Krems an der Donau

Last updated

Krems an der Donau
Krems an der Donau - Ortsansicht.jpg
View of Krems
AUT Krems an der Donau COA.svg
Austria Lower Austria topographic location map.png
Red pog.svg
Krems an der Donau
Location within Lower Austria
Austria relief location map.jpg
Red pog.svg
Krems an der Donau
Location within Austria
Coordinates: 48°25′N15°37′E / 48.417°N 15.617°E / 48.417; 15.617
Country Flag of Austria.svg  Austria
State Lower Austria
District Statutory city
Town rights 1305
  MayorReinhard Resch (SPÖ)
  City51.66 km2 (19.95 sq mi)
203 m (666 ft)
 (2018-01-01) [2]
  Density465/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
c. 50,000
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
3500, 3506 (Krems-Süd)
Area code 02732, 02739 (Krems-Süd)
License plate KS

Krems an der Donau (German pronunciation: [ˈkʁɛms ʔan deːɐ̯ ˈdoːnaʊ̯] ) is a town of 23,992 inhabitants[ when? ] in Austria, in the federal state of Lower Austria. It is the fifth-largest city of Lower Austria and is approximately 70 kilometres (43 miles) west of Vienna. Krems is a city with its own statute (or Statutarstadt ), and therefore it is both a municipality and a district.



Krems is located at the confluence of the Krems and Danube Rivers at the eastern end of Wachau valley, in the southern Waldviertel.

Krems borders the following municipalities: Stratzing, Langenlois, Rohrendorf bei Krems, Gedersdorf, Traismauer, Nußdorf ob der Traisen, Paudorf, Furth bei Göttweig, Mautern an der Donau, Dürnstein, and Senftenberg.


View of Krems in 1679 Topographia Austriacarum (Merian) 030.jpg
View of Krems in 1679
View of Krems in 1900 Krems an der Donau 1900.jpg
View of Krems in 1900
View of Krems in 2006 Krems and mautern from ferdinandswarte.jpg
View of Krems in 2006
Danube in Krems with the harbour in background Stein adD.JPG
Danube in Krems with the harbour in background

Krems was first mentioned in 995 in a certificate of Otto III, [3] but settlement was apparent even before then. For example, a child's grave, over 27,000 years old, was found here. This is the oldest grave found in Austria.

During the 11th and 12th centuries, Chremis, as it was then called, was almost as large as Vienna.

At the end of the Thirty Years' War, Swedish troops captured Krems in 1645 during their invasion of Lower Austria. The city was recaptured by Imperial troops under Hans Christoph von Puchheim and Johann Wilhelm von Hunolstein on 5 May 1646. [4]

Krems is the primary producer of Marillenschnaps, an apricot brandy. It is also the hometown of Martin Johann Schmidt, called "Kremserschmidt", the leading painter, draughtsman and etcher of the Austrian late Baroque.

City division

Population development

Krems an der Donau

The population (with principal residence status) in the agglomeration was about 50,000 at the end of 2010.


Climate data for Krems
Record high °C (°F)16.8
Average high °C (°F)3.1
Daily mean °C (°F)−0.6
Average low °C (°F)−3.2
Record low °C (°F)−22.8
Average precipitation mm (inches)17.3
Average snowfall cm (inches)8.3
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm)
Average snowy days (≥ 1.0 cm)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 55.388.8127.4171.5219.6214.2238.5234.9157.3120.953.941.91,724.2
Source: Central Institute for Meteorology and Geodynamics [5]

Main sights

Old Town of Krems Mohrenapotheke Krems.JPG
Old Town of Krems
The Steiner Tor in Krems Krems - Steinertor (1).JPG
The Steiner Tor in Krems
Piarist Church Piaristenkirche070812.jpg
Piarist Church
Dreifaltigkeitssaule Dreifaltigkeitssaule Krems 2.JPG
View of Stein an der Donau, a quarter in the west end of the city Krems danube001 2004.jpg
View of Stein an der Donau, a quarter in the west end of the city
View of Stein (from the left to the right: Frauenbergkirche, Pfarrkirche Hl. Nikolaus, Minoritenkirche) Stein a d Donau Panorama.jpg
View of Stein (from the left to the right: Frauenbergkirche, Pfarrkirche Hl. Nikolaus, Minoritenkirche)

Old town

Outside the Old Town


Krems Central Station Krems-Bf-05.jpg
Krems Central Station
Motorway to Vienna in the industrial area of Krems S5 Landersdorf.JPG
Motorway to Vienna in the industrial area of Krems

The city's main railway station is a junction of the Franz-Josefs Railway to Vienna, the Kremser Railway to St. Pölten, the Donauufer Railway to Spitz and the regional railway to Horn. It is at the intersection of the Stockerauer Speedway S5 and the Kremser Speedway S33, and is traversed by the Danube Road B3, the Retzer Road B35, the Kremser Road B37 and the Langenloiser Road B218. Krems is a junction of the Wieselbus bus lines, which provides radial connections between Sankt Pölten and the different regions of Lower Austria.

Main Roads


Air traffic

In the city

A network of four bus lines operates at regular intervals within the city. Every summer, a tourist train connects the ancient parts of the city with museums, the central railway station and the passenger ship terminal of Krems.


Municipal council

The municipal council consists of 40 members and since the municipal elections in 2017 it consists of the following parties:

Municipal elections in Krems were held, at the same time as the Austrian legislative election, 2017 on 15 October 2017.

City's senate

The city's senate consists of 10 members:

Public facilities

Educational facilities

Bundesrealgymnasium Krems Ringstrasse Ringstrassengymnasium Krems.JPG
Bundesrealgymnasium Krems Ringstraße
University for Continuing Education Krems Campuskrems vonoben.jpg
University for Continuing Education Krems


Leisure and sports sites

Swimming is available at Kremser Strandbad (indoor swimming pool) and outdoor.

Personalities linked to Krems an der Donau

Wilhelm Miklas, 3rd President of Austria WilhelmMiklas37840v.jpg
Wilhelm Miklas, 3rd President of Austria
Franz Colestin Schneider 1854 Franz Colestin Schneider Litho.jpg
Franz Cölestin Schneider 1854

Twin towns

Krems is twinned with the following cities:

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Lower Austria</span> State of Austria

Lower Austria is one of the nine states of Austria, located in the northeastern corner of the country. Since 1986, the capital of Lower Austria has been Sankt Pölten, replacing Vienna which became a separate state in 1921. With a land area of 19,186 km2 (7,408 sq mi) and a population of 1.685 million people, Lower Austria is the second most populous state in Austria. Other large cities are Amstetten, Klosterneuburg, Krems an der Donau, Stockerau and Wiener Neustadt.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Sankt Pölten</span> Place in Lower Austria, Austria

Sankt Pölten, mostly abbreviated to the official name St. Pölten, is the capital and largest city of the State of Lower Austria in northeast Austria, with 55,538 inhabitants as of 1 January 2020. St. Pölten is a city with its own statute and therefore it is both a municipality and a district in the Mostviertel.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Index of Austria-related articles</span>

Articles related to Austria include:

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Emperor Franz Joseph Railway</span>

The Emperor Franz Joseph Railway was an Austrian private railway company, named after Emperor Franz Joseph I. It operated railway lines from the Austrian capital Vienna to Prague and Eger (Cheb) in Bohemia.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Transportation in Vienna</span> Overview of the transportation system in Vienna, Austria

Vienna has an extensive transportation system that includes highways, railroads and public transportation.

Bezirk Krems-Land is a district of the state of Lower Austria in Austria. It comprises the areas to the West and North of the city Krems an der Donau, which itself is a statutory city.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kamp (river)</span> River in Austria

The Kamp is a 168-kilometre-long (104 mi) river in northern Austria, left tributary of the Danube. Its drainage basin is 2,177 km2 (841 sq mi).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tulln an der Donau</span> Place in Lower Austria, Austria

Tulln an der Donau is a historic town in the Austrian state of Lower Austria, the administrative seat of Tulln District. Because of its abundance of parks and gardens, Tulln is often referred to as Blumenstadt, and "The City of Togetherness" following the initiative of Peter Eisenschenk, Mayor of Tulln.

Krems may refer to:

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Mautern an der Donau</span> Place in Lower Austria, Austria

Mautern an der Donau is a town in the district of Krems-Land in the Austrian state of Lower Austria.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Spitz, Austria</span> Town in Lower Austria, Austria

Spitz an der Donau is a market town in the district of Krems-Land in the Austrian state of Lower Austria, in the midst of the UNESCO World Heritage area Wachau, further down from Willendorf on the left bank of the Danube. The ferry across the Danube here is interesting in that it has no motor or sail: it is powered by rudder set against the river current, anchored to a cable above the river. The ferry carries passengers, bicycles, motorcycles, and automobiles.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Herzogenburg Monastery</span>

Herzogenburg Monastery is an Augustinian monastery located in Herzogenburg in Lower Austria. Founded in 1112 by Augustinian Canons, the monastery was refurbished in the Baroque style in 1714 by Jakob Prandtauer, Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach, and Josef Munggenast.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Martin Johann Schmidt</span>

Martin Johann Schmidt, called Kremser Schmidt or Kremserschmidt,, was one of the outstanding Austrian painters of the late Baroque/Rococo along with Franz Anton Maulbertsch.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Johann Georg Schmidt (painter)</span> Austrian painter

Johann Georg Schmidt was an Austrian Baroque painter. To distinguish him from his better-known namesake Martin Johann Schmidt from Krems he was also known as the "Viennese Schmidt".

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Schloss Gobelsburg</span>

Schloss Gobelsburg is a winery and castle in the Kamptal wine growing region in Lower Austria, some 50 miles to the north west of Vienna. The estate produces both red and white wines. Wine production on the estate dates to 1171; it is the oldest winery in the Danube region. The structure is a listed building.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">St. Pölten Hauptbahnhof</span> Railway station in Lower Austria

St. Pölten Hauptbahnhof is the main railway station at St. Pölten, which is the capital city of the federal state of Lower Austria, located in the north east of Austria. The station is one of the western endpoints of the Verkehrsverbund Ost-Region.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Wachau</span> Valley in Austria

The Wachau is an Austrian valley with a picturesque landscape formed by the Danube river. It is one of the most prominent tourist destinations of Lower Austria, located midway between the towns of Melk and Krems that also attracts "connoisseurs and epicureans" for its high-quality wines. It is 36 kilometres (22 mi) in length and was already settled in prehistoric times. A well-known place and tourist attraction is Dürnstein, where King Richard the Lionheart of England was held captive by Duke Leopold V of Austria and Styria. The architectural elegance of its ancient monasteries, castles and ruins combined with the urban architecture of its towns and villages, and the cultivation of vines as an important agricultural produce are the dominant features of the valley.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Austrian walled towns</span> History of walled towns in Austria

Walled towns in Austria started to appear in the 11th century. Their establishment was closely connected with the development of Austria as a march of the Holy Roman Empire and in particular by the Hohenstaufen Emperors and their Marcher Lords, the Babenbergs. In present-day Austria, there are 106 towns or cities that were walled. The walls of Radstadt, Freiburg, Hainburg and Drosendorf survive almost intact, and Austria has some of the most impressive walled towns in Europe.

The Danubian Limes, or Danube Limes, refers to the Roman military frontier or limes which lies along the River Danube in the present-day German state of Bavaria, in Austria, Slovakia, Hungary, Croatia, Serbia, Bulgaria and Romania.

Richard Neumann was an Austrian industrialist and art collector persecuted by Nazis because he was Jewish.


  1. "Dauersiedlungsraum der Gemeinden Politischen Bezirke und Bundesländer - Gebietsstand 1.1.2018". Statistics Austria. Retrieved 10 March 2019.
  2. "Einwohnerzahl 1.1.2018 nach Gemeinden mit Status, Gebietsstand 1.1.2018". Statistics Austria. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  3. "Krems an der Donau - Wasserwerk".
  4. Braumüller, Wilhelm, ed. (1849). Quellen und Forschungen zur vaterländischen Geschichte, Literatur und Kunst (in German). Wien.
  5. "Klimadaten von Österreich 1971-2000 -Krems" (in German). Central Institute for Meteorology and Geodynamics. Retrieved 6 September 2012.
  6. "Gallery of Lower Austria". Retrieved 14 January 2020.