Kugluktuk

Last updated

Kugluktuk
Qurluqtuq
ᖁᕐᓗᖅᑐᖅ
Kugluktuk.jpg
Hill top view of Kugluktuk
Canada Nunavut location map-lambert proj3.svg
Red pog.svg
Kugluktuk
Canada location map 2.svg
Red pog.svg
Kugluktuk
Coordinates: 67°49′36″N115°05′36″W / 67.82667°N 115.09333°W / 67.82667; -115.09333 [1] Coordinates: 67°49′36″N115°05′36″W / 67.82667°N 115.09333°W / 67.82667; -115.09333 [2]
CountryCanada
Territory Nunavut
Region Kitikmeot
Electoral district Kugluktuk
Government
  MayorSimon Kuliktana [5]
   MLA Bobby Anavilok
Area
 (2021) [6]
  Land538.99 km2 (208.11 sq mi)
Elevation
[7]
23 m (75 ft)
Population
 (2021) [6]
  Total1,382
  Density2.6/km2 (7/sq mi)
   DPL [8]
956
Time zone UTC−07:00 (MST)
  Summer (DST) UTC−06:00 (MDT)
Canadian Postal code
Area code 867

Kugluktuk (Qurluktuk, lit.'"the place of moving water"'; Inuktitut syllabics: ᖁᕐᓗᖅᑐᖅ; Inuktitut pronunciation:  [quʁluqtuq] ), formerly known as Coppermine until 1 January 1996, is a hamlet located at the mouth of the Coppermine River in the Kitikmeot Region of Nunavut, Canada, on Coronation Gulf, southwest of Victoria Island. It is the westernmost community in Nunavut, near the border with the Northwest Territories.

Contents

The traditional language of the area is Inuinnaqtun and is written using the Latin alphabet, rather than the syllabics of the Inuktitut writing system. Like Cambridge Bay, Bathurst Inlet, and Umingmaktok, syllabics are rarely seen and are used mainly by the Government of Nunavut.

History

In 1982, a division plebiscite was held. While approximately 80% of the population in what is now Nunavut voted in favour of division, Coppermine was one of only two communities to vote against division. Cambridge Bay was the other. [9] In June 2004, a fuel line broke in the centre of Kugluktuk, spilling 2,000 L (440 imp gal; 530 US gal) of diesel fuel.[ citation needed ]

Geography

Kugluktuk is located on the shore of the Arctic Ocean. The surrounding landscape is dominated by the rocky and often barren Canadian Shield. The region has a subarctic climate, but barely so, with July having an average of 10.9 °C (51.6 °F). It has very cold and extremely dry winters, and moderate snowfall which is relatively high for its latitude. Though trees do exist in the region, they are dwarfed and extremely sparse.

Flora

Plant growth in the region during summer months includes small shrubs, grass, moss, lichens, blueberries, blackberries, cranberries, various flowers, and dwarf willow and birch trees.

Climate

Kugluktuk features a subarctic climate (Köppen climate classification: Dfc); like most of mainland Nunavut; with wet summers and dry winters. It is in the transitional zone to a cold tundra climate (ET), but falls outside of it, since its warmest month of July surpasses the 10 °C (50 °F) isotherm, averaging 10.9 °C (51.6 °F).

The highest temperature ever recorded in Kugluktuk was 34.9 °C (94.8 °F) on 15 July 1989. [10] The coldest temperature ever recorded was −50.0 °C (−58.0 °F) on 2 February 1968. [11]

Climate data for Kugluktuk (Kugluktuk Airport)
WMO ID: 71938; coordinates 67°49′00″N115°08′38″W / 67.81667°N 115.14389°W / 67.81667; -115.14389 (Baie-Kugluktuk Airport) ; elevation: 22.6 m (74 ft); 1981–2010 normals, extremes 1930–present [lower-alpha 1]
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)0.8
(33.4)
1.1
(34.0)
0.0
(32.0)
9.8
(49.6)
23.3
(73.9)
32.5
(90.5)
34.9
(94.8)
30.3
(86.5)
26.1
(79.0)
13.9
(57.0)
4.4
(39.9)
−0.5
(31.1)
34.9
(94.8)
Average high °C (°F)−23.2
(−9.8)
−23.4
(−10.1)
−20.7
(−5.3)
−11.4
(11.5)
−1.3
(29.7)
9.9
(49.8)
15.6
(60.1)
13.1
(55.6)
6.5
(43.7)
−3.5
(25.7)
−14.8
(5.4)
−20.3
(−4.5)
−6.1
(21.0)
Daily mean °C (°F)−27.3
(−17.1)
−27.7
(−17.9)
−25.3
(−13.5)
−16.3
(2.7)
−5.3
(22.5)
5.5
(41.9)
10.9
(51.6)
9.0
(48.2)
3.3
(37.9)
−6.6
(20.1)
−18.7
(−1.7)
−24.5
(−12.1)
−10.3
(13.5)
Average low °C (°F)−31.4
(−24.5)
−32.0
(−25.6)
−29.8
(−21.6)
−21.2
(−6.2)
−9.2
(15.4)
1.0
(33.8)
6.1
(43.0)
4.8
(40.6)
0.1
(32.2)
−9.8
(14.4)
−22.6
(−8.7)
−28.6
(−19.5)
−14.4
(6.1)
Record low °C (°F)−47.8
(−54.0)
−50.0
(−58.0)
−48.9
(−56.0)
−43.9
(−47.0)
−30.2
(−22.4)
−15.0
(5.0)
−0.8
(30.6)
−4.4
(24.1)
−20.0
(−4.0)
−35.4
(−31.7)
−41.1
(−42.0)
−45.0
(−49.0)
−50.0
(−58.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches)10.4
(0.41)
8.4
(0.33)
9.9
(0.39)
10.0
(0.39)
14.6
(0.57)
16.6
(0.65)
44.5
(1.75)
45.1
(1.78)
37.8
(1.49)
26.5
(1.04)
13.0
(0.51)
10.4
(0.41)
247.2
(9.73)
Average rainfall mm (inches)0.1
(0.00)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.1
(0.00)
4.3
(0.17)
14.6
(0.57)
44.4
(1.75)
44.9
(1.77)
31.4
(1.24)
4.7
(0.19)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
144.5
(5.69)
Average snowfall cm (inches)19.6
(7.7)
16.3
(6.4)
19.4
(7.6)
18.2
(7.2)
16.2
(6.4)
2.1
(0.8)
0.0
(0.0)
0.2
(0.1)
7.7
(3.0)
35.0
(13.8)
25.5
(10.0)
21.9
(8.6)
182.1
(71.7)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm)8.98.710.08.27.57.611.513.312.814.311.19.7123.4
Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm)0.00.00.00.21.96.811.513.110.52.30.00.046.4
Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm)10.510.111.69.57.21.30.10.23.714.513.411.693.6
Average relative humidity (%) (at 1500 LST)76.775.177.582.383.170.264.869.875.584.780.977.876.5
Mean monthly sunshine hours 17.877.3160.3233.3246.7375.0341.6207.791.151.219.60.21,821.7
Percent possible sunshine 17.735.544.449.638.752.148.538.522.817.612.70.731.6
Source: Environment and Climate Change Canada [10] [12] [13] [14] [15] [16] [17] [18] [19] [20] [21] [22] [23] [11] [24] [25] [26] [27]

Demographics

Federal census population history of Kugluktuk
YearPop.±%
1976758    
1981809+6.7%
1986888+9.8%
1991 1,059+19.3%
1996 1,201+13.4%
2001 1,212+0.9%
2006 1,302+7.4%
2011 1,450+11.4%
2016 1,491+2.8%
2021 1,382−7.3%
Source: Statistics Canada
[6] [28] [29] [30] [31] [32] [33] [34] [35]

As a census subdivision in the 2021 Canadian census conducted by Statistics Canada, Kugluktuk had a population of 1,382 living in 397 of its 438 total private dwellings, a change of

As a designated place in the 2021 census, Kugluktuk had a population of 956 living in 265 of its 296 total private dwellings, a change of

Infrastructure

The community has been served by the Qiniq network since 2005. Qiniq is a fixed wireless service to homes and businesses, connecting to the outside world via a satellite backbone. The Qiniq network is designed and operated by SSI Micro. In 2017, the network was upgraded to 4G LTE technology, and 2G-GSM for mobile voice.

Education

The two schools in the community are Kugluktuk High School and Jimmy Hikok Ilihakvik.

See also

Notes

  1. Climate data was recorded at Coppermine from October 1930 to November 1977 and at Kugluktuk Airport from December 1977 to present.

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References

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Further reading