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Kramatorsk on the map of Donetsk Oblast
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Kramatorsk (Ukraine)
Coordinates: 48°44′21″N37°35′02″E / 48.73917°N 37.58389°E / 48.73917; 37.58389
Country Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine
Oblast Flag of the Donetsk Region.svg  Donetsk Oblast
Raion Flag of Kramatorsk Raion.png Kramatorsk Raion
Hromada Kramatorsk urban hromada
City status since1932
  Head Oleksandr Honcharenko
  Total117.1 km2 (45.2 sq mi)
 (2022) [1]
  Density583/km2 (1,510/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+2 (EET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
Area code +380 626(4)

Kramatorsk (Ukrainian : Краматорськ, IPA: [krɐmɐˈtɔrʲsʲk] ; Russian : Краматорск) is a city and the administrative centre of Kramatorsk Raion in Donetsk Oblast, Donbas region of eastern Ukraine. Prior to 2020, Kramatorsk was a city of oblast significance. Since October 2014, Kramatorsk has been the provisional seat of Donetsk Oblast, following the events surrounding the war in Donbas. [2] Its population is 147,145 (2022 estimate). [3] It is an important industrial and mechanical engineering centre in Ukraine. Kramatorsk is on the banks of the Kazennyi Torets River  [ uk ] which is a right tributary of the Siverskyi Donets.


Since the start of Russian invasion of Ukraine, Kramatorsk has been hit by shelling multiple times. [4]


According to E. S. Otin, the name of the city comes from a toponymic phrase that has not been preserved: Krom Torov or Krom Torskaya 'border along the Tor River'. The word kroma means 'edge, frontier, border', and Tor is the old name for the Kazennyi Torets River. However, it can be stated succinctly, it's most likely from the train station, the settlement was built around. The original name of the train station, Kram-na-Tore translates as Border-on-Tor (on the bank of the Tor river). Similar to the Russian city Rostov-on-Don, which is located at the mouth of the Don river.


In the second half of the 17th and early 18th centuries, the area in which Kramatorsk was to develop was heavily populated by both Cossacks from the Hetmanate and serfs from the southern regions of Muscovy and Mordovia. In the second half of the 18th century, the territory was populated by the Cossacks of the army of Sloboda Ukraine.

Locomotive at the Kramatorsk railway station of the Kursk-Kharkiv-Azov Railway Locomotive at the Kramatorsk railway station of the Kursk-Kharkov-Azov line.jpg
Locomotive at the Kramatorsk railway station of the Kursk-Kharkiv-Azov Railway

Kramatorsk came into being in the second half of the 19th century when a station on the Kursk-Kharkiv-Azov Railway was built near to the village of Petrivka which had itself been established in 1767 by a certain Count Taranov. The station was originally called Kram-na-Tore in 1868 but this was later contracted into Kramatorsk and the town of Kramatorsk developed around the railway station, [5] becoming a major urban settlement in the north of Donetsk Oblast with several heavy machine production facilities.

In April 1918 troops loyal to the Ukrainian People's Republic took control of Kramatorsk. [6]

It was occupied by Nazi Germany between 27 October 1941 and 5 February 1943 and again between 27 February 1943 and 6 September 1943.

Between 1980 and 1989, several people were exposed to a radiological source in one of the apartment buildings, resulting in 6 deaths and at least 17 cases of radiation sickness.

War in Donbas (2014–2022)

On 12 April 2014, at the same time as events in nearby Sloviansk the police station in Kramatorsk was seized by armed pro-Russian militants in military uniform, and later the city council. [7] Kramatorsk would remain under pro-Russian separatist control, until July of 2014. There would be a series of incidents in those 3 months. [8] Located only 13km from Sloviansk, which became a separatist stronghold, Kramatorsk would also be under separatist control, yet in a different situation. Unlike Sloviansk, which had high profile figures Vyacheslav Ponomarev and Igor Girkin/Strelkov associated with it, Kramatorsk was not notable in this sphere. Further, while the Ukrainian army did not enter Sloviansk in its months under separatist control, they made several entries into Kramatorsk in this time. [9] On July 5, after almost 3 months, Ukrainian forces finally retook control of Kramatorsk, as part of sweeping territorial gains at that time, including nearby Sloviansk. [10] In October 2014, Kramatorsk was made the provisional administrative center of Donetsk Oblast after the administration relocated from Mariupol. On 10 February 2015, Kramatorsk was shelled by pro-Russian forces, leaving 17 people dead and 60 injured. [11]

Russian invasion (2022–present)

On 8 April 2022, during the Russian invasion of Ukraine, Kramatorsk was subjected to missile strikes. [12] The Kramatorsk railway station was hit by Tochka-U missiles which killed at least 57 people and wounded at least 109 others. [13] Pavlo Kyrylenko, the governor of the Donetsk region, said thousands of people had been at the station at the time the two missiles struck. On 19 April 2022, Russian troops launched rocket attacks on Kramatorsk, as a result of which one person was killed and three were injured. [14] On 21 April 2022, British Defence Ministry intelligence reported that Russian troops in the Donetsk region were advancing towards Kramatorsk. [15]

However, in early September 2022, Ukraine began a major counteroffensive, regaining several settlements in the Kharkiv region. This relieved the pressure on Kramatorsk with the recapture of Lyman by Ukrainian forces on 1 October 2022.

On 27 June 2023, a Russian missile strike killed at least 11 people and injured over 60 in a pizza restaurant in the center of the city. [16]


The Kramatorsk metro area is located in Kramatorsk Raion, making it a central part of a major urban agglomeration with over 500,000 inhabitants.


Kramatorsk has a population of over 164,700 inhabitants (2013) and has a metropolitan area of over 197,000 inhabitants (2013). As of the Ukrainian Census of 2001. [17]



According to the regional department of statistics, as of January 1, 2017, the population of Kramatorsk was 190,648 people. [18]

Economy and industry

Industrial and mining equipment

Old Kramatorsk machine plant Petrovskie prokhodnye.JPG
Old Kramatorsk machine plant

In the 2000s, a wind turbine production facility was constructed in Kramatorsk. This is a joint venture between German Fuhrländer AG and its Ukrainian partners. According to their site, Fuhrländer became the first company in the renewable energy sector to obtain a building permit from the Ukrainian government. [19]


Between 1937 and August 1, 2017, Kramatorsk had a tram network. However, it is now closed and public transportation is provided by buses and trolley-buses. [20]

Twin towns

Flag of the United States.svg  United States, Stamford, Connecticut - On 6 April 2023 officially announced Kramatorsk as their sister city. [21]

Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine, Perechyn, Zakarpattia Oblast [22]

Notable people

At various periods, Kramatorsk was a place of residence for a number of notable people, including Leonid Bykov, Joseph Kobzon, and Ruslan Ponomariov.

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Donetsk Oblast</span> Oblast (region) of Ukraine

Donetsk Oblast, also referred to as Donechchyna, is an oblast in eastern Ukraine. It is Ukraine's most populous province, with around 4.1 million residents. Its administrative centre is Donetsk, though due to the ongoing Russo-Ukrainian War, the regional administration was moved to Kramatorsk. Historically, the region has been an important part of the Donbas region. From its creation in 1938 until November 1961, it bore the name Stalino Oblast as Donetsk was then named "Stalino", in honour of Joseph Stalin. As part of the de-Stalinization process, it was renamed after the Siversky Donets river, the main artery of Eastern Ukraine. Its population is estimated at 4,100,280.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Sloviansk</span> City in Donetsk Oblast, Ukraine

Sloviansk is a city in Donetsk Oblast, northern part of the Donbas region of eastern Ukraine, in the valley of the Kazennyi Torets River, a right tributary of the Donets. The city was known as Tor until 1784. Sloviansk served as the administrative center of the Sloviansk Raion (district) until its abolition on 18 July 2020, though it did not actually belong to the raion itself.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kostiantynivka</span> City in Donetsk Oblast, Ukraine

Kostiantynivka is an industrial city in Donetsk Oblast, eastern Ukraine. It is situated on the Kryvyi Torets River. Administratively, it is incorporated as a city of oblast significance. It was the administrative center of Kostiantynivka Raion until 2020, although it did not belong to it. After the raion was abolished, it was incorporated into Kramatorsk Raion. Its population is approximately 67,350. It developed in the Soviet era into a major centre for the production of iron, zinc, steel, and glass.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Lysychansk</span> City in Luhansk Oblast, Ukraine

Lysychansk, is a city in Sievierodonetsk Raion, Luhansk Oblast, eastern Ukraine. It is located on the high right bank of the Donets River, approximately 115 kilometres (71 mi) from the administrative center of the oblast, Luhansk. It faces Sievierodonetsk across the river. Its population before the Russian invasion of Ukraine was approximately 93,340.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Pokrovsk, Ukraine</span> City in Donetsk Oblast, Ukraine

Pokrovsk, formerly known as Krasnoarmiysk and Grishino, is a city and the administrative center of Pokrovsk Raion in Donetsk Oblast, Ukraine. Prior to 2020, it was incorporated as a city of oblast significance. Its population is approximately 60,127.

Druzhkivka is a city of oblast significance in Donetsk Oblast (province) of Ukraine. Population: 53,977 ; 64,557 (2001). The area of the city is 46 km².

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Avdiivka</span> City in Donetsk Oblast, Ukraine

Avdiivka, is a city in Donetsk Oblast, Ukraine. The city is located in the center of the oblast, just north of the city of Donetsk. The large Avdiivka Coke Plant is located in Avdiivka. The city had a pre-war population of 31,392 ; but in August 2022, its population was estimated at 2,500, and in October 2023, it was reported as 1,600, mostly living below ground level.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Mykolaivka, Donetsk Oblast</span> City in Donetsk Oblast, Ukraine

Mykolaivka is a city of district significance and administrative centre of Mykolaivka urban hromada in Sloviansk Raion, Donetsk Oblast (province) of Ukraine to the south of the railway station Elektrychna. The city is most known for being the home of the Sloviansk Thermal Power Plant, where it is a major employer of local residents. The population estimate is about 14,210.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">2014 pro-Russian unrest in Ukraine</span>

From the end of February 2014, demonstrations by Russian-backed, pro-Russian, and anti-government groups took place in major cities across the eastern and southern regions of Ukraine in the aftermath of the Euromaidan and the Revolution of Dignity, which resulted in the ousting of Russian-leaning President Viktor Yanukovych. The unrest, which was supported by Russian military and intelligence, belongs to the early stages of the Russo-Ukrainian War.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Russian people's militias in Ukraine</span> Pro-Russian paramilitary groups in eastern Ukraine

The People's Militia of the Donetsk People's Republic and People's Militia of the Luhansk People's Republic are pro-Russian paramilitaries in the Donbas region of eastern Ukraine, under the overall control of the Russian Federation. They are also referred to as Russian separatist forces or Russian proxy forces. They were affiliated with the self-declared Donetsk People's Republic (DPR) and Luhansk People's Republic (LPR) during the war in Donbas (2014–2022), the first stage of the Russo-Ukrainian War. They then supported the Russian Armed Forces against the Ukrainian Armed Forces during the 2022 Russian invasion. In September 2022, Russia annexed the DPR and LPR, and began integrating the paramilitaries into its armed forces. They are designated as terrorist groups by the government of Ukraine.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Siege of Sloviansk</span> 2014 siege during the Donbas war

The Siege of Sloviansk was an operation by the Armed Forces of Ukraine to recapture the city of Sloviansk in Donetsk Oblast from pro-Russian insurgents who had seized it on 12 April 2014. The city was taken back on 5 July 2014 after shelling from artillery and heavy fighting. The fighting in Sloviansk marked the first major military engagement between pro-Russian separatists and Ukrainian government forces, in the first run of battles in 2014.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">War in Donbas (2014–2022)</span> 2014–2022 war between Ukraine and Russia

The war in Donbas, or Donbas war is a phase of the Russo-Ukrainian War in the Donbas region of Ukraine. The war began in April 2014 when armed Russian-backed separatists seized government buildings and the Ukrainian military launched an operation against them. It continued until it was subsumed by the Russian invasion of Ukraine in February 2022.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Battle of Kramatorsk</span> 2014 battle in the Donbas war

A series of armed skirmishes and confrontations between the Armed Forces of Ukraine and pro-Russian separatists affiliated with the Donetsk People's Republic took place from 12 April until 5 July 2014, and is known as the Battle of Kramatorsk.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Yampil, Donetsk Oblast</span> Urban locality in Donetsk Oblast, Ukraine

Yampil is an urban-type settlement in Lyman urban hromada, Kramatorsk Raion, Donetsk Oblast, eastern Ukraine. It is located to the southeast of Lyman, lying north of local road T05-13. Previously, it was administered as part of Lyman Raion. It is also home to Yampil railway station. Population: 1,902.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kramatorsk railway station attack</span> 2022 Russian missile attack in Ukraine

On 8 April 2022, a Russian missile strike hit the railway station of the Ukrainian city of Kramatorsk during the Russian invasion of Ukraine. The strike killed 63 civilians and wounded 150. Russian authorities denied responsibility and blamed the attack on Ukraine.

Kramatorsk is a city in the eponymous raion and hromada of Donetsk Oblast in Ukraine.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Raihorodok</span> Urban locality in Donetsk Oblast, Ukraine

Raihorodok is an urban-type settlement in Kramatorsk Raion, Donetsk Oblast, eastern Ukraine. It is located near the Kazennyi Torets and Donets Rivers. Population: 3,166.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Sloviansk offensive</span> Battle in the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine

The Sloviansk offensive was a series of military engagements in villages south of the town of Izium, including the villages of Bohorodychne, Dovhenke, and Krasnopillia between the Armed Forces of Ukraine and the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation during the battle of Donbas that started following the Russian victory at the battle of Izium. This offensive was part of a longer-term Russian drive towards Sloviansk and of a larger encirclement of Ukraine's Donbas.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">February 2015 Kramatorsk rocket attack</span> Part of the war in Donbass

February 2015 Kramatorsk rocket attack — a shelling of Kramatorsk by Russian forces or pro-Russian separatists during the war in Donbas. Kramatorsk was controlled by Ukrainian government forces at the time of the attack. As a result of shelling, 17 people died and about 60 were injured.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Outline of the Russo-Ukrainian War</span> Outline of the war between Russia and Ukraine since 2014

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to the Russo-Ukrainian War:


  1. Чисельність наявного населення України на 1 січня 2022 (tr. "Number of Present Population of Ukraine, as of January 1, 2022")
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  14. Enemy fired missiles at Kramatorsk again, there is one dead
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