Location within Poland
Division into counties
|Seats|| Bydgoszcz (governor),|
4 cities, 19 land counties *
|• Voivode||Mikołaj Bogdanowicz (PiS)|
|• Marshal||Piotr Całbecki (PO)|
|• Total||17,969 km2 (6,938 sq mi)|
|• Density||120/km2 (300/sq mi)|
|ISO 3166 code||PL-04|
|HDI (2017)||0.845 |
very high · 8th
Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship, also known as Cuiavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship or simply Kujawsko-Pomorskie, : województwo kujawsko-pomorskie [vɔjɛˈvut͡stfɔ kuˈjafskɔ pɔˈmɔrskʲɛ] ) is one of the 16 voivodeships (provinces) into which Poland is divided. It was created on 1 January 1999 and is situated in mid-northern Poland, on the boundary between the two historic regions from which it takes its name: Kuyavia (Polish : Kujawy) and Pomerania (Polish : Pomorze). Its two chief cities, serving as the province's joint capitals, are Bydgoszcz and Toruń.or Kujawy-Pomerania Province (Polish
The Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship was created on 1 January 1999, as a result of the Polish local government reforms adopted in 1998. It consisted of territory from the former Bydgoszcz, Toruń and Włocławek Voivodeships.
The area now known as Kuyavia-Pomerania was previously divided between the region of Kuyavia and the Polish fiefdom of Royal Prussia. Of the two principal cities of today's Kuyavian-Pomeranian voivodeship, one (Bydgoszcz) was historically located in Kuyavia, whilst the other (Toruń) was an important town of Royal Prussia.
The functions of regional capital are split between Bydgoszcz and Toruń. Bydgoszcz serves as the seat of the centrally appointed governor or voivode (Polish : wojewoda), while Toruń is the seat of the elected Regional Assembly (sejmik), and of the executive elected by that assembly, headed by the voivodeship marshal (marszałek województwa).
The Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship is bordered by five other voivodeships. These are Pomeranian Voivodeship to the north, Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship to the north-east, Masovian Voivodeship to the east, Łódź Voivodeship across a short boundary to the south, and Greater Poland Voivodeship to the south and west.
The voivodeship contains 52 cities and towns. These are listed below in descending order of population (according to official figures for 2019):
The Gross domestic product (GDP) of the province was 21.8 billion euros in 2018, accounting for 4.4% of Polish economic output. GDP per capita adjusted for purchasing power was 17,300 euros or 57% of the EU27 average in the same year. The GDP per employee was 64% of the EU average.
Transportation infrastructure is of critical importance to the voivodeship's economy. Kuyavia-Pomerania is a major node in the Polish transportation system. Railway lines from the South and East pass through Bydgoszcz to connect to the major ports on the Baltic Sea. In addition to this, Bydgoszcz is home to the rolling stock manufacturer PESA SA, Poland's largest and most modern producer of railway and tram products. The province's sole international airport, Ignacy Jan Paderewski Airport, is located in Bydgoszcz and has connections to a number of European destinations as well as Warsaw, which are all operated by either Irish carrier Ryanair or LOT Polish Airlines.
The main railway stations of the province are Bydgoszcz main station and Toruń main station; both stations are served by fast PKP Intercity trains which connect them with the capital Warsaw, as well as other major Polish cities. In addition to these fast express services, inter-regional trains are operated by the firm Przewozy Regionalne, whilst domestic rail transportation within the voivodeship is provided by Arriva RP, a private firm to which the provincial government subcontracted the provision of rail transport.
All major towns of the province have municipal transportation companies operating buses, whilst Bydgoszcz, Toruń and Grudziądz also have extensive tram systems.
The Kuyavian-Pomeranian voivodeship's government is headed by the province's voivode (governor) who is appointed by the Polish Prime Minister. The voivode is then assisted in performing his duties by the voivodeship's marshal, who is the appointed speaker for the voivodeship's executive and is elected by the sejmik (provincial assembly). The current voivode of Kuyavia-Pomerania is Ewa Monika Mes, and the present marshal is Piotr Całbecki.
The Sejmik of Kuyavia-Pomerania consists of 33 members.
|Party||Votes||%||Total seats held|
|Civic Platform (PO)||218,004||33.81||16|
|Law and Justice (PiS)||114,557||17.77||6|
|Democratic Left Alliance (SLD)||111,885||17.35||6|
|Polish People's Party (PSL)||93,445||14.49||5|
|Józef Rogacki||1 January 1999 - 21 October 2001|
|Romuald Kosieniak||21 October 2001 - 26 January 2006|
|Józef Ramlau||26 January 2006 - 24 July 2006|
|Marzenna Drab (acting)||24 July 2006 - 7 November 2006|
|Zbigniew Hoffmann||7 November 2006 - 29 November 2007|
|Rafał Bruski||29 November 2007 - 13 December 2010|
|Ewa Mes||14 December 2010 – present|
The Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship is divided into 23 counties (powiats): 4 city counties and 19 land counties. These are further divided into 144 gminas.
The counties are listed in the following table (ordering within categories is by decreasing population).
| Inowrocław County |
|1,225||160,216||Inowrocław||Kruszwica, Janikowo, Gniewkowo, Pakość||9|
| Bydgoszcz County |
|1,395||118,041||Bydgoszcz *||Solec Kujawski, Koronowo||8|
| Toruń County |
| Świecie County |
| Nakło County |
|1,120||86,449||Nakło nad Notecią||Szubin, Kcynia, Mrocza||5|
| Włocławek County |
|1,472||86,131||Włocławek *||Brześć Kujawski, Kowal, Lubraniec, Izbica Kujawska, Chodecz, Lubień Kujawski||13|
| Brodnica County |
|1,039||78,935||Brodnica||Jabłonowo Pomorskie, Górzno||10|
| Żnin County |
|985||70,234||Żnin||Barcin, Łabiszyn, Janowiec Wielkopolski||6|
| Lipno County |
|1,016||65,869||Lipno||Skępe, Dobrzyń nad Wisłą||9|
| Aleksandrów County |
|476||55,150||Aleksandrów Kujawski||Ciechocinek, Nieszawa||9|
| Chełmno County |
| Tuchola County |
| Mogilno County |
| Golub-Dobrzyń County |
| Rypin County |
| Sępólno County |
|791||41,055||Sępólno Krajeńskie||Więcbork, Kamień Krajeński||4|
| Radziejów County |
| Grudziądz County |
|728||40,181||Grudziądz *||Łasin, Radzyń Chełmiński||6|
| Wąbrzeźno County |
|* seat not part of the county|
Protected areas in Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship include the nine Landscape Parks listed below.
Pomeranian Voivodeship, Pomorskie Region, or Pomerania Province, is a voivodeship, or province, in northwestern Poland. The provincial capital is Gdańsk.
Bydgoszcz Voivodeship was a unit of administrative division and local government in Poland in the years 1975–1998, superseded by Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship.
Capital city: Bydgoszcz
Population density: inhabitants/km2
Administrative division: communes
Number of cities and towns :
Major cities and towns :
Kuyavia, also referred to as Cuyavia, is a historical region in north-central Poland, situated on the left bank of Vistula, as well as east from Noteć River and Lake Gopło. It is divided into three traditional parts: north-western, central, and south-eastern.
Inowrocław Voivodeship was a unit of administrative division and local government in Poland from the 14th century to the First Partition of Poland in 1772. Together with the neighbouring Brześć Kujawski Voivodeship it was part of the Kuyavia region and the Greater Polish prowincja.
Radziejów is a town in Poland, in Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship, about 45 km south of Toruń. It is the capital of Radziejów County. Its population is 5,804 (2004).
Chełmno County is a unit of territorial administration and local government (powiat) in Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship, north-central Poland. It came into being on 1 January 1999, as a result of the Polish local government reforms adopted in 1998. Its administrative seat and only town is Chełmno, which lies 40 km (25 mi) north of Toruń and 40 km (25 mi) north-east of Bydgoszcz.
The Pomeranian Voivodeship or Pomorskie Voivodeship was an administrative unit of interwar Poland. It ceased to function in September 1939, following the German and Soviet invasion of Poland.
Toruń Główny railway station is the most important railway station serving the city of Toruń, in the Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland. The station is located on the Poznań–Skandawa railway and Kutno–Piła railway. The train services are operated by PKP, Przewozy Regionalne and Arriva.
The Kuyavian-Pomeranian Regional Assembly is the regional legislature of the Voivodeship of Kuyavia-Pomerania in Poland. It is a unicameral parliamentary body consisting of thirty councillors chosen during regional elections for a five-year term. The current chairperson of the assembly is Ryszard Bober.
Romuald Kosieniak is a former Polish politician who was a 2nd Voivode of Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship (2001-2006) and Vice-Starosta of Bydgoszcz County (1998-2001).
Aleksandrów Kujawski railway station is a railway station serving the town of Aleksandrów Kujawski, in the Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland. The station is located on the Kutno–Piła railway and Aleksandrów Kujawski–Ciechocinek railway. The train services are operated by PKP and Przewozy Regionalne.
Rafał Piotr Bruski is a Polish politician who is a president of Bydgoszcz, was a Voivode of Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship (2007-2010) and a former Deputy-President of Bydgoszcz (2006-2007).
Arriva Poland Sp. z o. o. is a Polish private rail carrier providing services in the Kuyavian-Pomeranian, Masovian, Pomeranian and Warmian-Masurian voivodships. It is a subsidiary of Arriva.
Toruń is a Polish parliamentary constituency in the Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship. It elects thirteen members of the Sejm.
Chełmno land is a historical region, located in central-northern Poland.
The Central Junior League is the highest level in Polish Under-19 football. Created in mid-2013, it replaced Mloda Ekstraklasa. The winner of the CLJ advances to the UEFA Youth League.
The Ignacy Jan Paderewski Pomeranian Philharmonic has been at its present site in Bydgoszcz, Poland, since 16 November 1953. The Pomeranian Philharmonic is the musical center of Kujawy-Pomerania Province and also features an outdoor art gallery. It is registered on the Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship Heritage List.
Albierz (Alberus) was a semi-historic bishop of Włocławek (Kuyavian-Pomeranian).
IV liga Cuyavia-Pomerania group is one of the groups of IV liga, the 5th level of Polish football league system. The league was created in season 2000/2001 after introducing new administrative division of Poland. Until the end of the 2007/08 season IV liga was placed at 4th tier of league system but this was changed with the formation of the Ekstraklasa as the top-level league in Poland.
The clubs from Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship compete in this group. The winner of the league is promoted to III liga group II. The bottom teams are relegated to the groups of Liga okręgowa from Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship. These groups are Cuyavia-Pomerania I and Cuyavia-Pomerania II.
Stefan Jan Klajbor was an architect and a cultural personage of Bydgoszcz during the 20th century.