|• Chosŏn'gŭl||구 성 시|
|• Hancha||龜 城 市|
|• McCune-Reischauer||Kusŏng si|
|• Revised Romanization||Guseong-si|
|Province||North Pyongan Province|
|Administrative divisions||24 tong, 18 ri|
|• Total||666.8 km2 (257.5 sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+9 (Pyongyang Time)|
Kusŏng (Korean pronunciation: [ku.sʌŋ] ) is a city in central North Pyongan province, North Korea. It borders Taegwan to the north, Taechon to the east, Kwaksan and Chongju to the south, and Chonma to the west. The highest point is Chongryongsan (청룡산, 920 m). The year-round average temperature is 8.2 °C, with a January average of -9.6 °C and an August average of 23.3 °C. 1300 millimeters of rain fall in a typical year. 22% of the county's area is cultivated; 64% is forested.
Educational institutions located in Kusong include Kusong Mechanical College and Kusong Industrial College. Historical relics include the Koryo-dynasty Kuju Castle.
Kusong is also home to much of North Korea's military industry, with both munitions factories and uranium mines in the area.The No.112, also known as the January 12th Factory was the site of the first successful Hwasong-12 launch, with a memorial dedicated to the successful launch nearby.
The Panghyon airfield is also located by Kusong,which is a site of missile test launches, including the first successful ICBM test launch by the DPRK.
Kusong is home to the Machine Plant managed by Ho Chol Yong, a large factory that produces tracked vehicles and tanks. This factory saw multiple extensions to it in 2016 and 2020. The factories' expansion is reflected on the increasing use of tracked transporter erector launchers.
|Climate data for Kusong (1991–2020)|
|Average high °C (°F)||−0.7|
|Daily mean °C (°F)||−6.6|
|Average low °C (°F)||−11.7|
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||6.1|
|Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)||2.8||3.7||4.1||5.8||8.0||9.1||12.2||10.8||6.3||6.0||6.4||5.7||80.9|
|Average snowy days||3.3||3.1||2.1||0.3||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.0||0.0||1.9||4.4||15.1|
|Average relative humidity (%)||63.9||62.7||63.3||64.1||69.2||76.6||84.1||82.5||75.0||70.5||70.2||67.5||70.8|
|Source: Korea Meteorological Administration|
The city is divided into 25 neighborhoods (dong) and 18 villages (ri).
North Korea has a military nuclear weapons program and, as of early 2020, is estimated to have an arsenal of approximately 30 to 40 nuclear weapons and sufficient production of fissile material for six to seven nuclear weapons per year. North Korea has also stockpiled a significant quantity of chemical and biological weapons. In 2003, North Korea withdrew from the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT). Since 2006, the country has been conducting a series of six nuclear tests at increasing levels of expertise, prompting the imposition of sanctions.
Tŏkch'ŏn is a si, or city, in northern South P'yŏngan province, North Korea. It is bordered by Nyŏngwŏn and Maengsan to the east, Kujang county in North P'yŏngan province to the north, Kaech'ŏn to the west and Pukch'ang to the south. It was known as "Tokugawa" during Japanese rule.
The Tonghae Satellite Launching Ground, also known as Musudan-ri, is a rocket launching site in North Korea.
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Ŭiju County is a kun, or county, in North Pyongan Province, North Korea. The county has an area of 420 km², and a population of 110,018.
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Chŏnch'ŏn County is a kun, or county, in central Chagang province, North Korea. Originally part of Kanggye county, it was made a separate county in 1949.
Taegwan County is a kun, or county, in northeastern North P'yŏngan province, North Korea. It lies in the province's interior, and is bounded by Tongch'ang on the east, Kusŏng and T'aech'ŏn to the south, Ch'ŏnma to the west, and Ch'angsŏng and Sakchu to the north. It was created in 1952 from portions of Sakchu county.
Ch'ŏnma County is a kun, or county, in northwestern North P'yŏngan province, North Korea. It borders Kusŏng city and Taegwan county to the east, Sonch'ŏn and Tongrim counties to the south, Ŭiju and P'ihyŏn counties to the west, and Sakchu county to the north. It was created in 1952 from parts of Kusŏng and Ŭiju.
Sŏnch'ŏn County is a kun, or county, on the coast of the Yellow Sea in west-central North P'yŏngan province, North Korea. To the north it borders Ch'ŏnma, to the east Kusŏng and Kwaksan, and to the west Tongrim; to the south, it borders nothing but the sea. Sŏnch'ŏn was reorganized in 1952, with two myŏn, or townships, being split off to form the new county of Tongrim.
Kwaksan County is a kun in coastal southern North P'yŏngan province, North Korea. It faces the Yellow Sea to the south. By land, it is bordered by Kusŏng city in the north, Chŏngju in the east, and Sŏnch'ŏn in the west.
Sakju County is a kun, or county, in northern part of North P'yŏngan province, in North Korea. It lies along the Yalu River bordering the People's Republic of China to the north. Within North Korea, it borders Ch'angsŏng to the east, Ch'ŏnma and Taegwan to the south, and Ŭiju to the west.
T'aechŏn County or Thaechŏn County is a kun, or county, in central North P'yŏngan province, North Korea. It borders Taegwan and Tongch'ang to the north, Unsan and Nyŏngbyŏn to the east, Pakch'ŏn and Unjŏn to the south, and Kusŏng to the west.
Panghyon Airport is an airport near Panghyŏn-dong in Kusong, Pyongan-bukto, North Korea.
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The Hwasong-14, also known under alternative US designation codename KN-20, is a mobile intercontinental ballistic missile developed by North Korea. It had its maiden flight on 4 July 2017, which coincided with the United States' Independence Day. North Korea is the only known operator of this missile.
The Hwasong-15 is an intercontinental ballistic missile developed by North Korea. It had its maiden flight on 28 November 2017, around 3 a.m. local time. It is the first ballistic missile developed by North Korea that is theoretically capable of reaching all of the United States' mainland.