Kyjov

Last updated
Kyjov
Town
Kyjov radnice.jpg
Town hall
Kyjov HO CZ flag.gif
Flag
Kyjov znak.png
Coat of arms
Relief Map of Czech Republic.png
Red pog.svg
Kyjov
Location in the Czech Republic
Coordinates: 49°0′36″N17°07′23″E / 49.01000°N 17.12306°E / 49.01000; 17.12306 Coordinates: 49°0′36″N17°07′23″E / 49.01000°N 17.12306°E / 49.01000; 17.12306
CountryCzech Republic
Region South Moravian
District Hodonín
First mentioned1126
Government
  MayorFrantišek Lukl
Area
  Total29.88 km2 (11.54 sq mi)
Elevation
192 m (630 ft)
Population
 (2019-01-01 [1] )
  Total11,218
  Density380/km2 (970/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
697 01
Website www.mestokyjov.cz

Kyjov (Czech pronunciation: [ˈkɪjof] ; Latin : Gaya, German : Gaya or Geyen) is a town in the South Moravian Region of the Czech Republic. It has around 11,000 inhabitants. Kyjov is famous for its folk festival which takes place every four years. Kyjov participated and won silver in the 2008 Entente Florale. [2] [3]

German language West Germanic language

German is a West Germanic language that is mainly spoken in Central Europe. It is the most widely spoken and official or co-official language in Germany, Austria, Switzerland, South Tyrol in Italy, the German-speaking Community of Belgium and Liechtenstein. It is one of the three official languages of Luxembourg and a co-official language in the Opole Voivodeship in Poland. The languages that are most similar to the German are the other members of the West Germanic language branch, including Afrikaans, Dutch, English, the Frisian languages, Low German/Low Saxon, Luxembourgish, and Yiddish. There are strong similarities in vocabulary with Danish, Norwegian and Swedish, although those belong to the North Germanic group. German is the second most widely spoken Germanic language, after English.

South Moravian Region Region in Czech Republic

The South Moravian Region is an administrative unit of the Czech Republic, located in the south-western part of its historical region of Moravia. Its capital is Brno, the 2nd largest city in the Czech Republic. It is bordered by the South Bohemian Region (west), Vysočina Region (north-west), Pardubice Region (north), Olomouc Region, Zlín Region (east), Trenčín and Trnava Regions, Slovakia and Lower Austria, Austria (south).

Czech Republic Country in Central Europe

The Czech Republic, also known by its short-form name, Czechia, is a country in Central Europe bordered by Germany to the west, Austria to the south, Slovakia to the east, and Poland to the northeast. The Czech Republic is a landlocked country with a hilly landscape that covers an area of 78,866 square kilometers (30,450 sq mi) with a mostly temperate continental climate and oceanic climate. It is a unitary parliamentary republic, with 10.6 million inhabitants. Its capital and largest city is Prague, with 1.3 million residents; other major cities are Brno, Ostrava, Olomouc and Pilsen.

Contents

Church of the Assumption of Virgin Mary Kyjov Kostel Nanebevzeti Panny Marie.jpg
Church of the Assumption of Virgin Mary

Administrative parts

The villages Bohuslavice, Boršov and Nětčice are administrative parts of Kyjov.

History

Kyjov 1727 Kyjov1727.jpg
Kyjov 1727

The first mention of the village is from 1126 as a local trading centre. The town endured fires, plagues and sieges from the Ottoman Empire in the Middle Ages. During the Hussite wars the town leaned to Utraquism. It was under the rule of the Olomouc monastery until 1548, when the town achieved recognition as a King's town.

Ottoman Empire Former empire in Southeast Europe, Western Asia and North Africa

The Ottoman Empire, historically known to its inhabitants and the Eastern world as Rome (Rûm), and known in Western Europe as the Turkish Empire or simply Turkey, was a state that controlled much of Southeast Europe, Western Asia and North Africa between the 14th and early 20th centuries. It was founded at the end of the 13th century in northwestern Anatolia in the town of Söğüt by the Oghuz Turkish tribal leader Osman I. Although initially the dynasty was of Turkic origin, it was thoroughly Persianised in terms of language, culture, literature and habits. After 1354, the Ottomans crossed into Europe, and with the conquest of the Balkans, the Ottoman beylik was transformed into a transcontinental empire. The Ottomans ended the Byzantine Empire with the 1453 conquest of Constantinople by Mehmed the Conqueror.

Utraquism doctrine that communion under both kinds (bread and wine) should be administered to the laity during the celebration of the Eucharist; held by the Hussites

Utraquism or Calixtinism was a principal dogma of the Hussites and one of the Four Articles of Prague. It maintained that communion under both kinds should be administered to the laity during the celebration of the Eucharist. After the Hussite movement split into various factions early in the Hussite Wars, Hussites that emphasized the laity's right to communion under both kinds became known as Moderate Hussites, Utraquist Hussites, or simply Utraquists. The Utraquists were the largest major Hussite faction.

Olomouc City in Czech Republic

Olomouc is a city in Moravia, in the east of the Czech Republic. Located on the Morava River, the city is the ecclesiastical metropolis and was a historical capital city of Moravia, before having been sacked by the Swedish army during the Thirty Years' War. Today, it is the administrative centre of the Olomouc Region and the sixth largest city in the Czech Republic. The city has about 100,000 residents, and its larger urban zone has a population of about 480,000 people.

Austrian KK stamp, cancelled Gaia in Mahren in 1879 Gaia 5kr 1879 Kyjov.jpg
Austrian KK stamp, cancelled Gaia in Mähren in 1879

Until 1918, Gaya in Mähren - Kyjov (previously Gaya or Gaia) was part of the Austrian monarchy (Austria side after the compromise of 1867), head of the district with the same name, one of the 34 Bezirkshauptmannschaften in Moravia. [4]

Moravia Historical land in Czech Republic

Moravia is a historical region in the Czech Republic and one of the historical Czech lands, together with Bohemia and Czech Silesia. The medieval and early modern Margraviate of Moravia was a crown land of the Lands of the Bohemian Crown, an imperial state of the Holy Roman Empire, later a crown land of the Austrian Empire and briefly also one of 17 former crown lands of the Cisleithanian part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire from 1867 to 1918. During the early 20th century, Moravia was one of the five lands of Czechoslovakia from 1918 to 1928; it was then merged with Czech Silesia, and eventually dissolved by abolition of the land system in 1949.

Kyjov is a centre of regional folklore. Slovácký Rok (Moravian Slovakian Year Festival) – the oldest Moravian folklore festival, has taken place there since 1921.

Notable people

Radola Gajda Czechoslovak legioneer, Czechoslovak politician and general

Radola Gajda, born as Rudolf Geidl (14 February 1892, Kotor, Kingdom of Dalmatia, Austria-Hungary – 15 April 1948, Prague, Czechoslovakia was a military commander and politician.

Bohumil Sekla was a Czech biologist. He specialised in genetics and was known as an expert in determining parenthood by the biological-hereditary method.

Charles University oldest and largest university in the Czech Republic

Charles University, known also as Charles University in Prague or historically as the University of Prague, is the oldest and largest university in the Czech Republic. Founded in 1348, it was the first university in Central Europe. It is one of the oldest universities in Europe in continuous operation. Today, the university consists of 17 faculties located in Prague, Hradec Králové and Pilsen. Its academic publishing house is Karolinum Press. The university also operates several museums and two botanical gardens.

Twin towns — sister cities

Kyjov is twinned with: [5]

Hollabrunn Place in Lower Austria, Austria

Hollabrunn is a district capital town in the Austrian state of Lower Austria, on the Göllersbach river.

Austria Federal republic in Central Europe

Austria, officially the Republic of Austria, is a country in Central Europe comprising nine federated states. Its capital, largest city and one of nine states is Vienna. Austria has an area of 83,879 km2 (32,386 sq mi), a population of nearly nine million people and a nominal GDP of $477 billion. It is bordered by the Czech Republic and Germany to the north, Hungary and Slovakia to the east, Slovenia and Italy to the south, and Switzerland and Liechtenstein to the west. The terrain is landlocked and highly mountainous, lying within the Alps; only 32% of the country is below 500 m (1,640 ft), and its highest point is 3,798 m (12,461 ft). The majority of the population speaks local Bavarian dialects as their native language, and German in its standard form is the country's official language. Other regional languages are Hungarian, Burgenland Croatian, and Slovene.

Yvetot Commune in Normandy, France

Yvetot is a commune in the Seine-Maritime department in the Normandy region in northern France. It is the capital of the Caux region.

Related Research Articles

Moravian-Silesian Region Region in Czech Republic

The Moravian-Silesian Region, is one of the 14 administrative regions of the Czech Republic. Before May 2001, it was called the Ostrava Region. The region is located in the north-eastern part of its historical region of Moravia and in most of the Czech part of the historical region of Silesia. The region borders the Olomouc Region to the west and the Zlín Region to the south. It also borders two other countries – Poland to the north and Slovakia to the east.

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Kroměříž Town in Czech Republic

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Entente Florale international horticultural competition

The Entente Florale Europe is an international horticultural competition established to recognise municipalities and villages in Europe for excellence in horticultural displays. Trophies are presented annually by tourist boards and horticultural societies of European countries. There are three categories:

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Kyjov may refer to several places:

Tišnov Town in Czech Republic

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References

  1. "Population of municipalities of the Czech republic". Czech Statistical Office. Retrieved 30 April 2019.
  2. "Download CZ-Kyjov-Web.pdf Free download from www.entente-florae.eu". Archived from the original on 23 January 2013. Retrieved 24 May 2012.
  3. "Kyjov: Entente florale se dostává do povědomí veřejnosti" . Retrieved 25 May 2012.
  4. Die postalischen Abstempelungen auf den österreichischen Postwertzeichen-Ausgaben 1867, 1883 und 1890, Wilhelm Klein, 1967
  5. "Partnerská města Kyjova" (in Czech). =Město Kyjov. Retrieved 25 August 2019.