Kyiv-Sviatoshyn Raion

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Kyiv-Sviatoshyn Raion

Києво-Святошинський район
Flag of Kiev-Sviatoshyn Raion.svg
Flag
Kiev svat rayon gerb.png
Coat of arms
KyevoSvyatoshynskyi-Raion.png
Coordinates: 50°23′23″N30°14′5″E / 50.38972°N 30.23472°E / 50.38972; 30.23472 Coordinates: 50°23′23″N30°14′5″E / 50.38972°N 30.23472°E / 50.38972; 30.23472
CountryFlag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine
Region Kyiv Oblast
Disestablished18 July 2020
Admin. center Kyiv
Subdivisions
Population
 (2020)
  Total210,123
Time zone UTC+02:00 (EET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+03:00 (EEST)
Area code +380

Kyiv-Sviatoshyn Raion (Ukrainian : Києво-Святошинський район, romanized: Kyievo-Sviatoshynskyi raion) was a raion (district) in Kyiv Oblast of Ukraine, adjacent to the city of Kyiv which served as the administrative center for the raion. The city of Kyiv itself did not belong to the raion. The raion was abolished on 18 July 2020 as part of the administrative reform of Ukraine, which reduced the number of raions of Kyiv Oblast to seven. [1] [2] The last estimate of the raion population was 210,123(2020 est.) [3] .

Contents

The raion was situated just to west of the Kyiv city and should not be confused with Sviatoshyn District of the Kyiv city which it bordered and where its administration was located. The raion's name related to historical area and woodland of Sviatoshyn which currently is located with the city limits of Kyiv.

Geography

Most of the raion was located with the Polesie lowland, while its southeastern portion belonged to the Dnieper Upland. [4] The woodland area of raion covered 4,700 ha (12,000 acres) and the agricultural land area covered 30,700 ha (76,000 acres). [4] Here several areas of nature conservation were located including Zhornivskyi (ornithological) Reserve and Zhukiv Khutir (dendrological). [4]

History

Established in 1937, [4] Kyiv-Sviatoshyn Raion bordered Borodianka Raion and Vyshhorod Raion to the north, Vasylkiv Raion and Obukhiv Raion to the south, Makariv Raion to the west, and with the city of Kyiv to the east.

In 1960s the urban area of the raion to the north around the city of Irpin was divided away into a separate administrative unit known as a city of regional significance Irpin and includes number of other urban settlements. The Irpin city of regional significance is known for its Antonov Aviation Center located in the town of Hostomel where located the so-called Hostomel Airport.

Economy and infrastructure

In all areas of industry 36,872 persons were employed[ when? ], including: manufacturing industry – 8494, agrarian industry – 3,614 people, government – 918 people in other areas – 23,846 people.

The raion had companies of such industries like light, food, chemical and petroleum, manufacturing various non-metal mineral products, metallurgy, engineering, and other manufacturing and machine maintenance. [4]

There were number of research centers Research and Design Bureau of General Aviation, Naftogaz Ukrayiny research institute of petro-gas industry, others. [4]

Agrarian industry

The agrarian industry was among the leading in the raion and possibly for that purpose there were number of agricultural research centers such as NAASU [lower-alpha 1] Institute of Land Cultivation, NAASU Institute of Gardening, Kyiv regional technical and planning center in ensuring of soil fertility and products quality, Boyarka Forest Research Station, and many others. [4] The agrarian industry specialized in growing of grain, vegetables, production of meat and dairy. [4]

In the area there were 28 agricultural enterprises,[ citation needed ][ clarification needed ] including: NDVAK "Pushcha Voditsa" (Kyiv), ALLC AF "Bilogorodka" (v. Bilogorodka), ALLC "Buzivske" (v. Buzova) ALLC AK "Tarasivska "(v. Tarasivka) ALLC AK" Hotivskyy "(v.Khotiv), ALLC" Ahrolend "(v. Shpitki), JV" Bucha "(v. Gostomel) Ltd AF" Knyazhychi "(v. Knyazhychi) Ltd. Firm "Kryukivschyna" (v. Kryukivschyna), SGK "Rubezhivskyy" (v. Michalivska Rubezhivka), PE "Amaranth-Agro" (v. Dmitrovka) PDP "Gito" (v. Gorenichi) PDP "Shevchenko" (v. Gorenichi), PE "Agrosvit" (v. Novosilky) Ltd AF "Ahroma" (v. Petropavlivska Borschagivka), OJSC "Kyiv vegetable factory" (Kyiv), OJSC "Plodorozsadnytske" (v. Petrivske), JSC "Zabir'ya "(v. Zabir'ya), JSC" ornamental culture "(Boyarka) DG" Dmitrovka "(v. Dmitrovka) DG" Novosilky "(v. Novosilky) DG" Chabany "( Chabany ), NDH "Vorzel" (Vorzel) SSE "Chaika" branch "Lisne" (v. Lisne), auxiliary facilities "Bobritsa" (v. Bobritsa) Branch "Antonov – Agro" DPANTK named by Antonov (island Kruglik).

Education and healthcare

Education and healthcare sectors as throughout Ukraine are controlled majorly by government.

Education in the district was represented by the one higher education institution of I-II[ clarification needed ] levels of accreditation and 38 day schools of general (the number of students – 14 061), 37 pre-school institutions (number of children – 4912), 5 children's post-school institutions (involved 6,196 children) Medicine

In the area there were 44 medical institutions (clinics, ambulatories, health centers), 6 precinct hospitals, 1 city, 1 District, 17 primary health centers. Of the health of residents cared about 3500 workers.

Infrastructure

The population of the raion's settlements was small. Among the biggest populated places were the cities of Boyarka and Vyshneve which do not exceed 40,000 residents each. The rest settlements have population no bigger than 5,000. The urban sprawl of Kyiv infringes into the raion and many settlements while categorized as villages have residential clusters with multi-story panel-houses of the Soviet or Soviet-like design. With the ongoing demographic crisis in Ukraine, Kyiv and its vicinities among which is the Kyiv-Sviatoshyn Raion experiences increase in population which is related to the Russian-Ukrainian armed conflict (see Russian military intervention in Ukraine (2014–present)).

The raion has adequately developed transportation infrastructure. Through the Kyiv-Sviatoshyn Raion passes number of national routes Kyiv–Lviv and Kyiv–Odesa. The railway network belongs to the Southwestern Railways of Ukraine. Many cities near Kyiv were developed around rail stations among which are Irpin, Vyshneve, and others. Beside the Hostomel Airport, there are number of smaller airfields throughout the Kyiv-Sviatoshyn Raion.

In a dacha settlement of Chaika, which itself is situated in Petropavlivska Borshchahivka, is located a big sports complex consisting of a sports field for association football, car racing track, and other. There were some attempts to establish professional football clubs in Boyarka (Inter) and Vyshneve (Transimpeks), yet most of them failed so far.

Tourism

The raion had a number of historical landmarks related to history of Kyiv region. In village of Shpytky there were remnants of Tereshchenko estate which belonged to the family of Ukrainian (Little Russian) entrepreneurs of Imperial Russia. Near the village of Bilhorodka there was an archaeological excavation which is believed to be related to the legendary city of Bilhorod, which is mentioned in chronicles as Bilhorod Kyivskyi. Throughout the raion there were remnants of the Soviet fortified district (so called Kyiv Ukrip-Raion) in form of so-called the "Long-term Defense Points" (DOTs, see Pillbox (military)). Many of them were simply left by the Stalinist troops during the 1941 battle of Kyiv (also known as the Kyiv Cauldron).

Administration

The raion administration consisted of legislative, executive and judicial branches of government.

The legislation was represented by the Kyiv-Sviatoshyn Raion council.

The executive authorities were represented by the Kyiv-Sviatoshyn Raion State Administration.

The judicial branch was represented by a local district court.

Footnotes

  1. National Academy of Agrarian Sciences of Ukraine

Related Research Articles

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Irpin city in Kyiv Oblast, Ukraine

Irpin, or Irpen is a city located on the Irpin River in Kyiv Oblast (province) right next to Kyiv city in northern Ukraine. A portion of Irpin, the settlement of Kotsiubynske, is an exclave within Kyiv.

Sviatoshyn Neighborhood of Kyiv

Sviatoshyn is a historical neighborhood and a suburb of Ukraine's capital Kyiv that is located on the western edge of the city area, in an eponymous municipality.

Smila Town in Cherkasy Oblast, Ukraine

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Boyarka city in Kyiv Oblast, Ukraine

Boyarka or Boiarka is a town in Kyiv-Sviatoshyn Raion of Kyiv Oblast (region) of Ukraine, about 20 km SW from Kyiv. Population: 35,376 (2020 est.) . The population in 2001 was 35,968.

Vyshneve (town) city in Kyiv Oblast, Ukraine

Vyshneve is a city 2 km (1.2 mi) south of Kyiv in Ukraine. It belongs to Kyiv-Sviatoshyn Raion of Kyiv Oblast. Population: 41,820 (2013 est.) .

Baryshivka Raion Former subdivision of Kyiv Oblast, Ukraine

Baryshivka Raion was a raion in east-central Kyiv Oblast (province) of Ukraine. Its administrative center was Baryshivka. The raions area totaled 957.6 km². The raion was formerly known as Baryshivska Rairada from 1923 to 1963. The raion was abolished on 18 July 2020 as part of the administrative reform of Ukraine, which reduced the number of raions of Kyiv Oblast to seven. The last estimate of the raion population was 34,577 (2020 est.) .

Vyshhorod Raion Subdivision of Kyiv Oblast, Ukraine

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Kyiv Chaika Airfield

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Kotsiubynske Urban locality in Kyiv Oblast, Ukraine

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Bilhorod Kyivskyi Ruined city-castle of Kievan Rus

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Chabany Urban locality in Kyiv Oblast, Ukraine

Chabany is an urban-type settlement in Kyiv-Sviatoshyn Raion of Kyiv Oblast (province), located on southern border of Kyiv. Population: 4,907 (2020 est.) .

Bakhmach Raion Former subdivision of Chernihiv Oblast, Ukraine

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References

  1. "Про утворення та ліквідацію районів. Постанова Верховної Ради України № 807-ІХ". Голос України (in Ukrainian). 2020-07-18. Retrieved 2020-10-03.
  2. "Нові райони: карти + склад" (in Ukrainian). Міністерство розвитку громад та територій України.
  3. "Чисельність наявного населення України (Actual population of Ukraine)" (PDF) (in Ukrainian). State Statistics Service of Ukraine . Retrieved 30 September 2020.
  4. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Prytula, P.P. Kyiv-Sviatoshyno Raion(КИ́ЄВО-СВЯТО́ШИНСЬКИЙ РАЙО́Н) . Encyclopedia of Modern Ukraine