwolle, Netherlands. Museum de Fundatie forms part of the Hannema-de Stuers Foundation, to which Kasteel het Nijenhuis in Heino also belongs. Museum de Fundatie possesses a collection of visual arts, with works ranging from the end of the Middle Ages until the present day, collected by Dirk Hannema, former director of Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen. As well as the permanent collection, Museum de Fundatie organises new, wide-ranging exhibitions every three months. Museum de Fundatie recorded a record number of 310,000 visitors in 2015.

References

  1. 1 2 Johannes van der Wolk, "Helene Emma Laura Juliane Kröller-Müller" (in Dutch), Biografisch Woordenboek Gelderland, 1998. Retrieved 27 September 2013.
  2. Address/directions, Kröller-Müller Museum. Retrieved 27 September 2013.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 "380.000 bezoekers voor Kröller-Müller in 2015 Archived 4 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine " (in Dutch), De Stentor , 2016. Retrieved 15 January 2016.
  4. 1 2 Structure Archived 2 October 2013 at the Wayback Machine , Kröller-Müller Museum. Retrieved 27 September 2013.
  5. Beukhof, H., Essen, F. van, Pelzers, E., Sevink, J. (2005) Nature and Art, The Hoge Veluwe, Waanders Uitgeverij, Zwolle.
  6. The potato eaters Archived 4 April 2013 at the Wayback Machine , Kröller-Müller Museum. Retrieved 24 August 2013.
  7. Terrace of a café at night (Place du Forum) Archived 27 August 2012 at the Wayback Machine , Kröller-Müller Museum. Retrieved 23 August 2013.
  8. 1 2 Top 55 Museumbezoek 2012 (in Dutch), Nederlandse Museumvereniging, 2012. Retrieved 19 August 2013.
  9. 1 2 Daan van Lent & Pieter van Os, "Musea doen het goed: aantal bezoekers in 2013 fors gestegen" (in Dutch), NRC Handelsblad , 2013. Retrieved 3 August 2014.
  10. Birgit Donker, "Lisette Pelsers nieuwe directeur Kröller-Müller Museum" (in Dutch), NRC Handelsblad , 2011. Retrieved 29 July 2016.
  11. Daan van Lent & Pieter van Os, "Musea doen het goed: aantal bezoekers in 2013 fors gestegen" (in Dutch), NRC Handelsblad , 2013. Retrieved 28 June 2014.

Further reading