Kursk

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Kursk

Курск
"Polugora" g. Kursk - panoramio.jpg
Kursk street view
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Location of Kursk
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Kursk
Location of Kursk
Outline Map of Kursk Oblast.svg
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Kursk
Kursk (Kursk Oblast)
Coordinates: 51°43′N36°11′E / 51.717°N 36.183°E / 51.717; 36.183 Coordinates: 51°43′N36°11′E / 51.717°N 36.183°E / 51.717; 36.183
Country Russia
Federal subject Kursk Oblast [1]
First mentioned1032 [2]
City status since1779 [3]
Government
  BodyKursk City Assembly (Russian: Курское городское Собрание)
  HeadAlexander Zakurdayev
Area
[4]
  Total188.75 km2 (72.88 sq mi)
Elevation
250 m (820 ft)
Population
  Total415,159
  Estimate 
(2018) [6]
448,733 (+8.1%)
  Rank 42nd in 2010
  Density2,200/km2 (5,700/sq mi)
  Subordinated to city of oblast significance of Kursk [1]
   Capital ofKursk Oblast [7] [8] , Kursky District [1]
  Urban okrugKursk Urban Okrug [9]
   Capital ofKursk Urban Okrug [9] , Kursky Municipal District [9]
Time zone UTC+3 (MSK Blue pencil.svg [10] )
Postal code(s) [11]
305000
Dialing code(s) +7 4712
City DaySeptember 25
Twin towns Speyer, Tczew, Niš, Witten, Zweibrücken, Tchern, Užice, Sumy, Feodosiya, Tiraspol, Biržai, Gomel, Dębno Blue pencil.svg
OKTMO ID38701000001
Website www.kurskadmin.ru

Kursk (Russian :Курск,IPA:  [ˈkursk] ) is a city and the administrative center of Kursk Oblast, Russia, located at the confluence of the Kur, Tuskar, and Seym rivers. The area around Kursk was the site of a turning point in the Soviet–German struggle during World War II and the site of the largest tank battle in history. Population: 415,159(2010 Census); [5] 412,442(2002 Census); [12] 424,239(1989 Census). [13]

Russian language East Slavic language

Russian is an East Slavic language, which is official in the Russian Federation, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, as well as being widely used throughout Eastern Europe, the Baltic states, the Caucasus and Central Asia. It was the de facto language of the Soviet Union until its dissolution on 25 December 1991. Although, nowadays, nearly three decades after the breakup of the Soviet Union, Russian is used in official capacity or in public life in all the post-Soviet nation-states, as well as in Israel and Mongolia, the rise of state-specific varieties of this language tends to be strongly denied in Russia, in line with the Russian World ideology.

The classification system of the types of inhabited localities in Russia, the former Soviet Union, and some other post-Soviet states has certain peculiarities compared with the classification systems in other countries.

Kursk Oblast First-level administrative division of Russia

Kursk Oblast is a federal subject of Russia. Its administrative center is the city of Kursk. Population: 1,127,081.

Contents

History

Stalin-era buildings flanking Kursk's Red Square Red Square in Kursk.JPG
Stalin-era buildings flanking Kursk's Red Square
Pre-1917 view of Kursk Kursk.Old.2.jpg
Pre-1917 view of Kursk

Archaeology indicates that the site of Kursk was settled in the 5th or 4th century BCE.[ citation needed ] The settlement was fortified and included Slavs at least as early as the 8th century CE.[ citation needed ]

The first written record of Kursk is dated 1032. [2] It was mentioned as one of Severian towns by Prince Igor in The Tale of Igor's Campaign : "Saddle, brother, your swift steeds. As to mine, they are ready, saddled ahead, near Kursk; as to my Kurskers, they are famous knights—swaddled under war-horns, nursed under helmets, fed from the point of the lance; to them the trails are familiar, to them the ravines are known, the bows they have are strung tight, the quivers, unclosed, the sabers, sharpened; themselves, like gray wolves, they lope in the field, seeking for themselves honor, and for their prince, glory." [14]

Severia or Siveria is a historical region in present-day central-west Russia, northern Ukraine, eastern Belarus.The largest part lies in todays Russia while the center of the region is the city Novhorod-Siverskyi in Ukraine.

Igor Svyatoslavich Rus’ prince

Prince Igor Svyatoslavich the Brave was a Rus’ prince. His baptismal name was Yury. Igor was prince of Putivl (1164–1180), of Novgorod-Seversk (1180–1198), and of Chernihiv (1198–1201/1202).

<i>The Tale of Igors Campaign</i>

The Tale of Igor's Campaign is an anonymous epic poem written in the Old East Slavic language. The title is occasionally translated as The Tale of the Campaign of Igor, The Song of Igor's Campaign, The Lay of Igor's Campaign, The Lay of the Host of Igor, and The Lay of the Warfare Waged by Igor.

The seat of a minor principality, Kursk was raided by the Polovtsians in the 12th and 13th centuries and destroyed by Batu Khan around 1237. The city was rebuilt no later than 1283. It was ruled by Grand Duchy of Lithuania between 1360 and 1508. Kursk joined the centralized Russian state in 1508, becoming its southern border province. It was an important center of the corn trade with Ukraine and hosted an important fair, which took place annually under the walls of the monastery of Our Lady of Kursk.

Batu Khan Mongol Khan

Batu Khan, also known as Sain Khan and Tsar Batu, was a Mongol ruler and founder of the Golden Horde, a division of the Mongol Empire. Batu was a son of Jochi and grandson of Genghis Khan. His ulus was the chief state of the Golden Horde, which ruled Rus', Volga Bulgaria, Cumania, and the Caucasus for around 250 years, after also destroying the armies of Poland and Hungary. "Batu" or "Bat" literally means "firm" in the Mongolian language. After the deaths of Genghis Khan's sons, he became the most respected prince called agha in the Mongol Empire.

Grand Duchy of Lithuania European state from the 12th century until 1795

The Grand Duchy of Lithuania was a European state that lasted from the 13th century to 1795, when the territory was partitioned among the Russian Empire, the Kingdom of Prussia and Austria.

Ukraine sovereign state in Eastern Europe

Ukraine, sometimes called the Ukraine, is a country in Eastern Europe. Excluding Crimea, Ukraine has a population of about 42.5 million, making it the 32nd most populous country in the world. Its capital and largest city is Kiev. Ukrainian is the official language and its alphabet is Cyrillic. The dominant religions in the country are Eastern Orthodoxy and Greek Catholicism. Ukraine is currently in a territorial dispute with Russia over the Crimean Peninsula, which Russia annexed in 2014. Including Crimea, Ukraine has an area of 603,628 km2 (233,062 sq mi), making it the largest country entirely within Europe and the 46th largest country in the world.

However, a century later the city re-emerged in a new place; date of re-considered grounds Kursk 1586 [9]. In 1596 a new fortress was built, in 1616 it was garrisoned by over 1,300 soldiers. At the beginning of the 17th century Kursk was repeatedly attacked by Polish-Lithuania (in 1612, 1616, 1617, 1634), the Crimean Tatars, and the Nogai horde, but Kursk fortress was never taken. Residents of Oryol and other southern Russian cities were resettled in Kursk (by 1678 2,800 had been resettled). The city developed due to its advantageous geographical position on the shortest route from Moscow to the Crimea and from Kiev to the Crimea.

Oryol City in Oryol Oblast, Russia

Oryol or Orel is a city and the administrative center of Oryol Oblast, Russia, located on the Oka River, approximately 360 kilometers (220 mi) south-southwest of Moscow. Population: 317,747 (2010 Census); 333,310 (2002 Census); 336,862 (1989 Census).

It was raided frequently by the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth and Crimean Khanate until the late 17th century and was ruled by the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth between 1611 and 1618. It was successively part of the Kiev Governorate (1708–1727), Belgorod Governorate (1727–1779), and Kursk Viceroyalty (1779–1797). Town status was granted to Kursk in 1779. [3] It became the administrative center of Kursk Governorate in 1797.

Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth Former European state

The Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth – formally, the Crown of the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and, after 1791, the Commonwealth of Poland – was a dual state, a bi-confederation of Poland and Lithuania ruled by a common monarch, who was both King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania. It was one of the largest and most populous countries of 16th– to 17th-century Europe. At its largest territorial extent, in the early 17th century, the Commonwealth covered almost 400,000 square miles (1,000,000 km2) and sustained a multi-ethnic population of 11 million.

Crimean Khanate former stat at the Crimean Peninsula until April 1783

The Crimean Khanate was a Turkic state of the Ottoman Empire from 1441 to 1783, the longest-lived of the Turkic khanates that succeeded the empire of the Golden Horde of Mongol origin. Established by Hacı I Giray in 1441, the Crimean khans were the patrilineal descendants of Toqa Temür, thirteenth son of Jochi and grandson of Genghis Khan through marriage; Temür married one of Genghis Khan's granddaughters. Though, according to a well-know Russian historian, Doctor of Historical Sciences, professor of the Russian Academy of Sciences Zaitsev Ilya Vladimirovich, the Crimean Khanate was an independent state during all its history. The khanate was located in present-day Russia, Ukraine, Romania and Moldova.

Kiev Governorate governorate of the Russian Empire

Kiev Governorate was an administrative division of the Russian Empire from 1796 to 1919 and the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic from 1919 to 1925. It was formed as a governorate in the Right-bank Ukraine region following a division of the Kiev Viceroyalty into the Kiev and the Little Russia Governorates, with the administrative centre in Kiev. By the start of the 20th century it consisted of 12 uyezds, 12 cities, 111 miasteczkos and 7344 other settlements. After the October Revolution it became part of the administrative division of the Ukrainian SSR. In 1923 it was divided into several okrugs and on 6 June 1925 it was abolished by the Soviet administrative reforms.

After a fire in 1781 devastated Kursk, a new plan for the city was developed in which a market center would be at the heart of the city (it was erected in the central square, known as Red Square). In 1768 the Voskirsensko Ilinskaya Church was built (Russian : Воскресенско-Ильинская церковь). In 1778 both the Sergiev Cathedral Kazan Cathedral Baroque and Trinity Sergius Cathedral were completed. The city opened its first school for the nobility in 1783. A men's gymnasium was opened in 1808 and a seminary in 1817. A women's gymnasium was opened in 1870.[ citation needed ]

At the beginning of the 20th century Kursk played a dominant role in the food industry (Kvilitsu AK, one of the largest breweries in Russia, operated in Kursk) and in other industries as well; so, in the 1900s, appeared in the city 4 sitoproboynye shops (of which the largest was a workshop Tikhonov, products are sent to foreign markets - Germany, Austria-Hungary, etc.). Organized several engineering enterprises (in 1914 there were seven, including one - rail). Working conditions in the factories of Kursk were harsh and often resulted in strikes (for instance, from 1901-03 the workers at the sugar mill went on strike). Kursk workers participated in the general political strike during the 1905 Russian Revolution.

On November 26 (December 9,) 1917 the Soviets took power. Kornilovites came to Kursk in September 20, 1919. On September 20, 1919, troops under the command of General Denikin entered the city. On November 19, 1919, the Red Army took Kursk. The Soviet government valued Kursk for rich deposits of iron ore and developed it into one of the major railroad hubs in the Russian southwest. In 1932 in the Kursk was included Yamskaya Sloboda. In 1935 a tram system began operating in the city. In 193?, the territory of the city of Kursk was divided into Leninsky District (left bank of the Kura), Dzerzhinsky District (right bank of the Kura) and Kirov District (Yamskaya Sloboda). In 1937 Stalinsky District was formed in the southern outskirts of the city.

During World War II, Kursk was occupied by Germany between November 4, 1941 and February 8, 1943. In July 1943, the Germans launched Operation Citadel in an attempt to recapture Kursk. During the resulting Battle of Kursk, the village of Prokhorovka near Kursk became the center of a major armoured engagement – the Battle of Prokhorovka – between Soviet and German forces, which is widely considered to have been one of the largest tank battles in history. Operation Citadel was the last major German offensive against the Soviet Union.

Rebuilding efforts in the city began in February 1944. The cultural life recovered as well: on 19 February the cinema reopened and on February 27 the drama theatre. In 1953 the tram system began operating. By 1950 the urban economy had been completely restored. On August 17, 1956, Stalinsky District was renamed Promishlenost District, and Dzerzhinsky District was abolished and its territory divided between Promishlenost and Leninsky Districts.

In 2009, for the first time in 90 years at the site of Theotokos of Kursk, the most revered icon in the Russian Orthodox Church, received the name Hodigitria Russian diaspora.

Until 2010, Kursk had the status of historical settlement, but the Russian Ministry of Culture deprived the city of this status on July 29, 2010 in resolution № 418/339.

On October 28, 2011, for the first time in 30 years, the city opened a new firehouse for the protection of the Central District, with modern equipment. In 2012, Kursk celebrated its 980th anniversary.

Administrative and municipal status

Kursk is the administrative center of the oblast [7] [8] and, within the framework of administrative divisions, it also serves as the administrative center of Kursky District, even though it is not a part of it. [1] As an administrative division, it is incorporated separately as the city of oblast significance of Kursk—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts. [1] As a municipal division, the city of oblast significance of Kursk is incorporated as Kursk Urban Okrug. [9]

Economy and infrastructure

Kursk Nuclear Power Plant RIAN archive 341199 Kursk Nuclear Power Plant.jpg
Kursk Nuclear Power Plant

In addition to its importance as an administrative hub, Kursk is important as an industrial centre. Activity focuses on iron based industry, the chemical sector and a large food processing industry, reflecting the richness of agriculture in the surrounding "Black Earth" region.

Particularly noteworthy is the so-called Kursk Magnetic Anomaly (Russian: Курская магнитная аномалия), the world's largest known iron-ore reserve, where the iron content of the ore ranges from 35% up to 60%.

In Kurchatov, some 40 km (25 mi) to the south-west, is the Kursk Nuclear Power Plant, incorporating four RBMK-1000 ("High Power Channel-type Reactor") (Russian: Реактор Большой Мощности Канальный) reactors similar to those implicated in the 1986 Chernobyl disaster. The oldest of the Kursk reactors has been operational since 1977, and the newest of them since 1986.

Attractions

The oldest building in Kursk is the upper church of the Trinity Monastery, a good example of the transition style characteristic of Peter the Great's early reign. The oldest lay building is the so-called Romodanovsky Chamber, although it was erected in all probability in the mid-18th century, when the Romodanovsky family had ceased to exist.

The city cathedral was built between 1752 and 1778 in the splendid Baroque style and was decorated so sumptuously that many art historians attributed it to Bartolomeo Rastrelli. Although Rastrelli's authorship is out of the question, the cathedral is indeed the most impressive monument of Elizabethan Baroque not to be commissioned by the imperial family or built in the imperial capital.

Religious Procession in Kursk Province, painting by Ilya Repin (1880-1883) Procesion de Pascua en la region de Kursk, por Ilia Repin.jpg
Religious Procession in Kursk Province , painting by Ilya Repin (1880–1883)
Sergievsko-Kazansky Cathedral in Kursk, 1752-1778 Kursk.Old.3.jpg
Sergievsko-Kazansky Cathedral in Kursk, 1752–1778
Central Bank of Russia building Kursk-8.jpg
Central Bank of Russia building

The cathedral has two stories, with the lower church consecrated to St.  Sergius of Radonezh and the upper one — to the Theotokos of Kazan. The upper church is noted for an intricate icon screen which took sixteen years to complete. The three-story cathedral bell tower derives peculiar interest from the fact that Seraphim of Sarov, whose father took part in construction works, survived an accidental fall from its top floor at the age of seven. The Resurrection Church is also shown where St. Seraphim was baptized.

The monastery cathedral of the Sign (1816–26) is another imposing edifice, rigorously formulated in the purest Neoclassical style, with a cupola measuring 20 meters (66 ft) in diameter and rising 48 meters (157 ft) high. The interior was formerly as rich as colored marbles, gilding, and frescoes could make it. During the Soviet period, the cathedral was desecrated, four lateral domes and twin belltowers over the entrance pulled down. There are plans to restore the church to its former glory.

The modern city is a home for several universities: Kursk State Medical University, State Technical University, Kursk State University (former Pedagogical University) and Agricultural Academy, as well as the private Regional Open Social Institute (ROSI). There are also modern shrines and memorials commemorating the Battle of Kursk, both in the city and in Prokhorovka.

The Command Station Bunker & Museum [15] [ not in citation given ]was built specifically in memorial of the courageous Russian T-34 tank units that fought in the Battle of Kursk, where a T-34 tank is on display. Over 6,000 armored vehicles fought in close range over the open territory near Kursk in 1943. This battle stopped the German advance into the Kursk Salient, and was a turning point of World War II on the Eastern Front.

Kursk played a role in the Cold War as host to Khalino air base.

Nearby is Tsentralno-Chernozemny Zapovednik, a large section of steppe soil that has never been plowed. It is used for a variety of research purposes.

Education

Transportation

Retro-tram--a replica of a Belgian tram of 1898 on Kursk streets Old tram in Kursk.jpg
Retro-tram—a replica of a Belgian tram of 1898 on Kursk streets

Since 1868 there has been a railway connection between Kursk and Moscow. [16] Kursk is located on a major railway line between Moscow and Kharkov, with trains also linking the city to Voronezh and Kiev. The Kursk Vostochny Airport provides domestic flights. Public transport includes buses, trolleybuses, and trams. Since 2007, the public transport introduced a satellite navigation system. The total length of the road network of the city of Kursk is 595.8 km, of which 496.2 km of roads are paved. Roads of the city have access to federal highway M2 "Crimea", as well as on the highway A144 (Kursk - Voronezh - Saratov) and P199 (border with Ukraine).

Kursk Train Station. View from Privokzal'naya Ploshchad', July 2009 Kursk Train Station Main.jpg
Kursk Train Station. View from Privokzal'naya Ploshchad', July 2009

Kursk bound intercity bus routes to cities and towns Kursk region and neighboring regions (Belgorod Oblast, Bryansk Oblast, Voronezh Oblast, Oryol Oblast), as well as Moscow, St. Petersburg and cities of Ukraine: Kharkiv and Sumy. Long-distance buses arrive and depart from the bus station "Kursk", located in the North-West part of the city.

On September 5, 2011 in Kursk commissioned automated monitoring system fare. [17] Implementation of the system in operation is carried out by Kursk Integrated Ticket System was to take place in three stages: At the initial stage is implemented partially open version of the system, in which the sale of tickets and travel control social cards carried in the cabin of public transport conductors with handheld validators, the second stage involves the installation of stationary validators, third - commissioning turnstiles. After completion of the implementation, the automated monitoring system drive will operate in "closed" mode : turnstiles will be installed at the entrance and exit of passengers. As of September 2011 turnstiles installed on 44 buses, 10 trolley buses and trams 5.

Culture and sports

Kursk State University is home to the Russian Chamber Orchestra, under the direction of conductor and trumpet soloist Sergey Proskurin. The orchestra performs regularly, tours internationally and has produced multiple CDs. [18]

Pushkin Theater located in the center of the city. It has permanent company as well as visiting shows.

In 2016, the Russian Women's Hockey League expanded to Kursk, with new club Dynamo Kursk.

Media

Kursk hams since 1935 could receive television broadcasts from Moscow. In 1960, the Committee on Radio and Television was created by the in Kursk Oblast Executive Committee. The first transmission of local television aired January 14, 1961. [19] Main fixed line and cellular operators are active in the city.

International relations

Twin towns and sister cities

Kursk is twinned with:

Climate

Climate data for Kursk (1981–2010)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)7.5
(45.5)
9.5
(49.1)
18.9
(66.0)
28.1
(82.6)
32.6
(90.7)
36.5
(97.7)
37.2
(99.0)
38.8
(101.8)
30.9
(87.6)
26.8
(80.2)
17.7
(63.9)
10.2
(50.4)
38.8
(101.8)
Average high °C (°F)−3.6
(25.5)
−3.2
(26.2)
2.5
(36.5)
12.3
(54.1)
19.6
(67.3)
22.9
(73.2)
24.8
(76.6)
23.9
(75.0)
17.5
(63.5)
10.2
(50.4)
1.8
(35.2)
−2.6
(27.3)
10.5
(50.9)
Daily mean °C (°F)−6.2
(20.8)
−6.2
(20.8)
−0.9
(30.4)
7.6
(45.7)
14.3
(57.7)
17.7
(63.9)
19.6
(67.3)
18.5
(65.3)
12.7
(54.9)
6.5
(43.7)
−0.6
(30.9)
−5.1
(22.8)
6.5
(43.7)
Average low °C (°F)−8.7
(16.3)
−9.0
(15.8)
−4.0
(24.8)
3.4
(38.1)
9.3
(48.7)
13.0
(55.4)
14.9
(58.8)
13.7
(56.7)
8.7
(47.7)
3.4
(38.1)
−2.8
(27.0)
−7.6
(18.3)
2.9
(37.2)
Record low °C (°F)−34.5
(−30.1)
−35.3
(−31.5)
−32.6
(−26.7)
−15.6
(3.9)
−6.1
(21.0)
0.4
(32.7)
5.9
(42.6)
1.9
(35.4)
−3.9
(25.0)
−17.4
(0.7)
−25.0
(−13.0)
−32.7
(−26.9)
−35.3
(−31.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches)47
(1.9)
42
(1.7)
40
(1.6)
46
(1.8)
53
(2.1)
71
(2.8)
78
(3.1)
54
(2.1)
67
(2.6)
58
(2.3)
46
(1.8)
46
(1.8)
648
(25.5)
Average rainy days989151617171316161411161
Average snowy days23211540.40000.431322102
Average relative humidity (%)86837866616869677480878776
Mean monthly sunshine hours 627912017525827828225518011845361,888
Source #1: Pogoda.ru.net [21]
Source #2: NOAA (sun, 1961–1990) [22]

Honors

Notable people

Related Research Articles

Lgov, Kursk Oblast Town in Kursk Oblast, Russia

Lgov is a town in Kursk Oblast, Russia, located on both banks of the Seym River 80 kilometers (50 mi) west of Kursk. Population: 21,453 (2010 Census); 23,783 (2002 Census); 25,643 (1989 Census); 26,000 (1972).

Fatezh Town in Kursk Oblast, Russia

Fatezh is a town and the administrative center of Fatezhsky District in Kursk Oblast, Russia, located on the Usozha River 45 kilometers (28 mi) north of Kursk, the administrative center of the oblast. Population: 5,404 (2010 Census); 5,710 (2002 Census); 5,712 (1989 Census); 4,959 (1897).

Belovsky District, Kursk Oblast District in Kursk Oblast, Russia

Belovsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the twenty-eight in Kursk Oblast, Russia. It is located in the south of the oblast. The area of the district is 950 square kilometers (370 sq mi). Its administrative center is the rural locality of Belaya. Population: 17,933 (2010 Census); 22,182 ; 25,968 (1989 Census). The population of Belaya accounts for 14.5% of the district's total population.

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Dmitriyevsky District District in Kursk Oblast, Russia

Dmitriyevsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the twenty-eight in Kursk Oblast, Russia. It is located in the northwest of the oblast. The area of the district is 1,270 square kilometers (490 sq mi). Its administrative center is the town of Dmitriyev. Population: 18,088 (2010 Census); 22,420 ; 31,206 (1989 Census). The population of Dmitriyev accounts for 42.7% of the district's total population.

Fatezhsky District District in Kursk Oblast, Russia

Fatezhsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the twenty-eight in Kursk Oblast, Russia. It is located in the north of the oblast. The area of the district is 1,281 square kilometers (495 sq mi). Its administrative center is the town of Fatezh. Population: 18,885 (2010 Census); 23,194 ; 29,745 (1989 Census). The population of Fatezh accounts for 28.6% of the district's total population.

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Khomutovsky District District in Kursk Oblast, Russia

Khomutovsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the twenty-eight in Kursk Oblast, Russia. It is located in the west of the oblast. The area of the district is 1,194 square kilometers (461 sq mi). Its administrative center is the urban locality of Khomutovka. Population: 11,429 (2010 Census); 16,432 ; 21,110 (1989 Census). The population of Khomutovka accounts for 37.0% of the district's total population.

Kurchatovsky District, Kursk Oblast District in Kursk Oblast, Russia

Kurchatovsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the twenty-eight in Kursk Oblast, Russia. It is located in the center of the oblast. The area of the district is 678 square kilometers (262 sq mi). Its administrative center is the town of Kurchatov. Population: 18,021 (2010 Census); 19,714 ; 25,224 (1989 Census).

Kursky District, Kursk Oblast District in Kursk Oblast, Russia

Kursky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the twenty-eight in Kursk Oblast, Russia. It is located in the center of the oblast. The area of the district is 1,657.29 square kilometers (639.88 sq mi). Its administrative center is the city of Kursk. Population: 54,778 (2010 Census); 56,494 ; 56,701 (1989 Census).

Lgovsky District District in Kursk Oblast, Russia

Lgovsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the twenty-eight in Kursk Oblast, Russia. It is located in the central eastern part of the oblast. The area of the district is 1,080 square kilometers (420 sq mi). Its administrative center is the town of Lgov. Population: 14,451 (2010 Census); 19,313 ; 23,866 (1989 Census).

Manturovsky District, Kursk Oblast District in Kursk Oblast, Russia

Manturovsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the twenty-eight in Kursk Oblast, Russia. It is located in the southeast of the oblast. The area of the district is 1,010 square kilometers (390 sq mi). Its administrative center is the rural locality of Manturovo. Population: 14,349 (2010 Census); 16,758 ; 19,994 (1989 Census). The population of Manturovo accounts for 19.3% of the district's total population.

Medvensky District District in Kursk Oblast, Russia

Medvensky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the twenty-eight in Kursk Oblast, Russia. It is located in the southern central part of the oblast. The area of the district is 1,090 square kilometers (420 sq mi). Its administrative center is the urban locality of Medvenka. Population: 16,558 (2010 Census); 19,220 ; 21,528 (1989 Census). The population of Medvenka accounts for 26.6% of the district's total population.

Oboyansky District District in Kursk Oblast, Russia

Oboyansky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the twenty-eight in Kursk Oblast, Russia. It is located in the south of the oblast. The area of the district is 1,090 square kilometers (420 sq mi). Its administrative center is the town of Oboyan. Population: 31,042 (2010 Census); 35,815 ; 39,663 (1989 Census). The population of Oboyan accounts for 43.7% of the district's total population.

Ponyrovsky District District in Kursk Oblast, Russia

Ponyrovsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the twenty-eight in Kursk Oblast, Russia. It is located in the north of the oblast. The area of the district is 690 square kilometers (270 sq mi). Its administrative center is the urban locality of Ponyri. Population: 11,778 (2010 Census); 13,553 ; 15,694 (1989 Census). The population of Ponyri accounts for 40.7% of the district's total population.

Rylsky District District in Kursk Oblast, Russia

Rylsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the twenty-eight in Kursk Oblast, Russia. It is located in the west of the oblast. The area of the district is 1,505.02 square kilometers (581.09 sq mi). Its administrative center is the town of Rylsk. Population: 33,158 (2010 Census); 40,714 ; 47,012 (1989 Census). The population of Rylsk accounts for 47.3% of the district's total population.

Solntsevsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the twenty-eight in Kursk Oblast, Russia. It is located in the south of the oblast. The area of the district is 1,052 square kilometers (406 sq mi). Its administrative center is the urban locality of Solntsevo. As of the 2010 Census, the total population of the district was 15,382, with the population of Solntsevo accounting for 27.9% of that number.

Sovetsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the twenty-eight in Kursk Oblast, Russia. It is located in the west of the oblast. The area of the district is 1,150 square kilometers (440 sq mi). Its administrative center is the urban locality of Kshensky. Population: 19,080 (2010 Census); 23,673 ; 28,252 (1989 Census). The population of Kshensky accounts for 32.1% of the district's total population.

Timsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the twenty-eight in Kursk Oblast, Russia. It is located in the east of the oblast. The area of the district is 882 square kilometers (341 sq mi). Its administrative center is the urban locality of Tim. Population: 11,759 (2010 Census); 14,628 ; 16,278 (1989 Census). The population of Tim accounts for 27.1% of the district's total population.

Zolotukhinsky District District in Kursk Oblast, Russia

Zolotukhinsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the twenty-eight in Kursk Oblast, Russia. It is located in the north of the oblast. The area of the district is 1,150 square kilometers (440 sq mi). Its administrative center is the urban locality of Zolotukhino. Population: 22,914 (2010 Census); 26,800 ; 31,564 (1989 Census). The population of Zolotukhino accounts for 20.5% of the district's total population.

References

Notes

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Resolution #489
  2. 1 2 "Kursk". sochi2014.com. Retrieved 4 April 2014.
  3. 1 2 The Encyclopædia Britannica: A Dictionary of Arts, Sciences, and General Literature, Volume 14. Maxwell Sommerville. 1894. p. 162.
  4. БД ПМО Курской области. Город Курск
  5. 1 2 Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  6. "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 23 January 2019.
  7. 1 2 Russian Investment, Economic, Ecological and Business Risk Atlas. Int'l Business Publications. 2005. p. 177. ISBN   9780739706558.
  8. 1 2 Russia Regional Government Encyclopedic Directory. Int'l Business Publications. 2009. p. 207. ISBN   9781438740836.
  9. 1 2 3 4 Law #48-ZKO
  10. "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). 3 June 2011. Retrieved 19 January 2019.
  11. Local post office info – http://www.russianpost.ru/PostOfficeFindInterface/FindOPSByPostOfficeID.aspx?index=305000
  12. Russian Federal State Statistics Service (21 May 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000](XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  13. "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 via Demoscope Weekly.
  14. The Song of Igor's Campaign, Igor son of Svyatoslav and grandson of Oleg. Translated by Vladimir Nabokov. 78–95
  15. "Dr. Ed Norris, World Indigenous Missions, 2007". Archived from the original on 2007-09-30. Retrieved 2007-07-29.
  16. Railway Station in Kursk (in Russian)
  17. На общественном транспорте в Курске запущена система контроля оплаты проезда (in Russian). Официальный сайт Главы города Курска и Курского городского Собрания. 14 September 2011. Archived from the original on February 3, 2012. Retrieved 2011-10-08.
  18. "Russian Chamber Orchestra". Archived from the original on January 31, 2008.
  19. "ГТРК "Курск": 50 лет в эфире". ИА KURSKCiTY. 2010-09-21. Retrieved 2011-03-28.
  20. "List of Twin Towns in the Ruhr District" (PDF). © 2009 Twins2010.com. Archived from the original (PDF) on November 28, 2009. Retrieved 2009-10-28.External link in |publisher= (help)
  21. "Weather and Climate - The Climate of Kursk" (in Russian). Weather and Climate (Погода и климат). Retrieved 6 April 2016.
  22. "Kursk Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration . Retrieved 6 April 2016.
  23. Dictionary of Minor Planet Names, p.253

Sources