Kurgan Oblast

Last updated
Kurgan Oblast
Курганская область
Flag of Kurgan Oblast.svg
Flag
Coat of arms of Kurgan Oblast.svg
Coat of arms
Anthem: [1]
Map of Russia - Kurgan Oblast.svg
Coordinates: 55°34′N64°45′E / 55.567°N 64.750°E / 55.567; 64.750 Coordinates: 55°34′N64°45′E / 55.567°N 64.750°E / 55.567; 64.750
CountryRussia
Federal district Ural [2]
Economic region Ural [3]
EstablishedFebruary 6, 1943 [4]
Administrative center Kurgan [5]
Government
  Body Oblast Duma [6]
   Governor [7] Vadim Shumkov
Area
[8]
  Total71,000 km2 (27,000 sq mi)
Area rank 43rd
Population
 (2010 Census) [9]
  Total910,807
  Estimate 
(2018) [10]
845,537 (−7.2%)
  Rank 57th
  Density13/km2 (33/sq mi)
   Urban
60.3%
   Rural
39.7%
Time zone UTC+5 (MSK+2   OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg [11] )
ISO 3166 code RU-KGN
License plates 45
OKTMO ID37000000
Official languagesRussian [12]
Website http://www.kurganobl.ru/

Kurgan Oblast (Russian : Курга́нская о́бласть, Kurganskaya oblast) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). Its administrative center is the city of Kurgan. In June 2014, the population was estimated to be 874,100, [13] down from 910,807 recorded in the 2010 Census. [9]

Contents

History

Formed by Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of February 6, 1943. The region included 32 districts of the eastern part of the Chelyabinsk region and 4 districts of the Omsk region with a total population of 975,000.

Recipient of the Order of Lenin (1959).

Geography

Kurgan Oblast is located in Southern Russia and is part of the Urals Federal District. It shares borders with Chelyabinsk Oblast to the west, Sverdlovsk Oblast to the north-west, Tyumen Oblast to the north-east, and Kazakhstan (Kostanay and North Kazakhstan Region) to the south.

Climate

The oblast has a severe continental climate with long cold winters and warm summers with regular droughts. The average January temperature is −18 °C (0 °F), and the average temperature in the warmest month (July) is +19 °C (66 °F). Annual precipitation is about 400 millimeters (16 in). [14]

Politics

During the Soviet period, the high authority in the oblast was shared between three persons: The first secretary of the Kurgan CPSU Committee (who in reality had the biggest authority), the chairman of the oblast Soviet (legislative power), and the Chairman of the oblast Executive Committee (executive power). Since 1991, CPSU lost all the power, and the head of the Oblast administration, and eventually the governor was appointed/elected alongside elected regional parliament.

The Charter of Kurgan Oblast is the fundamental law of the region. The Kurgan Oblast Duma is the province's standing legislative (representative) body. The Oblast Duma consists of 34 members and exercises its authority by passing laws, resolutions, and other legal acts and by supervising the implementation and observance of the laws and other legal acts passed by it. The highest executive body is the Oblast Government, which includes territorial executive bodies such as district administrations, committees, and commissions that facilitate development and run the day to day matters of the province. The Oblast administration supports the activities of the Governor who is the highest official and acts as guarantor of the observance of the oblast Charter in accordance with the Constitution of Russia.

After the last elections held in 2015 the United Russia Party currently holds the majority of seats in the Oblast Duma. Elections of deputies of the Kurgan Regional Duma of the VII convocation are scheduled for 2020.

Administrative divisions

Economy

Kurgan Oblast borders on the oil- and gas-bearing districts of Tyumen Oblast and is also close to similar districts in Tomsk Oblast. Large oil and gas pipelines pass through its territory, and Ural and Siberian oil refineries are fairly close. The main industrial centers are Kurgan, and Shadrinsk. [14]

The oblast does not have large economic mineral reserves; therefore, it has developed mainly on the basis of subindustries associated with processing of agricultural production and assembly and packaging of finished products. The food industry is well developed here, with meat-packing plants, mills, creameries, and powdered milk factories. [14]

Modern large-scale industry began developing during World War II, when sixteen enterprises from western regions of the country were evacuated here in 1941–1942.

Demographics

Population: 834,701 (2019 estimation [15] ), 910,807(2010 Census); [9] 1,019,532(2002 Census); [16] 1,104,872(1989 Census). [17]

Russians (823,7222) are the largest ethnic group in the Kurgan Oblast, making up 92.5% of the population. Other prominent ethnic groups in the oblast include [9] Tatars (17,017) at 1.9%, Bashkirs (12,257) at 1.4%, Kazakhs (11,939) 1.3%, and Ukrainians (7,080) at 0.8%. Other ethnicities are 2.1%. Additionally, 20,017 people were registered from administrative databases, and could not declare an ethnicity. It is estimated that the proportion of ethnicities in this group is the same as that of the declared group. [18]

Settlements

Total fertility rate: [20] [21]


Vital statistics for 2012

Religion

Religion in Kurgan Oblast as of 2012 (Sreda Arena Atlas) [23] [24]
Russian Orthodoxy
28.4%
Other Orthodox
0.6%
Other Christians
5.9%
Islam
2.6%
Rodnovery and other native faiths
1.4%
Spiritual but not religious
36.1%
Atheism and irreligion
14.4%
Other and undeclared
10.6%

According to a 2012 survey [23] 28.4% of the population of Kurgan Oblast adheres to the Russian Orthodox Church, 6% are nondenominational Christians (with the exclusion of such-defined Protestant churches), 2% are adherents of Islam, 1% are adherents of the Slavic native faith (Rodnovery), and 0.4% are adherents of forms of Hinduism (Vedism, Krishnaism or Tantrism). In addition, 36% of the population declares to be "spiritual but not religious", 14% is atheist, and 12.2% follows other religions or did not give an answer to the question. [23]

Notable people

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References

Notes

  1. Article 8 of the Charter of Kurgan Oblast states that the oblast may have an anthem, providing a law is adopted to that effect. As of 2014, no such law is in place.
  2. Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №849 от 13 мая 2000 г. «О полномочном представителе Президента Российской Федерации в федеральном округе». Вступил в силу 13 мая 2000 г. Опубликован: "Собрание законодательства РФ", No. 20, ст. 2112, 15 мая 2000 г. (President of the Russian Federation. Decree #849 of May 13, 2000 On the Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in a Federal District. Effective as of May 13, 2000.).
  3. Госстандарт Российской Федерации. №ОК 024-95 27 декабря 1995 г. «Общероссийский классификатор экономических регионов. 2. Экономические районы», в ред. Изменения №5/2001 ОКЭР. (Gosstandart of the Russian Federation. #OK 024-95 December 27, 1995 Russian Classification of Economic Regions. 2. Economic Regions, as amended by the Amendment #5/2001 OKER. ).
  4. Charter of Kurgan Oblast, Article 10
  5. Charter of Kurgan Oblast, Article 13
  6. Charter of Kurgan Oblast, Article 80
  7. Charter of Kurgan Oblast, Article 78-1
  8. Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (May 21, 2004). "Территория, число районов, населённых пунктов и сельских администраций по субъектам Российской Федерации (Territory, Number of Districts, Inhabited Localities, and Rural Administration by Federal Subjects of the Russian Federation)". Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved November 1, 2011.
  9. 1 2 3 4 Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  10. "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  11. "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  12. Official throughout the Russian Federation according to Article 68.1 of the Constitution of Russia.
  13. Kurgan Oblast Territorial Branch of the Federal State Statistics Service. Демография (in Russian)
  14. 1 2 3 Kurgan Region Archived November 27, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
  15. Численность населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2019 года.
  16. Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000](XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  17. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 via Demoscope Weekly.
  18. "ВПН-2010". www.perepis-2010.ru. Retrieved April 5, 2018.
  19. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on March 26, 2012. Retrieved March 31, 2012.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  20. "Главная::Свердловскстат". kurganstat.gks.ru. Retrieved April 5, 2018.
  21. "Каталог публикаций::Федеральная служба государственной статистики". www.gks.ru. Retrieved April 5, 2018.
  22. "Естественное движение населения в разрезе субъектов Российской Федерации". www.gks.ru. Retrieved April 5, 2018.
  23. 1 2 3 "Arena: Atlas of Religions and Nationalities in Russia". Sreda, 2012.
  24. 2012 Arena Atlas Religion Maps. "Ogonek", № 34 (5243), 27/08/2012. Retrieved 21/04/2017. Archived.

Sources