Krško

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Krško

Videm–Krško (1953–1964)
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Krško
Location of the Town of Krško in Slovenia
Coordinates: 45°57′N15°29′E / 45.950°N 15.483°E / 45.950; 15.483 Coordinates: 45°57′N15°29′E / 45.950°N 15.483°E / 45.950; 15.483
Country Flag of Slovenia.svg  Slovenia
Traditional region Lower Carniola
Statistical region Lower Sava
Municipality Krško
Area
  Total6.00 km2 (2.32 sq mi)
Elevation
163 m (535 ft)
Population
 (2020)
  Total7,217
  Density1,200/km2 (3,100/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02 (CEST)
Postal code
8270
Vehicle registration KK
Website www.krsko.si

Krško (pronounced  [ˈkə́ɾʃkɔ] ( Loudspeaker.svg listen ); [1] German : Gurkfeld [2] ) is a town in eastern Slovenia. It is the seat of the Municipality of Krško. The town lies on the Sava River. The area is traditionally divided between Styria (territory on the left bank of the Sava) and Lower Carniola (territory on the right bank of the Sava). The entire municipality is now included in the Lower Sava Statistical Region. [3]

Contents

Slovenia's only nuclear power plant, the Krško Nuclear Power Plant, lies southeast of the town. [4]

Name

The name of the settlement was changed from Krško to Videm–Krško in 1953. The name Krško was restored in 1964. [5] [6] [7] [8] In the past the German name was Gurkfeld. [2]

History

Archaeological evidence shows that the area was settled in prehistoric times. Along the Sava River, numerous Bronze and Iron Age sites as well as Roman finds show continuous occupation. After the Medieval period the area was a Habsburg possession. It was affected by Ottoman raids from the 15th to the 17th centuries.

Mass grave

Krško is the site of a mass grave associated with the Second World War. The Bunker Mass Grave (Slovene : Grobišče v zaklonišču) is located on the steep right bank of the Sava River, opposite the municipal headquarters, 50 meters (160 ft) north of the house at Bohoričeva 4, and 100 meters (330 ft) south of a school playground. According to statements from the Krško police, it is believed that more than 100 civilians, mostly Croatians, were murdered in an abandoned bunker and the bunker was then dynamited. The location has been precisely defined, and investigation of the site is needed. [9] [10] [11]

Main sights

The Krško parish church in the town centre is dedicated to John the Evangelist and belongs to the Roman Catholic Diocese of Novo Mesto. It is an originally late 15th-century building that was largely rebuilt in 1899. [12] A second parish is the Parish of Videm-Krško in the southern part of the town. Its parish church is dedicated to Saint Rupert. It was built from 1893 to 1897 in the Neo-Romanesque style. The church in the hamlet of Stara Vas (German : Altendorf), [13] dedicated to Saint Michael, belongs to this parish. It was built in 1768 to replace an older structure. [14] The church on the right bank of the Sava is dedicated to the Holy Spirit and was built in 1777 according to plans by the Austrian architect Johann Nepomuk Fuchs. [15]

The Capuchin monastery with its church is in the centre of town on the right bank of the Sava. It was built from 1640 to 1644 and was altered at various stages in its history. [16]

Prominent residents

South of Holy Spirit Church is a town house built in 1607 in which the 17th-century scholar Johann Weikhard von Valvasor lived the final years of his life. He died there in 1693. Other important figures in Slovene history linked with Krško are Adam Bohorič, a grammarian and early schoolmaster, born in Brestanica in 1520, and his pupil Jurij Dalmatin, born in Krško around 1547 who, by 1578, had translated the entire Bible into Slovene (published in 1583).

Economy

Industries of Krško include construction, metalworking, paper, textiles, wood processing, agriculture, trade, and transportation, while tourism continues to develop.

See also

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References

  1. "Slovenski pravopis 2001" . Retrieved 25 March 2015.
  2. 1 2 Leksikon občin kraljestev in dežel zastopanih v državnem zboru, vol. 6: Kranjsko. Vienna: C. Kr. Dvorna in Državna Tiskarna. 1906. p. 76.
  3. Krško municipal site
  4. Krško Nuclear Power Plant site
  5. Spremembe naselij 1948–95. 1996. Database. Ljubljana: Geografski inštitut ZRC SAZU, DZS.
  6. Sebanc, Miško. 2012. Gospodarski razvoj v Občini Krško od sredine 19. stoletja. Bachelor's thesis. Ljubljana: University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Arts, Department of Geography and Department of History, p. 3. [ permanent dead link ](in Slovene)
  7. Medved, Drago. 2006. Krško. Turistično spoznavanje kulturnozgodovinskih dragocenosti občine. Krško, Občina Krško, p. 15. Archived 2014-06-06 at the Wayback Machine (in Slovene)
  8. Razširjeni seznam sprememb naselij od 1948 do 1964: preimenovanja, združevanja, odcepitve, pristavki, razglasitve in ukinitve. 1965. Ljubljana: Zavod SR Slovenije za statistiko, p. 52.
  9. Ferenc, Mitja (December 2009). "Grobišče v zaklonišču". Geopedia (in Slovenian). Ljubljana: Služba za vojna grobišča, Ministrstvo za delo, družino in socialne zadeve. Retrieved April 18, 2020. Po navedbah PU Krško naj bi v opuščenem zaklonišču usmrtili več kot 100 civilistov, predvsem Hrvatov, in zaklonišče nato zaminirali.... Lokacija natančno določena - potrebne preiskave.
  10. Ferenc, Mitja, & Ksenija Kovačec-Naglič. 2005. Prikrito in očem zakrito: prikrita grobišča 60 let po koncu druge svetovne vojne. Celje: Muzej novejše zgodovine Celje, p. 113.
  11. Dežman, Jože. 2008. Poročilo Komisije vlade Republike Slovenije za reševanje vprašanj prikritih grobišč: 2005–2008. Ljubljana: Družina.
  12. Slovenian Ministry of Culture register of national heritage Archived July 12, 2010, at the Wayback Machine reference numbers 1950
  13. Leksikon občin kraljestev in dežel zastopanih v državnem zboru, vol. 4: Štajersko. Vienna: C. Kr. Dvorna in Državna Tiskarna. 1904. p. 10.
  14. Slovenian Ministry of Culture register of national heritage Archived July 12, 2010, at the Wayback Machine reference numbers 3485 & 3486
  15. Slovenian Ministry of Culture register of national heritage Archived July 12, 2010, at the Wayback Machine reference number 305
  16. Slovenian Ministry of Culture register of national heritage Archived July 12, 2010, at the Wayback Machine reference number 10286