Kyōto Station

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Kyōto Station

京都駅
Kyoto Station.jpg
Kyōto Station Building (Karasuma side)
Location Shimogyo-ku, Kyoto, Kyōto Prefecture
Japan
Operated by
ConnectionsBus terminal
Passengers
FY2015 [1] 255 million
Location
Map Kyoto.jpg
Red pog.svg
Kyōto Station
Location within Kyoto city
Japan location map with side map of the Ryukyu Islands.svg
Red pog.svg
Kyōto Station
Kyōto Station (Japan)

Kyōto Station (京都駅, Kyōto-eki) is a major railway station and transportation hub in Kyōto, Japan. It has Japan's second-largest station building (after Nagoya Station) and is one of the country's largest buildings, incorporating a shopping mall, hotel, movie theater, Isetan department store, and several local government facilities under one 15-story roof. It also housed the Kyōto City Air Terminal until August 31, 2002.

Contents

Lines

Kyoto railway station (4791063015).jpg
Jing Du Yi  - panoramio (29).jpg
Station concourse, west and east ends viewed from upper level

Kyoto Station is served by the following railway lines:

In addition to the lines above, the following lines, among others, have through services to Kyoto Station:

JR West/JR Central

Kyoto Station

京都駅
JR station
Kyoto Station Hachijo Entrance East Side.jpg
Hachijō-side building of Kyoto station
Location901 Higashi-Shiokōjichō (JR West)
8-3 Higashi-Shiokōji Takakura-chō (JR Central)
Shimogyō-ku, Kyoto, Kyoto Prefecture
Japan
Coordinates 34°59′07.6″N135°45′28.0″E / 34.985444°N 135.757778°E / 34.985444; 135.757778
Operated by
Line(s)
History
Opened1877
Passengers
  • 200,426 daily (JR West, FY2016)
  • 38,000 daily (JR Central, FY2016) [2]
Shinkansen tracks Kyoto Station 5.JPG
Shinkansen tracks
Nara Line tracks JR West Nara Line.jpg
Nara Line tracks
Shinkansen arriving at Kyoto Station 020 N700 Series Shinkansen Xin Gan Xian arriving at Kyoto Station, Japan.jpg
Shinkansen arriving at Kyōto Station

Layout

The station has a side platform and four island platforms serving eight tracks for the Tokaido Line (Biwako Line, JR Kyoto Line) and Kosei Line at ground level, three dead-end platforms serving four tracks for the Sanin Line (Sagano Line) to the west of platform 0 at ground level, and two dead-end platforms serving 3 tracks to the south of platform 7 at ground level. Two island platforms serving four tracks for the Shinkansen are elevated, above the platforms for the Kintetsu Kyoto Line.

0 Hokuriku Line limited express trainsfor Fukui, Kanazawa, and Wakuraonsen
Tokaido Line, Chuo Line, Takayama Line limited express trainsfor Maibara, Nagano, and Takayama
Biwako Linepart of special rapid trains for Kusatsu and Maibara on weekday mornings
Kosei Linepart of special rapid trains for Katata and Ōmi-Imazu on weekday mornings
Kusatsu Line for Kibukawa and Tsuge (evening, night)
2, 3 Biwako Line for Kusatsu and Maibara
Kosei Line for Katata and Ōmi-Imazu
4, 5 JR Kyoto Line for Ōsaka and Sannomiya
6, 7 Kinokuni Line limited express trains Kuroshiofor Shirahama and Shingū
Chizu Express Line limited express trains Super Hakuto for Tottori and Kurayoshi
Kansai Airport Line limited express trains Harukafrom Maibara and Kusatsu for Kansai Airport
limited express trains from the Hokuriku Line, Tokaido Linefor Osaka
JR Kyoto Linerapid trains and special rapid trains for Osaka and Sannomiya in the morning
8, 9, 10 Nara Line for Uji and Nara
30 Kansai Airport Line limited express trains Haruka for Kansai Airport
Sagano-Sanin Line limited express trains (partly)for Fukuchiyama, Kinosaki Onsen, Higashi-Maizuru, and Amanohashidate
31 Sagano-Sanin Main Line limited express trainsfor Fukuchiyama, Kinosaki Onsen, Higashi-Maizuru, and Amanohashidate
Sagano-Sanin Linepart of trains for Kameoka, Sonobe, and Fukuchiyama
32, 33 Sagano-Sanin Linelocal trains and rapid trains for Kameoka, Sonobe, and Fukuchiyama
34Disembarking only for trains at platform 33 
11, 12 Tokaido Shinkansen for Nagoya and Tokyo
13, 14 Tokaido Shinkansen for Shin-Osaka and Hakata
Track layout of Kyōto Station (JR West area) [3] [4]
Hachijō side (South)
Brown (2 tracks): Nara Line to Uji and Nara
Blue (4 tracks):
Tōkaidō Main Line
(Biwako Line)
to Maibara, Nagoya and Tokyo
Kosei Line
to Omi-Imazu and Tsuruga
Rail Tracks map JR-W Kyoto Station.svg Black (1 track):
Freight Line
to Kyoto Freight Station
Blue (4 tracks):
Tōkaidō Main Line
(JR Kyōto Line)
to Ōsaka and Kōbe
Purple (1 track):
San'in Main Line
(Sagano Line)
to Fukuchiyama
Karasuma Side (North)

Limited express trains

for the Hokuriku Line
for the Tokaido Line, and the Takayama Line
for the Sanin region via the Chizu Express Chizu Line
for the Hanwa Line, Kansai Airport Line and the Kinokuni Line
for the Sanin Line, the Maizuru Line and the Kitakinki Tango Railway lines

Adjacent stations

«Service»
Tokaido Shinkansen
Nagoya   Nozomi   Shin-Osaka
Maibara   Hikari  Shin-Osaka
Maibara  Kodama  Shin-Osaka
Tokaido Line (Biwako Line, JR Kyoto Line), Kosei Line
Kusatsu (JR-A24) Limited Express Hida  Shin-Osaka (JR-A46)
Terminus Limited Express Super Hakuto
Limited Express Kuroshio
 Shin-Osaka (JR-A46)
Otsu (JR-A29) Limited Express Haruka   Takatsuki (JR-A38)
Shin-Osaka (JR-A46)
Katata (JR-B25)
Tsuruga (JR-B08)
 Limited Express Thunderbird  Takatsuki (JR-A38)
Shin-Osaka (JR-A46)
Yamashina (JR-A30)  Biwako Express  Shin-Osaka (JR-A46)
Yamashina (JR-A30/JR-B30) Special Rapid Takatsuki (JR-A38)
Yamashina (local) (JR-A30/JR-B30) Rapid (mornings)  Nagaokakyō (JR-A35) (rapid)
Yamashina (JR-A30/JR-B30) Local (JR Kyoto Line daytime rapid)  Nishiōji (JR-A32)
Nara Line
Terminus Miyakoji Rapid  Tōfukuji (JR-D02)
Terminus Rapid Tōfukuji (JR-D02)
Terminus Regional Rapid Tōfukuji (JR-D02)
Terminus Local Tōfukuji (JR-D02)
Sagano Line (Sanin Line)
Terminus Rapid  Nijō (JR-E04)
Terminus Local  Umekōji-Kyōtonishi (JR-E02)

Kintetsu

Kyoto Station

京都駅
Kintetsu station
Kintetsu KyotoStation.jpg
Location31-1 Higashi-Shiokoji Kamadonochō, Shimogyō-ku, Kyoto, Kyoto Prefecture
Japan
Coordinates 34°59′05″N135°45′27.1″E / 34.98472°N 135.757528°E / 34.98472; 135.757528
Operated by Kintetsu Railway
Line(s) Kintetsu Kyoto Line
History
Opened1928
Passengers
FY2015 [1] 37.2 million

Layout

The station has three levels. Four dead-end platforms serving four tracks are located on the second floor. The 1st floor is a shopping street and the 3rd is the platforms for the Shinkansen (JR Central).

1, 2Limited express trainsfor Nara, Kashiharajingu-mae , Ise-Shima
1~4Local trains and express trainsfor Tambabashi , Shin-Tanabe, Yamato-Saidaiji, Nara, Tenri, Kashiharajingu-mae

Adjacent stations

«Service»
Kyōto Line
Terminus Local  Tōji
Terminus Semi-Express (only in the morning on weekdays) Tōji
Terminus Express Tōji
Terminus Limited Express  Kintetsu-Tambabashi

Kyoto Municipal Subway

Kyoto Station

京都駅
Kyoto Municipal Subway station
Kyoto station subway entrance 01.JPG
Kyoto Subway Station Exit No.1
LocationHigashi-Shiokōji, Shimogyō-ku, Kyoto, Kyoto Prefecture
Japan
Coordinates 34°59′08.0″N135°45′36.4″E / 34.985556°N 135.760111°E / 34.985556; 135.760111
Operated by Kyoto Municipal Subway
Line(s) Karasuma Line
Platforms1 island platform
Tracks2
Construction
Structure typeUnderground
Other information
Station codeK11
History
Opened1981
Passengers
FY2016123,360 daily [5]

Layout

The station consists of one underground island platform serving two tracks.

1Karasuma Linefor Takeda, Shin-Tanabe and Nara
2for Shijō, Karasuma Oike, Kokusaikaikan

Adjacent stations

«Service»
Karasuma Line (K11)
Gojō (K10)- Kujō (K12)

History

The first Kyoto Station First Kyoto Station.jpg
The first Kyoto Station
The second Kyoto Station Kyoto Station Early Showa.jpg
The second Kyoto Station
The third Kyoto Station Kyoto Station (building of the third) Kyoto,JAPAN.jpg
The third Kyoto Station

The governmental railway from Kobe reached Kyoto on September 5, 1876, but the station was under construction and a temporary facility called Ōmiya-dōri (Ōmiya Street) Temporary Station was used until the opening of the main station. The first Kyoto Station opened for service by decree of Emperor Meiji on February 5, 1877. [6]

In 1889, the railway became a part of the trunk line to Tokyo (Tokaido Main Line). Subsequently, the station became the terminal of two private railways, Nara Railway (1895, present-day Nara Line) and Kyoto Railway (1897, present-day Sagano Line), that connected the station with southern and northern regions of Kyoto Prefecture, respectively. [7]

The station was replaced by a newer, Renaissance-inspired facility in 1914, which featured a broad square (the site of demolished first station) leading from the station to Shichijō Avenue. Before and during World War II, the square was often used by imperial motorcades when Emperor Showa traveled between Kyoto and Tokyo. The station was spacious and designed to handle a large number of people, but when a few thousand people gathered to bid farewell to naval recruits on January 8, 1934, 77 people were crushed to death. This station burned to the ground in 1950, and was replaced by a more utilitarian concrete facility in 1952.

The current Kyoto Station opened in 1997, commemorating Kyoto's 1,200th anniversary. It is 70 meters high and 470 meters from east to west, with a total floor area of 238,000 square meters. Architecturally, it exhibits many characteristics of futurism, with a slightly irregular cubic façade of plate glass over a steel frame. The architect was Hiroshi Hara.

Kyoto, one of the least modern cities in Japan by virtue of its many cultural heritage sites, was largely reluctant to accept such an ambitious structure in the mid-1990s: The station's completion began a wave of new high-rise developments in the city that culminated in the 20-story Kyocera Building.

Aside from the main building on the north side of the station, the Hachijō-guchi building on the south side was built to house Tokaido Shinkansen which started operation in 1964. The underground facilities of the station, including the shopping mall Porta beneath the station square, were constructed when the subway opened in 1981.

Passenger statistics

In fiscal 2016, the JR West part of the station was used by an average of 200,426 passengers daily (boarding passengers only), making it the second busiest JR West station after Osaka . [8] The Kyoto Municipal Subway station was used by an average of 123,360 passengers daily (in fiscal 2016). [9]

Annual passengers traffic by operator [1]
YearJR West
(Boarding)
JR Central
(Boarding)
Kintetsu
(Total)
Subway
(Total)
19082,255,334
200060,120,00012,101,00043,666,00038,422,000
200564,388,00011,286,00039,607,00038,582,000
201067,056,00011,580,00037,818,00038,605,000
201573,216,00013,566,00037,224,00044,459,000

Surrounding area

Karasuma Gate

Nishinotoin Gate

Hachijo Gate

Bus terminals

Highway buses

Karasuma Gate

Karasuma Gate Bus Terminal
Hotel New Hankyu Kyoto bus stop

Hachijo Gate

Hotel Keihan Kyoto bus stops
Hachijo-Dori Street north side (Kintetsu Bus)
Hachijo-Dori Street south side (Kintetsu Bus and Nankai Bus)

This bus stop is in front of Nippon Rent-A- Car Kyoto Station East Exit Office.

Hachijo-Dori Street south side (Osaka Bus)

See also

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Coordinates: 34°59′08″N135°45′31″E / 34.98556°N 135.75861°E / 34.98556; 135.75861