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Map of Sri Lanka with Kurunegala District highlighted
|Province||North Western Province|
|• District Secretary||R. M. R. Rathnayake|
|• Total||4,816 km2 (1,859 sq mi)|
|• Density||330/km2 (870/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+05:30 (Sri Lanka)|
|ISO 3166 code||LK-61|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kurunegala District .|
Kurunegala is a district in North Western Province, Sri Lanka. Consists of 4812.7 km2 48,1270 Hectares and Consists 30 Divisional Secretariats, 1610 Grama Niladari Divisions and 4476 total Villages. It consists of 14 Electorate Divisions, 02 Municipal Council, 19 Urban Councils, 15 Parliamentary Ministers, 47 Provincial Council Members, 15 Ministers and 337 Local Council Members.
Considering Geographical Situation of the Kurunegala District, it has been bounded by six Districts. From the North by Anuradhapura District, East by Mathale and Kandy District, South By Gampaha and Kegalle District and from West by Puttlam District. Longitude location of the District is north Latitude 228- 333 and East Latitude 104-178.
Kurunegala has very special historical background among other Districts. That is it consists of four ancient kingdoms namely Panduwasnuwara, Kurunegala, Yapahuwa and Dambadeniya.
As a percentage of Total population of Sri Lanka, Kurunegala District has 7.3% of the population. According to the census data, the estimated population of Kurunegala in the year 2001 was 1.4 Million. Majority of Kurunegala District's residents belong to the Sinhalese majority. Other ethnic minorities include the Sri Lankan Moors, Sri Lankan Tamils, Burghers and Malays. Residents from ethnic minorities live in all parts of the District.
The following Table summarizes the population of Kurunegala according to different ethnicity:
|Sri Lankan Moors||8.3%|
|Sri Lankan Tamil||2.1%|
The common languages of Kurunegala, depending on social classes, social circles, and ethnic backgrounds are Sinhalese, Tamil and English.
Buddhism is the main and the most widely practised religion in Kurunegala. The town is also home to a wide range of other religious faiths and sects including Islam, Christianity and Hinduism.
Christian/Catholic churches, mosques and Hindu temples are also located within the city. The Church of Ceylon, which is the Anglican Church in Sri Lanka operates a diocese in Kurunegala covering the North-Central province and Kurunegala, Kandy, Matale and Kegalle, Anuradapura, Polonnaruwa districts.
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Kurunegala District has 6 Educational Zones, 869 Schools including 28 National Schools, and the District has 20,006 Teachers.
Kurunegala features a tropical rainforest climate under the Köppen climate classification. The city's climate is tropical and hot all throughout the year. The surrounding rocks play a major role in determining Kurunegala's weather since these rocks increase and retain the heat of the day. During the month of April the temperature can rise up to about 35 °C (95 °F). The only major change in the Kurunegala weather occurs during the monsoons from May to August and October to January, this is the time of year where heavy rains can be expected. While the city does experience a noticeably drier weather during January and February, it does not qualify as a true dry season as average precipitation in both months are above 60 millimetres (2 in). In general, temperatures from late November to mid February period are lower than the rest of the year. Middle rainfall of this District is 900 - 2200 ml. North East Monsoon and South West Mon soon are the main rainfall method in this district. South West Monsoon is the largest rainfall system.
The average annual rainfall in Kurunegala is about 2,000 millimetres (79 in).
|Climate data for Kurunegala, Sri Lanka (1961-1990)|
|Record high °C (°F)||35.6|
|Average high °C (°F)||30.8|
|Daily mean °C (°F)||25.7|
|Average low °C (°F)||20.7|
|Record low °C (°F)||14.6|
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||62|
|Average relative humidity (%)||65||59||60||69||73||74||73||71||71||74||74||72||69.6|
Considering water supply system of the district it consists of Four Canals bounded on the North by Kala oya, Central by Meeoya and Deduru oya, South by Ma oya. There are many Large Scale and Small Irrigation Systems that has been implemented based on these canals. These are Rajanganaya, Usgala, Siyambalangamuwa, Hakwatunawa, Kimbulwana Oya, Bathalagoda, Magalla, Palukadawala, Atharagalla, Mediyawa, Wennoruwa and Ambakolawewa are some of the examples.
The Western Province is one of the nine provinces of Sri Lanka, the first level administrative division of the country. The provinces have existed since the 19th century but did not have any legal status until 1987 when the 13th Amendment to the Constitution of Sri Lanka established provincial councils. The province is the most densely populated province in the country and is home to the legislative capital Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte as well to Colombo, the nation's administrative and business center.
Uva Province is Sri Lanka's second least populated province, with 1,259,880 people, created in 1896. It consists of two districts: Badulla and Moneragala. The provincial capital is Badulla. Uva is bordered by Eastern, Southern, Sabaragamuwa and Central provinces. Its major tourist attractions are Dunhinda falls, Diyaluma Falls, Rawana Falls, the Yala National Park and Gal Oya National Park. The Gal Oya hills and the Central mountains are the main uplands, while the Mahaweli and Menik rivers and the huge Senanayake Samudraya and Maduru Oya Reservoirs are the major waterways.
Batticaloa is a major city in the Eastern Province, Sri Lanka, and its former capital. It is the administrative capital of the Batticaloa District. The city is the seat of the Eastern University of Sri Lanka and is a major commercial centre. It is on the east coast, 111 kilometres (69 mi) south of Trincomalee, and is situated on an island. Pasikudah is popular tourist destinations situated 35 km (22 mi) northwest with beaches and flat year-round warm-water shallow-lagoons.
North Western Province is a province of Sri Lanka. The province consists of the districts of Kurunegala and Puttalam. Its capital is Kurunegala, which has a population of 28,571. The province is known mainly for its numerous coconut plantations. Other main towns in this province are Chilaw (24,712) and Puttalam (45,661), which are both small fishing towns. The majority of the population of Wayamba province is of Sinhalese ethnicity. There is also a substantial Sri Lankan Moor minority around Puttalam and Sri Lankan Tamils in Udappu and Munneswaram. Fishing, prawn farming and rubber tree plantations are other prominent industries of the region. The province has an area of 7,888 km², and a population of 2,370,075.
Kurunegala is a major city in Sri Lanka. It is the capital city of the North Western Province and the Kurunegala District. Kurunegala was an ancient royal capital for 50 years, from the end of the 13th century to the start of the 14th century. It is at the junction of several main roads linking to other important parts of the country. It is about 94 kilometres (58 mi) from Colombo, 42 kilometres (26 mi) from Kandy and 51 kilometres (32 mi) from Matale.
Gampaha District is one of the 25 districts of Sri Lanka, the second level administrative division of the country. It is the second most populous district of Sri Lanka after Colombo District. The district is administered by a District Secretariat headed by a District Secretary appointed by the central government of Sri Lanka. The capital of the district is the town of Gampaha. Negombo however is the largest city and the commercial hub of Gampaha district. The district was carved out of the northern part of Colombo District in September 1978.
Puttalam is a district situated near to the west coast of Sri Lanka. It has an area of 3,072 km2 (1,186 sq mi). Along with the Kurunegala District, it formulates the North Western Province of Sri Lanka. The district capital is Puttalam, which borders the Kala Oya and Modaragam Aru in the north, Anuradhapura District and Kurunegala District in the east, Ma Oya in the south, and the Indian Ocean in the west. Puttalam is well known for its picturesque lagoons, popular for shallow sea fishing and prawn farming activities. The town of Kalpitiya, and the Kalpitiya Peninsula, is located in this district.
Colombo District is one of the 25 districts of Sri Lanka, the second level administrative division of the country. The district is administered by a District Secretariat headed by a District Secretary appointed by the central government of Sri Lanka. The capital of the district is the city of Colombo. The district of Colombo was officially recorded in 2016 as having the highest income on average, per household.
Sri Lankan state-sponsored colonization schemes is the government program of settling mostly farmers from the densely populated wet zone in the sparsely populated areas of the dry zone in the North Central Province ,Southern Province, Uva Province, Sabaragamuwa Province, Northern Province and the Eastern Province regions near tanks and reservoirs being built in major irrigation and hydro-power programs such as the Mahaweli project to create farming and fishing communities. This has taken place since the 1950s.
Kilinochchi District is one of the 25 districts of Sri Lanka, the second level administrative division of the country. The district is administered by a District Secretariat headed by a District Secretary appointed by the central government of Sri Lanka. The capital of the district is the town of Kilinochchi.
Mullaitivu District is one of the 25 districts of Sri Lanka, the second level administrative division of the country. The district is administered by a District Secretariat headed by a District Secretary appointed by the central government of Sri Lanka. The capital of the district is the town of Mullaitivu.
Kuliyapitiya is the second largest town in Kurunegala District, North Western Province, Sri Lanka, governed by an Urban Council. It is located 82 kilometres (51 mi) north-east of Colombo and 38 kilometres (24 mi) from Kurunegala. Kuliyapitiya is home to the Wayamba University of Sri Lanka. Coconut and paddy cultivation are the main economic activities in this area. The town centre includes commerce and retail enterprises.
The Kingdom of Dambadeniya was a medieval kingdom in what is present day Sri Lanka. The kingdom's rulers reigned from 1220–1345.
Kaduwela is a suburb of Colombo in the Colombo District, Western Province, Sri Lanka. It is located about 16 km (9.9 mi) from Colombo city centre on the Colombo - Avissawella Old Road and about 18 km (11 mi) from Kollupitiya on the New Kandy Road from Ethulkotte to Kandy.
Walapane is a town located in Nuwara Eliya District of Sri Lanka. It is a high country area with many green mountains. It was called Wathtumulla in the past. The name Watumulla derived from the former tea factory which was located in the heart of the Walapane town and now demolished since the production of Wattumulla Plantation declined. Walapane is administrated by the government of *Sri Lanka through *Walapane Divisional Secretariat.
Pannawa is a town in Kurunegala District, North Western Province, Sri Lanka. Pannawa is 94 m (308 ft) above sea level. Pannawa is near Kobeigana.
Pothuwila is a village near Polpithigama in Sri Lanka. It is situated in Kurunegala District within the North Western Province of Sri Lanka. To reach Pothuwila from Kurunegala need to follow A6 road towards Ibbagamuwa about 12 km (7.5 mi) and from there after following 32 km (20 mi) in Ibbagamuwa-Kumbukgete-Madagalla Road Polpithigama can be found. Then need to turn left from Kumbukulawa junction which is 0.5 km (0.31 mi) Polpithigama town. Pothuwila is about 8 km (5.0 mi) from Polpithigama. Mahawa is a close town to Polpithigama and it is about 18 km (11 mi) from Mahawa to Polpithigama via Madagalla. Pothuwila is 152 km (94 mi) from Colombo, 60 km (37 mi) from Dambulla, 25 km (16 mi) from Mahawa, 24 km (15 mi) from Yapahuwa, 76 km (47 mi) from Anuradhapura and 36 km (22 mi) from Melsiripura.
The Yapahuwa Polling Division is a Polling Division in the Kurunegala Electoral District, in the North Western Province, Sri Lanka.
The Dambadeniya Polling Division is a Polling Division in the Kurunegala Electoral District, in the North Western Province, Sri Lanka.
Ganegama Grama Niladhari Division is a Grama Niladhari Division of the Panduwasnuwara West Divisional Secretariat of Kurunegala District of North Western Province, Sri Lanka. It has Grama Niladhari Division Code 1328.