Kujō Yoritsune

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Kujo Yoritsune Kujo Yoritsune.jpg
Kujō Yoritsune

Kujō Yoritsune(九条 頼経, February 12, 1218 – September 1, 1256, r. 1226–1244), also known as Fujiwara no Yoritsune, was the fourth shōgun of the Kamakura shogunate of Japan. [1] His father was kanpaku Kujō Michiie and his grandmother was a niece of Minamoto no Yoritomo. His wife was a granddaughter of Minamoto no Yoritomo and daughter of Minamoto no Yoriie. He was born in the year (according to Chinese astrology) of the Tiger, in the month, on the day, and so his given name at birth was Mitora (三寅, "Triple Tiger").

<i>Shōgun</i> de facto military dictator of feudal Japan (1185-1868)

The Shōgun was the military dictator of Japan during the period from 1185 to 1868. The shogunate was their administration or government. In most of this period, the shōguns were the de facto rulers of the country, although nominally they were appointed by the Emperor as a ceremonial formality. The shōguns held almost absolute power over territories through military means. Nevertheless, an unusual situation occurred in the Kamakura period (1199–1333) upon the death of the first shōgun, whereby the Hōjō clan's hereditary titles of shikken (1199–1256) and tokusō (1256–1333) dominated the shogunate as dictatorial positions, collectively known as the Regent Rule (執権政治). The shōguns during this 134-year period met the same fate as the Emperor and were reduced to figurehead status until a coup d'état in 1333, when the shōgun was restored to power in the name of the Emperor.

Kamakura shogunate feudal military government of Japan

The Kamakura shogunate was a Japanese feudal military government of imperial-aristocratic rule that ruled from 1185 to 1333. The heads of the government were the shōguns. The first three were members of the Minamoto clan. The next two were members of the Fujiwara clan. The last six were minor Imperial princes.

Japan Constitutional monarchy in East Asia

Japan is an island country in East Asia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies off the eastern coast of the Asian continent and stretches from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and the Philippine Sea in the south.

Contents

Yoritsune was a member of the great Fujiwara clan. The Kujō family was one of the five branches of the historically powerful Fujiwara clan of courtiers.

Fujiwara clan powerful family of regents in Japan

Fujiwara clan, descending from the Nakatomi clan and through them Ame-no-Koyane-no-Mikoto, was a powerful family of regents in Japan.

Kujō family Japanese aristocratic kin group; branch of Fujiwara clan

Kujō family was a Japanese aristocratic kin group. The Kujō was a branch of the Fujiwara clan.

Family

Kujō Michiie Japanese regent in the 13th century

Kujō Michiie was a Japanese regent in the 13th century. He was the father of Kujō Yoritsune and grandson of Kujō Kanezane. He was the father of Norizane and Yoritsune. His third son Ichijō Sanetsune was the founding father of Ichijō family, while his second son Nijō Yoshizane founded Nijō family.

Kujō Yoritsugu, also known as Fujiwara no Yoritsugu, was the fifth shōgun of the Kamakura shogunate of Japan. His father was the 4th Kamakura shōgun, Kujō Yoritsune.

Events of Yoritsune's bakufu

At the age of seven, in 1226, Yoritsune became Sei-i Taishōgun in a political deal between his father and the Kamakura shogunate regent Hōjō Yoshitoki and Hōjō Masako who set him up as a puppet shogun.

A regent is a person appointed to govern a state because the monarch is a minor, is absent or is incapacitated. The rule of a regent or regents is called a regency. A regent or regency council may be formed ad hoc or in accordance with a constitutional rule. "Regent" is sometimes a formal title. If the regent is holding his position due to his position in the line of succession, the compound term prince regent is often used; if the regent of a minor is his mother, she is often referred to as "queen regent".

Hōjō Yoshitoki was the second Hōjō shikken (regent) of the Kamakura shogunate and head of the Hōjō clan. He was the eldest son of Hōjō Tokimasa and his wife Hōjō no Maki. He was shikken from the abdication of his father Tokimasa in 1205 until his death in 1224.

Hōjō Masako Japanese shikeen

Hōjō Masako was a political leader, and the eldest daughter of Hōjō Tokimasa by his wife Hōjō no Maki. She was the sister of Hōjō Yoshitoki, and was married to Minamoto no Yoritomo, the first shōgun of the Kamakura period. She was also the mother of O-Hime, Minamoto no Yoriie and Minamoto no Sanetomo, the second and third shōguns.

Karoku Japanese era

Karoku (嘉禄) was a Japanese era name after Gennin and before Antei. This period spanned the years from April 1225 to December 1227. The reigning emperor was Go-Horikawa-tennō (後堀河天皇).

Hōjō Yasutoki was the third shikken (regent) of the Kamakura shogunate in Japan. He strengthened the political system of the Hōjō regency.

The shikken was a titular post held by a member of Hōjō clan, officially a regent of the shogunate, from 1199 to 1333, or during the Kamakura period, therefore it was head of the bakufu (shogunate). It was part of the era referred to as Regent Rule.

Eras of Yoritsune's bakufu

The years in which Yoritsune was shogun are more specifically identified by more than one era name or nengō .

Notes

  1. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Fujiwara no Yoritsune" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 212 , p. 212, at Google Books.
  2. 1 2 Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, p. 240. , p. 240, at Google Books
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 Titsingh, p. 241. , p. 241, at Google Books
  4. Titsingh, p. 242 , p. 242, at Google Books; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki, p. 272.
  5. 1 2 3 4 5 Titsingh, p. 243. , p. 243, at Google Books
  6. 1 2 Titsingh, p. 244. , p. 244, at Google Books
  7. Titsingh, p. 246. , p. 246, at Google Books
  8. 1 2 3 4 Titsingh, p. 247. , p. 247, at Google Books
  9. Titsingh, p. 252. , p. 252, at Google Books

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References

Preceded by
Minamoto no Sanetomo
Shōgun :
Kujō Yoritsune

1226–1244
Succeeded by
Kujō Yoritsugu