|Screenplay by||Javar Seetharaman|
|Based on||The Parent Trap|
|Produced by||A. V. Meiyappan|
|Starring|| Jaishankar |
|Cinematography|| S. Maruti Rao |
G. Vittal Rao
|Music by||M. S. Viswanathan|
|167 minutes |
Kuzhandaiyum Deivamum (transl. Child and God) is a 1965 Indian Tamil-language children's film directed by Krishnan–Panju. It is based on the American film The Parent Trap (1961) which in turn was based on Erich Kästner's 1949 German novel Lisa and Lottie (German : Das doppelte Lottchen). The film stars Jaishankar and Jamuna, with Nagesh, Sundarrajan, G. Varalakshmi, Santha, Kutty Padmini, M. S. S. Bhagayam and V. R. Thilagam in supporting roles. It tells the story of twin sisters attempting to reunite their separated parents.
The film, produced by AVM Productions and featuring music by M. S. Viswanathan, was released on 19 November 1965. It was a commercial success, and won the National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Tamil. Krishnan–Panju remade the film twice; in Telugu as Leta Manasulu (1966) and in Hindi as Do Kaliyaan (1967). It was also remade in Malayalam as Sethubandhanam (1974) and in Kannada as Makkala Bhagya (1976).
This article needs an improved plot summary.(May 2021)
Twins Lalitha and Padmini get separated at birth because of their parent's separation. Later, the sisters decide to reunite their parents and work together for it.
M. Kumaran of AVM Productions saw the American film The Parent Trap (1961), based on Erich Kästner's German novel Lisa and Lottie , and saw potential for a Tamil version of it; he persuaded his brother Saravanan to watch the film. Saravanan complied, but was sceptical over the story's commercial viability if filmed in Tamil and also felt audience would not be receptive towards the concept of divorce, although Kumaran remained adamant. They later asked Javar Seetharaman to watch The Parent Trap and if he could Indianise it in his screenplay; AVM was impressed with his screenplay. Saravanan said Seesumpatti Rajagopal wrote the climax portions.  Krishnan–Panju were selected to direct the film, titled Kuzhandaiyum Deivamum.  Cinematography was handled by S. Maruti Rao and G. Vittal Rao, art direction by A. K. Sekar,  and Panju edited the film under the pseudonym "Panjabi". 
Jaishankar was selected to play the male lead and was paid ₹10,000 (equivalent to ₹570,000orUS$7,100 in 2020).  Kutty Padmini portrayed twin sisters; in the scenes where both characters appear, split screen and body double techniques were used.  The climax was shot at Palani.  
The music was composed by M. S. Viswanathan and the lyrics were written by Vaali and Kannadasan.   The song "Pazhamuthir Solaiyile" is set in the Abheri raga,   and "Enna Vegam Nillu Bhama" is set in Shivaranjani.   The song "Anbulla Maanvizhiye" was remixed by Rafi in the film Jaggubhai (2010).  Randor Guy of The Hindu wrote, "One of the major factors contributing to the success of the movie was its melodious music composed by M. S. Viswanathan. Many of the songs became hits and are still remembered today". 
|1.||"Enna Vegam Nillu"||Vaali||T. M. Soundararajan, A. L. Raghavan||4:42|
|2.||"Anbulla Maan Vizhiyae"||Vaali||T. M. Soundararajan, P. Susheela||4:47|
|3.||"Naan Nandri Solven"||Vaali||M. S. Viswanathan, P. Susheela||3:48|
|4.||"Anbulla Mannavane" (sad)||Vaali||T. M. Soundararajan, P. Susheela||3:32|
|5.||"Kuzhandaiyum Deivamum"||Kannadasan||P. Susheela||3:57|
|6.||"Kuzhandaiyum Deivamum" (campfire song)||Kannadasan||P. Susheela||1:30|
|7.||"Pazhamuthir Solaiyilae"||Vaali||P. Susheela||4:12|
|8.||"Ahah Idhu Nalliravu"||Kannadasan||L. R. Eswari||4:04|
|9.||"Kozhi Oru Koottile"||Kannadasan||M. S. Rajeswari||2:54|
Kuzhandaiyum Deivamum was released on 19 November 1965.  The Tamil magazine Ananda Vikatan , in a review dated 19 December 1965, applauded Padmini's performance and stated that she was the sole reason to watch the film, which the reviewer called childish.  Writing for Sport and Pastime , T. M. Ramachandran criticised the film's lack of originality, but called it a "clever adaptation" of The Parent Trap, and described Padmini's dual role performance as the film's "pièce de résistance".  Kalki appreciated the cast performances, but criticised the film for lacking AVM's signature touch.  The film was a commercial success, running for over 100 days in theatres.  At the 13th National Film Awards, it won in the Best Tamil Film category. 
Krishnan–Panju remade the film twice; in Telugu as Leta Manasulu (1966) and in Hindi as Do Kaliyaan (1967).  It was also remade in Malayalam as Sethubandhanam (1974) and in Kannada as Makkala Bhagya (1976). 
Jaishankar was an Indian actor known for his work in Tamil cinema. He was a very popular lead actor in the 1960s and 70s. He was credited onscreen with title of Makkal Kalaingnar or Makkal Thamizhan in most films starring him. He was also referred to as Thennakathu James Bond because of his roles in films such as Vallavan Oruvan and CID Shankar.
Yajaman (transl. Chieftain) is a 1993 Indian Tamil-language drama film written and directed by R. V. Udayakumar. It stars Rajinikanth and Meena. The film was produced by M. Saravanan, M. S. Guhan and M. Subrahmaniam of AVM Productions. It was released on 18 February 1993. The film was commercially successful and had a 175-day theatrical run.
Sakalakala Vallavan is a 1982 Indian Tamil-language masala film directed by S. P. Muthuraman and written by Panchu Arunachalam. The film stars Kamal Haasan, Ambika, Raveendran and Tulasi. Produced by AVM Productions, it revolves around a villager whose sister is raped by the village head's son when the former refuses to abide by his dictatorship. The villager vows to seek revenge and get his sister married to her rapist.
Server Sundaram is a 1964 Indian Tamil-language comedy drama film directed by Krishnan–Panju and produced by A. V. Meiyappan. The film stars Nagesh as the title character. Muthuraman and K. R. Vijaya play the other lead roles while Major Sundarrajan, S. N. Lakshmi and Manorama play supporting roles. It focuses on a hotel waiter who strives to reach greater heights after he becomes an actor to attain the love of his restaurateur's daughter.
Poova Thalaiya is a 1969 Indian Tamil-language comedy film written and directed by K. Balachander. The film stars Gemini Ganesh, Jaishankar, Nagesh, S. Varalakshmi, Rajasree and Vennira Aadai Nirmala. It was released on 10 May 1969. The film was remade in Telugu as Bomma Borusa, in Malayalam as Balapareekshanam and in Kannada as BalondhuUyyale. It was also an influence on Kandha Kadamba Kathir Vela.
Kutty Padmini is an Indian actress who mainly works in Tamil cinema. She was a child star in her debut movie Ambala Anjulam (1959). She has also acted in Telugu, Kannada, Malayalam and Hindi movies. She made her debut in Tamil cinema at the age of 3. She has acted with prominent personalities of Tamil cinema, including Sivaji Ganesan, M. G. Ramachandran, Gemini Ganesan, Jaishankar, Rajinikanth and Kamal Haasan. She was the first female artist from Tamil Nadu to win the National Film Award for Best Child Artist for the movie Kuzhandaiyum Deivamum. The first Tamil child artiste to win the award was Kamal Haasan for Kalathur Kannamma.
Mundhanai Mudichu is a 1983 Indian Tamil-language romantic comedy film directed and written by K. Bhagyaraj and also stars alongside Urvashi. The film focuses on Parimala, a mischievous girl, who falls in love with a widower who works as a teacher. She marries him by falsely accusing him of having sex with her, but she has to take drastic steps to win his love.
Do Kaliyaan is a 1968 Indian Hindi-language film directed by R. Krishnan and S. Panju. The film stars Mala Sinha, Biswajeet, Mehmood, Om Prakash and Neetu Singh. It is a remake of the 1965 Tamil film Kuzhandaiyum Deivamum which itself was based on the 1961 American film The Parent Trap, based on Erich Kästner's 1949 German novel Lisa and Lottie.
Ramu is a 1966 Indian Tamil-language drama film directed by A. C. Tirulokchandar and written by Javar N. Seetharaman. The film stars Gemini Ganesh and K. R. Vijaya, with Ashokan, Nagesh, V. K. Ramasamy, O. A. K. Thevar and Master Rajkumar—as the title character—in supporting roles. A remake of the Hindi film Door Gagan Ki Chhaon Mein (1964), it revolves around a boy who loses his voice after witnessing his mother's death, and his father attempts to restore his son's voice.
Deivapiravi is a 1960 Indian Tamil-language film, directed by Krishnan–Panju. The film stars Sivaji Ganesan, Padmini, S. S. Rajendran, K. A. Thangavelu and M. N. Rajam. The film was dubbed and released in Telugu as Anumanam and released on 24 June 1961. At the 8th National Film Awards, the film won the All India Certificate of Merit for the Third Best Feature Film. It was remade the same year in Hindi as Bindya, and in 1965 in Sinhala as Sekaya.
Imayam is a 1979 Indian Tamil-language film, directed by Muktha Srinivasan and produced by Muktha Ramaswamy. The film stars Sivaji Ganesan, Srividya, Jai Ganesh and Thengai Srinivasan. The film also marked the on-screen debut for Kannada actress Malashri. It was released on 21 July 1979.
Uyarndha Manithan is a 1968 Indian Tamil-language drama film written by Javar Seetharaman and directed by Krishnan–Panju. The film was produced by A. V. Meiyappan, M. Saravanan, M. Kumaran and M. Murugan under AVM Productions. It stars Sivaji Ganesan and Sowcar Janaki, while S. A. Ashokan, Major Sundarrajan, Vanisri and Sivakumar play pivotal roles. The film's soundtrack and background score were composed by M. S. Viswanathan, while the lyrics for the songs were written by Vaali.
Annai (transl. Mother) is a 1962 Indian Tamil-language drama film directed by Krishnan–Panju. The film stars P. Bhanumathi and Sowcar Janaki, with S. V. Ranga Rao, J. P. Chandrababu and P. Raja playing supporting roles. The plot revolves around the theme that the love of a foster mother can be even stronger than that of a biological mother.
Kaakum Karangal is a 1965 Indian Tamil-language drama film, directed by A. C. Tirulokchandar. Inspired by British writer W. Somerset Maugham's 1925 novel The Painted Veil, it was produced by Murugan Brothers, a subsidiary of AVM Productions. The film stars S. S. Rajendran and C. R. Vijayakumari, with Nagesh, L. Vijayalakshmi, S. V. Subbaiah, Sivakumar and Revathi playing supporting roles. It was released on 19 June 1965, and failed at the box office.
Paatti Sollai Thattathe is a 1988 Indian Tamil-language comedy film, directed by Rajasekhar and produced by AVM Productions. The film stars Pandiarajan, Urvashi and Manorama. It was released on 22 July 1988 and became a silver jubilee success. The film was remade in Telugu by the same studio as Bamma Maata Bangaru Baata (1990).
Ore Vaanam Ore Bhoomi is a 1979 Indian Tamil-language film directed by I. V. Sasi, starring Jaishankar, K. R. Vijaya and Seema. It was released on 22 June 1979. The film was remade in Malayalam as Ezhamkadalinakkare the same year by the same director.
Leta Manasulu is a 1966 Indian Telugu-language film directed by Krishnan–Panju and produced by A. V. Meiyappan under AVM Productions banner. The film stars Haranath, Jamuna and Kutty Padmini. It is a remake of the 1965 Tamil film Kuzhandaiyum Deivamum which itself was an adaptation of the 1961 film The Parent Trap, in turn based on Erich Kästner's 1949 German novel Lisa and Lottie. The film was released on 16 September 1966.
Mamiyar Mechina Marumagal is an Indian Tamil-language film produced by AVM Productions with S. S. Rajendran, M. N. Rajam and G. Varalakshmi starring. The film was released on 23 January 1959. It is a remake of the Marathi film Ganget Ghode Nhahale (1955). The film failed at the box office.
Taxi Driver is a 1978 Indian Tamil-language film directed and written by N. S. Manian. The film stars Jaishankar, S. A. Ashokan, M. R. Radha and Sridevi. It was released on 18 August 1978, and emerged a success.
Bindya is a 1960 Indian Hindi-language drama film directed by Krishnan–Panju and produced by M. Saravanan. It is a remake of the Tamil film Deivapiravi, released early the same year. The film stars Balraj Sahni, Padmini and Jagdeep. It was released on 29 December 1960, and failed to replicate the success of the Tamil original.