Kufstein

Last updated
Kufstein
Kufstoa
Kufstein Festung Pendling-1.jpg
View to Kufstein Fortress and Brandenberg Alps
AUT Kufstein COA.svg
Kufstein.png
Location within Kufstein district
Austria adm location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Kufstein
Location within Austria
Coordinates: 47°35′00″N12°10′00″E / 47.58333°N 12.16667°E / 47.58333; 12.16667 Coordinates: 47°35′00″N12°10′00″E / 47.58333°N 12.16667°E / 47.58333; 12.16667
Country Austria
State Tyrol
District Kufstein
Government
   Mayor Martin Krumschnabel (Independent)
Area
[1]
  Total39.4 km2 (15.2 sq mi)
Elevation
499 m (1,637 ft)
Population
 (2018-01-01) [2]
  Total19,223
  Density490/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
6330-6333
Area code 05372
Vehicle registration KU
Website www.kufstein.at

Kufstein (German pronunciation: [ˈkʊfˌʃtaɪ̯n] ( Loudspeaker.svg listen ); Central Bavarian: Kufstoa) is a town in the Austrian state of Tyrol, the administrative seat of Kufstein District. With a population of about 19,600 it is the second largest Tyrolean town after the state capital Innsbruck. The greatest landmark is Kufstein Fortress, first mentioned in the 13th century. The town was the place of origin of the Austrian noble family Kuefstein de.

Contents

Geography

It is located in the Tyrolean Unterland region on the river Inn, at the confluence with its Weißache and Kaiserbach tributaries, near the border with Bavaria, Germany. The municipal area stretches along the Lower Inn Valley between the Brandenberg Alps in the northwest and the Kaiser Mountains in the southeast. The remote Kaisertal until recently was the last settled valley in Austria without transport connections, prior to the completion of a tunnel road from Kufstein to neighbouring Ebbs in 2008. North of the town, the Inn river leaves the Northern Limestone Alps and enters the Bavarian Alpine Foreland. The town area comprises several small lakes, such as Pfrillsee, Längsee, and Hechtsee; Egelsee and Maistaller Lacke are protected nature reserves.

The municipal arrangement comprises the cadastral communities of Kufstein, Mosbach and Thierberg; the town itself is divided into five quarters (Zentrum, Sparchen, Weissach, Endach, and Zell).

Climate

Climate data for Kufstein (1971–2000)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)17.3
(63.1)
18.8
(65.8)
25.5
(77.9)
27.0
(80.6)
30.6
(87.1)
34.8
(94.6)
36.0
(96.8)
34.8
(94.6)
29.7
(85.5)
26.2
(79.2)
23.3
(73.9)
19.2
(66.6)
36.0
(96.8)
Average high °C (°F)2.1
(35.8)
4.6
(40.3)
9.7
(49.5)
13.8
(56.8)
19.2
(66.6)
21.3
(70.3)
23.5
(74.3)
23.2
(73.8)
19.4
(66.9)
14.2
(57.6)
6.9
(44.4)
2.6
(36.7)
13.4
(56.1)
Daily mean °C (°F)−1.8
(28.8)
−0.1
(31.8)
3.9
(39.0)
7.7
(45.9)
12.9
(55.2)
15.6
(60.1)
17.6
(63.7)
17.2
(63.0)
13.5
(56.3)
8.8
(47.8)
2.8
(37.0)
−0.8
(30.6)
8.1
(46.6)
Average low °C (°F)−4.4
(24.1)
−3.2
(26.2)
0.1
(32.2)
3.2
(37.8)
7.7
(45.9)
10.9
(51.6)
12.9
(55.2)
12.8
(55.0)
9.6
(49.3)
5.4
(41.7)
0.3
(32.5)
−3.1
(26.4)
4.4
(39.9)
Record low °C (°F)−22.8
(−9.0)
−18.0
(−0.4)
−17.7
(0.1)
−4.8
(23.4)
−2.4
(27.7)
2.8
(37.0)
4.5
(40.1)
3.9
(39.0)
−0.9
(30.4)
−6.3
(20.7)
−14.8
(5.4)
−20.1
(−4.2)
−22.8
(−9.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches)81.3
(3.20)
72.0
(2.83)
93.3
(3.67)
95.4
(3.76)
109.8
(4.32)
155.4
(6.12)
175.4
(6.91)
152.5
(6.00)
102.3
(4.03)
73.1
(2.88)
95.2
(3.75)
88.0
(3.46)
1,293.7
(50.93)
Average snowfall cm (inches)41.2
(16.2)
37.6
(14.8)
27.5
(10.8)
10.8
(4.3)
0.1
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.4
(0.2)
22.2
(8.7)
36.2
(14.3)
176.0
(69.3)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm)10.39.512.412.612.715.715.514.110.99.510.911.3145.4
Average relative humidity (%) (at 14:00)71.362.053.149.048.453.154.055.458.261.169.975.959.3
Source: Central Institute for Meteorology and Geodynamics [3]

Population

Historical population
YearPop.±%
18692,777    
18803,787+36.4%
18904,067+7.4%
19004,791+17.8%
19106,717+40.2%
19237,103+5.7%
19347,551+6.3%
19398,233+9.0%
195111,268+36.9%
196111,215−0.5%
197112,913+15.1%
198113,118+1.6%
199113,484+2.8%
200115,358+13.9%
201117,388+13.2%
201520,064+15.4%

Economy

Glass manufacturer Riedel, haulage contractor LKW Walter, gunmaker Voere, and textile mat manufacturer Kleen-Tex are based in Kufstein.

Kufstein is also home to the University of Applied Sciences Kufstein which specializes in providing business education and is a center for international exchange.

Transport

Annual Almabtrieb cow train in Kufstein Kufstein Almabtrieb 2005.jpg
Annual Almabtrieb cow train in Kufstein

Kufstein has two exits along the A12 motorway (autobahn) from Innsbruck to Rosenheim.

Kufstein railway station, opened in 1876, forms part of the Lower Inn Valley railway section of the Brenner-axis from Munich to Verona.

The Festungsbahn is a funicular that links the city centre with the Kufstein Fortress.

History

Archaeological findings in the Tischofer Cave in Kaisertal denote a settlement of the area more than 30,000 years ago, the oldest traces of human habitation in Tyrol. Incorporated into the Roman Empire in 15 BC, the Inn river formed the border between the Roman provinces of Raetia and Noricum .

A church at Caofstein was first mentioned in a 788 deed issued by Bishop Arno of Salzburg. At that time, the Lower Inn Valley was part of the Bavarian realm under the Agilolfing duke Tassilo III, who was deposed by Charlemagne and replaced by Prefect Gerold. The Fortress is first documented in 1205 as a possession of the Bishop of Regensburg and the Duke of Bavaria.

Emperor Maximilian entering Kufstein, 1836 drawing Herzog Erich der Altere von Calenberg und Kaiser Maximilian vor der Veste Kufstein in Tirol by Johannes Christian Riepenhausen.jpg
Emperor Maximilian entering Kufstein, 1836 drawing

In the early 14th century, the Wittelsbach emperor Louis IV, also Bavarian duke, vested the Kufstein citizens with rights of jurisdiction. Kufstein passed to the County of Tyrol in 1342, when it was a wedding gift to Countess Margaret from her husband, Emperor Louis's son Louis the Brandenburger. However, it fell back to Bavaria upon Margaret's death in 1369. Duke Stephen III of Bavaria granted Kufstein city status in 1393, due to its prominence as a trading and docking point on the Inn River. [4] From 1415 onwards, his son and successor Duke Louis VII had the Fortress largely rebuilt and expanded.

The possession of the strategically important Kufstein border fortress remained disputed. In 1504, the Habsburg emperor Maximilian I took the opportunity of the War of the Succession of Landshut within the Bavarian Wittelsbach dynasty: his Austrian forces laid siege to the town, and at the Imperial Diet in Cologne the next year, the emperor resolved upon the cession of the Kufstein territories to the Habsburg lands of Tyrol. Maximilian had the prominent Kaiserturm tower of the fortress erected, which was finished in 1522.

The Siege of the Kufstein Fortress in 1809 Siege de Kufstein par les insurges tyroliens, 1809.jpg
The Siege of the Kufstein Fortress in 1809

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the castle was again besieged by Bavarian troops under Elector Maximilian II Emanuel in 1703, nevertheless the Austrian domains were confirmed by the Treaty of Ilbersheim the next year. After the War of the Third Coalition, Kufstein once again was awarded to the newly established Kingdom of Bavaria in the 1805 Peace of Pressburg and the Tyrolean Rebellion of 1809 was crushed by the Bavarian Army. Finally in 1813/14 it passed to the Austrian Empire.

In the 19th century, Kufstein Fortress was turned into a bastille for political prisoners, such as the Hungarian outlaw Sándor Rózsa, who spent several years here before he was finally pardoned in 1868. The town's economic development was decisively promoted by the opening of the Lower Inn Valley Railway line in 1858.

In the late days of World War II the historic town centre suffered from Allied bombing. After the war, Kufstein was occupied by French and US forces; it was the site of a French sector United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration Displaced Persons camp. [5]

Sights

Panoramic view of Kufstein Kufstein Panorama.jpg
Panoramic view of Kufstein
Architecture style typical for Tirol. Kufstein, Tirol, Austria.JPG
Architecture style typical for Tirol.
Kufstein Fortress Festung kufstein.jpg
Kufstein Fortress
Wasserbastion, a part of the medieval wall. KufsteinWasserbastei.jpg
Wasserbastion, a part of the medieval wall.
Saint Vitus Church. Stadtpfarrkirche St. Vitus, Kufstein 2.JPG
Saint Vitus Church.

Due to its long history, the city of Kufstein has various sights to offer:

International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Kufstein is twinned with

Notable people

Ferenc Kazinczy Kazinczy.jpg
Ferenc Kazinczy

Film and television

Locations in and around Kufstein have been used for a number of films and television programmes: Destiny (1942), Mountain Crystal (1949), Bluebeard (1951), White Shadows (1951), Das letzte Aufgebot (1953), The Flying Classroom (1954), Graf Porno und die liebesdurstigen Töchter (1969), Vanessa (1977), Sachrang (1978), TV documentary series Bilderbuch Deutschland (1996), Da wo das Glück beginnt (2006), Da wo es noch Treue gibt (2006), and Da wo die Freundschaft zahlt (2007). For further information see the Internet Movie Database.

Music

The song Kufsteinlied  [ de ] (also called Das Kufsteiner Lied), originally composed by Karl Ganzer, has been covered by many musicians including Heino and Franzl Lang.

Related Research Articles

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References

  1. "Dauersiedlungsraum der Gemeinden Politischen Bezirke und Bundesländer - Gebietsstand 1.1.2018". Statistics Austria. Retrieved 10 March 2019.
  2. "Einwohnerzahl 1.1.2018 nach Gemeinden mit Status, Gebietsstand 1.1.2018". Statistics Austria. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  3. "Klimadaten von Österreich 1971–2000 – Tirol-Kufstein" (in German). Central Institute for Meteorology and Geodynamics. Archived from the original on 12 October 2019. Retrieved 29 October 2019.
  4. Chizzali. Tyrol: Impressions of Tyrol. (Innsbruck: Alpina Printers and Publishers), p. 44
  5. Eisterer, Klaus (1991). Französische Besatzungspolitik Tirol und Vorarlberg 1945/46-Innsbrucker Forschungen zur Zeitgeschichte Band 9 (in German). Innsbruck: Haymon Verlag. p. 104.