Krems an der Donau

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Krems
Krems an der Donau - Ortsansicht.jpg
View of Krems
Krems Coa.jpg
Coat of arms
Austria adm location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Krems
Location of Krems in Austria
Coordinates: 48°25′N15°37′E / 48.417°N 15.617°E / 48.417; 15.617
CountryAustria Flag of Austria.svg
State Lower Austria
District Statutory city (Austria)
Town rights 1305
Government
  MayorReinhard Resch (SPÖ)
  First Vice-MayorEva Hollerer (SPÖ)
  Second Vice-MayorErwin Krammer (ÖVP)
Area
[1]
  City51.66 km2 (19.95 sq mi)
Elevation
203 m (666 ft)
Population
 (2018-01-01) [2]
  City24,610
  Density465/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
   Urban
c. 50,000
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
3500, 3506 (Krems-Süd)
Area code 02732, 02739 (Krems-Süd)
License plate KS
Website www.krems.at

Krems an der Donau (German pronunciation: [ˈkʁɛms ʔan deːɐ̯ ˈdoːnaʊ̯] ; Czech : Kremže) is a town of 23,992 inhabitants[ when? ] in Austria, in the federal state of Lower Austria. It is the fifth-largest city of Lower Austria and is approximately 70 kilometres (43 miles) west of Vienna. Krems is a city with its own statute (or Statutarstadt ), and therefore it is both a municipality and a district.

Contents

Geography

Krems is located at the confluence of the Krems and Danube Rivers at the eastern end of Wachau valley, in the southern Waldviertel.

Krems borders the following municipalities: Stratzing, Langenlois, Rohrendorf bei Krems, Gedersdorf, Traismauer, Nußdorf ob der Traisen, Paudorf, Furth bei Göttweig, Mautern an der Donau, Dürnstein, and Senftenberg.

History

View of Krems in 1679 Topographia Austriacarum (Merian) 030.jpg
View of Krems in 1679
View of Krems in 1900 Krems an der Donau 1900.jpg
View of Krems in 1900
View of Krems in 2006 Krems and mautern from ferdinandswarte.jpg
View of Krems in 2006
Danube in Krems with the harbour in background Stein adD.JPG
Danube in Krems with the harbour in background

Krems was first mentioned in 995 in a certificate of Otto III, [3] but settlement was apparent even before then. For example, a child's grave, over 27,000 years old, was found here. This is the oldest grave found in Austria.

During the 11th and 12th centuries, Chremis, as it was then called, was almost as large as Vienna.

Krems is the primary producer of Marillenschnaps, an apricot brandy.

Krems is the hometown of Martin Johann Schmidt, called "Kremserschmidt", the leading painter, draughtsman and etcher of the Austrian late Baroque.

City division

Population development

Krems an der Donau

The population (with principal residence status) in the agglomeration was about 50,000 at the end of 2010.

Climate

Climate data for Krems
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)16.8
(62.2)
21.1
(70.0)
24.9
(76.8)
27.8
(82.0)
31.6
(88.9)
36.8
(98.2)
36.0
(96.8)
36.5
(97.7)
33.5
(92.3)
27.2
(81.0)
23.5
(74.3)
16.1
(61.0)
36.8
(98.2)
Average high °C (°F)3.1
(37.6)
5.1
(41.2)
10.2
(50.4)
15.3
(59.5)
20.6
(69.1)
23.3
(73.9)
25.8
(78.4)
25.5
(77.9)
20.4
(68.7)
14.5
(58.1)
7.5
(45.5)
3.7
(38.7)
14.6
(58.3)
Daily mean °C (°F)−0.6
(30.9)
0.8
(33.4)
4.9
(40.8)
9.3
(48.7)
14.6
(58.3)
17.6
(63.7)
19.5
(67.1)
18.9
(66.0)
14.3
(57.7)
8.9
(48.0)
3.7
(38.7)
0.7
(33.3)
9.4
(48.9)
Average low °C (°F)−3.2
(26.2)
−2.5
(27.5)
0.8
(33.4)
4.5
(40.1)
9.0
(48.2)
12.0
(53.6)
13.8
(56.8)
13.4
(56.1)
9.7
(49.5)
4.9
(40.8)
0.8
(33.4)
−2.1
(28.2)
5.1
(41.2)
Record low °C (°F)−22.8
(−9.0)
−20.0
(−4.0)
−18.1
(−0.6)
−4.7
(23.5)
−0.2
(31.6)
1.3
(34.3)
5.7
(42.3)
4.8
(40.6)
0.6
(33.1)
−7.9
(17.8)
−16.3
(2.7)
−22.7
(−8.9)
−22.8
(−9.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches)17.3
(0.68)
21.0
(0.83)
27.4
(1.08)
37.5
(1.48)
58.2
(2.29)
80.2
(3.16)
79.8
(3.14)
62.0
(2.44)
45.5
(1.79)
28.3
(1.11)
33.6
(1.32)
24.9
(0.98)
515.7
(20.3)
Average snowfall cm (inches)8.3
(3.3)
7.5
(3.0)
6.2
(2.4)
0.2
(0.1)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
4.2
(1.7)
6.8
(2.7)
33.2
(13.1)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm)5.05.15.86.59.09.99.68.46.95.07.26.084.4
Average snowy days (≥ 1.0 cm)10.16.92.60.20.00.00.00.00.00.01.86.227.8
Mean monthly sunshine hours 55.388.8127.4171.5219.6214.2238.5234.9157.3120.953.941.91,724.2
Source: Central Institute for Meteorology and Geodynamics [4]

Main sights

Old Town of Krems Mohrenapotheke Krems.JPG
Old Town of Krems
The Steiner Tor in Krems Krems - Steinertor (1).JPG
The Steiner Tor in Krems
Piarist Church Piaristenkirche070812.jpg
Piarist Church
Dreifaltigkeitssaule Dreifaltigkeitssaule Krems 2.JPG
Dreifaltigkeitssäule
View of Stein an der Donau, a quarter in the west end of the city Krems danube001 2004.jpg
View of Stein an der Donau, a quarter in the west end of the city
View of Stein (from the left to the right: Frauenbergkirche, Pfarrkirche Hl. Nikolaus, Minoritenkirche) Stein a d Donau Panorama.jpg
View of Stein (from the left to the right: Frauenbergkirche, Pfarrkirche Hl. Nikolaus, Minoritenkirche)

Old town

Outside the Old Town

Transport

Krems Central Station Krems-Bf-05.jpg
Krems Central Station
Motorway to Vienna in the industrial area of Krems S5 Landersdorf.JPG
Motorway to Vienna in the industrial area of Krems

The city's main railway station is a junction of the Franz-Josefs Railway to Vienna, the Kremser Railway to St. Pölten, the Donauufer Railway to Spitz and the regional railway to Horn. It is at the intersection of the Stockerauer Speedway S5 and the Kremser Speedway S33, and is traversed by the Danube Road B3, the Retzer Road B35, the Kremser Road B37 and the Langenloiser Road B218. Krems is a junction of the Wieselbus bus lines, which provides radial connections between Sankt Pölten and the different regions of Lower Austria.

Main Roads

Railroad

Air traffic

In the city

A network of four bus lines operates at regular intervals within the city. Every summer, a tourist train connects the ancient parts of the city with museums, the central railway station and the passenger ship terminal of Krems.

Politics

Municipal council

The municipal council consists of 40 members and since the municipal elections in 2017 it consists of the following parties:

Municipal elections in Krems were held, as the same time as the Austrian legislative election, 2017 on 15 October 2017.

City's senate

The city's senate consists of 10 members:

Public facilities

Educational facilities

Bundesrealgymnasium Krems Ringstrasse Ringstrassengymnasium Krems.JPG
Bundesrealgymnasium Krems Ringstraße
Danube University Krems Campuskrems vonoben.jpg
Danube University Krems

Prison

Leisure and sports sites

Swimming is available at Kremser Strandbad (indoor swimming pool) and outdoor.

Personalities linked to Krems an der Donau

Wilhelm Miklas, 3rd President of Austria WilhelmMiklas37840v.jpg
Wilhelm Miklas, 3rd President of Austria
Franz Colestin Schneider 1854 Franz Colestin Schneider Litho.jpg
Franz Cölestin Schneider 1854

Twin towns

Krems is twinned with the following cities:

Related Research Articles

Lower Austria State in Austria

Lower Austria is the northeasternmost of the nine states of Austria. Since 1986, the capital of Lower Austria has been Sankt Pölten, state's largest city and the most recently designated capital in the country. Previously, Lower Austria's capital was Vienna, even though Vienna has not officially been part of Lower Austria since 1921. With a land area of 19,186 km2 (7,408 sq mi) and a population of 1.612 million people, Lower Austria is the country's largest state; it is the second most populous after the federal state of Vienna. Other large cities are Amstetten, Krems an der Donau and Wiener Neustadt.

Sankt Pölten Place in Lower Austria, Austria

Sankt Pölten, mostly abbreviated to the official name St. Pölten, is the capital and largest city of the State of Lower Austria in northeast Austria, with 52,716 inhabitants as of 1 January 2015. St Pölten is a city with its own statute and therefore it is both a municipality and a district in the Mostviertel.

Index of Austria-related articles Wikimedia list article

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Transportation in Vienna

Vienna has an extensive transport system that includes motorways, railways and public transport.

Bezirk Krems-Land is a district of the state of Lower Austria in Austria. It comprises the areas to the West and North of the city Krems an der Donau, which itself is a statutory city.

Tulln an der Donau Place in Lower Austria, Austria

Tulln an der Donau is a historic town in the Austrian state of Lower Austria, the administrative seat of Tulln District. Because of its abundance of parks and gardens, Tulln is often referred to as Blumenstadt.

Mautern an der Donau Place in Lower Austria, Austria

Mautern an der Donau is a town in the district of Krems-Land in the Austrian state of Lower Austria.

Spitz, Austria Place in Lower Austria, Austria

Spitz an der Donau is a market town in the district of Krems-Land in the Austrian state of Lower Austria, in the midst of the UNESCO World Heritage area Wachau, further down from Willendorf on the left bank of the Danube. The ferry across the Danube here is interesting in that it has no motor or sail: it is powered by rudder set against the river current, anchored to a cable above the river. The ferry carries passengers, bicycles, motorcycles, and automobiles.

Martin Johann Schmidt painter from Germany

Martin Johann Schmidt, called Kremser Schmidt or Kremserschmidt,, was one of the outstanding Austrian painters of the late Baroque/Rococo along with Franz Anton Maulbertsch.

Johann Georg Schmidt (painter) Austrian painter (c.1685 – 15 September 1748)

Johann Georg Schmidt was an Austrian Baroque painter. To distinguish him from his better-known namesake Martin Johann Schmidt from Krems he was also known as the "Viennese Schmidt".

St. Pölten Hauptbahnhof railway station

St. Pölten Hauptbahnhof is the main railway station at St. Pölten, which is the capital city of the federal state of Lower Austria, located in the north east of Austria. The station is one of the western endpoints of the Verkehrsverbund Ost-Region.

The Western Railway is a two-track, partly four-track, electrified railway line in Austria that runs from Vienna to Salzburg via St. Pölten and Linz Hauptbahnhof and is one of the major lines of Austria. It was originally opened as the Empress Elisabeth Railway in 1858 (Vienna–Linz). The line is owned and operated by Austrian Federal Railways (ÖBB).

Wachau valley in Austria

The Wachau is an Austrian valley with a picturesque landscape formed by the Danube river. It is one of the most prominent tourist destinations of Lower Austria, located midway between the towns of Melk and Krems that also attracts "connoisseurs and epicureans" for its high-quality wines. It is 36 kilometres (22 mi) in length and was already settled in prehistoric times. A well-known place and tourist attraction is Dürnstein, where King Richard the Lion-Heart of England was held captive by Duke Leopold V. The architectural elegance of its ancient monasteries, castles and ruins combined with the urban architecture of its towns and villages, and the cultivation of vines as an important agricultural produce are the dominant features of the valley.

The Alliance Community Radio Austria (VFRÖ) is the alliance and lobby group of the Austrian community radio stations. The VFRÖ was founded in 1993 and has 15 members.

The Danubian Limes, or Danube Limes, refers to the Roman military frontier or Limes which lies along the River Danube in the present-day German state of Bavaria, in Austria, Slovakia, Hungary, Serbia, Bulgaria and Romania.

References

  1. "Dauersiedlungsraum der Gemeinden Politischen Bezirke und Bundesländer - Gebietsstand 1.1.2018". Statistics Austria. Retrieved 10 March 2019.
  2. "Einwohnerzahl 1.1.2018 nach Gemeinden mit Status, Gebietsstand 1.1.2018". Statistics Austria. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  3. "Krems an der Donau - Wasserwerk".
  4. "Klimadaten von Österreich 1971-2000 -Krems" (in German). Central Institute for Meteorology and Geodynamics. Retrieved 6 September 2012.
  5. "Gallery of Lower Austria". www.lgnoe.at. Retrieved 14 January 2020.