Kumamoto Prefecture

Last updated
Kumamoto Prefecture

熊本県
Japanese transcription(s)
   Japanese 熊本県
   Rōmaji Kumamoto-ken
Flag of Kumamoto Prefecture.svg
Flag
Emblem of Kumamoto Prefecture.svg
Symbol
Map of Japan with highlight on 43 Kumamoto prefecture.svg
Coordinates: 32°43′N130°40′E / 32.717°N 130.667°E / 32.717; 130.667 Coordinates: 32°43′N130°40′E / 32.717°N 130.667°E / 32.717; 130.667
CountryFlag of Japan.svg  Japan
Region Kyushu
Island Kyushu
Capital Kumamoto
Subdivisions Districts: 9, Municipalities: 45
Government
   Governor Ikuo Kabashima
Area
  Total7,409.48 km2 (2,860.82 sq mi)
Area rank 15th
Population
 (June 1, 2019)
  Total1,748,134
  Rank 23rd
  Density240/km2 (610/sq mi)
ISO 3166 code JP-43
Website www.pref.kumamoto.jp
Symbols
Bird Eurasian skylark (Alauda arvensis)
Flower Gentian (Gentiana scabra var. buergeri)
Tree Camphor tree (Cinnamomum camphora)

Kumamoto Prefecture (熊本県, Kumamoto-ken) is a prefecture of Japan located on the island of Kyūshū. [1] Kumamoto Prefecture has a population of 1,748,134 (1 June 2019) and has a geographic area of 7,409 km2 (2,860 sq mi). Kumamoto Prefecture borders Fukuoka Prefecture to the north, Ōita Prefecture to the northeast, Miyazaki Prefecture to the southeast, and Kagoshima Prefecture to the south.

Contents

Kumamoto is the capital and largest city of Kumamoto Prefecture, with other major cities including Yatsushiro, Amakusa, and Tamana. [2] Kumamoto Prefecture is located in the center of Kyūshū on the coast of the Ariake Sea, across from Nagasaki Prefecture, with the mainland separated from the East China Sea by the Amakusa Archipelago. Kumamoto Prefecture is home to Mount Aso, the largest active volcano in Japan and among the largest in the world, with its peak 1,592 metres (5,223 ft) above sea level.

History

Historically, the area was called Higo Province; and the province was renamed Kumamoto during the Meiji Restoration. [3] The creation of prefectures was part of the abolition of the feudal system. The current Japanese orthography for Kumamoto literally means "bear root/origin", or "origin of the bear".

Geography

Map of Kumamoto Prefecture showing municipal boundaries
Government Ordinance Designated City City Town Village Map of Kumamoto Prefecture Ja.svg
Map of Kumamoto Prefecture showing municipal boundaries
     Government Ordinance Designated City     City     Town     Village

Kumamoto Prefecture is in the center of Kyushu, the southernmost of the four major Japanese islands. It is bordered by the Ariake inland sea and the Amakusa archipelago to the west, Fukuoka Prefecture and Ōita Prefecture to the north, Miyazaki Prefecture to the east, and Kagoshima Prefecture to the south.

Mount Aso (1,592 m (5,223 ft)), an extensive active volcano, is in the east of Kumamoto Prefecture. This volcano is located at the centre of the Aso caldera.

As of 31 March 2019, 21% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as natural parks: the Aso Kujū and Unzen-Amakusa National Parks; Kyūshū Chūō Sanchi and Yaba-Hita-Hikosan Quasi-National Parks; and Ashikita Kaigan, Itsuki Gokanoshō, Kinpōzan, Misumi-Ōyano Umibe, Okukuma, Shōtaisan, and Yabe Shūhen Prefectural Natural Parks. [4]

Cities

Hitoyoshi Hitoyoshi City viewed from Hitoyoshi Castle.jpg
Hitoyoshi
Kumamoto City View from Kumamoto Castle.jpg
Kumamoto City
Itsuki Village Toji Itsuki Village Kumamoto Japan 2009.JPG
Itsuki Village
Aso City Uchinomaki AsoCity 2012.JPG
Aso City

Fourteen cities are located in Kumamoto Prefecture:

NameArea (km2)PopulationMap
Rōmaji Kanji
Flag of Amakusa, Kumamoto.svg Amakusa 天草市683.1783,082 Amakusa in Kumamoto Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Arao Kumamoto no logo type.svg Arao 荒尾市57.1553,675 Arao in Kumamoto Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Aso, Kumamoto.svg Aso 阿蘇市376.2527,039 Aso in Kumamoto Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Hitoyoshi, Kumamoto.svg Hitoyoshi 人吉市210.5533,461 Hitoyoshi in Kumamoto Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Kami-amakisa Kumamoto white version.JPG Kami-Amakusa 上天草市126.9427,603 Kamiamakusa in Kumamoto Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Kikuchi, Kumamoto.svg Kikuchi 菊池市276.6649,455 Kikuchi in Kumamoto Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Koshi Kumamoto vector.svg Kōshi 合志市53.1961,022 Koshi in Kumamoto Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Kumamoto, Kumamoto.svg Kumamoto (capital)熊本市390.32738,907 Kumamoto in Kumamoto Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Minamata, Kumamoto.svg Minamata 水俣市162.8825,310 Minamata in Kumamoto Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Tamana, Kumamoto.svg Tamana 玉名市152.5570,530 Tamana in Kumamoto Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Uki Kumamoto.JPG Uki 宇城市188.5659,928 Uki in Kumamoto Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Uto Kumamoto.JPG Uto 宇土市74.1737,442 Uto in Kumamoto Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Yamaga, Kumamoto.svg Yamaga 山鹿市299.6753,404 Yamaga in Kumamoto Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Yatsushiro, Kumamoto.svg Yatsushiro 八代市680.59129,358 Yatsushiro in Kumamoto Prefecture Ja.svg

Towns and villages

These are the towns and villages in each district:

NameArea (km2)PopulationDistrictTypeMap
Rōmaji Kanji
Flag of Asagiri Kumamoto.JPG Asagiri あさぎり町159.5615,796 Kuma District Town Asagiri in Kumamoto Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Ashikita Kumamto.JPG Ashikita 芦北町233.4816,306 Ashikita District Town Ashikita in Kumamoto Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Gyokuto Kumamoto.JPG Gyokutō 玉東町24.45,363 Tamana District Town Gyokuto in Kumamoto Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Hikawa Kumamoto.jpg Hikawa 氷川町33.2912,250 Yatsushiro District Town Hikawa in Kumamoto Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Itsuki Kumamoto.jpg Itsuki 五木村252.941,136 Kuma District Village Itsuki in Kumamoto Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Kashima Kuamamoto.jpg Kashima 嘉島町16.669,119 Kamimashiki District Town Kashima in Kumamoto Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Kikuyo Kumamoto.jpg Kikuyō 菊陽町37.5741,411 Kikuchi District Town Kikuyo in Kumamoto Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Kosa Kumamoto.JPG Kōsa 甲佐町57.8710,924 Kamimashiki District Town Kosa in Kumamoto Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Kuma Kumamoto.jpg Kuma 球磨村207.733,863 Kuma District Village Kuma in Kumamoto Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Mashiki Kumamoto.gif Mashiki 益城町65.6733,001 Kamimashiki District Town Mashiki in Kumamoto Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Mifune Kumamoto.jpg Mifune 御船町9916,901 Kamimashiki District Town Mifune in Kumamoto Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Minamiaso Kumamoto.jpg Minamiaso 南阿蘇村137.311,086 Aso District Village Minamiaso in Kumamoto Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Minamioguni Kumamoto.jpg Minamioguni 南小国町115.863,977 Aso District Town Minamioguni in Kumamoto Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Misato Kumamoto.JPG Misato 美里町144.0310,532 Shimomashiki District Town Misato in Kumamoto Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Mizukami Kumamoto.jpg Mizukami 水上村192.112,276 Kuma District Village Mizukami in Kumamoto Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Nagasu Kumamoto.JPG Nagasu 長洲町19.4316,125 Tamana District Town Nagasu in Kumamoto Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Nagomi Kumamoto.JPG Nagomi 和水町98.7510,030 Tamana District Town Nagomi in Kumamoto Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Nankan Kumamoto.JPG Nankan 南関町68.929,572 Tamana District Town Nankan in Kumamoto Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Nishihara Kumamoto.jpg Nishihara 西原村77.236,752 Aso District Village Nishihara in Kumamoto Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Nishiki Kumamoto.jpg Nishiki 錦町84.8710,899 Kuma District Town Nishiki in Kumamoto Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Oguni Kumamoto.jpg Oguni 小国町1378,735 Aso District Town Oguni in Kumamoto Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Ozu Kumamoto.JPG Ōzu 大津町99.0933,793 Kikuchi District Town Ozu in Kumamoto Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Reihoku Kumamoto.JPG Reihoku 苓北町67.067,462 Amakusa District Town Reihoku in Kumamoto Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Sagara Kumamoto.jpg Sagara 相良村94.544,598 Kuma District Village Sagara in Kumamoto Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Takamori Kumamoto.jpg Takamori 高森町174.96,189 Aso District Town Takamori in Kumamoto Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Taragi Kuamamoto.jpg Taragi 多良木町165.879,604 Kuma District Town Taragi in Kumamoto Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Tsunagi Kumamoto.JPG Tsunagi 津奈木町33.974,574 Ashikita District Town Tsunagi in Kumamoto Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Ubuyama Kumamoto.jpg Ubuyama 産山村60.721,542 Aso District Village Ubuyama in Kumamoto Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Yamae Kumamoto.JPG Yamae 山江村121.23,553 Kuma District Village Yamae in Kumamoto Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Yamato Kumamoto.jpg Yamato 山都町544.8315,771 Kamimashiki District Town Yamato in Kumamoto Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Yunomae Kumamoto.jpg Yunomae 湯前町48.414,046 Kuma District Town Yunomae in Kumamoto Prefecture Ja.svg

Mergers

Demographics

The population was on 1 June 2019 at 1,748,134 inhabitants with a population density of 236 per km ². The prefecture ranks 23rd in Japan.

Economy

Tsujun Bridge in Yamato, Kamimashiki Tsujyunkyo-housui.jpg
Tsūjun Bridge in Yamato, Kamimashiki
Kumamoto Castle Kumamoto Castle 02n3200.jpg
Kumamoto Castle

There is a Honda motorcycle plant.

Renge-in Tanjo-ji 2018.06.21-Lian Hua Yuan Dan Sheng Si Ben Yuan noDuo Bao Ta Wu Zhong Ta Ben Tang .jpg
Renge-in Tanjō-ji

Tourism

The prefecture has a mascot named "Kumamon", a black bear with red cheeks, who was created to attract tourists to the region after the Kyushu Shinkansen line opened. [5] [6]

Education

Universities

National

Public

Private

Transportation

Rail

Tramway

Road

Expressways and toll roads

National highways

Ports

Ferry routes

Airport

Sports

Roasso Kumamoto franchise stadium in KKWing of Kumamoto Kkwing20060513.JPG
Roasso Kumamoto franchise stadium in KKWing of Kumamoto

These sports teams are based in the prefecture:

The Kumamoto Prefecture will host the 2019 World Women's Handball Championship, having previously hosted the 1997 World Men's Handball Championship.

Sister cities

Kumamoto Prefecture is the 'sister state/prefecture' of Montana in the United States.

Kumamoto has a sister city located in Texas named San Antonio, which holds an annual fall festival 'akimatsuri' for its Japanese citizens. In 2015 the mascot, 'Kumamon' visited as an honorary ambassador during the festival located at the Japanese Tea Gardens.

Notable people

Notes

  1. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Kumamoto prefecture" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 572 , p. 572, at Google Books.
  2. Nussbaum, "Kumamoto" in p. 572 , p. 572, at Google Books.
  3. Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" in p. 780 , p. 780, at Google Books.
  4. 自然公園都道府県別面積総括 [General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture](PDF) (in Japanese). Ministry of the Environment. 31 March 2019. Retrieved 3 August 2019.
  5. The Life and Times of Japan's Mascots
  6. "Top Ten Japanese Character Mascots". Finding Fukuoka. 2012-01-13. Retrieved 2013-02-16.
  7. JpopAsia. "Miku (BAND-MAID) | JpopAsia". JpopAsia. Retrieved 2018-03-11.
  8. "Eiichiro Oda, Hajime Isayama Show Their Support After Kumamoto Earthquakes". Anime News Network. Retrieved 2018-03-11.
  9. "Hitomi at AV Idol Directory". in Japanese

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Kagoshima Prefecture Prefecture of Japan

Kagoshima Prefecture is a prefecture of Japan located on the island of Kyushu and the Ryukyu Islands. Kagoshima Prefecture has a population of 1,599,779 and has a geographic area of 9,187 km2. Kagoshima Prefecture borders Kumamoto Prefecture to the north and Miyazaki Prefecture to the northeast.

Miyazaki Prefecture Prefecture of Japan

Miyazaki Prefecture is a prefecture of Japan located on the island of Kyūshū. Miyazaki Prefecture has a population of 1,073,054 and has a geographic area of 7,735 km2. Miyazaki Prefecture borders Ōita Prefecture to the north, Kumamoto Prefecture to the northwest, and Kagoshima Prefecture to the southwest.

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Higo Province Former province of Japan

Higo Province was an old province of Japan in the area that is today Kumamoto Prefecture on the island of Kyūshū. It was sometimes called Hishū (肥州), with Hizen Province. Higo bordered on Chikugo, Bungo, Hyūga, Ōsumi, and Satsuma Provinces.

Kirishima, Kagoshima City in Kyushu, Japan

Kirishima is a city located in Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan.

Ashikita, Kumamoto Town in Kyushu, Japan

Ashikita is a town located in Ashikita District, Kumamoto, Japan.

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Unzen-Amakusa National Park

Unzen-Amakusa National Park is a national park in Nagasaki, Kumamoto, and Kagoshima Prefectures, Japan. Established in 1934, the park derives its name from Mount Unzen, an active volcano at the middle of the Shimabara Peninsula, and the Amakusa islands in the Yatsushiro Sea. The area is closely connected to the early history of Christianity in Japan, and the park encompasses numerous areas related to Kakure Kirishitan.

Japan National Route 3

National Route 3 is a major highway on the island of Kyūshū in Japan. It connects the prefectural capital cities of Kagoshima (Kagoshima Prefecture, Kumamoto, and Fukuoka, passing through Kurume as well.

Yatsushiro City in Kyushu, Japan

Yatsushiro is a city located in Kumamoto Prefecture, Japan.

Hisatsu Orange Railway

Hisatsu Orange Railway Co., Ltd. is a third-sector railway company which operates Hisatsu Orange Railway Line in Kumamoto and Kagoshima prefectures. The line follows the former part of the JR Kyushu Kagoshima Main Line that connected Yatsushiro and Sendai in Kumamoto and Kagoshima Prefectures, known historically as Higo and Satsuma Provinces. The length of the line is 116.9 km.

Ariake Sea

The Ariake Sea is a body of salt water surrounded by Fukuoka, Saga, Nagasaki, and Kumamoto Prefectures, all of which lie on the island of Kyūshū in Japan. It is the largest bay in Kyūshū. Its deepest point is only about 50 meters deep, and extreme tides exceed 4 meters (13 ft), covering roughly 1,700 square kilometres (660 sq mi). Isahaya Bay is a branch of the Ariake Sea. Across the Amakusa Islands lies the Yatsushiro Sea.

SUGOCA

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Shin-Tamana Station

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History of Kumamoto Prefecture City in Kyūshū, Japan

The history of Kumamoto Prefecture has been documented from paleolithic times to the present. Kumamoto Prefecture is the eastern half of Hinokuni, and corresponds to what was once called Higo Province. Exceptions are the part of Kuma District, which had once been part of Sagara Domain, and Nagashima which was included in Kagoshima Prefecture.

Shimoshima Island, Amakusa

Shimoshima is the largest island in the Amakusa archipelago. Its coasts are washed by Ariake Sea, Amakusa-nada sea, East China Sea and Yatsushiro Sea. Most of Shimoshima Island is administered as part of Amakusa city, with 67 km2 patch on north-west coast belonging to Reihoku town. The island's highest peak is Mount Tenjiku 538.4 m (1,766 ft).

References