Kyiv Oblast

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Kyiv Oblast

Київська область
Kyivs’ka oblast’
Kyivska oblast [1]
Flag of Kyiv Oblast.svg
Flag
Herb Kyivskoi oblasti 1.svg
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): 
Київщина (Kyivshchyna)
Kiev (oblast) in Ukraine (claims hatched).svg
Country Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine
Administrative center Kyiv
Government
   Governor Vasyl Volodin [2]
   Oblast council 84 seats
  Chairperson Hanna Starykova  [ uk ] (All-Ukrainian Union "Fatherland")
Area
  Total28,131 km2 (10,861 sq mi)
Area rank Ranked 8th
Population
 (September 1, 2020 [3] )
  TotalIncrease2.svg1,781,044
  Rank Ranked 10th
Demographics
   Average salary UAH 4.174 [4] (2011)
  Salary growth+28.73
Time zone UTC+2 (EET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
07-09
Area code +380 44 (Kyiv city)
+380 45 (outside Kyiv city) [5]
ISO 3166 code UA-32
Vehicle registration AI
Raions 25
Cities (total)26 [6]
  Regional cities 12 [6]
Urban-type settlements 30
Villages1,127 [6]
FIPS 10-4 UP13
Website kyiv-obl.gov.ua

Kyiv Oblast or Kiev Oblast [7] [8] [9] [10] [11] (Ukrainian : Київська область, translit. Kyivs’ka oblast’; also referred to as KyivshchynaUkrainian : Київщина) is an oblast (province) in central Ukraine. The administrative center of the oblast is the city of Kyiv (Kiev, Ukrainian : Київ, Kyiv), which is also the capital of Ukraine. Despite being in the center of the Kyiv Oblast, and hosting the governing bodies of the oblast, Kyiv is a self-governing city with special status and not under oblast jurisdiction.

Contents

Kyiv Oblast does not correspond to the unofficially designated Kyiv metropolitan area, although it is significantly dependent on the urban economy and transportation of Kyiv.

The population of Kyiv Oblast is 1,781,044(2020 est.) [3] The largest city in the oblast is Bila Tserkva. [12]

The Chernobyl Exclusion Zone is within the northern part of the Kyiv Oblast, but access to the Zone is prohibited to the public and it is administered separately from the oblast.

Geography

Kyiv Oblast has a total area of 28,100 km2 (10,849 sq mi) (approximately 35 times the area of Kyiv city) and is located in north-central Ukraine. On the west it borders the Zhytomyr Oblast, on the southwest – Vinnytsia Oblast, on the south – Cherkasy Oblast, on the southeast – Poltava Oblast, on the east and northeast – Chernihiv Oblast, and on the north – Homyel Voblasts of Belarus.

The oblast is equally split between the both banks of Dnieper River (Dnipro) north and south of Kyiv. Other significant rivers in the oblast are the Dnieper's tributaries: Pripyat (Prypiat) (R), Desna (L), Teteriv (R), Irpin' (R), Ros' (R) and Trubizh (L).

The length of the Dnipro River within the boundaries of the oblast totals 246 km (153 mi). The oblast has a total number of 177 rivers intersecting the region; 13 reservoirs (the most notable ones being Kyiv Reservoir and the Kaniv Reservoir), over 2000 ponds, and approximately 750 small lakes.

Climate

The climate of Kyiv Oblast is characteristic of the Polesia area and other neighboring forested areas. The oblast has a moderately continental climate with relatively mild winters and warm summers. The temperatures range from −6.1 °C (21.0 °F) in January to 19.2 °C (66.6 °F) degrees in July[ dubious ].

View of the historical landscape park "Alexandria" in the city of Bila Tserkva. Oleksandriia Park in Bila Tserkva.jpg
View of the historical landscape park "Alexandria" in the city of Bila Tserkva.

Vegetation

Kyiv Oblast has small mountains and slopes on the right bank of the Dnieper River. This entire area is surrounded by a continuous belt by greenery and forests. The oblast's "green area" covers 436 km2 (168 sq mi), characterized by 250 different sorts of trees and bushes.

History

Kyiv Oblast was created as part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic on February 27, 1932 among the first five original oblasts in Ukraine. It was established on territory that had been known as Ruthenian land. [13]

Earlier historical administrative units that became the territory of the oblast include the Kiev Voivodeship under the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth and Grand Duchy of Lithuania, and the Kiev Viceroyalty and Kiev Governorate under the Russian Empire. The northern part of the oblast belongs to the historical region of Polesia (Polissia).

In Kyiv region, there was a specific folk icon-painting style much influenced by the Kyiv Pechersk Lavra painting school. Saints were depicted on the deep purple or black background, their clothes dark, their haloes dark blue, dark green or even black, outlined by thin white dotted contours. The Kyiv region's icons collection is the part of the exhibition of the Museum of Ukrainian home icons in the Historical and cultural complex "The Radomysl Castle". [14]

The current borders of the oblast were set following the Chernobyl disaster in 1986. Administrative oversight of the new city of Slavutych, which was constructed as part of the Chernihiv Oblast, was then transferred to the Kyiv Oblast (see Chernobyl zone below).

Points of interest

The following historic-cultural sites were nominated for the Seven Wonders of Ukraine.

Administrative divisions

The oblast is subdivided into 25 raions (administrative districts). It consists of 26 cities, 30 towns, and more than 1,000 villages.

The following data incorporates the number of each type of administrative divisions of Kyiv Oblast: [6]


As with other oblasts of Ukraine, the head of the Kyiv Oblast State Administration (governor) is appointed by the President of Ukraine and subordinated to the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine. Local self-government body is the popularly elected Kyiv Oblast Rada, chaired by a Speaker (elected from among the councilors).

The "exclaves"

The municipality of Slavutych is within the borders of the neighboring Chernihiv Oblast on the eastern bank of the Dnieper river and the municipality has no common border with the Kyiv Oblast. Still, Slavutych is administrated by the Kyiv Oblast authorities (being a kind of administrative exclave).

Similarly, the town of Kotsiubynske, which is within the borders of Kyiv city (which is surrounded by the Kyiv Oblast), is administrated by the Irpin city council.

Chernobyl zone

The north-western end of the oblast is a part of the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone due to the radioactive contamination caused by the Chernobyl nuclear reactor accident. The largest cities within zone are Chernobyl and Prypiat, which are now abandoned (see ghost towns ). The city of Slavutych was built outside of the zone to host evacuated residents of Prypyat and personnel of the zone installations.

Important cities and towns

Important cities and towns of Kyiv Oblast include:

Biggest settlements (population in thousands)

Governors

Demographics

Kyiv Oblast's largest nationality group are Ukrainians (1,684,800 people, or 92.5%), followed by Russians, Jews, Belarusians, Poles, and others. The current estimated population (excluding Kyiv) is around 1.72 million (as of 2013). The population density is 63.01/km2.

The urban population, according to the 2001 Ukrainian Census data, accounted for 1,053,500 people, or 57.6%, and the rural population – for 774,400 people, or 42.4%. [17]

According to the data, the number of men accounted for 845,900 people, or 46.3%, that of women – 982,000 people, or 53.7%.

Age structure

0-14 years: 14.9% Increase2.svg (male 132,559/female 123,816)
15-64 years: 69.8% Decrease2.svg (male 576,559/female 621,753)
65 years and over: 15.3% Decrease2.svg (male 84,026/female 177,360) (2013 official)

Median age

total: 39.7 years Steady2.svg
male: 36.3 years Steady2.svg
female: 43.0 years Decrease2.svg (2013 official)

Age structure of Kyiv City

0-14 years: 14.1% Increase2.svg (male 203,453/female 192,111)
15-64 years: 73.3% Decrease2.svg (male 962,391/female 1,093,183)
65 years and over: 12.6% Increase2.svg (male 129,293/female 223,285) (2013 official)

Median age of Kyiv City

total: 37.6 years Increase2.svg
male: 35.4 years Increase2.svg
female: 39.9 years Increase2.svg (2013 official)

Economy

Industry

Kyiv Oblast's main industry's include: power production, food, chemical and petrochemical industries, mechanical engineering and metal-working. The national share of tire production for automobiles constitutes – 63%, excavators – 53%, paper and cardboard – 40%, hoisting cranes – 39%. In general, the oblast has 330 licensed industrial enterprises and 742 smaller industrial enterprises. [18] The Boryspil Bus Plant in Prolisky produces 1,700 buses per year of various modifications, and several other auto-industry factories are also located in the oblast'.

Agriculture

In addition to industry, the oblast also has a developed agriculture production. In 1999, the gross grain yield in the region was about 1,118,600 tons, sugar-beets – 1,570,900 tons, sunflower seeds – 18,1 thousand tons, potatoes – 669,200 tons. The region also produced 156,900 tons of meat, 738,500 tons of milk and 855,2 million eggs. At the beginning of 1999, there were 1,130 registered farms within the oblast. [18]

Transportation

Simplified map of the major railway lines in Kyiv Oblast. Kyjob.gif
Simplified map of the major railway lines in Kyiv Oblast.

Kyiv Oblast has a highly developed rail transport system. The total length of the oblast's working railway lines is 88 km (as of 1985). Through the territory of the oblast pass the: Moscow—Kyiv—Lviv, Kyiv—DniproDonetsk and other railway routes. In addition to inter-Ukraine and international rail routes, local Elektrychka lines also pass through the oblast: Kyiv—Fastiv—Koziatyn, Kyiv—Fastiv—Myronivka, Kyiv—Teteriv, Kyiv—Nizhyn, and Kyiv—Yahotyn.

The length of the oblast's roads totals 7,760 km, including 7,489 km of paved roads. The main roads passing thorough the oblast include:

The oblast's main airports include two international airports: the Boryspil Airport and the Gostomel (Antonov) Cargo Airport. Ukrainian military airbases are located in the cities of Bila Tserkva and Uzyn.

Strategic gas-pipelines in the oblast include Urengoy–Pomary–Uzhhorod pipeline, and ShebelynkaPoltava—Kyiv.

Education

Kyiv Oblast has 795 state-run schools of general education, 219 (27.5%) of which are situated in urban areas and 576 (72.5%) of which – in rural areas. [21] These schools are attended by 232,260 students, 141,416 (60.6%) which attend urban schools, and 98,944 (39.4%) which attend rural area schools. [21] In addition, there are 12 evening schools with an enrollment of over 6,000 students, 15 private institutions teaching about 7,000 students, 23 vocational schools teaching over 14,300 students, 22 higher schools with an enrollment of over 34,900 students), and 52 home-school institutions containing over 48,700 children. [21] There are also 756 institutions of pre-school education attended by a total of 44,400 children, 52 home-school institutions, 22 vocational institutions, having an enrollment of 17,300 students. [21]

Aerial view of Boryspil, home of the Boryspil Airport from an airplane. Borispil aerea.jpg
Aerial view of Boryspil, home of the Boryspil Airport from an airplane.

Also, educational institutions for orphans, physically and mentally disabled children represent an important component of Kyiv Oblast's educational system.

In addition to general education schools, the oblast has educational institutions specifically for gifted children, including:

Nomenclature

Most of Ukraine's oblasts are named after their capital cities, officially referred to as "oblast centers". The name of each oblast is a relative adjective, formed by adding a feminine suffix to the name of respective center city: Kyiv (in transliterated Ukrainian) is the center of the Kyivs’ka oblast' (Kyiv Oblast). Most oblasts are also sometimes referred to in a feminine noun form, following the convention of traditional regional place names, ending with the suffix "-shchyna", as is the case with the Kyiv Oblast, Kyivshchyna.

Notes

a. ^ These neighboring settlements are practically merged into a conurbation

See also

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References

  1. Syvak, Nina; Ponomarenko, Valerii; Khodzinska, Olha; Lakeichuk, Iryna (2011). Veklych, Lesia (ed.). "Toponymic Guidelines for Map and Other Editors for International Use" (PDF). United Nations Statistics Division . scientific consultant Iryna Rudenko; reviewed by Nataliia Kizilowa; translated by Olha Khodzinska. Kyiv: DerzhHeoKadastr and Kartographia. p. 20. ISBN   978-966-475-839-7 . Retrieved October 6, 2020.
  2. (in Ukrainian) Zelensky gave the Kyiv region a leader, Ukrayinska Pravda (18 June 2020)
  3. 1 2 "Чисельність наявного населення України (Actual population of Ukraine)" (PDF) (in Ukrainian). State Statistics Service of Ukraine . Retrieved September 30, 2020.
  4. "The average salary in Kiev reached 4 thousand UAH". Archived from the original on April 23, 2012. Retrieved October 19, 2011.
  5. announcement of new telephone codes in Kyiv Post
  6. 1 2 3 4 Statistical Yearbook of Kyiv Region for 2007, Main Department of Statistics in Kyiv Region, 2008
  7. Kyiv Oblast Government Portal
  8. State Archives of Kyiv Oblast
  9. "Yahoo! Kyiv Oblast Weather Forecasts". Archived from the original on April 17, 2015. Retrieved April 11, 2015.
  10. "INVESTMENT PASSPORT of Kyiv oblast" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on April 17, 2015. Retrieved April 11, 2015.
  11. Kyiv Oblast’s choices for green tourists
  12. (after Kyiv which is the administrative center, but not part of the oblast)
  13. Tolochko, O.P. Ruthenian land (РУСЬКА ЗЕМЛЯ) . Encyclopedia of History of Ukraine.
  14. Богомолець. О. "Замок-музей Радомисль на Шляху Королів Via Regia". — Київ, 2013
  15. 1 2 (in Ukrainian) Maksym Melnychuk Poroshenko appointed Head of Kyiv Regional State Administration Archived February 4, 2016, at the Wayback Machine , hromadske.tv (3 February 2016)
    Poroshenko sees direct elections of regional administration heads as threat to Ukraine's federalization, Interfax-Ukraine (3 February 2016)
  16. http://pda.pravda.com.ua/news/id_7120406/
  17. Ukrcensus.gov.ua – Kyiv region Archived February 18, 2006, at the Wayback Machine URL accessed on November 26, 2006
  18. 1 2 Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine – Kyiv Region URL accessed on November 26, 2006
  19. Київська область: Карта автошляхів. – К.: ДНВП "Картографія", 2006
  20. Україна: Карта автомобільних шляхів. – К.: Укрегеодезкартографія, 1993.
  21. 1 2 3 4 "Secondary and Higher Education". Kyiv Regional State Administration. Archived from the original on December 10, 2006. Retrieved December 25, 2006.

Coordinates: 50°15′N30°30′E / 50.250°N 30.500°E / 50.250; 30.500