Krzysztof Jan Kozlowski (18 August 1931 – 26 March 2013) was a Polish journalist and politician. He served as Poland's Minister of the former Interior and Administration with the Cabinet of Prime Minister Tadeusz Mazowiecki from 1990 until 1991.(The single ministry was split into two separate ministries in 2011). Kozlowski also served as the first Chief of the Urząd Ochrony Państwa (UOP) from 1990 to 1992 and was elected to the Senate of the Republic of Poland for four terms.
Poland, officially the Republic of Poland, is a country located in Central Europe. It is divided into 16 administrative subdivisions, covering an area of 312,696 square kilometres (120,733 sq mi), and has a largely temperate seasonal climate. With a population of approximately 38.5 million people, Poland is the sixth most populous member state of the European Union. Poland's capital and largest metropolis is Warsaw. Other major cities include Kraków, Łódź, Wrocław, Poznań, Gdańsk, and Szczecin.
A journalist is a person who collects, writes, or distributes news or other current information to the public. A journalist's work is called journalism. A journalist can work with general issues or specialize in certain issues. However, most journalists tend to specialize, and by cooperating with other journalists, produce journals that span many topics. For example, a sports journalist covers news within the world of sports, but this journalist may be a part of a newspaper that covers many different topics.
A politician is a person active in party politics, or a person holding or seeking office in government. Politicians propose, support and create laws or policies that govern the land and, by extension, its people. Broadly speaking, a "politician" can be anyone who seeks to achieve political power in any bureaucratic institution.
Born in 1931 in Przybysławice, Gmina Gołcza, Kozlowski died from heart failure in Kraków on 26 March 2013, at the age of 81.
Przybysławice is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Gołcza, within Miechów County, Lesser Poland Voivodeship, in southern Poland. It lies approximately 6 kilometres (4 mi) north-west of Gołcza, 11 km (7 mi) west of Miechów, and 36 km (22 mi) north of the regional capital Kraków.
Urząd Ochrony Państwa or UOP was the intelligence agency of Poland from 1990 to 2002, when it was split into two new agencies.
Janusz Adam Onyszkiewicz is a Polish mathematician, alpinist, politician and was a vice-president of the European Parliament's Foreign Affairs Committee from January 2007 until mid-2009.
Kozłowski is the 12th most common surname in Poland. It is ranked second in both Warmia-Masuria (7,764) and Podlaskie (5,560) It is related to the following surnames:
Jan Krzysztof Bielecki(
Leon Tadeusz Kozłowski was a Polish archaeologist, freemason and politician who served as Prime Minister of Poland from 1934 to 1935, before being convicted and sentenced to death for Treason during World War II.
Aleksander Błażej Prystor was a Polish politician, activist, soldier and freemason, who served as 23rd Prime Minister of Poland from 1931 to 1933. He was a member of the Combat Organization of the Polish Socialist Party and in 1908 took part in the Bezdany raid. Between 1912 and 1917 he spent in Russian prisons before being released in 1917. In March 1917 he joined Polish Military Organisation. After independce he became secretary in the Ministry of Labour and Social Welfare. He fought as a volunteer in the Polish-Soviet War of 1919-1920. He worked for few ministries. Between 1931 and 1933 he served as Prime Minister of Poland. After that he became the Marshal of the Polish Senate 1935-1938.
Krzysztof Czerwinski (born January 13, 1980 is a Polish conductor, organist and voice teacher.
Polityka is a centre-left weekly newsmagazine in Poland. With a circulation of 200,050, it was the country's biggest selling weekly, ahead of Newsweek's Polish edition, Newsweek Polska, and Wprost. Polityka has a slightly intellectual, socially liberal profile, setting it apart from the more conservative Wprost and the glossier approach of Newsweek Poland. Prominent editors and permanent contributors have included Adam Krzemiński, Janina Paradowska, Daniel Passent, Ludwik Stomma, Adam Szostkiewicz, Jacek Żakowski, Ryszard Kapuściński, Jerzy Urban, and Krzysztof Zanussi.
In this time period Polish history covering roughly a millennium, from the 5th century, the way through to the 16th century. It is commonly dated from the fall of the Western Roman Empire, and contrasted with a later Early Modern Period; the time during which the rise of humanism in the Italian Renaissance and the Reformation unfolded, are generally associated with the transition out of the Middle Ages, with European overseas expansion as a succeeding process, but such dates are approximate and based upon nuanced arguments.
Bronisław Maria Komorowski is a Polish politician and historian who served as President of Poland from 2010 to 2015.
With the fall of communism Polish culture and society began a process of profound transformation, marked by the return of democracy and redevelopment of civil society. After 1989, the heavy government controls ended, and the radical economic changes were introduced. The influx of new aesthetic and social ideas was accompanied by the Western market forces. However, unlike any other temporal marker in the development of Polish culture from the past, the year 1989 did not introduce any specific literary events or artistic manifestations. For a generation of accomplished writers the objectives and their moral quests remained the same as in the preceding period. The first decade of freedom brought mainly state reforms in the financing of cultural institutions and patronage; forcing self-sustainability in an often uncharted territory. Literature, film, visual arts, theater and mass media remained focused on their active participation in public life.
Ministry of the Interior and Administration is an administration structure controlling main administration and security branches of the Polish government. After Parliamentary Election on 9 October 2011 was transformed for two ministries: Ministry of Interior and Ministry of Administration and Digitization. It was recreated in late 2015.
Krzysztof Jan Skubiszewski(
The Ministry of National Education is a ministerial department of the government of Poland. The ministry's prerogatives include setting educational standards and youth activities. Its functions do not include higher education, which falls under Ministry of Science and Higher Education.
The Ministry of the Interior was a ministry responsible for internal security, law enforcement, civil defence and registry functions in Poland. The current ministry was formed on 18 November 2011, when after the parliamentary election of 9 October 2011 there was a call to restructure the then Ministry of Interior and Administration, from which it was split. In late 2015 it was folded back to Ministry of Interior and Administration.
The Cabinet of Tadeusz Mazowiecki, led by Prime Minister Tadeusz Mazowiecki, came to power following the 1989 legislative election, and was appointed by the Sejm on 12 September 1989. Tadeusz Mazowiecki had been appointed Prime Minister on 24 August 1989, and tasked with the formation of a new government, after the Sejm rejected the Communist cabinet of Czesław Kiszczak. The cabinet resigned on 25 November 1990, and the Sejm accepted the resignation of the cabinet on 14 December, though it continued to perform its duties until the formation of the Cabinet of Jan Krzysztof Bielecki on 4 January 1991.
Marcin Korolec is a Polish civil servant and lawyer. He was the minister of environment in Donald Tusk's cabinet from 2011 to 2013 and secretary of state responsible for climate negotiations from 2013 to October 2015. He also served as deputy minister of economy responsible for trade policy in the cabinets of Kazimierz Marcinkiewicz, Jarosław Kaczyński and Donald Tusk between 2005 and 2011.
Bartłomiej Henryk Sienkiewicz is a Polish politician who served as the minister of interior from 25 February 2013 to 22 September 2014.
Philippines–Poland relations are the bilateral relations between the Republic of the Philippines and the Republic of Poland. Formal diplomatic relations between the two countries were established on September 22, 1973, but contact between the two peoples dates back to the seventeenth century.
Jacek Krzysztof Czaputowicz is a Polish politician and university teacher. He was an Undersecretary of State in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs from 2017 until 2018. Since 9 January 2018 he has been a Minister of Foreign Affairs.
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