Kumgangsan Chongnyon Line

Last updated
Kumgangsan Chongnyon Line
Overview
Other name(s)Tonghae Pukpu Line
동해북부선(東海北部線)
Native name금강산청년선(金剛山靑年線)
StatusOperarional
Owner Chosen Government Railway (1929–1945)
Korean State Railway (since 1945)
Locale Kangwon
Termini Anbyŏn
Kamho
Stations17
Service
Type Heavy rail, Passenger/freight rail
Regional rail
Operator(s)Korean State Railway
History
OpenedStages between 1929-1937
Closed1950 (Samilp'o - Jejin)
Reopened17 May 2007 (Samilp'o - Jejin)
Technical
Line length114.8 km (71.3 mi)
Number of tracks Single track
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in) standard gauge
Electrification 3000 V DC Overhead line
(Anbyŏn - Kŭmgangsan Ch'ŏngnyŏn)
Route map

DPRK-Kumgangsan Chongnyon Line.png

Contents

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0.0
Anbyŏn
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Ogye
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Sangŭm Ch'ŏngnyŏn
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25.2
Tongjŏngho
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31.4
Myŏnggo
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38.0
Kŭmbonggang
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47.4
Sijungho
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54.3
T'ongch'ŏn
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Tonghae
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Pyŏg'yang
Closed
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Ryŏmsŏng
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Tup'o
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86.2
Nam'ae
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93.2
Kosŏng
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101.0
Kŭmgangsan Ch'ŏngnyŏn
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109.2
Samilp'o
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111.4
Kosŏng
Closed
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114.8
Kamho
engine house
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DMZ
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125.9
Jejin
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Kumgangsan Chongnyon Line
Chosŏn'gŭl
금강산청년선
Hancha
Revised Romanization eumgangsancheongnyeon-seon
McCune–Reischauer Kŭmgangsanch'ŏngnyŏn-sŏn

The Kŭmgangsan Ch'ŏngnyŏn Line is an electrified standard-gauge trunk line of the Korean State Railway in North Korea running from Anbyŏn to Kamho. The total length of the line is 114.8 km (71.3 mi), but it is only in regular use as far as Kŭmgangsan Ch'ŏngnyŏn; the length of the line to there is 101 km (63 mi). [1]

History

The line was originally built by the Chosen Government Railway (Sentetsu) as part of the Tonghae Pukpu Line, from Anbyŏn on Sentetsu's Kyŏngwŏn Line to Yangyang. The construction and opening of the line took place in several stages, with the first section opening on 1 September 1929, and the last on 1 December 1937. Plans were made to extend the line from Yangyang to Pohang, but Japan's defeat in the Pacific War and the subsequent collapse of the General-Government of Korea prevented completion of the extension.

After the partition of Korea, the line was split between the North and South, with the section from Anbyŏn to Kamho becoming the Kŭmgangsan Ch'ŏngnyŏn Line in the north, while the section from Chejin to Yangyang became the Tonghae Pukpu Line operated by the Korean National Railroad. [1]

Electrification of the line was completed on 15 April 1997. [1]

In 2007, after the reconstruction of the disused section between Kamho and Jejin, passenger trains began operating from the south to bring southern tourists to the Mount Kŭmgang Tourist Region. [2] More than one million civilian visitors crossed the DMZ until the route was closed following the shooting death of a 53-year-old South Korean tourist in July 2008. [3] Plans are being considered which would see the line become part of a trans-Korean line from Pohang to Tumangang, to connect South Korea's railway network to the Trans-Siberian Railway. [2]

Route

A yellow background in the "Distance" box indicates that section of the line is not electrified.

Distance (km)Station NameFormer Name
TotalS2STranscribedChosŏn'gŭl (Hanja)TranscribedChosŏn'gŭl (Hanja)Connections
0.00.0Anbyŏn안변 (安邊) Kangwŏn Line
8.98.9Ogye오계 (梧溪)
14.96.0Sangŭm Ch'ŏngnyŏn상음청년 (桑陰靑年)Sangŭm상음 (桑陰)
25.210.3Tongjŏngho동정호 (洞庭湖)Chadong자동 (慈東)
31.46.2Myŏnggo명고 (鳴皐)Hŭpkok흡곡 (歙谷)
38.06.6Kŭmbonggang금봉강 (金峯江)P'aech'ŏn패천 (沛川)
47.49.4Sijungho시중호 (侍中湖)Songjŏn송전 (松田)
54.36.9T'ongch'ŏn통천 (通川)Kojŏ고저 (庫底)
61.06.7Tonghae동해 (東海)T'ongch'ŏn통천 (通川)
65.14.1P'yŏg'yang벽양 (碧養)Closed
70.25.1Ryŏmsŏng렴성 (濂城)
75.75.5Tup'o두포 (豆浦)Tubaek두백 (荳白)
86.210.5Nam'ae남애 (南涯)
93.27.0Kosŏng고성 (高城)Changjŏn장전 (長箭)
101.07.8Kŭmgangsan Ch'ŏngnyŏn금강산청년 (金剛山靑年)Oegŭmgang외금강 (外金剛)
Stations below are not in regular use
109.28.2Samilp'o삼일포 (三日浦)
111.42.2----Kosŏng고성 (高城)Closed
114.85.6Kamho감호 (鑑湖)
↑↑ Kukch'ŏl Kŭmgangsan Ch'ŏngnyŏn Line ↑↑
Demilitarized Zone
↓↓ Korail Donghae Bukbu Line ↓↓
125.911.1Jejin, ROK제진 (猪津) Donghae Bukbu Line

Related Research Articles

Donghae Bukbu Line

The Donghae Bukbu Line is a former railway line that connected the present-day city of Anbyon in Kangwon Province, North Korea, with Yangyang, Gangwon Province, South Korea. Since the division of Korea it has only carried trains for a brief period during 2007/8. The line originally connected to the Gyeongwon Line running from Gyeongseong to Wonsan.

Kosong County County in Kangwŏn Province, North Korea

Kosŏng County is a kun, or county, in Kangwŏn province, North Korea. It lies in the southeasternmost corner of North Korea, immediately north of the Korean Demilitarized Zone. Prior to the end of the Korean War in 1953, it made up a single county, together with what is now the South Korean county of the same name. In a subsequent reorganization, the county absorbed the southern portion of Tongch'ŏn county.

Kosŏng station is a railway station in Kosŏng-ŭp, Kosŏng county, Kangwŏn province, North Korea on the Kŭmgangsan Ch'ŏngnyŏn Line of the Korean State Railway.

Anbyŏn station is a railway station in Anbyŏn-ŭp, Anbyŏn County in Kangwŏn province, North Korea. It is located on the Kangwŏn Line, which connects Kowŏn to P'yŏnggang, and is the start of the Kŭmgangsan Ch'ŏngnyŏn Line, which runs to the Mount Kŭmgang Tourist Region and continues south across the DMZ to Chejin in South Korea, although the section between Kŭmgangsan and Chejin has been out of service since 2008.

Korean State Railway

The Korean State Railway is the operating arm of the Ministry of Railways of North Korea and has its headquarters at P'yŏngyang. The current Minister of Railways is Chang Jun Song.

Manpo Line

The Manp'o Line is an electrified standard-gauge trunk line of the North Korean State Railway running from Sunch'ŏn on the P'yŏngra Line to Manp'o on the Pukpu Line. The line continues on from Manp'o to Ji'an, China.

Kumgangsan Electric Railway

The Kŭmgangsan Electric Railway, later known as the Kŭmgangsan Line, was a railway line that formerly ran between Ch'ŏrwŏn to Naegŭmgang, on the inner side of Mount Kŭmgang. At Ch'ŏrwŏn, the line connected to the Kyŏngwŏn Line of the Chosen Government Railway (Sentetsu) the Kyŏngwŏn Line was split between Korail's Gyeongwon Line in South Korea and the Kangwŏn Line of the Korean State Railway.

Kangwon Line

The Kangwŏn Line is a 145.8 km (90.6 mi) electrified standard-gauge trunk line of the Korean State Railway of North Korea, connecting Kowŏn on the P'yŏngra Line to P'yŏnggang, providing an east–west connection between the P'yŏngra and Ch'ŏngnyŏn Ich'ŏn lines.

Kamho station is a railway station in Kosŏng county, Kangwŏn province, North Korea on the Kŭmgangsan Ch'ŏngnyŏn Line of the Korean State Railway. Although the line continues across the DMZ to South Korea, that section is not presently in use and so Kamho station is the operational terminus of the line.

Samilp'o station is a railway station in Samilp'o-ri, Kosŏng county, Kangwŏn province, North Korea on the Kŭmgangsan Ch'ŏngnyŏn Line of the Korean State Railway.

Kŭmgangsan Ch'ŏngnyŏn station is a railway station in Kosŏng county, Kangwŏn province, North Korea on the Kŭmgangsan Ch'ŏngnyŏn Line of the Korean State Railway.

Nam'ae station is a railway station in Nam'ae-ri, Kosŏng county, Kangwŏn province, North Korea on the Kŭmgangsan Ch'ŏngnyŏn Line of the Korean State Railway.

Ryŏmsŏng station is a railway station in Ryŏmsŏng-ri, Kosŏng county, Kangwŏn province, North Korea on the Kŭmgangsan Ch'ŏngnyŏn Line of the Korean State Railway.

Sijungho station is a railway station in Songjŏl-li T'ongch'ŏn county, Kangwŏn province, North Korea on the Kŭmgangsan Ch'ŏngnyŏn Line of the Korean State Railway.

Kŭmbonggang station is a railway station in P'aech'ŏl-li, T'ongch'ŏn county, Kangwŏn province, North Korea on the Kŭmgangsan Ch'ŏngnyŏn Line of the Korean State Railway.

Myŏnggo station is a railway station in Myŏnggo-ri, T'ongch'ŏn county, Kangwŏn province, North Korea on the Kŭmgangsan Ch'ŏngnyŏn Line of the Korean State Railway.

Tongjŏngho station is a railway station in T'ongch'ŏn county, Kangwŏn province, North Korea on the Kŭmgangsan Ch'ŏngnyŏn Line of the Korean State Railway.

Sangŭm Ch'ŏngnyŏn station is a railway station in Sangŭm-ri, T'ongch'ŏn county, Kangwŏn province, North Korea on the Kŭmgangsan Ch'ŏngnyŏn Line of the Korean State Railway.

Ogye station is a railway station in Ogye-ri, T'ongch'ŏn county, Kangwŏn province, North Korea on the Kŭmgangsan Ch'ŏngnyŏn Line of the Korean State Railway.

The Donghae Bukbu Line was a railway line of the Chosen Government Railway (Sentetsu) in Korea connecting Anbyeon with Yangyang.

References

  1. 1 2 3 Kokubu, Hayato, 将軍様の鉄道 (Shōgun-sama no Tetsudō), ISBN   978-4-10-303731-6
  2. 1 2 "Trans-Korean Railway" (PDF). Korean Rail Technology (English). 9: 09–11. September 2007.
  3. "ROK woman tourist shot dead at DPRK resort". China Daily . July 12, 2008.