Kwantung Leased Territory

Last updated
Kwantung Leased Territory
關東州
Leased territory of the Empire of Japan
1905–1945
Emblem of Kantou Prefecture and Dairen City.png
Coat of arms
Kwantung territory China 1921.jpg
Kwantung Leased Territory in 1921 including the Japanese area of influence and neutral zone.
Capital Dairen
History
Government
Emperor of Japan  
 1905–1912
Emperor Meiji
 1912–1926
Emperor Taishō
 1926–1945
Emperor Showa
Historical eraEmpire of Japan
17 April 1895
23 April 1895
5 September 1905
14 August 1945
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Flag of Russia.svg 1898:
Russian Dalian
1945:
Soviet occupation
of Lüshun base
Flag of the Soviet Union (1924-1955).svg
Today part ofChina

Notes

  1. Hsu, p. 546
  2. Coox, Nomomhan, p. 1
  3. Quigley, Japanese Government and Politics, p. 141
  4. Low, p. 106

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Treaty of Shimonoseki</span> 1895 treaty ending the First Sino-Japanese War

The Treaty of Shimonoseki, also known as the Treaty of Maguan in China and Treaty of Bakan in the period before and during World War II in Japan, was a treaty signed at the Shunpanrō hotel (春帆樓), Shimonoseki, Japan on April 17, 1895, between the Empire of Japan and Qing China, ending the First Sino-Japanese War. The peace conference took place from March 20 to April 17, 1895. This treaty followed and superseded the Sino-Japanese Friendship and Trade Treaty of 1871.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Dalian</span> City in Liaoning, China

Dalian is a major sub-provincial port city in Liaoning province, People's Republic of China, and is Liaoning's second largest city and the third-most populous city of Northeast China. Located on the southern tip of Liaodong peninsula, it is the southernmost city in both Liaoning and the entire Northeast. Dalian borders the prefectural cities of Yingkou and Anshan to the north and Dandong to the northeast, and also shares maritime boundaries with Qinhuangdao and Huludao across the Liaodong Bay to west and northwest, Yantai and Weihai on the Shandong peninsula across the Bohai Strait to the south, and North Korea across the Korea Bay to the east.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">South Manchuria Railway</span> 1906–1945 Japanese company in China

The South Manchuria Railway, officially The South Manchuria Railway Company, Ltd., Mantetsu or Mantie for short, was a large National Policy Company of the Empire of Japan whose primary function was the operation of railways on the Dalian–Fengtian (Mukden)–Changchun corridor in northeastern China, as well as on several branch lines.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Liaodong Peninsula</span> Peninsula in Liaoning, China

The Liaodong Peninsula is a peninsula in southern Liaoning province in Northeast China, and makes up the southwestern coastal half of the Liaodong region. It is located between the mouths of the Daliao River in the west and the Yalu River in the east, and encompasses the territories of the whole sub-provincial city of Dalian and parts of prefectural cities of Yingkou, Anshan and Dandong.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Lüshunkou District</span> District in Liaoning, Peoples Republic of China

Lüshunkou District is a district of Dalian, Liaoning province, China. Also formerly called Lüshun City or literally Lüshun Port, it was formerly known as both Port Arthur and Ryojun. The district's area is 512.15 square kilometres (197.74 sq mi) and its permanent population as of 2010 is 324,773.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Chinese Eastern Railway</span> Historical railroad system in northeast China

The Chinese Eastern Railway or CER, is the historical name for a railway system in Northeast China.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Northeast China</span> Geographical region of China

Northeast China or Northeastern China is a geographical region of China which is often referred to as "Manchuria" in its narrow sense. It usually corresponds specifically to the three provinces east of the Greater Khingan Range, namely Liaoning, Jilin, and Heilongjiang, but historically is meant to also encompass the four easternmost prefectures of Inner Mongolia west of the Greater Khingan. The heartland of the region is the Northeast China Plain, the largest plain in China, with an area over 350,000 km2 (140,000 sq mi). It is separated from Russian Far East to the north by the Amur, Argun, and Ussuri rivers; from Korea to the south by the Yalu and Tumen Rivers; and from Inner Mongolia to the west by the Greater Khingan and parts of the Xiliao River.

Dalian Bay Bay in Dalian, China

Dalian Bay, known historically as Talienwan, Talien-wan and Talien-hwan, is a bay on the southeast side of the Liaodong Peninsula of Northeast China, open to the Korea Bay in the Yellow Sea in the east. Downtown Dalian lies along the southern shore of the bay. Its significance is that it is ice-free year-round, while Jinzhou Bay on the other, northwest side of the peninsula is part of the Bohai Sea (渤海), and is shallow and closed by ice for four months of the winter.

Organization of the Kwantung Army which was an army group of the Imperial Japanese Army of Japan.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Jinzhou District</span> District in Liaoning, Peoples Republic of China

Jinzhou District is one of the seven districts of Dalian, Liaoning province, People's Republic of China. It is located about 20 kilometres (12 mi) northeast of the city centre and facing the Bohai Sea to the west as well as the Korea Bay to the east and has a longer history than Dalian itself, and used to be a thriving walled city where the officials of this area were dispatched from the central government. Recently, it is again a thriving town, having Dalian Development Area within its area as well as becoming a bedroom community to downtown Dalian. Its area is 1,352.54 square kilometres (522.22 sq mi) and its permanent population as of 2010 is 1,102,773.

Yamato Hotels was a chain of hotels in Manchuria owned and operated by the South Manchuria Railway during the period from the 1910s to 1940s. Some of these hotels still exist in Northeast China, under different names.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ryojun Guard District</span>

The Ryojun Guard District was the major navy base for the Imperial Japanese Navy in the Kwantung Leased Territory before and during Second Sino-Japanese War. Located in at Ryojun 38°48′45″N121°14′30″E), (present-day Lüshunkou, China, The Ryojun Guard District was responsible for control of the strategic seaward approaches to Manchukuo and to north China and for patrols in the Yellow Sea and along the China coastlines. It was disbanded in 1943.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Russian Dalian</span> Territory of Imperial Russia from 1898 to 1905

Russian Dalian, also known as Kvantunskaya Oblast, was a territory of the Russian Empire that existed between its establishment after the Pavlov Agreement in 1898 and its annexation by Japan after the Russo-Japanese War in 1905.

CRRC Dalian Co., Ltd., often abbreviated as DLoco, is a company located in Dalian, Liaoning Province, China, producing railway locomotives, multiple units and diesel engines.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Lüshun railway station</span> Railway station in Dalian

Lüshun railway station is located in Lüshunkou District of Dalian City, China, and is the final stop of the Dalian-Lushun branch of the Dalian-Harbin railway. It sits on the east side of the Long River, within a hundred meters of the Lüshun Naval Port, its building being of the Russian-style wooden architecture.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Japanese colonial empire</span> Japanese territorial conquests (1895–1945)

The territorial conquests of the Empire of Japan in the Western Pacific and East Asia regions began in 1895 with its victory over Qing China in the First Sino-Japanese War. Subsequent victories over the Russian Empire and German Empire expanded Japanese rule to Taiwan, Korea, Micronesia, southern Sakhalin, several concessions in China, and the South Manchuria Railway. In 1931, Japan invaded Manchuria, resulting in the establishment of the puppet state of Manchukuo the following year; thereafter, Japan adopted a policy of founding and supporting puppet states in conquered regions. These conquered territories became the basis for the Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere in 1940.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kwantung Army</span> Group of the Imperial Japanese Army from 1919 to 1945

The Kwantung Army was a general army of the Imperial Japanese Army from 1919 to 1945.

關東, 关东, or 関東, all literally meaning East of the Pass, may refer to the following:

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Renkyō Line</span>

The Renkyō Line was the primary trunk line of the South Manchuria Railway from 1907 to 1945. The 701.4 km (435.8 mi) line ran between Dalian (Dairen) and Changchun (Xinjing).

<i>Manshū Nichi-Nichi Shimbun</i> Japanese-language newspaper published in Manchuria from 1907–1945

The Manshū Nichi-Nichi Shimbun was a Japanese-language newspaper owned by the South Manchuria Railway Company and printed from 3 November 1907 until Japan's defeat in the Second World War in 1945. Printed in Dairen, capital of the Japanese-controlled Kwantung Leased Territory, and from 1938 in Mukden, it was the most influential newspaper serving the growing Japanese settler population in northeastern China. In 1927, it merged with the rival Ryōtō Shimpō and was renamed the Manshū Nippō, before returning to its original name in 1935 following another merger with Dairen Shimbun, whereupon it gained a complete monopoly on Japanese-language news in what had become the Japanese puppet state of Manchukuo. In 1944, it briefly changed its name back to Manshū Nippō before going out of print in 1945 following Japan's defeat in the war and subsequent withdrawal from Manchuria.

References

Kwantung Leased Territory
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese 關東州
Simplified Chinese 关东州

Coordinates: 39°10′N121°45′E / 39.167°N 121.750°E / 39.167; 121.750