Kumagaya

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Kumagaya

熊谷市
Kumagaya city hall 2.jpg
Kumagaya City office
Flag of Kumagaya, Saitama.svg
Flag
Qi Yu Xian Xiong Gu Shi Shi Zhang .svg
Seal
Location of Kumagaya city Saitama prefecture Japan.svg
Location of Kumagaya in Saitama Prefecture
Japan location map with side map of the Ryukyu Islands.svg
Red pog.svg
Kumagaya
Location of Kumagaya in Saitama Prefecture
Coordinates: 36°8′50.6″N139°23′19.1″E / 36.147389°N 139.388639°E / 36.147389; 139.388639 Coordinates: 36°8′50.6″N139°23′19.1″E / 36.147389°N 139.388639°E / 36.147389; 139.388639
Country Japan
Region Kantō
Prefecture Saitama
Government
  MayorKiyoshi Tomioka (Ind.)
Area
  Total159.82 km2 (61.71 sq mi)
Population
 (January 2021)
  Total195,277
  Density1,200/km2 (3,200/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
- Tree Zelkova serrata
- Flower Sakura
- Bird Eurasian skylark
- Fish Pungitius
Phone number048-524-111
Address2-47-1 Miyamachi, Kumagaya-shi 360-8601
Website Official website

Kumagaya (熊谷市, Kumagaya-shi) is a city located in Saitama Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 February 2021, the city had an estimated population of 195,277 in 87,827 households and a population density of 1200 persons per km². [1] The total area of the city is 159.82 square kilometres (61.71 sq mi).

Contents

Geography

Kumagaya is one of the largest cities in northern Saitama Prefecture. About two-thirds of the city area is located between the Tone River and the Arakawa River alluvial fan, approximately 60 km from central Tokyo and 45 km from the prefectural capital at Saitama City. The highest point in the city is Mikajiri Kannon, which is located on the Kushibiki plateau at an altitude of 83.3 meters. The city is known for its abundant and high quality ground water.

Surrounding municipalities

Saitama Prefecture

Gunma Prefecture

Climate

Kumagaya has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa) characterized by warm summers and cool winters with light to no snowfall. The average annual temperature in Kumagaya is 14.0 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1532 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 25.8 °C, and lowest in January, at around 2.4 °C. [2]

Kumagaya is known for being one of the hottest areas in summer in Japan. This is caused by very hot winds from Tokyo and the Chichibu basin in the west of the prefecture. In central Tokyo, the summer monsoon enhanced by sea breeze is heated by the urban heat island. Also, from the Chichibu Mountains, the Fohn blows. The two winds converge above the city at about 2 p.m.

On August 16, 2007, the city recorded air temperature of 40.9 °C (105.6 °F), breaking the 74-year record for the highest temperature recorded in Japan. "Very Hot! Kumagaya" (あついぞ!熊谷) is a catchphrase of the city. [3] On July 23, 2018, the national record was broken again with a temperature of 41.1 °C (106.0 °F), [4] surpassing the previous record of 41.0 °C (105.8 °F) recorded in Kōchi Prefecture in August 2013. [5]

There was a large hailstorm on June 29, 1917 at about 5 p.m. The hailstones had a diameter of 29.5 centimetres and weighed 3.4 kilograms. [6]

The Japan Meteorological Agency maintains a local meteorological observatory in Kumagaya.

Climate data for Kumagaya, Saitama
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)23.0
(73.4)
27.0
(80.6)
26.9
(80.4)
32.7
(90.9)
36.2
(97.2)
39.8
(103.6)
41.1
(106.0)
40.9
(105.6)
39.7
(103.5)
33.8
(92.8)
27.6
(81.7)
26.3
(79.3)
41.1
(106.0)
Average high °C (°F)9.4
(48.9)
10.2
(50.4)
13.5
(56.3)
19.5
(67.1)
23.9
(75.0)
26.4
(79.5)
30.1
(86.2)
31.9
(89.4)
27.2
(81.0)
21.7
(71.1)
16.4
(61.5)
11.8
(53.2)
20.2
(68.3)
Daily mean °C (°F)4.0
(39.2)
4.7
(40.5)
7.9
(46.2)
13.6
(56.5)
18.2
(64.8)
21.7
(71.1)
25.3
(77.5)
26.8
(80.2)
22.8
(73.0)
17.0
(62.6)
11.2
(52.2)
6.3
(43.3)
15.0
(58.9)
Average low °C (°F)−0.7
(30.7)
0.0
(32.0)
3.1
(37.6)
8.4
(47.1)
13.4
(56.1)
17.8
(64.0)
21.7
(71.1)
23.0
(73.4)
19.3
(66.7)
13.0
(55.4)
6.7
(44.1)
1.6
(34.9)
10.6
(51.1)
Record low °C (°F)−10.5
(13.1)
−11.6
(11.1)
−8.7
(16.3)
−4.5
(23.9)
0.3
(32.5)
7.8
(46.0)
11.8
(53.2)
13.0
(55.4)
8.4
(47.1)
0.5
(32.9)
−4.0
(24.8)
−9.8
(14.4)
−11.6
(11.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches)32.6
(1.28)
34.6
(1.36)
70.5
(2.78)
92.9
(3.66)
111.8
(4.40)
145.4
(5.72)
161.6
(6.36)
192.6
(7.58)
208.3
(8.20)
146.1
(5.75)
59.0
(2.32)
31.0
(1.22)
1,286.4
(50.63)
Average snowfall cm (inches)9
(3.5)
8
(3.1)
3
(1.2)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1
(0.4)
21
(8.2)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.5 mm)3.85.09.19.911.113.513.910.813.210.16.33.6110.3
Average snowy days (≥ 0 cm)3.63.92.10.30.00.00.00.00.00.00.01.010.9
Average relative humidity (%)54545761667376757670655966
Mean monthly sunshine hours 210.6192.2196.0190.2182.0125.5136.9166.5120.8148.2169.9203.22,042
Source: Japan Meteorological Agency (Avreages: 1981-2010, Extremes: 1896-present) [7] [8]

Demographics

Per Japanese census data, [9] the population of Kumagaya has increased rapidly from the 1960s.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1950 126,910    
1960 134,508+6.0%
1970 156,955+16.7%
1980 178,610+13.8%
1990 200,246+12.1%
2000 206,446+3.1%
2010 203,192−1.6%

History

Kumagaya was part of ancient Musashi Province and was controlled by various samurai clans from the Heian period. One of these clans, the Kumagaya clan, rose to prominence during the Kamakura period. During the Edo Period, the area was divided between the holdings of Oshi Domain and tenryō territory under direct control of the Tokugawa shogunate. Kumagai-shuku developed as a post town on the Nakasendō highway during this period. After the Meiji restoration, the town of Kumagaya was established with the creation of the modern municipalities system on April 1, 1889.

Government

Kumagaya has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city council of 30 members. Kumagaya contributes three members to the Saitama Prefectural Assembly. In terms of national politics, the city is divided between the Saitama 11th district and Saitama 12th district of the lower house of the Diet of Japan.

Administration

Mayors

Economy

Kumagaya is a major industrial and commercial center within northern Saitama. Eight national highways and three railway lines serve the city. While many people commute towards south Tokyo, its daytime population is larger than the night population thanks to commuters from surrounding towns.

Education

Universities

Senior high schools

Middle schools

  • Arakawa Middle School (熊谷市立荒川中学校)
  • Ōaso Middle School (熊谷市立大麻生中学校)
  • Ōsato Middle School (熊谷市立大里中学校)
  • Ōhata Middle School (熊谷市立大幡中学校)
  • Ōhara Middle School (熊谷市立大原中学校)
  • Higashi-Kumagaya Junior High School (熊谷市立熊谷東中学校)
  • Kounan Middle School (熊谷市立江南中学校)
  • Kojima Middle School (熊谷市立小島中学校)
  • Tamai Middle School (熊谷市立玉井中学校)
  • Chūjō Middle School (熊谷市立中条中学校)
  • Nara Middle School (熊谷市立奈良中学校)
  • Fujimi Middle School (熊谷市立富士見中学校)
  • Beppu Middle School (熊谷市立別府中学校)
  • Mishiri Middle School (熊谷市立三尻中学校)
  • Nishi-Menuma Middle School (熊谷市立妻沼西中学校)
  • Higashi-Menuma Middle School (熊谷市立妻沼東中学校)
  • Yoshioka Middle School (熊谷市立吉岡中学校)

Elementary schools

  • Ishiwara Elementary School(熊谷市立石原小学校)
  • Ōaso Elementary School (熊谷市立大麻生小学校)
  • Ōta Elementary School (熊谷市立太田小学校)
  • Ōhata Elementary School (熊谷市立大幡小学校)
  • Onuma Elementary School (熊谷市立男沼小学校)
  • Ichida Elementary School (熊谷市立市田小学校)
  • Kagohara Elementary School (熊谷市立籠原小学校)
  • Kuge Elementary School (熊谷市立久下小学校)
  • Nishi-Kumagaya Elementary School (熊谷市立熊谷西小学校)
  • Higashi-Kumagaya Elementary School (熊谷市立熊谷東小学校)
  • Minami-Kumagaya Elementary School (熊谷市立熊谷南小学校)
  • Kita-Kōnan Elementary School (熊谷市立江南北小学校)
  • Minami-Kōnan Elementary School (熊谷市立江南南小学校)
  • Kojima Elementary School (熊谷市立小島小学校)
  • Sakuragi Elementary School (熊谷市立桜木小学校)
  • Sayada Elementary School (熊谷市立佐谷田小学校)
  • Tamai Elementary School (熊谷市立玉井小学校)
  • Chūjō Elementary School (熊谷市立中条小学校)
  • Nara Elementary School (熊谷市立奈良小学校)
  • Nagai Elementary School (熊谷市立長井小学校)
  • Narita Elementary School (熊谷市立成田小学校)
  • Niibori Elementary School (熊谷市立新堀小学校)
  • Hata Elementary School (熊谷市立秦小学校)
  • Beppu Elementary School (熊谷市立別府小学校)
  • Hoshimiya Elementary School (熊谷市立星宮小学校)
  • Mishiri Elementary School (熊谷市立三尻小学校)
  • Menuma Elementary School (熊谷市立妻沼小学校)
  • Minami-Menuma Elementary School (熊谷市立妻沼南小学校)
  • Yoshioka Elementary School (熊谷市立吉岡小学校)
  • Yoshimi Elementary School (熊谷市立吉見小学校)

Transportation

Railway

JR logo (east).svg JR EastJoetsu Shinkansen

JR logo (east).svg JR EastJR East - Takasaki Line

CTK logomark 2019.svg Chichibu Railway - Chichibu Main Line

Highway

Twin towns and sister cities

Kumagaya is twinned with:

Local attractions

Noted people from Kumagaya

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References

  1. "Kumagaya city official statistics" (in Japanese). Japan.
  2. Kumagaya climate data
  3. 「あついぞ!」→「夏の陣」 熊谷名物・大温度計看板がデザイン変え継続. 東京新聞 TOKYO Web (in Japanese). Retrieved 2019-04-08.
  4. https://edition.cnn.com/2018/07/23/asia/japan-heatwave-deadly-intl/index.html
  5. "Japan heatwave: Temperature hits new historic record 41.1C, says Japanese weather agency". The Independent. 2018-07-23. Retrieved 2018-07-23.
  6. かぼちゃの大きさの雹(ひょう)について. Japan Meteorological Agency. Retrieved January 14, 2018.
  7. "平年値(年・月ごとの値)". 気象庁. Retrieved 2019-01-17.
  8. "観測史上1~10位の値(年間を通じての値)". 気象庁. Retrieved 2019-01-17.
  9. Kumagaya population statistics