Kyōgoku Takakazu (d. 1441)

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Arms of the Kyogoku clan. Kamon yotumeyui.png
Arms of the Kyōgoku clan.

Kyōgoku Takakazu(京極 高数) (died 12 July 1441) was a Japanese noble member of the Kyōgoku Clan (Japanese: 京極氏(Kyōgoku-shi)) of Japan who served the shōgun Ashikaga Yoshinori.

Japanese people ethnic group native to Japan

Japanese people are a nation and an ethnic group that is native to Japan and makes up 98.5% of the total population of the country. Worldwide, approximately 129 million people are of Japanese descent; of these, approximately 125 million are residents of Japan. People of Japanese ancestry who live outside Japan are referred to as nikkeijin(日系人), the Japanese diaspora. The term ethnic Japanese is often used to refer to Japanese people, specifically Yamato people. Japanese are one of the largest ethnic groups in the world.

Nobility privileged social class

Nobility is a social class normally ranked immediately under royalty and found in some societies that have a formal aristocracy. Nobility possesses more acknowledged privileges and higher social status than most other classes in society. The privileges associated with nobility may constitute substantial advantages over or relative to non-nobles, or may be largely honorary, and vary by country and era. As referred to in the Medieval chivalric motto "noblesse oblige", nobles can also carry a lifelong duty to uphold various social responsibilities, such as honorable behavior, customary service, or leadership positions. Membership in the nobility, including rights and responsibilities, is typically hereditary.

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Contents

Family Origins

The Kyōgoku Clan claimed their noble descent from Emperor Uda (868–897). The clan rose to prominence during the Sengoku and Edo periods when they would become a daimyō clan. A later Kyōgoku Takakazu became daimyō and head of the Kyōgoku clan in 1637.

Emperor Uda Japanese emperor

Emperor Uda was the 59th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession.

Sengoku period Period in Imperial Japan

The Sengoku period is a period in Japanese history marked by social upheaval, political intrigue and near-constant military conflict. Japanese historians named it after the otherwise unrelated Warring States period in China. It was initiated by the Ōnin War, which collapsed the Japanese feudal system under the Ashikaga shogunate, and came to an end when the system was re-established under the Tokugawa shogunate by Tokugawa Ieyasu.

Edo period period of Japanese history

The Edo period or Tokugawa period (徳川時代) is the period between 1603 and 1868 in the history of Japan, when Japanese society was under the rule of the Tokugawa shogunate and the country's 300 regional daimyō. The period was characterized by economic growth, strict social order, isolationist foreign policies, a stable population, "no more wars", and popular enjoyment of arts and culture. The shogunate was officially established in Edo on March 24, 1603, by Tokugawa Ieyasu. The period came to an end with the Meiji Restoration on May 3, 1868, after the fall of Edo.

Biography

Kyōgoku Takakazu was named the Shugo of Yamashiro Province from 1421 to 1423. He was succeeded in this position by a member of the Kyōgoku clan, Kyōgoku Mochimitsu, though it is unclear whether the two were directly related.[ citation needed ]

Shugo (守護) was a title, commonly translated as "(military) governor", "protector" or "constable", given to certain officials in feudal Japan. They were each appointed by the shōgun to oversee one or more of the provinces of Japan. The position gave way to the emergence of the daimyōs in the late 15th century, as shugo began to claim power over lands themselves, rather than serving simply as governors on behalf of the shogunate.

Yamashiro Province province of Japan

Yamashiro Province was a province of Japan, located in Kinai. It overlaps the southern part of modern Kyoto Prefecture on Honshū. Aliases include Jōshū(城州), the rare Sanshū(山州), and Yōshū(雍州). It is classified as an upper province in the Engishiki.

Kyōgoku clan Japanese clan. descend from the Uda Genji through the Sasaki clan

The Kyōgoku clan were a Japanese daimyō clan which rose to prominence during the Sengoku and Edo periods. The clan descend from the Uda Genji through the Sasaki clan. The name derives from the Kyōgoku quarter of Kyoto during the Heian period.

Kyōgoku Takakazu was killed in 1441 during the Kakitsu no Hen, a rebellion during which the shōgun Ashikaga Yoshinori was assassinated by disaffected vassals at a dinner banquet hosted by Akamatsu Mitsusuke, one of the vassals who had been stripped of his lands and titles. Kyōgoku Takakazu died defending the Shogun along with Ōuchi Mochiyo (1394–1441) [1] head of the Ōuchi clan who died later of his wounds on 28 July 1441. Kyōgoku Takakazu died during the incident on 12 July 1441 as he was cut down by Mitsusuke soldiers. [2] [3] [4]

Kakitsu Japanese era

Kakitsu (嘉吉) was a Japanese era name after Eikyō and before Bun'an. This period spanned the years from February 1441 through February 1444. The reigning emperor was Go-Hanazono-tennō (後花園天皇).

<i>Shōgun</i> de facto military dictator of feudal Japan (1185-1868)

The Shōgun was the military dictator of Japan during the period from 1185 to 1868. In most of this period, the shōguns were the de facto rulers of the country, although nominally they were appointed by the Emperor as a ceremonial formality. The shōguns held almost absolute power over territories through military means.

Ashikaga Yoshinori 6th shogun of the Ashikaga shogunate

Ashikaga Yoshinori was the sixth shōgun of the Ashikaga shogunate who reigned from 1429 to 1441 during the Muromachi period of Japan. Yoshinori was the son of the third shōgun Ashikaga Yoshimitsu. His childhood name was Harutora (春寅).

See also

Preceded by
Isshiki Yoshitsura
Shugo of Yamashiro Province
14211423
Succeeded by
Kyōgoku Mochimitsu

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References

  1. Utagawa, Sadahide. "Japanese Woodblock Printed Book: Buke Hyakunin Isshu by Utagawa Sadahide, 1858". myjapanesehanga.com. Retrieved 10 February 2014.
  2. Chung, Jaejeong (2011). "The Journal of Northeast Asian History". 8-2 Winter 2011. Northeast Asian History Foundation: 177, 213.
  3. Frédéric, Louis (2002). Japan Encyclopedia. Translated by Käthe Roth (illustrated, reprint ed.). Harvard University Press. p. 456. ISBN   0674017536.
  4. Perez, Louis G., ed. (2013). Japan at War: An Encyclopedia. ABC-CLIO. p. 169. ISBN   1598847422.